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LUNG CANCER IS THE LEADING CAUSE OF CANCER DEATHS IN MICHIGAN, ACCORDING TO MICHIGAN DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH REPORT

 LUNG CANCER IS THE LEADING CAUSE OF CANCER DEATHS IN MICHIGAN,
 ACCORDING TO MICHIGAN DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH REPORT
 LANSING, Mich., Aug. 18 /PRNewswire/ -- Lung cancer is, by far, the leading cause of cancer deaths in Michigan, according to a new report released today by the Michigan Department of Public Health (MDPH). Of the 18,413 deaths due to cancer in 1990, 27.3 percent were attributed to cancer of the lung and bronchus, 9.5 percent due to cancer of the colon and 8.8 percent and 6.2 percent due to cancers of the breast and prostate gland, respectively.
 However, due to major differences in survival rates, the rankings by numbers of deaths for these leading site categories did not mirror the rankings by number of new cases. For example, although cancer of the lung and bronchus was the leading category of cancer deaths (5,022), it was the second-leading category of new cases (5,683). On the other hand, breast cancer ranked third as a leading cause of cancer deaths (1,619) but first as a leading site of new cancer cases (5,902).
 "These findings indicate that the survival rate for cancer of the lungs is extremely low," said state Public Health Director Vernice Davis Anthony. "Sadly, most of these deaths could have been prevented if people did not smoke. That is why we have made tobacco control the cornerstone of our prevention efforts."
 Cancer of the lung and bronchus represented 14.8 percent of all cancer cases in Michigan in 1990. Between 1970 and 1990, age-adjusted death rates due to lung cancer increased 183 percent among white females and 228 percent among black females. This trend is directly related to the substantial increase in women smokers both prior to and during the reporting period.
 Breast cancer accounted for 15 percent of the total cancer cases reported in Michigan in 1990, making it the most frequently diagnosed cancer among women, and the second cause of cancer mortality in females.
 Although it only occurs in males, prostate cancer was the third leading


cancer among all Michigan residents in 1990 with 5,636 cases diagnosed. Prostate cancer accounted for 28 percent of all male cancer cases, and was the subject of a special analysis in the report. Some of the major findings of this analysis were:
 -- Prostate cancer is primarily a disease of older men; 93 percent of all cases were diagnosed in men 60 years of age or older.
 -- Black males had higher prostate cancer incidence and mortality rates and were more likely to be diagnosed in the advanced stages of the disease.
 -- Incidence of this disease has been increasing. Although little is known about the causes of this disease, research suggests that hormonal and dietary factors contribute in some way.
 The colon was the fourth most frequently diagnosed site of cancer (3,511 cases) in 1990 and was the second most common cause of cancer mortality (1,747 deaths) in Michigan.
 The state health department has several cancer-control initiatives under way, including a program aimed at educating women and health professionals on the benefits of routine breast and cervical cancer screening. In 1991, the department, in partnership with the Michigan Division of the American Cancer Society, was awarded a seven-year ASSIST (American Stop Smoking Intervention Study for Cancer Prevention) contract to encourage smokers to quit and to prevent young people from starting to smoke.
 -0- 8/18/92
 /CONTACT: Rochelle Black of Michigan Department of Public Health, 517-335-8023/ CO: Michigan Department of Public Health ST: Michigan IN: HEA SU:


ML -- DE013 -- 0992 08/18/92 13:18 EDT
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Publication:PR Newswire
Date:Aug 18, 1992
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