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LEADING LAW FIRM RELEASES FIRST NATIONAL LAW ENFORCEMENT SURVEY FOR 1992 REVEALING SIGNIFICANT INCREASES IN HATE CRIMES

 LOS ANGELES, Jan. 14 /PRNewswire/ -- Hate crimes in the United States increased an average of 24.4 percent from 1991 to 1992 according to a survey of ten representative jurisdictions released today by the Los Angeles office of the national law firm of Stroock & Stroock & Lavan. The results were:
 SUSPECTED BIAS CRIME CASES
 Selected Jurisdictions
 (See Endnotes)
 Jurisdiction 1991 1992 Percent Change
 New York City 525 630 +20.0
 Los Angeles City
 (through third quarter) 294 388 +32.0
 Boston 218 252 +15.6
 Chicago 176 246 +39.7
 Maryland (Jan. - May) 261 348 +33.3
 Oregon (Jan. - June) 248 254 + 2.4
 Minnesota 425 397 - 6.6
 New Jersey (Jan. - June) 403 596 +48.8
 San Francisco 401 375 - 6.5
 Florida (Jan. - June) 125 208 +66.4
 Average 24.4
 BREAKDOWN OF BIAS CRIMES BY VICTIM OR TYPE OF PREJUDICE
 Chicago
 Racial 165
 Religious 15
 National Origin 30
 Sexual Orientation 36
 Minnesota
 Racial 335
 Religious 19
 National Origin 10
 Sex 4
 Sexual Orientation 29
 Boston
 Racial 210
 Sexual Orientation 32
 Other 10
 Florida (Jan. - June 1992)
 Racial 139
 Religious 18
 National Origin 20
 Sexual Orientation 31
 Los Angeles (Through third quarter)
 Racial 255
 Religious 53
 National Origin 34
 Sexual Orientation 46
 Oregon (Jan. - June 1992)
 Racial 145
 Religious 25
 National Origin 34
 Sexual Orientation 49
 Handicap 1
 New York City (through 10/20/92)
 Racial 225
 Religious 146
 National Origin 25
 Sexual Orientation 63
 Other 7
 The survey, the first multi-jurisdictional survey for 1992, is part of a second United States Supreme Court amici brief being prepared by Stroock & Stroock & Lavan. The brief is being filed on behalf of 11 government agencies and civil rights organizations in support of Wisconsin's bias crime penalty enhancement statute.
 Eight of the ten jurisdictions surveyed reported increases, ranging from 2.4 percent to 66.4 percent. The highest was Florida, with a 66.4 percent increase. The two jurisdictions reporting declines, Minnesota and San Francisco, reported a drop in incidents of about 6-1/2 percent each.
 "The main factors contributing to the upswing were the economy, the Rodney King incident, demographic changes, the persistence of negative stereotypes and acceptance of violence as a way to handle disputes," noted attorneys Henry Silberberg and Brian Levin.
 The survey used the best available figures. The jurisdictions were selected to minimize the vagaries present with less well established reporting systems. Less well established systems often experience initial "reporting effect" increases which result from increased efficiency and victim reporting rather than verifiable increases in the overall number of incidents. In addition, some groups like gays, new immigrants and Asians are not completely represented in this survey due to significant underreporting.
 Criteria for selection included level of participation by relevant reporting units, length of time collecting hate crime data, and number of incidents relative to population size over an extended time period. Among the organizations participating were New Jersey State Police; Los Angeles Police Department; Chicago Department of Police; Boston Police Department, Community Disorders Unit; Maryland State Police; San Francisco Police Department; Minnesota Department of Public Safety; Law Enforcement Data System-Oregon Uniform Crime Reporting; New York City Police Department, and the Florida Department of Law Enforcement.
 Founded in 1876, Stroock & Stroock & Lavan is a 350-attorney, full service, general practice law firm with particular experience in corporate law, bank regulation, insolvency and workouts, litigation, securities law, international transactions, labor, real estate, trusts and estates, product liability, and insurance law. The firm is headquartered in New York and has offices in Los Angeles, Miami, Washington and Budapest.
 ENDNOTES:
 Chicago -- Only those cases labeled "bonafide," undetermined and "open" were enumerated.
 New York -- Refers to such cases as "suspected" bias cases. These are estimates.
 Maryland -- Counts a small number of non-criminal incidents in its total figure. Numbers are "provisional" and "preliminary" and refer only to verified cases.
 Boston -- Counts all cases investigated by Community Disorders Unit, of which about one-quarter turn out to be not motivated by bias.
 Minnesota -- 1992 figures will increase because not all agencies have reported.
 Oregon -- While Oregon includes data on crimes motivated by prejudice based on political/beliefs and economic/social status as bias crimes, those figures are deleted in this tabulation.
 San Francisco -- Numbers are estimates.
 Florida -- These figures are "preliminary" and sexual orientation was just added to the 1992 reporting period. The percentage change if sexual orientation wasn't included in the 1992 tabulation is 41.6 percent.
 Los Angeles -- L.A.P.D. counts a small number of non-criminal incidents in their reports which have been deleted from this tally.
 -0- 1/14/93
 /CONTACT: Fred Roffman, 212-806-5568, or Aurel Van Iderstine, 310-556-5866, both of Stroock & Stroock & Lavan/


CO: Stroock & Stroock & Lavan ST: New York IN: SU:

GK-TS -- NY048 -- 4944 01/14/93 14:17 EST
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