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Joseph Clement UE loyalist.

Joseph Clement, son of Lewis Cobes Clement UE and Catharine Eliza Poutman, was born in Tryon County, New York on 24 October 1750. (1) Like his father, Joseph served as a Lieutenant in the Indian Department during the Revolutionary War. (2) From his claim for land for services rendered the Crown, Joseph stated that he was a resident at Montreal during the summer of 1783 and in the fall at Quebec. (3) During this time, he met Mary Margaret Duffet, whose father was a surgeon in the French Military service. She was born on 29 January 1766 in Montreal. At the close of the war they married on 9 May 1784. (4)

Joseph claims to have joined the British in 1777, joined General Burgoyne, and carried forty or fifty Indians in with him. Joseph relates that he and his brothers, John and James, both members of the Indian Department, inherited from his father, by a will dated 1770, a farm at Trespas Hill on the Mohawk River that was part of the original patent to Hansen. (5) There is little documentary evidence of Joseph's activities during the Revolution. However we do find some facts from Mary Beacock Fryer in her book, King's Men. She states that, during the winter of 1780, Lieutenant Joseph Clement was in charge of the Rangers at Fort Stanwix, where the force of Indians with Brant then numbered nearly three hundred. Clement and Brant turned their men to attack the Oneida villages, but found them deserted. Brant and Clement divided their forces into five parts and sent them against Schoharie, Cherry Valley and German Flats, where they took prisoners and spread panic. (6)


At the end of the hostilities, Joseph received part of the 2,000 acres in Niagara Township granted to the wife and survivors of Lewis Cobes Clement. (7) For his service to the British during the Revolutionary War, Joseph received 1,600 acres in the Township of Binbrook (8) and a town lot in Newark. (9) Each of his children was allowed 200 acres as the sons and daughters of a United Empire Loyalist. (10)


Joseph received one of the first certificates issued in 1780 to show membership into Lodge No. 156 in the 8th (or King's) Regiment of Foot of the Freemasons of Ontario, which were stationed at Fort Niagara. He was named as a charter member in 1795 of the St. John's Lodge No. 19, which later merged with St. John's Lodge No. 2. (11)

Joseph died in 1812 and, although no tombstone shows his place of burial, he is buried with his wife in the Warner Cemetery at St. Davids. There is a three-foot brick wall surrounding the tombstones of Mary Margaret Duffet, son Richard and daughter Jemima, as well as three small stones that are unreadable. Attached to the outside of this wall is a bronze plaque erected by the Masters' and Wardens' Association of Niagara District A, G.R.C. in 1978.


Joseph and Mary Margaret began their family in 1786 with the birth of Catharine on 24 January, who married Francis Lowell. Ann followed on 9 August 1788 and she married Richard Woodruff. John Baptiste was born on 28 May 1791. Margaret was born on 29 March 1794 and married William Woodruff. Mary Ann was born on 10 May 1796 and married Daniel Dunton. Jemina, born on 2 December 1798, died at the age of 18 years. Julia, born on 21 April 1801, died in infancy. Joseph Duffett, born on 14 March 1802 and married Almarina C. Brown. James Augustus was born on 1 October 1805 and married Louisa Clough. Richard was born 6 August 1808 and he married Deborah Middaugh.

In Joseph's will, dated 14 May 1810, he left to his wife, Mary Margaret, his homestead composed of Lots 88, 89, and 96 in Niagara Township. He also left land to his sons: John Clement, Joseph D. Clement, James A. Clement and Richard Clement. They were each to receive one fourth part of an undivided tract of sixteen hundred acres composed of Lots 4 and 5 in Concession 2, Binbrook Township, Lincoln County.

In her 10 May 1845 will, Mary Margaret Clement left property and money to her four daughters: Catherine Lowell, Margaret Woodruff, Mary Dunton, and Ann Woodruff. They were each to receive an acre of Lot 89. The rest of Lot 89 was divided among her sons and grandchildren, along with Lot 96 and Lot 88.

Editor's Note:

Gail Woodruff UE is a direct descendant of the Loyalist, Joseph Clement UE, who is buried in Warner Cemetery close to St. David's in Niagara Township, Lincoln County, Ontario, near three other Loyalists: Christian Warner UE, McGregory Van Every UE and his son, William Van Every UE.

On Saturday, 3 May 2008, Gail Woodruff UE and Robert Collins McBride UE, fourth great-grandson of McGregory Van Every UE, unveiled a commemorative plaque by Colonel John Butler Branch in Warner Cemetery.

For more information about McGregory Van Every UE and the Warner Cemetery, please refer to the article "The Warner Cemetery: An Important Piece of Canada's Heritage Worth Preserving * Site of Tombstone of McGregory Van Every UE, * Oldest Tombstone in Niagara Peninsula Still in a Cemetery' by Robert C. McBride UE, which was published in The Loyalist Gazette, Volume XXXVIII, No. 1, Spring 2000, pp. 32-40. Joseph Clement UE was Initiated into Freemasonry on 23 September 1780.

For more information please consult the article, "Loyalists and Masons: An Exploration of the Relationship Between the United Empire Loyalists and Freemasonry in Upper Canada, now Ontario" by R.W. Bro. Robert C. McBride UE, published in The Loyalist Gazette, Volume XLV, No. 2, Fall 2007, pp. 28-34.

(1.) Leonore J. Harris, Clement Family History--Descendants of Lewis Cobles Clement U.E. and Catharine Eliza Poutman (Toronto: Pro Familia Pubrishing, 2002), p. 37.

(2.) Bureau of Archives, Proceedings of Loyalist Commissioners-Montreal 1787 Vol. XX, 1904, p. 965.

(3.) Bureau of Archives, p. 965.

(4.) Emma A. Currie, The Story of Laura Secord (St. Catharines, 1913).

(5.) Bureau of Archives, p. 966.

(6.) Mary Beacock Fryer, The King's Men (Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1980), pp. 159-160.

(7.) National Archives of Canada, Upper Canada Land Petitions, microfilm no. C-1647, "C" Bundle 2, 1796-1797, RG 1, L3, Vol. 90, p. 65.

(8.) Eighteenth Report of the Department of Public Records and Archives of Ontario for 1929, No. 26, p. 134.

(9.) National Archives of Canada, Upper Canada Land Petitions, microfilm no. C-1647, "C" Bundle 1, p. 59.

(10.) William D. Reid, The Lo a lists In Ontario: The Sons and Daughters of The American Lo a lists of Upper Canada (New Jersey: Hunterdon House), p. 65.

(11.) A Lodge of Friendship: Niagara Lodge A.F.& A.NM. No. 2 G.R.C. 200 Years of Histo 1792-1992 (Niagara-on-the-Lake: Niagara Lodge A.F. & A.M. No.2 G.R.C., 1991), pp. 14, 19.
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Title Annotation:United Empire
Author:Woodruff, Gail
Publication:The Loyalist Gazette
Article Type:Biography
Geographic Code:1CANA
Date:Mar 22, 2009
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