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LIFE QUALITY OF AMATEUR BODYBUILDERS.

Introduction

The bodybuilding activities practiced in their free time by amateur adults bring health benefits from both a physical and a mental perspective. They remove the fatigue accumulated at work, create a wellbeing of the whole body, and also constitute socialization tools. Through the rational and organized use of leisure time, personality can be modeled in the idea of permanent education.

By practicing a variety of physical exercises in your spare time you can develop the feeling of freedom, undoing the negative energies accumulated during labor, socializing and collaboration.

Practicing bodybuilding also positively influences the components of personality and self-image by improving the knowledge of one's own body and his / her willingness to move.

Various studies have also confirmed the impact of physical activities on interpersonal relationships. It emphasizes the positive role of physical activity in the interaction between sexes, in professional and even social success.

Other studies highlight the effects of motor activities on the functionality of different body systems, memory, and the balance between biological and chronological age.

Physical condition, "physical fitness" and factors that influence its development

After Allsen, Harrison and Vance, quoted by Aura Bota in 2006, fitness is "a set of principles by which man meets the physical and functional requirements of everyday life, conditioned by individual anatomical-physiological-psychological features ". Optimizing bodybuilding leads to improved wellbeing and health, and last but not least, is the foundation of performance sports.

The first materials on sportsmen training, published in the last century, were an interesting reading. Preparing for the competition is the exercise of that test, and nothing more. If an athlete competes in the one mile test, the training consists of 1 mile runs. That was all the training.

Soon, coaches and athletes have understood that such training is not enough. To run a mile without problems, an athlete must possess the strength, good technique or strong muscular and flexible joints. It is impossible to develop these capacities by running the same distance repeatedly. As a result, the training strategies have been modified. Instead of multiple repetitions of the same exercise, a number of complementary means have been introduced in the training program to improve the possibilities of a given sport.

Using weight-based exercises to improve strength is the key factor in achieving value-for-money in sport, as all of these are of great interest in today's great performance.

Force is the fundamental constituent of movement in physical effort, in great performance, but also in recovery after illness or trauma.

In other words, the movement itself is dependent on force.

What is your favorite? Private Gym or Personal Gym!

It is an important decision to take if an individual decides to start a life-based program of exercise. The decision is: workout at home or subscription to the room, or... both?

For and against remarks

Pro: private, home-based training with moderate weights without intimidation from anyone, without the critical eyes of the big and powerful.

Against the background: there is a limit in terms of progress, it comes to a point where the weights in the house are small and no longer a challenge.

A total of 10 subjects underwent a four-semester exercise program, each semester having 6 weeks with a 2-week break between semesters.

Subjects performed a set of initial tests to see where each fit, and after the experiment, they were again tested to see the results. By way of illustration, we show the difference in the chest perimeter at rest in the two tests.

The resting thoracic perimeter increased on average by 0.90 cm, from 98.80 cm to the initial test at 99.70 cm after the intermediate test.
CHEST PERIMETER AT REST

Average Values

Testate initiala      98.80
Testate intermediara  99.70

Note: Table made from bar graph.


The average abdominal perimeter decreased by 0.30 cm, from 82.80 cm to the initial test at 82.50 cm in the intermediate test.

Conclusions:

* Regarding the specifics of the work equipment, the weights of weights, the length of breaks between the repetitions, the number of series, the intensity of the exercises, the basic and combined motor skills develop.

* The extraordinary amplitude of the two new sporting disciplines in landscape, bodybuilding and fitness has reached in a few years to cover a large number of practitioners with different goals: increased muscle tissue, decreased body fat, muscular toning, satisfaction of the motion requirement.

* Each of the factors that promote the development of muscle mass / increase of muscle strength can also become limiting factors of development when they do not reach the optimal parameters and can not stimulate the muscular program in this way.

* Practicing bodybuilding exercises in sedentary people is an optimal solution because they are affordable, effective, require no partner, expensive equipment, and can be done both on the ground and in the gym, at certain locations or at home.

* Through their recreational and refreshing nature, these exercises bring educational, cultural, intellectual and behavioral pluses.

References

Apostu, M., 2010, Nutritie-Medicatie-Doping in antrenamntul copiilor si juniorilor, Editura Discobolul, Bucuresti.

Apostu. M., 2003, Modificarile biochimice induse de efortul fizic, Editura Arvin, Bucuresti.

Arnold, G.N, Juoko K, Jason, M., 2011, Stretching Anatomy, Editura Human Kinetics.

Macovei, S., 2011, Kinantropologie--particularitatinsi capacitati motrice in ontogeneza, cursul nr.9 Bucuresti.

Mano, R., 1999, Les bases de l'entreinament sportif, Ed Revue EPS, Paris.

Manly, T., 2002, Eugen Sandow, 1867-1925, The Father of Bodybuilding.

