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Latin America and the Caribbean: fact sheet on leaders and elections.

December 3, 2013

This report provides the results of recent elections in Latin America and the Caribbean. Below are three tables organized by region, including the date of each country's independence, the name of the newly elected president or prime minister, and the projected date of the next election. Information in this report was gathered from numerous sources, including the U.S. State Department, the CIA's Open Source, the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), and other news sources.

Acknowledgments

Mark P. Sullivan, CRS specialist in Latin American Affairs, was the former author of this report.

Barbara Salazar Torreon

Information Research Specialist

btorreon@crs.loc.gov, 7-8996
Table 1. South America

Country      Independence        Head of          Last       Next
                 Date           Government      Election   Election

Argentina   July 9, 1816     FERNANDEZ DE       Oct. 23,   Oct.
                             KIRCHNER           2011       2015
                             Cristina

Bolivia     Aug. 6, 1825     MORALES, Evo       Dec. 6,    Dec.
                                                2009       2014

Brazil      Sept. 7, 1822    ROUSSEFF, Dilma    Oct. 3,    Oct. 5,
                                                2010/      2014
                                                Oct. 31,
                                                2010

Chile       Sept. 18, 1810   PINERA,            Dec. 13,   Dec. 15,
                             Sebastian          2009/      2013 (a)
                                                Jan. 17,
                                                2010

Colombia    July 20, 1810    SANTOS, Juan       May 30,    May 2014
                             Manuel             2010/
                                                June 20,
                                                2010

Ecuador     May 24, 1822     CORREA, Rafael     Feb. 17,   Feb.
                                                2013       2017

Guyana      May 26, 1966     RAMOTAR, Donald    Nov. 28,   by Nov.
                                                2011       2016

Paraguay    May 14, 1811     CARTES, Horacio    Apr. 21,   April
                             (b)                2013       2018

Peru        July 28, 1821    HUMALA, Ollanta    Apr. 10,   Apr.
                                                2011/      2016
                                                June 5,
                                                2011
                                                (2nd
                                                round)

Suriname    Nov. 25, 1975    BOUTERSE, Desi     May 25,    May 2015
                                                2010

Uruguay     Aug. 25, 1825    MUJICA, Jose       Oct. 25,   Oct. 26,
                                                2009/      2014
                                                Nov. 29,
                                                2009

Venezuela   July 5, 1811     MADURO, Nicolas    April      Oct.
                             (c)                14, 2013   2019

Source: The Congressional Research Service (CRS).

(a). In the first round of voting on November 17, Michelle Bachelet
received 46.67 % of the vote in the first round, in comparison to
Evelyn Matthei, who received 25.01% of the vote. Bachelet won the
most votes but fell short of obtaining an absolute majority. The
run-off election will be held on December 15, 2013. Bachelet
previously served as president from 2006 to 2010.

(b). Horacio Cartes, a Paraguayan tobacco magnate, took 46 % of the
vote against 37 % for his main opponent, Efrain Alegre, of the ruling
Liberal Party. The president is both the chief of state and head of
government and serves a five-year term.

(c). Venezuela held a special election on April 14, 2013, with
Nicolas Maduro winning 50.7% of the votes versus 49.1% for opposition
candidate Henrique Capriles. Maduro was sworn in on April 19, 2013.

Table 2. Mexico and Central America

Country        Independence          Head of             Last
                   Date            Government          Election

Mexico        Sept. 16, 1810   PENA NIETO, Enrique   July 1, 2012
                               (a)

Belize        Sept. 21, 1981   BARROW, Dean          Mar. 7, 2012

Costa Rica    Sept. 15, 1821   CHINCHILLA Miranda,   Feb. 7, 2010
                               Laura

El Salvador   Sept. 15, 1821   FUNES, Mauricio       Mar. 15, 2009

Guatemala     Sept. 15, 1821   PEREZ MOLINA, Otto    Sept. 11,
                                                     2011/Nov. 6,
                                                     2011

Honduras      Sept. 15, 1821   LOBO SOSA, Porfirio   Nov. 24, 2013
                                                     (c)

Nicaragua     Sept. 15, 1821   ORTEGA, Daniel        Nov. 6, 2011

Panama        Nov. 3, 1903     MARTINELLI, Ricardo   May 3, 2009

Country        Independence          Head of             Next
                   Date            Government          Election

Mexico        Sept. 16, 1810   PENA NIETO, Enrique   July 2018
                               (a)

Belize        Sept. 21, 1981   BARROW, Dean          by June 2017

Costa Rica    Sept. 15, 1821   CHINCHILLA Miranda,   Feb. 2, 2014
                               Laura

El Salvador   Sept. 15, 1821   FUNES, Mauricio       Feb. 2, 2014
                                                     (b)

Guatemala     Sept. 15, 1821   PEREZ MOLINA, Otto    Sept. 13,
                                                     2015

Honduras      Sept. 15, 1821   LOBO SOSA, Porfirio   Nov. 2017

Nicaragua     Sept. 15, 1821   ORTEGA, Daniel        Nov. 2016

Panama        Nov. 3, 1903     MARTINELLI, Ricardo   May 2014

Source: CRS.

