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Labor force data.

Table 4. Employment in the IT sector, by occupation, 2000-04

                Occupation                    2000     2001     2002

Total--IT sector                              4,718    4,795    4,510
  Computer and information system managers      228      316      323
  Computer programmers                          745      689      630
  Computer and information scientist and
    systems analysts                            835      734      682
  Computer hardware engineers                    83      100       76
  Computer software engineers                   739      745      715
  Computer support specialists                  350      355      353
  Database administrators                        54       66       84
  Network and computer systems
    administrators                              154      185      179
  Network systems and data communication
    analysts                                    305      353      328
  Computer operators                            313      324      283
  Data entry keyers                             632      623      542
  Computer auto-teller and office machine
    repairers                                   280      305      315

                Occupation                    2003     2004

Total--IT sector                              4,494    4,495
  Computer and information system managers      347      337
  Computer programmers                          563      564
  Computer and information scientist and
    systems analysts                            722      700
  Computer hardware engineers                    99       96
  Computer software engineers                   758      813
  Computer support specialists                  330      325
  Database administrators                        72       94
  Network and computer systems
    administrators                              176      190
  Network systems and data communication
    analysts                                    359      312
  Computer operators                            191      191
  Data entry keyers                             581      504
  Computer auto-teller and office machine
    repairers                                   296      369

Table 5. percent distribution of IT-sector by high- and low-wage
occupations, 2000-04

Year    High-wage (1)    Low-wage (2)

2000        64.4             35.6
2001        66.5             33.5
2002        66.9             33.1
2003        68.9             31.1
2004        69.1             30.9

(1) Computer and information systems managers, computer programmers,
computer systems analysts, computer hardware and software engineers,
network computer system administrators and analysts.

(2) Computer support specialists, computer operatives, data entry
keyers. Computer auto-teller and office machinery repairers.

Table 6. Unemployment rates in the IT sector, by occupation, 2000-04

[In Percent]


             Occupation                2000   2001   2002   2003   2004

Total, IT sector                        2.7    4.0    5.5    6.0    4.8
  Computer and information system
    managers                            1.6    3.3    5.6    5.0    4.0
  Computer programmers                  2.0    4.0    6.1    6.4    5.8
  Computer and information scientist
    and systems analysts                2.3    2.8    4.4    5.2    3.9
  Computer hardware engineers           1.8    2.9    6.5    7.0    2.1
  Computer software engineers           1.7    4.2    4.7    5.2    3.3
  Computer support specialists          3.4    4.2    5.4    5.4    4.6
  Database administrators               3.0    2.6    2.9    6.6    2.0
  Network and computer systems
    administrators                      1.3    2.1    6.0    5.3    3.4
  Network systems and data communi-
    cation analysts                     2.8    4.6    4.3    6.5    5.8
  Computer operators                    3.2    4.2    4.9    5.0    3.1
  Data entry keyers                     5.5    5.8    7.9    7.6    9.0
  Computer auto-teller and office
    machine repairers                   2.6    3.8    5.0    8.3    4.7

Table 7. Average employment and gross domestic product (GDP) growth in
postwar recoveries in the United States

                                                               Average
                                                 Average         GDP
                                     Length     employment     growth
             Dates                  (months)      growth      (percent)

October 1945 to November 1948          37        178,000          --
October 1949 to July 1953              45        169,000         6.3
May 1954 to August 1957                39        107,000         3.7
April 1958 to April 1960               24        158,000         5.4
February 1961 to Dececember 1969      106        167,000         4.8
November 1970 to November 1973         36        208,000         4.5
March 1975 to January 1980             58        244,000         3.9
July 1980 to July 1981                 12        147,000         3.4
November 1982 to July 1990             92        229,000         4.1
March 1991 to March 2001              120        200,000         3.5
November 2001 to February 2005         39         50,000         3.3

                                       Average
                                    productivity
                                       growth
             Dates                  (percent) (1)

October 1945 to November 1948             --
October 1949 to July 1953                3.1
May 1954 to August 1957                  1.5
April 1958 to April 1960                 3.9
February 1961 to Dececember 1969         3.0
November 1970 to November 1973           2.6
March 1975 to January 1980               1.7
July 1980 to July 1981                   2.2
November 1982 to July 1990               2.1
March 1991 to March 2001                 2.2
November 2001 to February 2005           4.1

(1) Average change in each quarter at an annual rate in output per hour
in nonfarm business.

Table 8. Business professional and technical services share of total
private services for selected year and country

[In millions of dollars]

                                               Exports

            Country                  1998        2000        2003

All countries--total private
  services                         $244,748    $284,410    $294,080
  Percent-business professional
  and technical services               18.6        19.4        23.7
India--total private services        $1,880      $2,535      $3,720
  Percent-business professional
  and technical services               10.6         8.6         9.5
China--total private services        $3,958      $5,201      $5,916
  Percent-business professional
  and technical services               16.0        15.1        12.1

                                               Imports

            Country                  1998        2000        2003

All countries--total private
  services                         $166,226    $208,560    $225,216
  Percent-business professional
  and technical services               13.6        14.7        18.1
India--total private services        $1,542      $1,896      $2,184
  Percent-business professional
  and technical services                8.6        10.9        19.2
China--total private services        $2,302      $3,268      $3,869
  Percent-business professional
  and technical services                3.1         3.4         3.5

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey
of Current Business, October 2004.

Exhibit 1. IT-sector occupational and
industry definitions

            Occupation or industry                    Code

  Standard Occupation Classification (SOC) (1)

Computer and information systems managers            11-3021
Computer programmers                                 15-1021
Computer and information scientists                  15-1011
Computer systems analysts                            15-1051
Computer hardware engineers                          17-2061
Computer software engineers, applications            15-1031
Computer software engineers, system software         15-1032
Computer support specialists                         15-1041
Database administrators                              15-1061
Network and computer systems administrators          15-1071
Network system and data communications
  analysts                                           15-1081
Computer operators                                   43-9011
Date entry keyers                                    43-9021
Computer, auto-teller and office machine repairers   49-2011

     North American Industry Classifications
                  System (NAICS)

Software publishing                                     5112
Computer systems design and related services            5415
Internet service providers and web search portals       5181
Data processing, hosting and related services           5182
Computer and electronic product manufacturing           3341
Communications equipment manufacturing                  3342

(1) 2002 Census Bureau classification system introduced into
the Current Population Survey (CPS) in January 2003. Derived
from the 2000 SOC system.

Exhibit 2. Estimated employment impact on the it sector of offshoring
from the literature

                        Estimated annual
       Author           employment losses         Methodology

Forrester                 50,000             Survey
Global Insight, Inc.      34,000             Micro-simulation
Schultze                  52,000-72,000      Import flows
Bardhand and Kroll        500,000            At risk
Bhagwati and others       65,000             Job growth in India,
                                               Ireland, Philippines
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Title Annotation:Current Labor Statistics
Publication:Monthly Labor Review
Article Type:Illustration
Date:Aug 1, 2005
Words:1066
Previous Article:Notes on current labor statistics.
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