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Labor compensation and collective bargaining data.

Current Labor Statistics: Compensation & Industrial Relations
30. Employment Cost Index, compensation, (1) by occupation and
industry group

[June 1989 = 100]

 2003

 Series Mar. June Sept.

Civilian workers (2) 164.5 165.8 167.6

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 166.7 167.9 169.9
 Professional specialty and
 technical 164.1 165.0 167.0
 Executive, administrative, and
 managerial 171.1 172.0 174.0
 Administrative support,
 including clerical 168.3 170.0 171.7
 Blue-collar workers 159.8 161.4 162.9
 Service occupations 164.1 165.0 166.8

 Workers, by industry division:
 Goods-producing 163.1 164.6 165.8
 Manufacturing 164.0 165.4 166.5
 Service-producing 165.0 166.2 168.2
 Services 165.3 166.3 168.5
 Health services 166.4 167.6 169.3
 Hospitals 169.9 170.8 173.1
 Educational services 163.6 164.2 166.9
 Public administration (3) 163.4 164.3 167.3
 Nonmanufacturing 164.5 165.8 167.8

 Private industry workers 165.0 166.4 168.1

 Excluding sales occupations 165.1 166.6 168.1

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 168.1 169.4 171.2
 Excluding sales occupations 169.1 170.4 172.1
 Professional specialty and
 technical occupations 166.5 167.7 169.4
 Executive, adminitrative, and
 managerial occupations 172.1 173.1 175.0
 Sales occupations 163.5 165.1 167.2
 Administrative support
 occupations, including
 clerical 169.0 170.9 172.3
 Blue-collar workers 159.7 161.4 162.8
 Precision production, craft,
 and repair occupations 160.0 162.0 163.1
 Machine operators, assemblers,
 and inspectors 159.9 161.1 162.6
 Transportation and material
 moving occupations 153.2 155.1 156.7
 Handlers, equipment cleaners,
 helpers, and laborers 164.9 166.8 168.6

 Service occupations 161.7 162.6 163.8

 Production and nonsupervisory
 occupations (4) 162.6 164.1 165.7

 Workers, by industry division:
 Goods-producing 163.0 164.5 165.7
 Excluding sales
 occupations 162.4 163.8 165.0
 White-collar occupations 167.8 169.2 170.1
 Excluding sales
 occupations 166.3 167.5 168.5
 Blue-collar occupations 159.9 161.5 162.9
 Construction 159.1 161.1 162.3
 Manufacturing 164.0 165.4 166.5
 White-collar occupations 167.1 168.7 169.5
 Excluding sales
 occupations 165.1 166.4 167.4
 Blue-collar occupations 161.6 162.8 164.1
 Durables 164.4 165.5 166.6
 Nondurables 163.1 164.9 166.0

 Service-producing 165.6 167.0 168.8
 Excluding sales
 occupations 166.6 168.0 169.7
 White-collar occupations 167.9 169.2 171.2
 Excluding sales
 occupations 169.9 171.3 173.1
 Blue-collar occupations 158.7 160.8 162.2
 Service occupations 161.1 162.0 163.2
 Transportation and public
 utilities 163.2 165.4 166.5
 Transportation 157.8 158.9 159.4
 Public utilities 170.5 174.2 176.4
 Communications 171.3 175.5 178.4
 Electric, gas, and
 sanitary services 169.5 172.6 173.8
 Wholesale and retail trade 161.3 162.5 164.3
 Excluding sales
 occupations 161.8 162.7 165.0
 Wholesale trade 169.5 171.3 172.0
 Excluding sales
 occupations 168.4 169.9 171.2
 Retail trade 156.6 157.4 159.9
 General merchandise stores 156.4 159.2 161.2
 Food stores 157.5 158.6 159.3
 Finance, insurance, and real
 estate 176.7 178.3 180.2
 Excluding sales
 occupations 182.0 184.0 1,853.0
 Banking, savings and loan,
 and other credit agencies 204.3 206.3 207.6
 Insurance 172.1 173.9 175.1
 Services 167.1 168.4 170.4
 Business services 168.5 169.2 171.9
 Health services 166.5 167.9 169.4
 Hospitals 170.8 171.9 173.9
 Educational services 176.3 177.1 180.2
 Colleges and universities 174.5 175.4 178.4

 Nonmanufacturing 164.9 166.4 168.1
 White-collar workers 168.0 169.3 171.2
 Excluding sales
 occupations 170.0 171.4 173.2
 Blue-collar occupations 157.5 159.7 161.1
 Service occupations 161.1 162.0 163.2

 State and local government workers 162.6 163.2 165.9

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 161.7 162.2 164.9
 Professional specialty and
 technical 160.2 160.8 163.4
 Executive, administrative, and
 managerial 165.3 165.7 168.0
 Administrative support,
 including clerical 163.8 164.4 167.9
 Blue-collar workers 161.3 161.7 163.6

 Workers, by industry division:
 Services 161.8 162.3 164.9
 Services excluding schools
 (5) 164.0 164.2 166.8
 Health services 166.4 166.7 169.5
 Hospitals 167.0 167.3 170.3
 Educational services 161.1 161.7 164.3
 Schools 161.4 162.0 164.7
 Elementary and
 secondary 159.4 160.0 163.0
 Colleges and
 universities 167.0 167.5 169.2

 Public administration (3) 163.4 164.3 167.3

 2003 2004

 Series Dec. Mar. June

Civilian workers (2) 168.4 170.7 172.2

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 170.7 172.7 174.0
 Professional specialty and
 technical 168.0 170.2 171.2
 Executive, administrative, and
 managerial 174.9 175.8 177.1
 Administrative support,
 including clerical 172.5 175.3 177.2
 Blue-collar workers 163.7 166.9 168.8
 Service occupations 167.9 169.7 170.9

 Workers, by industry division:
 Goods-producing 166.8 170.4 171.9
 Manufacturing 167.1 171.7 173.2
 Service-producing 169.1 170.8 172.3
 Services 169.5 171.2 172.3
 Health services 170.7 173.0 174.4
 Hospitals 174.8 176.8 178.2
 Educational services 167.6 168.5 168.9
 Public administration (3) 168.1 170.1 171.4
 Nonmanufacturing 168.6 170.4 171.8

 Private industry workers 168.8 171.4 173.0

 Excluding sales occupations 169.0 171.6 173.2

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 172.0 174.2 175.7
 Excluding sales occupations 173.0 175.3 176.7
 Professional specialty and
 technical occupations 170.5 173.4 174.7
 Executive, adminitrative, and
 managerial occupations 175.9 176.8 178.1
 Sales occupations 167.1 169.2 171.2
 Administrative support
 occupations, including
 clerical 173.2 176.1 178.1
 Blue-collar workers 163.6 166.9 168.8
 Precision production, craft,
 and repair occupations 164.2 167.1 169.1
 Machine operators, assemblers,
 and inspectors 163.2 168.7 170.5
 Transportation and material
 moving occupations 156.9 158.5 160.6
 Handlers, equipment cleaners,
 helpers, and laborers 169.5 171.7 173.2

 Service occupations 164.3 166.9 168.2

 Production and nonsupervisory
 occupations (4) 166.6 169.3 171.0

 Workers, by industry division:
 Goods-producing 166.5 170.3 171.8
 Excluding sales
 occupations 165.9 169.8 171.2
 White-collar occupations 170.5 173.5 174.7
 Excluding sales
 occupations 169.2 172.2 173.3
 Blue-collar occupations 163.9 168.1 169.8
 Construction 163.3 164.6 165.9
 Manufacturing 167.1 171.7 173.2
 White-collar occupations 169.6 173.2 174.6
 Excluding sales
 occupations 167.8 171.3 172.6
 Blue-collar occupations 165.1 170.4 172.0
 Durables 167.3 172.4 174.0
 Nondurables 166.6 170.4 171.7

