Printer Friendly

Koga, Mineichi (1885-1944).

Japanese admiral. Principal war: World War II (1941-1945). Principal battles: Hong Kong (1941); Central Pacific Campaigns (1943-1944).

Born in Saga prefecture (1885); graduated from the Naval Academy (1906); after graduation from the Naval Staff College (1915) he held a number of shore staff appointments (1916-1920); resident officer in France (1920-1922), then promoted captain (1926) and served as naval attache in Paris (1926-1928); commanded a cruiser and then a battleship (1930-1931); promoted rear admiral (1932) and appointed chief of the Intelligence Division, Naval General Staff (1933); vice chief of the Naval General Staff (1937); commander of the 2d Fleet (1939); as commander of the China Area Fleet (September 1941) he participated in operations resulting in the capture of Hong Kong (December 9-31); succeeded Adm. Isoroku Yamamoto as commander of the Combined Fleet (May 1943) after Yamamoto was killed by American aircraft (April 18); he endeavored to lure the American fleet into a major naval battle, which could turn the war in Japan's favor, but the steady erosion of Japanese land-based and carrier-based air power in the central Pacific compelled the withdrawal of naval forces from the Marianas and the Philippines; during the evacuation of Combined Fleet headquarters from Cebu, he was killed when his plane crashed in a storm (April 1944); posthumously promoted admiral of the fleet. <BL>

Morison, Samuel Eliot, History of United States Naval Operations in
     World War II. Vol VI: Breaking the Bismarcks Barrier, 22 July 1942-1 May
     1944. Vol VII: Aleutians, Gilberts and Marshalls, June 1942-April 1944.
     Vol VIII: New Guinea and the Marianas, March 1944-August 1944. Boston,


COPYRIGHT 1992 HarperCollins Publishers
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 1992 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Author:Peattie, Mark R.
Publication:The Harper Encyclopedia of Military Biography
Article Type:Reference Source
Date:Jan 1, 1992
Previous Article:Kodama, Gentaro (1852-1906).
Next Article:Kolchak, Aleksandr Vasiliyevich (1874-1920).

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2020 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters