Law enforcement. (Web-based Resources).
The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) and the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) sponsored a study on the combined effects of pepper spray exposure and positional restraint on respiratory functions. Pepper Spray's Effects on a Suspect's Ability to Breathe presents the results of this study. This NIJ Research in Brief (NCJ 188069) summarizes the issues that gave rise to the study, the study's major findings, and their implications for law enforcement. Findings suggest that inhalation of pepper spray does not pose a significant risk to subjects in terms of respiratory and pulmonary functions, even when it occurs with positional restraint. However, pepper spray exposure did result in a small but statistically significant increase in blood pressure, the origins and implications of which remain unclear. This report is available electronically at http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/nij/pubs-sum/188069.htm or by contacting the National Criminal Justice Reference Service at 800-851-3420.