 Service-producing 169.7 171.6 173.3
 Excluding sales
 occupations 170.6 172.5 174.2
 White-collar occupations 172.0 174.1 175.7
 Excluding sales
 occupations 174.2 176.2 177.8
 Blue-collar occupations 162.6 164.1 166.4
 Service occupations 164.3 166.1 167.4
 Transportation and public
 utilities 167.0 169.8 172.5
 Transportation 159.6 162.0 164.7
 Public utilities 177.0 180.4 183.1
 Communications 179.0 182.2 183.6
 Electric, gas, and
 sanitary services 174.6 178.2 182.4
 Wholesale and retail trade 165.0 166.3 168.1
 Excluding sales
 occupations 165.9 167.4 168.6
 Wholesale trade 172.0 173.8 175.9
 Excluding sales
 occupations 171.3 173.7 174.0
 Retail trade 161.0 162.1 163.7
 General merchandise stores 165.6 165.8 166.2
 Food stores 160.3 162.1 163.5
 Finance, insurance, and real
 estate 180.9 182.5 183.6
 Excluding sales
 occupations 186.1 186.6 188.7
 Banking, savings and loan,
 and other credit agencies 209.0 207.2 208.9
 Insurance 176.2 177.8 180.5
 Services 171.4 173.5 175.1
 Business services 172.6 174.8 176.9
 Health services 170.8 173.3 174.8
 Hospitals 175.9 178.1 179.7
 Educational services 181.3 183.1 184.2
 Colleges and universities 179.4 181.2 182.5

 Nonmanufacturing 169.0 170.9 172.5
 White-collar workers 172.1 174.1 175.7
 Excluding sales
 occupations 174.2 176.2 177.7
 Blue-collar occupations 161.7 163.4 165.5
 Service occupations 162.4 166.0 167.3

 State and local government workers 166.8 168.0 168.7

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 165.7 166.8 167.5
 Professional specialty and
 technical 164.1 165.1 165.6
 Executive, administrative, and
 managerial 169.1 170.1 171.0
 Administrative support,
 including clerical 168.5 170.4 171.8
 Blue-collar workers 165.2 166.7 167.5

 Workers, by industry division:
 Services 165.7 166.5 166.8
 Services excluding schools
 (5) 168.2 169.4 170.1
 Health services 171.0 172.2 172.9
 Hospitals 171.4 172.4 173.2
 Educational services 165.0 165.7 165.9
 Schools 165.3 166.0 166.3
 Elementary and
 secondary 163.7 164.4 164.6
 Colleges and
 universities 170.0 170.7 171.0

 Public administration (3) 168.1 170.1 171.4

 2004 2005

 Series Sept. Dec. Mar.

Civilian workers (2) 173.9 174.7 176.6

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 175.8 176.6 178.8
 Professional specialty and
 technical 173.6 174.7 176.8
 Executive, administrative, and
 managerial 178.2 179.4 182.0
 Administrative support,
 including clerical 178.7 180.0 182.0
 Blue-collar workers 170.1 170.9 172.4
 Service occupations 172.7 173.6 174.9

 Workers, by industry division:
 Goods-producing 173.4 174.4 177.0
 Manufacturing 174.9 175.4 178.2
 Service-producing 174.0 174.7 176.5
 Services 174.5 175.5 177.0
 Health services 176.7 177.7 179.9
 Hospitals 180.5 181.8 184.3
 Educational services 171.8 172.9 173.9
 Public administration (3) 174.1 175.4 177.6
 Nonmanufacturing 173.5 174.4 176.1

 Private industry workers 174.4 175.2 177.2

 Excluding sales occupations 174.6 175.6 177:7

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 177.3 178.1 180.4
 Excluding sales occupations 178.3 179.5 182.0
 Professional specialty and
 technical occupations 176.8 178.1 180.8
 Executive, adminitrative, and
 managerial occupations 179.2 180.2 183.0
 Sales occupations 173.1 171.4 173.1
 Administrative support
 occupations, including
 clerical 179.4 180.7 182.8
 Blue-collar workers 170.1 170.8 172.3
 Precision production, craft,
 and repair occupations 170.2 171.2 173.1
 Machine operators, assemblers,
 and inspectors 172.2 172.5 173.3
 Transportation and material
 moving occupations 161.8 162.3 163.7
 Handlers, equipment cleaners,
 helpers, and laborers 174.3 175.3 176.9

 Service occupations 168.9 169.7 170.9

 Production and nonsupervisory
 occupations (4) 172.4 173.0 174.6

 Workers, by industry division:
 Goods-producing 173.3 174.3 176.9
 Excluding sales
 occupations 172.5 173.7 176.3
 White-collar occupations 176.4 177.8 182.2
 Excluding sales
 occupations 174.5 176.4 180.9
 Blue-collar occupations 171.3 172.0 173.4
 Construction 167.0 167.3 169.1
 Manufacturing 174.9 175.4 178.2
 White-collar occupations 176.4 176.7 181.4
 Excluding sales
 occupations 174.1 174.7 179.4
 Blue-collar occupations 173.7 174.3 175.8
 Durables 175.8 176.3 179.5
 Nondurables 173.1 173.6 175.8

 Service-producing 174.7 175.3 177.1
 Excluding sales
 occupations 175.6 176.5 178.4
 White-collar occupations 177.3 177.8 179.7
 Excluding sales
 occupations 179.4 180.4 182.4
 Blue-collar occupations 167.4 168.1 169.9
 Service occupations 168.1 168.9 170.1
 Transportation and public
 utilities 173.6 173.5 174.5
 Transportation 166.2 166.2 165.5
 Public utilities 183.6 183.4 186.9
 Communications 183.6 183.5 186.0
 Electric, gas, and
 sanitary services 183.3 183.3 188.0
 Wholesale and retail trade 169.1 169.1 170.9
 Excluding sales
 occupations 169.6 170.4 172.3
 Wholesale trade 177.8 176.6 179.1
 Excluding sales
 occupations 175.3 176.3 179.2
 Retail trade 164.2 164.7 166.2
 General merchandise stores 168.8 169.5 172.3
 Food stores 163.5 164.0 165.0
 Finance, insurance, and real
 estate 184.8 186.0 188.9
 Excluding sales
 occupations 190.9 191.2 194.3
 Banking, savings and loan,
 and other credit agencies 210.5 212.3 213.7
 Insurance 182.1 183.6 186.3
 Services 176.9 177.9 179.7
 Business services 178.5 179.1 180.1
 Health services 177.0 178.0 180.3
 Hospitals 181.8 183.2 185.8
 Educational services 187.0 188.5 190.0
 Colleges and universities 185.2 186.2 187.6

 Nonmanufacturing 173.9 174.7 176.5
 White-collar workers 177.2 178.0 180.0
 Excluding sales
 occupations 179.3 180.6 182.7
 Blue-collar occupations 166.4 167.3 168.8
 Service occupations 168.0 168.9 170.1

 State and local government workers 171.5 172.6 174.1

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 170.0 171.2 172.6
 Professional specialty and
 technical 168.4 169.4 170.4
 Executive, administrative, and
 managerial 172.1 174.3 176.7
 Administrative support,
 including clerical 174.3 175.5 177.2
 Blue-collar workers 169.9 171.0 172.6

 Workers, by industry division:
 Services 169.7 170.8 171.8
 Services excluding schools
 (5) 173.0 173.8 175.6
 Health services 175.7 176.8 178.9
 Hospitals 176.3 177.4 179.1
 Educational services 168.8 169.9 170.9
 Schools 169.2 170.3 171.2
 Elementary and
 secondary 168.0 169.2 169.8
 Colleges and
 universities 172.4 173.2 175.1

