Joint doctrine update: joint chiefs of staff j7 joint education and doctrine division.
JP 1 provides fundamental principles and overarching guidance for the employment of the Armed Forces of the United States, links joint doctrine to the National Defense Strategy and National Military Strategy, and describes the military's role in the development of national policy and strategy. JP 1 is the link between policy and doctrine. In short, it describes the Department of Defense as an institution and how it aligns within the broader context of the U.S. Government to achieve the Nation's objectives. One key to fully exploiting our remarkable joint military potential, not currently written in JP 1, is how we develop the joint force.
While the United States has been developing the joint force, the many and diverse parts of this process are not yet holistically and cohesively articulated, the result being a myriad of individual policies and communities in isolation. JP 1 should provide the strategic framework that aligns the Chairman's long-term vision with the development of the joint forces. While currently in revision, JP 1 will correct this omission by answering two fundamental questions regarding joint force development: what it is and what process is used to develop the force. These questions will serve to frame the discussion and development of this topic.
Answering the first question, what it is, entails three steps. Using the reverse planning rubric, the first step is to determine the endstate or goal of joint force development, next discern its components, and finally craft an initial working definition to structure development of the process. Broadly speaking, the end result of joint force development is to provide government agencies and personnel the guidance to build and maintain a joint force capable of conducting current and future joint operations across the range of military operations. To do this, warfighters must be educated and trained to "think, plan, and act" jointly first. Although not all-inclusive, critical components of joint force development will include concept development, doctrine, education, training, and exercises. Using the endstate as our foundation and arranging its resident components, a proposed definition of joint force development emerges:
A deliberate, iterative, and continuous process of planning and developing the current and future joint force through advancement of transformational joint concepts which are refined into relevant doctrine, promulgated through career long education and training, validated through a robust exercise program, resulting in decisive, adaptable war plans.
The intent of this new JP 1 chapter is to foundationally establish the roles, responsibilities, processes, and procedures for developing the joint force to provide all Services, combatant commands, and combat support agencies the authoritative guidance to build and maintain a joint force. This guidance will also serve to inform the U.S. Government, nongovernmental organizations, and allied nations.
The revision process for JP 1 began in January 2010 and is planned for completion by year's end. This accelerated revision timeline is imperative as JP 3-0, Joint Operations, and JP 5-0, Joint Operation Planning, are both currently under revision. The primacy of JP 1, as the Capstone publication, should influence, inform, and ground discussions throughout the array of the joint hierarchy, especially JP 3-0 and JP 5-0. Once accomplished, proper revision order will be achieved, allowing a cohesive narrative among these three key joint publications.
The other major outcome of the JDPC was the approval of JP 3-15.1. Battlefield employment of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) has become a more prevalent tactic in recent years, and this trend is expected to continue as our adversaries seek to counter our efforts abroad. Additionally, it was identified that current joint doctrine provides little detail for the conduct of counter-IED operations, the planning for and execution of these kinds of operations, or the roles and responsibilities of the staffs. Lacking this overarching guidance, the Army and Marine Corps have developed their own doctrine. This joint publication will set the conditions for a joint approach to this ever-growing threat by providing joint doctrine for planning and executing joint counter-IED operations. JP 3-15.1 will outline responsibilities, provide command and control considerations, discuss organizational options, detail the counter-IED process, and attack the network methodology, as well as introduce models for coordinating with counter-IED supporting organizations. The first draft is currently in staffing and the expected signature date is August 2011.
For access to joint publications, go to Joint Doctrine, Education, and Training Electronic Information System (JDEIS) Web portal at https://jdeis.js.mil (dot.mil users only). For those without access to dot.mil accounts, go to Joint Electronic Library Web portal at www.dtic.mil/doctrine.
RELATED ARTICLE: JPs Revised or Under Review
JPs Approved in Calendar Year (CY) 2009
JP 1-05, Religious Affairs in Joint Operations
JP 2-01.3, Joint Intelligence Preparation of the Operational Environment
JP 3-02, Amphibious Operations
JP 3-06, Joint Urban Operations
JP 3-09.3, Close Air Support
JP 3-13.2, Psychological Operations
JP 3-14, Space Operations
JP 3-17, Air Mobility Operations
JP 3-24, Counterinsurgency
JP 3-26, Counterterrorism
JP 3-29, Foreign Humanitarian Assistance
JP 3-40, Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction
JPs Scheduled for Approval in CY 2010
JP 1-04, Legal Support to Military Operations
JP 2-01, Joint and National Intelligence Support to Military Operations
JP 3-0, Joint Operations
JP 3-02.1, Amphibious Embarkation and Debarkation Operations
JP 3-07, Stability Operations
JP 3-07.2, Antiterrorism
JP 3-08, Interagency, Intergovernmental Organization, and Nongovernmental Organization Coordination during Joint Operations
JP 3-09, Joint Fire Support
JP 3-22, Foreign Internal Defense
JP 3-31, Command and Control for Joint Land Operations
JP 3-34, Joint Engineer Operations
JP 3-52, Joint Doctrine for Airspace Control in the Combat Zone
JP 3-61, Public Affairs
JP 3-68, Noncombatant Evacuation Operations
JP 4-03, Joint Bulk Petroleum and Water Doctrine
JP 4-09, Joint Doctrine for Global Distribution
JP 6-0, Doctrine for [C.sup.4] Systems Support in Joint Operations