Knowledge, attitude and practices towards ayurvedic medicine use among second year MBBS students.
AIM: This study was aimed at assessing the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) of medical students towards ayurvedic medicine use.
MATERIAL AND METHODS:
* Type of study--Cross sectional, questionnaire based.
* Place of study--Department of Pharmacology, Government Medical College.
* Duration of study--4th January 2014 to 12th February 2014.
* Sample size--The study was carried out in total 98 second year MBBS students.
* Study tools- Students were provided predesigned questionnaire based on study objectives.
RESULTS: Out of the total 98 questionnaires received, 7 were incompletely filled and hence were excluded, resulting in a response rate of 92.85%.
KNOWLEDGE ABOUT AYURVEDA: 86.82% of students did not have knowledge about doshas while 84.62% of student did not have knowledge about panchakarma. Only 27% students could elaborate the term AYUSH, and only 19% students had knowledge about complementary and alternative medicine (CAM).
ATTITUDE TOWARDS AYURVEDA: 78% of students were of the opinion that ayurveda should be integrated with modern system of medicine. 93.40% students thought that knowledge of ayurveda is important for medical students. 89% of students wished to learn the basics of ayurveda, however only 55% opined that ayurveda should be included in MBBS curriculum.
PRACTICE OF AYURVEDA: 56% of students had used ayurvedic medicines themselves out of which 92% found them to be effective for the respective disease conditions, but only 62.74% of students took those medicines under the guidance of trained ayurvedic practitioner.
SOURCES OF INFORMATION: For 40.17% of students the source of information about ayurvedic medicines was colleagues and family, 24.10% students used electronic media to find information regarding ayurvedic medicines. 22.32% of students obtained information through promotional literature and 13.39% students asked ayurvedic practitioners for information.
BARRIERS TO USE AYURVEDIC MEDICINE: Majority of students (61.15%) thought that the main barrier to use ayurvedic medicine was prolonged duration of treatment and ineffectiveness in emergencies. The other barriers were lack of scientific evidence and research (16.52%), lack of public awareness (10.74%), inconvenience to use/ unpalatability/ cost (5.78%), adverse effects (5.78%).
DISCUSSION: This study investigated KAP regarding ayurvedic medicine use among second year MBBS students. Very few participants had knowledge of doshas of ayurvedai.e.13.18%, which is lesser than that observed in Gawde et al study (48%)  wherein resident doctors were included as participants. Only 27% participants could explain AYUSH and 19% knew the meaning of CAM.
As many as 78% participants favoured the integration of ayurvedic and conventional therapies. Most of the participants (89%) wished to learn the basics of Ayurveda. However, 55% were not in favour of Ayurveda being included in MBBS curriculum, which is similar to the response found in Loh KP et al study (50.2%). 
Out of the total participants, 56% had used ayurvedic medicines while 44% had never used them. 92% of those who used the medicines had found it to be effective. This is similar to the finding in Kong FH et al study (88%).  Only 62.74% had used these medicines under the guidance of trained ayurvedic practitioner. Colleagues and family contributed the most (40.17%) as a source of information of ayurvedic medicines, followed by electronic media and promotional literature. In our study, prolonged duration of treatment and ineffectiveness in emergencies, posed the most common barrier (61.15%) for the use of ayurvedic medicines.
CONCLUSION: Based on the results of the study, we came to a conclusion that medical students had little knowledge about the basics of ayurveda but showed positive attitude towards learning the same. With Ayurveda's wide acceptance and emergence of integrative approach, educational programmes for medical students and research, particularly high quality clinical trials for ayurvedic medicines are required to be conducted.
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Mankar N. N (1), Zad V. R (2), Agharia M. M (3), Sawant S. D (4), Bansode A. A (5)
(1.) Mankar N. N.
(2.) Zad V. R.
(3.) Agharia M. M.
(4.) Sawant S. D.
(5.) Bansode A. A.
PARTICULARS OF CONTRIBUTORS:
(1.) 3rd Year Junior Resident, Department of Pharmacology, Dr. V. M. G. M. C. Solapur.
(2.) Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacology, Dr. V. M. G. M. C. Solapur.
(3.) 2nd Year Junior Resident, Department of Pharmacology, Dr. V. M. G. M. C. Solapur.
(4.) Assistant Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Dr. V. M. G. M. C. Solapur.
(5.) Service Resident, Department of Pharmacology, Dr. V. M. G. M. C. Solapur.
NAME ADDRESS EMAIL ID OF THE CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Dr. Agharia M. M, Room No. 114, Resident Doctors Hostel, Dr. V. M. G. M. C. Solapur, Maharashtra. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Date of Submission: 20/12/2014.
Date of Peer Review: 22/12/2014.
Date of Acceptance: 29/12/2014.
Date of Publishing: 03/01/2015.
Table 1: Knowledge about ayurveda Question Yes (%) No (%) Knowledge about doshas 13.18 86.82 Knowledge about panchakarma 15.38 84.62 Meaning of AYUSH 27 73 Knowledge about CAM 19 81 Table 2: Attitude towards ayurveda Question Yes (%) No (%) Should ayurveda be integrated with modern medicine 78 22 Knowledge of ayurveda is important to medical 93.40 6.6 students Wish to learn basics of ayurveda 89 11 Should ayurveda be included in MBBS curriculum 55 45 Table 3: Practice of ayurveda Question Yes (%) No (%) Have used ayurvedic medicine 56 44 If yes, was it effective 92 08 Whether medicine used was under the guidance of trained ayurvedic 62.74 37.26 practitioner Figure 1: Sources of information Sources of information Colleagues and family 40.17% Promotional Literature 22.32% Electronic media 24.10% Ayurvedic practitioners 13.39% Note: Table made from bar graph. Figure 2: Barriers to use ayurvedic medicine Barriers to use ayurvedic medicines Lack of scientific evidence and 16.52% research Prolonged duration of treatment 61.15% and Ineffectiveness in emergencies Lack of public awareness 10.74% Adverse effects 5.78% Inconvenient to use/ 5.78% unpalatable/ costlier Note: Table made from bar graph.
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|Title Annotation:||ORIGINAL ARTICLE|
|Author:||Mankar, N.N.; Zad, V.R.; Agharia, M.M.; Sawant, S.D.; Bansode, A.A.|
|Publication:||Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences|
|Date:||Jan 5, 2015|
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