 Public administration (3) 174.1 175.4 177.6

 Percent change

 3 months 12 months
 Series ended ended

 Mar. 2005

Civilian workers (2) 1.1 3.5

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 1.2 3.5
 Professional specialty and
 technical 1.2 3.9
 Executive, administrative, and
 managerial 1.4 3.5
 Administrative support,
 including clerical 1.1 3.8
 Blue-collar workers .9 3.3
 Service occupations .7 3.1

 Workers, by industry division:
 Goods-producing 1.5 3.9
 Manufacturing 1.6 3.8
 Service-producing 1.0 3.3
 Services .9 3.4
 Health services 1.2 4.0
 Hospitals 1.4 4.2
 Educational services .6 3.2
 Public administration (3) 1.3 4.4
 Nonmanufacturing 1.0 3.3

 Private industry workers 1.1 3.4

 Excluding sales occupations 1.2 3.6

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 1.3 3.6
 Excluding sales occupations 1.4 3.8
 Professional specialty and
 technical occupations 1.5 4.3
 Executive, adminitrative, and
 managerial occupations 1.6 3.5
 Sales occupations 1.0 2.3
 Administrative support
 occupations, including
 clerical 1.2 3.8
 Blue-collar workers .9 3.2
 Precision production, craft,
 and repair occupations 1.1 3.6
 Machine operators, assemblers,
 and inspectors .5 2.7
 Transportation and material
 moving occupations .9 3.3
 Handlers, equipment cleaners,
 helpers, and laborers .9 3.0

 Service occupations .7 2.4

 Production and nonsupervisory
 occupations (4) .9 3.1

 Workers, by industry division:
 Goods-producing 1.5 3.9
 Excluding sales
 occupations 1.5 3.8
 White-collar occupations 2.5 5.0
 Excluding sales
 occupations 2.6 5.1
 Blue-collar occupations .8 3.2
 Construction 1.1 2.7
 Manufacturing 1.6 3.8
 White-collar occupations 2.7 4.7
 Excluding sales
 occupations 2.7 4.7
 Blue-collar occupations .9 3.2
 Durables 1.8 4.1
 Nondurables 1.3 3.2

 Service-producing 1.0 3.2
 Excluding sales
 occupations 1.1 3.4
 White-collar occupations 1.1 3.2
 Excluding sales
 occupations 1.1 3.5
 Blue-collar occupations 1.1 3.5
 Service occupations .7 2.4
 Transportation and public
 utilities .6 2.8
 Transportation .4 2.2
 Public utilities 1.9 3.6
 Communications 1.4 2.1
 Electric, gas, and
 sanitary services 2.6 5.5
 Wholesale and retail trade 1.1 2.8
 Excluding sales
 occupations 1.1 2.9
 Wholesale trade 1.4 3.0
 Excluding sales
 occupations 1.6 3.2
 Retail trade .9 2.5
 General merchandise stores 1.7 3.9
 Food stores .6 1.8
 Finance, insurance, and real
 estate 1.6 3.5
 Excluding sales
 occupations 1.6 4.1
 Banking, savings and loan,
 and other credit agencies .7 3.1
 Insurance 1.5 4.8
 Services 1.0 3.6
 Business services .6 3.0
 Health services 1.3 4.0
 Hospitals 1.4 4.3
 Educational services .8 3.8
 Colleges and universities .8 3.5

 Nonmanufacturing 1.0 3.3
 White-collar workers 1.1 3.4
 Excluding sales
 occupations 1.2 3.7
 Blue-collar occupations .9 3.3
 Service occupations 7.0 2.5

 State and local government workers .9 3.6

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers .8 3.5
 Professional specialty and
 technical .6 3.2
 Executive, administrative, and
 managerial 1.4 3.9
 Administrative support,
 including clerical 1.0 4.0
 Blue-collar workers .9 3.5

 Workers, by industry division:
 Services .6 3.2
 Services excluding schools
 (5) 1.0 3.7
 Health services 1.2 3.9
 Hospitals 1.0 3.9
 Educational services .6 3.1
 Schools .5 3.1
 Elementary and
 secondary .4 3.3
 Colleges and
 universities 1.1 2.6

 Public administration (3) 1.3 4.4

(1) Cost (cents per hour worked) measured in the Employment Cost Index
consists of wages, salaries, and employer cost of employee benefits.

(2) Consists of private industry workers (excluding farm and household
workers) and State and local government (excluding Federal Government)
workers.

(3) Consists of legislative, judicial, administrative, and regulatory
activities.

(4) This series has the same industry and occupational coverage as the
Hourly Earnings index, which was discontinued in January 1989.

(5) Includes, for example, library, social, and health services.

31. Employment Cost Index, wages and salaries, by occupation and
industry group

[June 1989 = 100]

 2003

 Series Mar. June Sept. Dec.

Civilian workers (1) 159.3 160.3 161.8 162.3

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 161.9 162.9 164.5 165.1
 Professional specialty and
 technical 159.3 160.1 161.8 162.5
 Executive, administrative, and
 managerial 167.9 169.0 170.5 171.2
 Administrative support,
 including clerical 161.8 163.1 164.3 164.9
 Blue-collar workers 153.8 154.8 155.8 156.3
 Service occupations 158.0 158.7 159.8 160.6

 Workers, by industry division:
 Goods-producing 156.3 157.5 158.3 160.6
 Manufacturing 158.0 159.0 159.7 160.1
 Service-producing 160.5 161.4 163.0 163.6
 Services 161.9 162.8 164.7 165.4
 Health services 162.0 163.2 164.7 165.9
 Hospitals 163.5 164.4 166.3 167.7
 Educational services 160.4 160.7 162.7 163.2

 Public administration (2) 157.2 158.0 159.4 160.0
 Nonmanufacturing 159.6 160.5 162.1 162.7

 Private industry workers 159.3 160.4 161.7 162.3
 Excluding sales occupations 159.4 160.5 161.7 162.4

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 162.6 163.8 165.3 165.9
 Excluding sales occupations 163.6 164.8 166.2 167.0
 Professional specialty and
 technical occupations 159.5 160.5 162.1 163.0
 Executive, adminitrative, and
 managerial occupations 169.1 170.3 171.8 172.5
 Sales occupations 158.1 159.3 161.6 161.1
 Administrative support
 occupations, including
 clerical 162.6 164.0 165.1 165.7
 Blue-collar workers 153.6 154.6 155.6 156.1
 Precision production, craft,
 and repair occupations 153.4 154.7 155.5 156.2
 Machine operators, assemblers,
 and inspectors 154.7 155.3 156.8 156.9
 Transportation and material
 moving occupations 147.8 149.0 149.8 149.8
 Handlers, equipment cleaners,
 helpers, and laborers 158.4 159.0 159.9 160.6

 Service occupations 155.5 156.1 157.1 157.8

 Production and nonsupervisory
 occupations (3) 156.4 157.4 158.1 159.4

 Workers, by industry division:
 Goods-producing 156.3 157.4 158.3 158.7
 Excluding sales
 occupations 155.4 156.5 157.4 158.0
 White-collar occupations 160.0 161.4 161.9 162.1
 Excluding sales
 occupations 158.0 159.2 159.9 160.4
 Blue-collar occupations 153.8 154.8 155.9 156.4
 Construction 150.6 152.4 153.6 154.0
 Manufacturing 158.0 159.0 159.7 160.1
 White-collar occupations 160.1 161.6 162.0 162.1
 Excluding sales
 occupations 157.7 158.9 159.5 160.0
 Blue-collar occupations 156.3 156.9 157.9 158.5
 Durables 158.8 159.7 160.6 160.9
 Nondurables 156.6 157.8 158.3 158.7