(a). Enrique Pena Nieto won Mexico's presidential election on
July 1, 2012, and took office on December 1, 2012.

(b). In El Salvador, the President is elected by absolute majority
vote through a two-round system to serve a five-year term. The First
Round is February 2, 2014, and the Second Round is scheduled for
March 9, 2014.

(c). Juan Orlando Hernandez, head of Honduras' Congress, defeated
Xiomara Castro, the wife of former leader Manuel Zelaya. Castro
is contesting the election results.

Table 3. Caribbean

Country           Independence         Head of            Last
                      Date           Government         Election

Antigua and      Nov. 1, 1981     SPENCER, Baldwin    Mar. 12, 2009
Barbuda

Bahamas          July 10, 1973    CHRISTIE, Perry     May 7, 2012

Barbados         Nov. 30, 1966    STUART, Freundel    Feb. 21, 2013
                                  (a)

Cuba             May 20, 1902     CASTRO RUZ, Raul    (b)

Dominica         Nov. 3, 1978     SKERRITT,           Dec. 18, 2009
                                  Roosevelt

Dominican        Feb. 27, 1844    MEDINA, Danilo      May 20, 2012
Republic

Grenada          Feb. 7, 1974     MITCHELL, Keith     Feb. 19, 2013

Haiti            Jan. 1, 1804     MARTELLY, Michel    Nov. 28,
                                                      2010/Mar. 20,
                                                      2011

Jamaica          Aug. 6, 1962     SIMPSON MILLER,     Dec. 29, 2011
                                  Portia

St. Kitts and    Sept. 19, 1983   DOUGLAS, Denzil     Jan. 25, 2010
Nevis

St. Lucia        Feb. 22, 1979    ANTHONY, Kenny      Nov. 28, 2011

St. Vincent      Oct. 27, 1979    GONSALVES, Ralph    Dec. 13, 2010
and the
Grenadines

Trinidad and     Aug. 31, 1962    PERSAD-BISSESSAR,   May 24, 2010
Tobago                            Kamla

Country           Independence         Head of            Next
                      Date           Government         Election

Antigua and      Nov. 1, 1981     SPENCER, Baldwin    by July 2014
Barbuda

Bahamas          July 10, 1973    CHRISTIE, Perry     by May 2017

Barbados         Nov. 30, 1966    STUART, Freundel    by Feb. 2018
                                  (a)

Cuba             May 20, 1902     CASTRO RUZ, Raul    (b)

Dominica         Nov. 3, 1978     SKERRITT,           Dec. 2014
                                  Roosevelt

Dominican        Feb. 27, 1844    MEDINA, Danilo      May 2016
Republic

Grenada          Feb. 7, 1974     MITCHELL, Keith     Feb. 2018

Haiti            Jan. 1, 1804     MARTELLY, Michel    late 2015

Jamaica          Aug. 6, 1962     SIMPSON MILLER,     by Dec. 2016
                                  Portia

St. Kitts and    Sept. 19, 1983   DOUGLAS, Denzil     by Jan. 2015
Nevis

St. Lucia        Feb. 22, 1979    ANTHONY, Kenny      by Nov. 2016

St. Vincent      Oct. 27, 1979    GONSALVES, Ralph    by Dec. 2015
and the
Grenadines

Trinidad and     Aug. 31, 1962    PERSAD-BISSESSAR,   by May 2015
Tobago                            Kamla

Source: CRS.

(a). Freundel Stuart was selected as prime minister on October 23,
2010, following the death of Prime Minister David Thompson. Stuart
was elected on February 21, 2013.

(b.) On February 24, 2008, Raul Castro was selected by Cuba's
legislature as president of the Council of State, a position that
makes him head of state and government. Raul had been serving as
acting president since July 31, 2006, when Cuba's long-serving
Communist leader, Fidel Castro, stepped down provisionally because
of poor health. Since the 1959 Cuban Revolution, there have been no
elections for head of government.
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Author:Torreon, Barbara Salazar
Publication:Congressional Research Service (CRS) Reports and Issue Briefs
Article Type:Report
Geographic Code:50CAR
Date:Dec 1, 2013
Words:1068
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