Juaymah NGL plant is world's largest.
An expansion of JNGLF with a fourth fractionation module, built under the Hawiyah NGL programme and commissioned in July 2009, brought the fractionation capacity of the plant up to 1.1 million barrels per day (mbpd), which, according to independent industry sources, makes it the world's largest.
With a fractionation capacity of up to 1.1 mbpd, the Juaymah NGL Fractionation Plant is ranked as the world's largest by independent sources.
The plant got the ranking after it was expanded with a fourth fractionation unit as part of the Hawiyah NGL Project. The plant produces ethane, propane, butane and heavier gases.
Fractionation is the process by which important products for petrochemical industries are separated from natural gas and then prepared for shipment to a variety of users.
The plant was expanded to meet future increase in demand for ethane, propane, butane and heavier gases (C2+) feeds, which are used to produce raw materials for the plastics industry and for petrochemical feedstock derivatives.
An earlier expansion of capacity in 1999 added a third fractionation module to the original two 528-bpd-capacity modules, built in 1978. That made JNGLF a crucial part of the petrochemical industry, the kingdom and the world economy.
The feed for the JNGLF plant comes from upstream gas plants. JNGLF receives the ethane plus feed from the Shedgum Gas Plant, Uthmaniyah Gas Plant, the Hawiyah NGL Plant and the Khursaniyah Gas Plant.
Propane-plus is received from Abqaiq Plants and Berri Gas Plant. Also, JNGLF receives propane-plus feed from the newly commissioned Qatif and Abu Safah facilities and Khursaniyah Gas Plant.
Most of the propane produced from the fractionation modules is transported to Jubail customers. The rest is refrigerated and sent to four storage tanks, each with a capacity of 600,000 barrels. The propane is then pumped to the Sea Island for international export.
Similarly, most of the butane product is transported to Jubail customers, and the remaining refrigerated product is sent to three storage tanks, each with a capacity of 600,000 barrels.
Pentane and natural gasoline products are sent to Jubail and to the Ras Tanura NGL Plants, while Hexane plus (C6+) is sent to Saudi Chevron Phillips Co at Jubail.
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