 Service-producing 160.6 161.7 163.3 163.9
 Excluding sales
 occupations 161.7 162.8 164.2 165.0
 White-collar occupations 163.0 164.1 166.0 166.6
 Excluding sales
 occupations 165.3 166.5 168.2 169.0
 Blue-collar occupations 153.2 154.3 155.1 155.4
 Service occupations 155.1 155.6 156.6 157.4
 Transportation and public
 utilities 154.8 155.6 156.0 156.5
 Transportation 150.5 150.6 150.4 150.8
 Public utilities 160.4 162.1 163.4 164.1
 Communications 161.9 163.4 165.4 165.9
 Electric, gas, and
 sanitary services 158.6 160.4 161.0 161.8
 Wholesale and retail trade 156.7 157.5 159.2 159.5
 Wholesale trade 163.4 164.7 164.8 165.3
 Excluding sales
 occupations 163.9 165.2 165.7 166.3
 Retail trade 153.1 153.8 156.3 156.5
 General merchandise stores 149.8 152.0 153.1 153.6
 Food stores 151.0 151.6 152.2 152.8
 Finance, insurance, and real
 estate 171.1 172.4 174.1 174.5
 Excluding sales
 occupations 176.7 178.5 179.2 210.2
 Banking, savings and loan,
 and other credit agencies 206.4 208.7 209.1 164.5
 Insurance 161.6 163.0 163.9 164.5
 Services 162.8 164.0 165.9 166.7
 Business services 165.6 166.4 169.1 169.8
 Health services 161.9 163.2 164.6 135.8
 Hospitals 163.6 164.6 166.5 167.9
 Educational services 167.1 167.5 170.3 171.0
 Colleges and universities 164.4 165.1 167.6 168.4

 Nonmanufacturing 159.4 160.5 162.1 162.6
 White-collar workers 162.8 163.9 165.7 166.3
 Excluding sales
 occupations 164.9 166.1 167.7 168.5
 Blue-collar occupations 151.1 152.4 153.4 153.8
 Service occupations 155.0 155.5 156.5 157.3

 State and local government workers 162.6 163.2 165.9 166.8

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 158.9 159.2 161.0 161.5
 Professional specialty and
 technical 158.8 159.1 161.0 161.4
 Executive, administrative, and
 managerial 160.9 161.0 162.5 163.3
 Administrative support,
 including clerical 156.9 157.2 159.1 159.5
 Blue-collar workers 156.2 156.5 157.6 158.3

 Workers, by industry division:
 Services 159.5 159.8 161.6 162.1

 Services excluding
 schools (4) 161.4 161.8 163.2 164.5
 Health services 162.9 163.5 165.1 166.7
 Hospitals 163.1 163.8 165.5 166.7
 Educational services 159.1 159.3 161.2 161.6
 Schools 159.2 159.5 161.4 161.8
 Elementary and
 secondary 158.2 158.5 160.6 160.9
 Colleges and
 universities 162.1 162.1 163.5 164.0

 Public administration (2) 157.2 158.0 159.4 160.0

 2004

 Series Mar. June Sept. Dec.

Civilian workers (1) 163.3 164.3 165.7 166.2

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 166.1 167.1 168.7 169.1
 Professional specialty and
 technical 163.8 164.4 166.5 167.0
 Executive, administrative, and
 managerial 171.4 172.4 173.4 174.4
 Administrative support,
 including clerical 166.3 167.5 168.8 169.7
 Blue-collar workers 157.3 158.4 159.7 160.0
 Service occupations 161.2 161.9 162.8 163.6

 Workers, by industry division:
 Goods-producing 159.9 161.0 162.3 162.4
 Manufacturing 161.3 162.4 163.8 164.0
 Service-producing 164.6 165.5 167.0 167.5
 Services 166.5 167.4 167.3 170.1
 Health services 167.7 168.6 170.8 171.7
 Hospitals 169.0 169.9 171.8 173.2
 Educational services 163.6 163.8 166.0 166.8

 Public administration (2) 161.1 161.4 162.6 163.5
 Nonmanufacturing 163.7 164.6 166.0 166.5

 Private industry workers 163.4 164.5 165.9 166.2
 Excluding sales occupations 163.5 164.5 165.8 165.8

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 167.1 168.2 169.7 170.0
 Excluding sales occupations 168.1 169.2 170.6 171.4
 Professional specialty and
 technical occupations 164.7 165.5 167.6 168.0
 Executive, adminitrative, and
 managerial occupations 172.7 173.9 174.9 175.7
 Sales occupations 162.6 163.9 165.9 164.0
 Administrative support
 occupations, including
 clerical 167.2 168.6 169.7 170.8
 Blue-collar workers 157.2 158.3 159.5 159.9
 Precision production, craft,
 and repair occupations 157.1 158.3 159.3 159.7
 Machine operators, assemblers,
 and inspectors 158.6 159.8 161.6 161.6
 Transportation and material
 moving occupations 150.4 151.8 152.9 153.3
 Handlers, equipment cleaners,
 helpers, and laborers 161.8 162.7 163.6 164.5

 Service occupations 158.4 159.3 159.8 160.6

 Production and nonsupervisory
 occupations (3) 160.7 161.7 163.1 163.4

 Workers, by industry division:
 Goods-producing 159.9 160.9 162.3 162.4
 Excluding sales
 occupations 159.2 160.2 161.2 161.0
 White-collar occupations 163.2 164.5 166.0 165.9
 Excluding sales
 occupations 161.5 162.7 163.6 164.1
 Blue-collar occupations 157.7 158.6 159.8 160.1
 Construction 155.1 155.9 187.1 157.0
 Manufacturing 161.3 162.4 163.8 164.0
 White-collar occupations 163.3 164.7 166.1 166.1
 Excluding sales
 occupations 161.2 162.5 163.5 163.9
 Blue-collar occupations 159.8 160.6 162.1 162.4
 Durables 161.9 162.9 164.5 164.7
 Nondurables 160.4 161.6 162.8 162.9

 Service-producing 165.0 166.1 167.5 167.9
 Excluding sales
 occupations 166.0 167.1 168.5 169.3
 White-collar occupations 167.8 168.9 170.4 170.8
 Excluding sales
 occupations 170.2 171.2 172.8 173.6
 Blue-collar occupations 156.2 157.8 158.9 159.4
 Service occupations 158.0 158.8 159.4 160.2
 Transportation and public
 utilities 157.6 159.1 160.4 160.5
 Transportation 151.7 153.4 155.0 155.1
 Public utilities 165.3 166.4 167.5 167.5
 Communications 167.0 167.5 168.8 168.3
 Electric, gas, and
 sanitary services 163.3 165.1 165.9 166.6
 Wholesale and retail trade 160.3 161.6 162.5 162.1
 Wholesale trade 166.2 167.8 169.7 167.5
 Excluding sales
 occupations 167.8 168.6 168.6 168.9
 Retail trade 157.3 158.4 158.7 159.3
 General merchandise stores 154.1 154.9 157.5 158.1
 Food stores 153.8 154.3 154.5 155.0
 Finance, insurance, and real
 estate 175.2 175.3 176.5 177.7
 Excluding sales
 occupations 179.2 180.5 181.8 182.9
 Banking, savings and loan,
 and other credit agencies 206.7 207.6 209.5 211.3
 Insurance 165.1 167.2 168.9 170.4
 Services 168.1 169.3 171.1 172.0
 Business services 171.0 172.7 174.3 175.0
 Health services 167.8 168.8 170.9 171.9
 Hospitals 169.4 170.5 172.4 173.8
 Educational services 171.9 172.6 175.5 176.8
 Colleges and universities 169.5 170.0 172.9 173.6

 Nonmanufacturing 163.7 164.8 166.2 166.6
 White-collar workers 167.5 168.6 170.1 170.5
 Excluding sales
 occupations 169.7 170.7 172.3 173.1
 Blue-collar occupations 154.7 156.1 157.1 157.5
 Service occupations 157.9 158.7 159.2 160.1