TIFREA CORINA (1), CRISTIAN VALENTIN (1), COSTACHE RALUCA (1)

(1) National University Of Physical Education And Sport Bucharest

E-mail address for the corresponding author :rally_kyn@yahoo.com

(*) the abstract was published in the 18th I.S.C. "Perspectives in Physical Education and Sport" - Ovidius University of Constanta, May 17-19, 2018, Romania

Received 10 march 2018 / Accepted 5 may 2018
Home vs gym
Table nr. 1

Home                                         Gym
yes              no                          yes

Free..           Limited material            Multiple equipment

You do not       Multiple occasions to       There is no reason to delay
need to move     postpone or reprogram
                 the training
Economy          Materials may deteriorate   Usually clean and well
                 or break and significant    maintained
                 costs occur
Listen to the    -                           -
music you want
Access 24/7      Lack of air conditioning    Existence of air
                                              conditioning
The equipment    There may be an             There are no disruptive
can be lighter   interruption by family      factors in general
                 members

Gym
no

Crowded at rush hours
Time spent in traffic
and fuel consumption
Price
Music in the gym is everyone's music With or without air, it is
mandatory

Tabel nr.2

           Phase        Duration  Number
                                  Trainings  Circuits   exercise  Ex
                                  /week      /Sed P???  /circuit  /group

6 weeks
First      Anatomical   6         3          1-3 min     8-9      1
semester   adaptation   weeks
           Force        6         3          3-5 min     4-6      1
                        weeks
           Hypertrophy  6         3          3-3 min     8-9      1
                        weeks
           Defining     6         3          2-2 min    10-12     2
                        weeks
Rest for 2 weeks
           Force        6         3          3-5 min     4-6      1
                        weeks
2nd        Hypertrophy  6         3          3-3 min     8-9      1
semesterr               weeks
           Defining     6         3          2-2 min    10-12     2
                        weeks
           Transition   4         2          1-5 min     8-9      1
                        weeks
6 weeks
           Anatomical   4         3          1-3 min     8-9      1
           adaptation   weeks
3rd        Force        6         3          3-5 min     4-6      1
semesterr               weeks
           Hypertrophy  6         3          3-3 min     8-9      1
                        weeks
           Defining     6         3          2-2 min    10-12     2
                        weeks
Rest for 2 weeks
           Force        6         3          3-5 min     4-6      1
                        weeks
4th        Hypertrophy  6         3          3-3 min     8-9      1
semesterr               weeks
           Defining     6         3          2-2 min    10-12     2
                        weeks
           Transition   6         2          1-2 min     8-9      1
                        weeks

           Phase        Duration  Work          Weight % from 1RM
                                  pattern

6 weeks
First      Anatomical   6         20" L/40" P   40-60%
semester   adaptation   weeks
           Force        6         10" L/40" P   85-95%
                        weeks
           Hypertrophy  6         30" L/60"P    70-80%
                        weeks
           Defining     6         40" L/40" P   30-50%
                        weeks
Rest for 2 weeks
           Force        6         10" L/40" P   85-95%
                        weeks
2nd        Hypertrophy  6         30" L/60"P    70-80%
semesterr               weeks
           Defining     6         40" L/40" P   30-50%
                        weeks
           Transition   4         20" L/60" P   40-50%
                        weeks
6 weeks
           Anatomical   4         20" L/40" P   40-60%
           adaptation   weeks
3rd        Force        6         10" L/40" P   85-95%
semesterr               weeks
           Hypertrophy  6         30" L/60"P    70-80%
                        weeks
           Defining     6         40" L/40" P   30-50%
                        weeks
Rest for 2 weeks
           Force        6         10" L/40" P   85-95%
                        weeks
4th        Hypertrophy  6         30" L/60"P    70-80%
semesterr               weeks
           Defining     6         40" L/40" P   30-50%
                        weeks
           Transition   6         20" L/60" P   40-50%
                        weeks

CHEST PERIMETER AT REST

Table nr 3

TESTING        Score   Score       The       Standard   Minimum  Maximum
                       variation   midline   variation

Initial        98.80   0.90        97.50     5.33       91.00    110.00
Intermediate   99.70               98.50     5.38       92.00    111.00

TESTING        Amplitude   Variation
                           ratio

Initial        19.00       5.4%
Intermediate   19.00       5.4%

Table nr.4

TESTING        Score   Score       The       Standard   Minimum  Maximum
                       variation   midline   variation

Initial        82.80   -0.30       81.50     3.61       79.00    90.00
Intermediate   82.50               81.00     2.64       80.00    88.00

TESTING        Amplitude   Variation
                           ratio

Initial        11.00       4.4%
Intermediate    8.00       3.2%
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Article Details
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Title Annotation:Original article
Author:Corina, Tifrea; Valentin, Cristian; Raluca, Costache
Publication:Ovidius University Annals, Series Physical Education and Sport/Science, Movement and Health
Article Type:Report
Date:Sep 15, 2018
Words:1497
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