 State and local government workers 168.0 168.7 171.5 172.6

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 162.1 162.4 164.1 164.9
 Professional specialty and
 technical 162.1 162.3 164.4 165.0
 Executive, administrative, and
 managerial 163.5 163.8 164.3 166.1
 Administrative support,
 including clerical 160.4 160.8 162.6 163.0
 Blue-collar workers 158.9 159.2 160.7 161.4

 Workers, by industry division:
 Services 162.6 162.7 164.8 165.5

 Services excluding
 schools (4) 165.1 165.6 167.5 168.3
 Health services 167.4 167.8 169.6 170.7
 Hospitals 167.4 167.9 169.9 171.0
 Educational services 162.0 162.1 164.2 164.9
 Schools 162.1 162.3 164.3 165.0
 Elementary and
 secondary 161.3 161.5 163.8 164.5
 Colleges and
 universities 164.3 164.4 165.4 166.3

 Public administration (2) 161.1 161.4 162.6 163.5

 2005 Percent change

 3 months 12 months
 Series Mar. ended ended

 Mar. 2005

Civilian workers (1) 167.3 0.7 2.4

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 170.3 .7 2.5
 Professional specialty and
 technical 168.1 .7 2.6
 Executive, administrative, and
 managerial 175.9 .9 2.6
 Administrative support,
 including clerical 170.9 .7 2.8
 Blue-collar workers 161.0 .6 2.4
 Service occupations 164.4 .5 2.0

 Workers, by industry division:
 Goods-producing 163.8 .7 2.3
 Manufacturing 165.3 .8 2.5
 Service-producing 168.6 .7 2.4
 Services 171.2 .6 2.8
 Health services 173.2 .9 3.3
 Hospitals 174.7 .9 3.4
 Educational services 167.5 .4 2.4

 Public administration (2) 165.0 .9 2.4
 Nonmanufacturing 167.6 .7 2.4

 Private industry workers 167.4 .7 2.4
 Excluding sales occupations 167.6 .7 2.5

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 171.3 .8 2.5
 Excluding sales occupations 172.7 .8 2.7
 Professional specialty and
 technical occupations 169.4 .8 2.9
 Executive, adminitrative, and
 managerial occupations 177.2 .9 2.6
 Sales occupations 164.9 .5 1.4
 Administrative support
 occupations, including
 clerical 172.0 .7 2.9
 Blue-collar workers 160.8 .6 2.3
 Precision production, craft,
 and repair occupations 160.4 .4 2.1
 Machine operators, assemblers,
 and inspectors 162.6 .6 2.5
 Transportation and material
 moving occupations 154.4 .7 2.7
 Handlers, equipment cleaners,
 helpers, and laborers 165.6 .7 2.3

 Service occupations 161.4 .5 1.9

 Production and nonsupervisory
 occupations (3) 164.5 .7 2.4

 Workers, by industry division:
 Goods-producing 163.6 .7 2.3
 Excluding sales
 occupations 162.8 .7 2.3
 White-collar occupations 167.3 .8 2.5
 Excluding sales
 occupations 165.3 .7 2.4
 Blue-collar occupations 161.2 .3 2.2
 Construction 157.7 .4 1.7
 Manufacturing 165.3 .8 2.5
 White-collar occupations 167.6 .9 2.6
 Excluding sales
 occupations 165.1 .7 2.4
 Blue-collar occupations 163.6 .7 2.4
 Durables 165.9 .7 2.5
 Nondurables 164.5 1.0 2.6

 Service-producing 169.0 .7 2.4
 Excluding sales
 occupations 170.4 .6 2.7
 White-collar occupations 172.1 .8 2.6
 Excluding sales
 occupations 175.0 .8 2.8
 Blue-collar occupations 160.1 .4 2.5
 Service occupations 160.9 .4 1.8
 Transportation and public
 utilities 159.8 -.4 1.4
 Transportation 153.4 -1.1 1.1
 Public utilities 168.2 .4 1.8
 Communications 168.4 .1 .8
 Electric, gas, and
 sanitary services 167.9 .8 2.8
 Wholesale and retail trade 163.4 .8 1.9
 Wholesale trade 169.5 1.2 2.0
 Excluding sales
 occupations 171.5 1.5 2.2
 Retail trade 160.3 .6 1.9
 General merchandise stores 159.3 .8 3.4
 Food stores 155.8 .5 1.3
 Finance, insurance, and real
 estate 179.2 0.8 2.3
 Excluding sales
 occupations 184.6 .9 3.0
 Banking, savings and loan,
 and other credit agencies 210.7 -.3 1.9
 Insurance 171.7 .8 4.0
 Services 173.4 .8 3.2
 Business services 175.5 .3 2.6
 Health services 173.4 .9 3.3
 Hospitals 175.4 .9 3.5
 Educational services 177.9 .6 3.5
 Colleges and universities 174.6 .6 3.0

 Nonmanufacturing 167.7 .7 2.4
 White-collar workers 171.7 .7 2.5
 Excluding sales
 occupations 174.4 .8 2.8
 Blue-collar occupations 158.2 .4 2.3
 Service occupations 160.8 .4 1.8

 State and local government workers 174.1 .6 2.3

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 165.9 .6 2.3
 Professional specialty and
 technical 165.7 .4 2.2
 Executive, administrative, and
 managerial 168.2 1.3 2.9
 Administrative support,
 including clerical 163.9 .6 2.2
 Blue-collar workers 162.4 .6 2.2

 Workers, by industry division:
 Services 166.2 .4 2.2

 Services excluding
 schools (4) 169.4 .7 2.6
 Health services 171.9 .7 2.7
 Hospitals 172.0 .6 2.7
 Educational services 165.5 .4 2.2
 Schools 165.6 .4 2.2
 Elementary and
 secondary 164.8 .2 2.2
 Colleges and
 universities 167.9 1.0 2.2

 Public administration (2) 165.0 .9 2.4

(1) Consists of private industry workers (excluding farm and
household workers) and State and local government (excluding
Federal Government) workers.

(2) Consists of legislative, judicial, administrative, and
regulatory activities.

(3) This series has the same industry and occupational coverage
as the Hourly Earnings index, which was discontinued in January
1989.

(4) Includes, for example, library, social, and health services.

32. Employment Cost Index, benefits, private industry workers by
occupation and industry group

[June 1989 = 100]

 2003

 Series Mar. June Sept. Dec.

Private industry workers 179.6 182.0 184.3 185.8

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 183.6 185.5 187.7 189.2
 Blue-collar workers 172.7 176.1 178.4 179.9

 Workers, by industry division:
 Goods-producing 178.0 180.2 182.3 183.8
 Service-Producing 179.9 182.3 184.7 186.2
 Manufacturing 176.9 179.0 181.1 182.3
 Nonmanufacturing 180.3 182.8 185.1 186.7

 2004

 Series Mar. June Sept. Dec.

Private industry workers 192.2 195.3 196.9 198.7

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 194.4 197.4 199.1 201.1
 Blue-collar workers 188.3 191.8 193.3 194.9

 Workers, by industry division:
 Goods-producing 193.7 196.2 198.1 201.2
 Service-Producing 190.6 194.1 195.5 196.5
 Manufacturing 194.4 196.9 199.2 200.4
 Nonmanufacturing 190.9 194.3 195.7 197.6

 2005 Percent change

 3 months 12 months
 Series Mar. ended ended

 Mar. 2005

Private industry workers 203.3 2.3 5.8

 Workers, by occupational group:
 White-collar workers 206.8 2.8 6.4
 Blue-collar workers 197.8 1.5 5.0

 Workers, by industry division:
 Goods-producing 207.0 2.9 6.9
 Service-Producing 200.5 2.0 5.2
 Manufacturing 206.7 3.1 6.3
 Nonmanufacturing 201.6 2.0 5.6

33. Employment Cost Index, private nonfarm workers by bargaining
status, region, and area size

[June 1989 = 100]

 2003

 Series Mar. June Sept. Dec.

 COMPENSATION

Workers, by bargaining status (1)

Union 162.1 164.1 165.7 166.8
 Goods-producing 161.4 163.4 164.7 165.0
 Service-producing 162.6 164.6 166.5 167.5
 Manufacturing 162.3 163.8 165.0 166.3
 Nonmanufacturing 161.4 163.7 165.5 166.5

Nonunion 165.4 166.8 168.4 169.1
 Goods-producing 163.6 164.9 166.1 166.7
 Service-producing 165.9 167.2 169.0 169.8
 Manufacturing 164.5 165.8 166.9 167.3
 Nonmanufacturing 165.4 166.7 168.5 139.3

 Workers, by region (1)

Northeast 163.8 165.2 166.9 167.9
South 160.6 161.6 163.2 163.9
Midwest (formerly North Central) 169.0 170.4 171.7 172.5
West 167.3 169.5 171.4 172.2

 Workers, by area size (1)

Metropolitan areas 165.2 166.6 168.3 169.1
Other areas 163.5 165.0 166.1 166.9

 WAGES AND SALARIES

Workers, by bargaining status (1)

Union 153.3 154.3 155.3 156.2
 Goods-producing 152.4 153.9 154.8 155.4
 Service-producing 154.6 155.1 156.3 157.3
 Manufacturing 154.6 155.9 156.7 157.1
 Nonmanufacturing 152.5 153.5 154.6 155.6

Nonunion 160.4 161.5 163.0 163.4
 Goods-producing 157.8 158.9 159.7 160.1
 Service-producing 161.2 162.3 164.0 164.5
 Manufacturing 159.3 160.2 160.9 161.3
 Nonmanufacturing 160.4 161.5 163.1 163.7

 Workers, by region (1)

Northeast 157.3 158.4 160.0 160.9
South 155.3 156.1 157.4 157.9
Midwest (formerly North Central) 164.1 165.0 166.1 166.5
West 161.3 163.1 164.7 165.2

 Workers, by area size (1)

Metropolitan areas 159.6 160.7 162.2 162.7
Other areas 156.8 158.0 158.9 159.5

 2004

 Series Mar. June Sept. Dec.

 COMPENSATION

Workers, by bargaining status (1)

Union 171.4 173.9 175.3 176.2
 Goods-producing 172.3 174.6 176.0 176.7
 Service-producing 170.2 172.9 174.4 175.4
 Manufacturing 175.0 177.0 178.4 178.9
 Nonmanufacturing 168.8 171.6 173.0 174.1

Nonunion 171.3 172.7 174.2 174.9
 Goods-producing 169.7 170.9 172.4 173.5
 Service-producing 171.6 173.2 174.6 175.1
 Manufacturing 170.6 172.0 173.8 174.3
 Nonmanufacturing 171.1 172.6 174.0 174.7

 Workers, by region (1)

Northeast 170.2 172.3 173.7 174.2
South 166.4 167.9 169.5 170.6
Midwest (formerly North Central) 174.7 176.2 177.6 177.9
West 175.3 176.8 178.1 179.0

 Workers, by area size (1)

Metropolitan areas 171.5 173.1 174.6 175.3
Other areas 170.2 172.1 173.3 174.3

 WAGES AND SALARIES

Workers, by bargaining status (1)

Union 157.2 158.7 160.0 160.6
 Goods-producing 156.3 157.5 158.7 158.9
 Service-producing 158.5 160.3 161.7 162.6
 Manufacturing 158.1 159.2 160.5 160.7
 Nonmanufacturing 156.6 158.4 159.6 160.4

Nonunion 164.6 165.6 167.0 167.3
 Goods-producing 161.4 162.4 163.8 163.9
 Service-producing 165.6 166.6 168.0 168.4
 Manufacturing 162.6 163.7 165.2 165.3
 Nonmanufacturing 164.7 165.7 167.1 167.5

 Workers, by region (1)

Northeast 162.0 163.6 164.9 165.0
South 159.1 160.1 161.6 162.3
Midwest (formerly North Central) 166.9 167.7 169.2 169.2
West 166.8 167.9 169.1 169.5

 Workers, by area size (1)

Metropolitan areas 163.8 164.9 163.3 166.6
Other areas 160.8 162.1 162.1 163.8

 2005 Percent change

 3 months 12 months
 Series Mar. ended ended

 Mar. 2005

 COMPENSATION

Workers, by bargaining status (1)

Union 177.5 0.7 3.6
 Goods-producing 178.2 .8 3.4
 Service-producing 176.6 .7 3.8
 Manufacturing 180.6 1.0 3.2
 Nonmanufacturing 175.2 .6 3.8

Nonunion 177.1 1.3 3.4
 Goods-producing 176.5 1.7 4.0
 Service-producing 177.0 1.1 3.1
 Manufacturing 177.5 1.8 4.0
 Nonmanufacturing 176.6 1.1 3.2

 Workers, by region (1)

Northeast 176.1 1.1 3.5
South 172.5 1.1 3.7
Midwest (formerly North Central) 180.0 1.2 3.0
West 181.4 1.3 3.5

 Workers, by area size (1)

Metropolitan areas 177.4 1.2 3.4
Other areas 176.4 1.2 3.6

 WAGES AND SALARIES

Workers, by bargaining status (1)

Union 160.8 .1 2.3
 Goods-producing 159.6 .4 2.1
 Service-producing 162.3 -.2 2.4
 Manufacturing 161.5 .5 2.2
 Nonmanufacturing 160.3 -.1 2.4

Nonunion 168.6 .8 2.4
 Goods-producing 165.2 .8 2.4
 Service-producing 169.7 .8 2.5
 Manufacturing 166.8 .9 2.6
 Nonmanufacturing 168.7 .7 2.4

 Workers, by region (1)

Northeast 166.0 .6 2.5
South 163.6 .8 2.8
Midwest (formerly North Central) 170.6 .8 2.2
West 170.3 .5 2.1

 Workers, by area size (1)

Metropolitan areas 167.7 .7 2.4
Other areas 165.1 .8 2.7

(1) The indexes are calculated differently from those for the
occupation and industry groups. For a detailed description of the
index calculation, see the Monthly Labor Review Technical Note,
"Estimation procedures for the Employment Cost Index," May 1982.

34. Percent of full-time employees participating in employer-provided
benefit plans, and in selected features within plans, medium and large
private establishments, selected years, 1980-97

 Item 1980 1982 1984 1986

Scope of survey (in 000's) 21,352 21,043 21,013 21,303
Number of employees (in 000's):
 With medical care 20,711 20,412 20,383 20,238
 With life insurance 20,498 20,201 20,172 20,451
 With defined benefit plan 17,936 17,676 17,231 16,190

 Time-off plans

Participants with:
 Paid lunch time 10 9 9 10
 Average minutes per day -- 25 26 27
 Paid rest time 75 76 73 72
 Average minutes per day -- 25 26 26
 Paid funeral leave -- -- -- 88
 Average days per occurrence -- -- -- 3.2
 Paid holidays 99 99 99 99
 Average days per year 10.1 10.0 9.8 10.0
 Paid personal leave 20 24 23 25
 Average days per year -- 3.8 3.6 3.7
 Paid vacations 100 99 99 100

 Paid sick leave (1) 62 67 67 70
 Unpaid maternity leave -- -- -- --
 Unpaid paternity leave -- -- -- --
 Unpaid family leave -- -- -- --

 Insurance plans

Participants in medical care plans 97 97 97 95
 Percent of participants with
 coverage for:
 Home health care -- -- 46 66
 Extended care facilities 58 62 62 70
 Physical exam -- -- 8 18

 Percent of participants with
 employee contribution
 required for:
 Self coverage 26 27 36 43
 Average monthly contribution -- -- $11.93 $12.80
 Family coverage 46 51 58 63
 Average monthly contribution -- -- $35.93 $41.40

Participants in life insurance 96 96 96 96
 plans
 Percent of participants with:
 Accidental death and dis-
 memberment insurance 69 72 74 72
 Survivor income benefits -- -- -- 10
 Retiree protection available -- 64 64 59
Participants in long-term dis-
 ability insurance plans 40 43 47 48
Participants in sickness and
 accident insurance plans 54 51 51 49

Participants in short-term -- -- -- --
 disability plans (1)

 Retirement plans

Participants in defined benefit 84 84 82 76
 pension plans
 Percent of participants with:
 Normal retirement prior to age 55 58 63 64
 65
 Early retirement available 98 97 97 98
 Ad hoc pension increase in last -- -- 47 35
 5 years
 Terminal earnings formula 53 52 54 57
 Benefit coordinated with Social 45 45 56 62
 Security

Participants in defined -- -- -- 60
 contribution plans
Participants in plans with tax-
 deferred savings arrangements -- -- -- 33

 Other benefits

Employees eligible for:
 Flexible benefits plans -- -- -- 2
 Reimbursement accounts (2) -- -- -- 5
 Premium conversion plans -- -- -- --

 Item 1988 1989 1991

Scope of survey (in 000's) 31,059 32,428 31,163
Number of employees (in 000's):
 With medical care 27,953 29,834 25,865
 With life insurance 28,574 30,482 29,293
 With defined benefit plan 19,567 20,430 18,386

 Time-off plans

Participants with:
 Paid lunch time 11 10 8
 Average minutes per day 29 26 30
 Paid rest time 72 71 67
 Average minutes per day 26 26 28
 Paid funeral leave 85 84 80
 Average days per occurrence 3.2 3.3 3.3
 Paid holidays 96 97 92
 Average days per year 9.4 9.2 10.2
 Paid personal leave 24 22 21
 Average days per year 3.3 3.1 3.3
 Paid vacations 98 97 96

 Paid sick leave (1) 69 68 67
 Unpaid maternity leave 33 37 37
 Unpaid paternity leave 16 18 26
 Unpaid family leave -- -- --

 Insurance plans

Participants in medical care plans 90 92 83
 Percent of participants with
 coverage for:
 Home health care 76 75 81
 Extended care facilities 79 80 80
 Physical exam 28 28 30

 Percent of participants with
 employee contribution
 required for:
 Self coverage 44 47 51
 Average monthly contribution $19.29 $25.31 $26.60
 Family coverage 64 66 69
 Average monthly contribution $60.07 $72.10 $96.97

Participants in life insurance 92 94 94
 plans
 Percent of participants with:
 Accidental death and dismember-
 ment insurance 78 71 71
 Survivor income benefits 8 7 6
 Retiree protection available 49 42 44
Participants in long-term dis-
 ability insurance plans 42 45 40
Participants in sickness and
 accident insurance plans 46 43 45

Participants in short-term -- -- --
 disability plans (1)

 Retirement plans

Participants in defined benefit 63 63 59
 pension plans
 Percent of participants with:
 Normal retirement prior to age 59 62 55
 65
 Early retirement available 98 97 98
 Ad hoc pension increase in last 26 22 7
 5 years
 Terminal earnings formula 55 64 56
 Benefit coordinated with Social 62 63 54
 Security

Participants in defined 45 48 48
 contribution plans
Participants in plans with tax-
 deferred savings arrangements 36 41 44

 Other benefits

Employees eligible for:
 Flexible benefits plans 5 9 10
 Reimbursement accounts (2) 12 23 36
 Premium conversion plans -- -- --

 Item 1993 1995 1997

Scope of survey (in 000's) 28,728 33,374 38,409
Number of employees (in 000's):
 With medical care 23,519 25,546 29,340
 With life insurance 26,175 29,078 33,495
 With defined benefit plan 16,015 17,417 19,202

 Time-off plans

Participants with:
 Paid lunch time 9 -- --
 Average minutes per day 29 -- --
 Paid rest time 68 -- --
 Average minutes per day 26 -- --
 Paid funeral leave 83 80 81
 Average days per occurrence 3.0 3.3 3.7
 Paid holidays 91 89 89
 Average days per year 9.4 9.1 9.3
 Paid personal leave 21 22 20
 Average days per year 3.1 3.3 3.5
 Paid vacations 97 96 95

 Paid sick leave (1) 65 58 56
 Unpaid maternity leave 60 -- --
 Unpaid paternity leave 53 -- --
 Unpaid family leave -- 84 93

 Insurance plans

Participants in medical care plans 82 77 76
 Percent of participants with
 coverage for:
 Home health care 86 78 85
 Extended care facilities 82 73 78
 Physical exam 42 56 63

 Percent of participants with
 employee contribution
 required for:
 Self coverage 61 67 69
 Average monthly contribution $31.55 $33.92 $39.14
 Family coverage 76 78 80
 Average monthly contribution $107.42 $118.33 $130.07

Participants in life insurance 91 87 87
 plans
 Percent of participants with:
 Accidental death and dismember-
 ment insurance 76 77 74
 Survivor income benefits 5 7 6
 Retiree protection available 41 37 33
Participants in long-term dis-
 ability insurance plans 41 42 43
Participants in sickness and
 accident insurance plans 44 -- --

Participants in short-term -- 53 55
 disability plans (1)

 Retirement plans

Participants in defined benefit 56 52 50
 pension plans
 Percent of participants with:
 Normal retirement prior to age 52 52 52
 65
 Early retirement available 95 96 95
 Ad hoc pension increase in last 6 4 10
 5 years
 Terminal earnings formula 61 58 56
 Benefit coordinated with Social 48 51 49
 Security

Participants in defined 49 55 57
 contribution plans
Participants in plans with tax-
 deferred savings arrangements 43 54 55

 Other benefits

Employees eligible for:
 Flexible benefits plans 12 12 13
 Reimbursement accounts (2) 52 38 32
 Premium conversion plans -- 5 7

(1) The definitions for paid sick leave and short-term disability
(previously sickness and accident insurance) were changed for the
1995 survey. Paid sick leave now includes only plans that specify
either a maximum number of days per year or unlimited days.
Short-term disability now includes all insured, self-insured, and
State-mandated plans available on a per-disability basis, as well
as the unfunded per-disability plans previously reported as sick
leave. Sickness and accident insurance, reported in years prior
to this survey, included only insured, self-insured, and
State-mandated plans providing per-disability benefits at less
than full pay.

(2) Prior to 1995, reimbursement accounts included premium conversion
plans, which specifically allow medical plan participants to pay
required plan premiums with pretax dollars. Also, reimbursement
accounts that were part of flexible benefit plans were tabulated
separately.

NOTE: Dash indicates data not available.

35. Percent of full-time employees participating in employer-provided
benefit plans, and in selected features within plans, small private
establishments and State and local governments, 1987, 1990, 1992,
1994, and 1996

 Small private establishment

 Item 1990 1992 1994 1996

Scope of survey (in 000's) 32,466 34,360 35,910 39,816
Number of employees (in 000's):
 With medical care 22,402 24,396 23,536 25,599
 With life insurance 20,778 21,990 21,955 24,635
 With defined benefit plan 6,493 7,559 5,480 5,883

 Time-off plans

Participants with:
 Paid lunch time 8 9 -- --
 Average minutes per day 37 37 -- --
 Paid rest time 48 49 -- --
 Average minutes per day 27 26 -- --
 Paid funeral leave 47 50 50 51
 Average days per occurrence 2.9 3.0 3.1 3.0
 Paid holidays 84 82 82 80

 Average days per year (1) 9.5 9.2 7.5 7.6
 Paid personal leave 11 12 13 14
 Average days per year 2.8 2.6 2.6 3.0
 Paid vacations 88 88 88 86

 Paid sick leave (2) 47 53 50 50
 Unpaid leave 17 18 -- --
 Unpaid paternity leave 8 7 -- --
 Unpaid family leave -- -- 47 48

 Insurance plans

Participants in medical care
 plans 69 71 66 64
 Percent of participants with
 coverage for:
 Home health care 79 80 -- --
 Extended care facilities 83 84 -- --
 Physical exam 26 28 -- --

 Percent of participants with
 employee contribution
 required for:
 Self coverage 42 47 52 52
 Average monthly
 contribution $25.13 $36.51 $40.97 $42.63
 Family coverage 67 73 76 75
 Average monthly
 contribution $109.34 $150.54 $159.63 $181.53

Participants in life insurance
 plans 64 64 61 62
 Percent of participants with:
 Accidental death and dis-
 memberment insurance 78 76 79 77
 Survivor income benefits 1 1 2 1
 Retiree protection available 19 25 20 13
Participants in long-term dis-
 ability insurance plans 19 23 20 22
Participants in sickness and
 accident insurance plans 6 26 26 --

Participants in short-term -- -- -- 29
 disability plans (2)

 Retirement plans

Participants in defined benefit
 pension plans 20 22 15 15
 Percent of participants with:
 Normal retirement prior to
 age 65 54 50 -- 47
 Early retirement available 95 95 -- 92
 Ad hoc pension increase in
 last 5 years 7 4 -- --
 Terminal earnings formula 58 54 -- 53
 Benefit coordinated with
 Social Security 49 46 -- 44

Participants in defined
 contribution plans 31 33 34 38
Participants in plans with tax-
 deferred savings arrangements 17 24 23 28

 Other benefits

Employees eligible for:
 Flexible benefits plans 1 2 3 4

 Reimbursement accounts (3) 8 14 19 12
 Premium conversion plans -- -- -- 7

 State and local governments

 Item 1987 1990 1992 1994

Scope of survey (in 000's) 10,321 12,972 12,466 12,907
Number of employees (in 000's):
 With medical care 9,599 12,064 11,219 11,192
 With life insurance 8,773 11,415 11,095 11,194
 With defined benefit plan 9,599 11,675 10,845 11,708

 Time-off plans

Participants with:
 Paid lunch time 17 11 10 --
 Average minutes per day 34 36 34 --
 Paid rest time 58 56 53 --
 Average minutes per day 29 29 29 --
 Paid funeral leave 56 63 65 62
 Average days per occurrence 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.7
 Paid holidays 81 74 75 73

 Average days per year (1) 10.9 13.6 14.2 11.5
 Paid personal leave 38 39 38 38
 Average days per year 2.7 2.9 2.9 3.0
 Paid vacations 72 67 67 66

 Paid sick leave (2) 97 95 95 94
 Unpaid leave 57 51 59 --
 Unpaid paternity leave 30 33 44 --
 Unpaid family leave -- -- -- 93

 Insurance plans

Participants in medical care
 plans 93 93 90 87
 Percent of participants with
 coverage for:
 Home health care 76 82 87 84
 Extended care facilities 78 79 64 81
 Physical exam 36 36 47 55

 Percent of participants with
 employee contribution
 required for:
 Self coverage 35 38 43 47
 Average monthly
 contribution $15.74 $25.53 $28.97 $30.20
 Family coverage 71 65 72 71
 Average monthly
 contribution $71.89 $117.59 $139.23 $149.70

Participants in life insurance
 plans 85 88 89 87
 Percent of participants with:
 Accidental death and dis-
 memberment insurance 67 67 74 64
 Survivor income benefits 1 1 1 2
 Retiree protection available 55 45 46 46
Participants in long-term dis-
 ability insurance plans 31 27 28 30
Participants in sickness and
 accident insurance plans 14 21 22 21

Participants in short-term -- -- -- --
 disability plans (2)

 Retirement plans

Participants in defined benefit
 pension plans 93 90 87 91
 Percent of participants with:
 Normal retirement prior to
 age 65 92 89 92 92
 Early retirement available 90 88 89 87
 Ad hoc pension increase in
 last 5 years 33 16 10 13
 Terminal earnings formula 100 100 100 99
 Benefit coordinated with
 Social Security 18 8 10 49

Participants in defined
 contribution plans 9 9 9 99
Participants in plans with tax-
 deferred savings arrangements 28 45 45 24

 Other benefits

Employees eligible for:
 Flexible benefits plans 5 5 5 5

 Reimbursement accounts (3) 5 31 50 64
 Premium conversion plans -- -- -- --

(1) Methods used to calculate the average number of paid holidays were
revised in 1994 to count partial days more precisely. Average holidays
for 1994 are not comparable with those reported in 1990 and 1992.

(2) The definitions for paid sick leave and short-term disability
(previously sickness and accident insurance) were changed for the
1996 survey. Paid sick leave now includes only plans that specify
either a maximum number of days per year or unlimited days.
Short-term disability now includes all insured, self-insured, and
State-mandated plans available on a per-disability basis, as well
as the unfunded per-disability plans previously reported as sick
leave.

Sickness and accident insurance, reported in years prior to this
survey, included only insured, self-insured, and State-mandated
plans providing per-disability benefits at less than full pay.

(3) Prior to 1996, reimbursement accounts included premium
conversion plans, which specifically allow medical plan participants
to pay required plan premiums with pretax dollars. Also,
reimbursement accounts that were part of flexible benefit plans
were tabulated separately.

NOTE: Dash indicates data not available.

36. Work stoppages involving 1,000 workers or more

 Annual totals 2004

 Measure 2003 2004 May June July

Number of stoppages:
 Beginning in period 14 17 2 3 0
 In effect during period 15 18 2 4 1

Workers involved:
 Beginning in period
 (in thousands) 129.2 170.7 103.0 27.6 .0
 In effect during period
 (in thousands) 130.5 316.5 103.0 28.6 1.6

Days idle:
 Number (in thousands) 4,091.2 3,344.1 204.0 94.0 3.2
 Percent of estimated
 working time (1) .01 .01 .01 (2) (2)

 2004

 Measure Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec.

Number of stoppages:
 Beginning in period 2 2 1 2 3
 In effect during period 2 3 3 4 4

Workers involved:
 Beginning in period
 (in thousands) 3.7 4.5 10.0 3.2 9.8
 In effect during period
 (in thousands) 3.7 6.5 16.1 16.1 8.5

Days idle:
 Number (in thousands) 52.5 57.0 300.0 114.9 97.5
 Percent of estimated
 working time (1) (2) (2) .01 (2) (2)

 2005

 Measure Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May (p)

Number of stoppages:
 Beginning in period 0 0 2 3 1
 In effect during period 2 2 4 5 2

Workers involved:
 Beginning in period
 (in thousands) .0 .0 4.7 11.0 1.9
 In effect during period
 (in thousands) 2.5 2.6 7.3 14.0 3.2

Days idle:
 Number (in thousands) 50.0 49.4 86.0 48.5 38.7
 Percent of estimated
 working time (1) (2) (2) (2) (2) (2)

(1) Agricultural and government employees are included in the total
employed and total working time; private household, forestry, and
fishery employees are excluded. An explanation of the measurement of
idleness as a percentage of the total time worked is found in "Total
economy measures of strike idleness," Monthly Labor Review, October
1968, pp. 54-56.

(2) Less than 0.005.

(p) = preliminary.
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Title Annotation:Current Labor Statistics
Publication:Monthly Labor Review
Article Type:Illustration
Date:Jul 1, 2005
Words:9810
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