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Joint doctrine update: joint chiefs of staff J7 joint education and doctrine division.

The joint doctrine development community (JDDC) recently held the 43d Joint Doctrine Planning Conference. Participants included the Joint Staff, combatant commands, Services, Air Land Sea Application Center, multiple Service schools, and many international allies. As such, it provided an ideal forum not only to synchronize the efforts of the JDDC, but also to launch some of the groundbreaking discussions affecting today's doctrine.

One such discussion centered on the recently completed Joint Doctrine Survey. Of note was the survey's focus on providing a "voice to the customer." Participation was excellent and generated nearly 2,500 responses from the combatant commands alone and another 4,500 respondents on the Joint Doctrine, Education, and Training Electronic Information System (JDEIS) Web portal. By comparison, the 2006 survey had only 750 responses total. The survey indicated a tremendous increase in both its perceived value and usage among the combatant commands and Service schools.

Another important aspect of the planning conference is that it is the preferred venue for the introduction of new doctrine proposals. As such, the Joint Staff J65 and U.S. Army Signal Center provided a decision brief on joint electromagnetic spectrum operations (JEMSO) for the purpose of gaining approval to develop a discrete JEMSO joint publication. This proposal stemmed from a concern that current joint force thinking on the subject is ad hoc. It highlighted that lessons learned from Iraq and Afghanistan have identified significant frequency interference issues, and the plethora of electronic warfare systems today have served only to exacerbate an already complex and oversaturated electromagnetic operational environment. Following the briefing, conference participants unanimously approved the development of a separate JEMSO joint publication and assigned the Army as author. Work began in the summer of 2009.

Another topic of great concern throughout the doctrine community is cyberspace. The Joint Staff J5 Cyber Division provided an information briefing to the planning conference on cyberspace strategic plans and policy fundamentals. It presented cyberspace as a national security issue, outlined the growth of the threat, and detailed some of its characteristics.

Additionally, it showed how cyberspace functions converge and are executed throughout the interagency community, including Title 6 (homeland), 10 (military), 18 (crime), 44, and 50 (intelligence) responsibilities. The brief listed key cyber-security organizations within the Department of Defense, outlined a military cyber-security organizational construct, and enumerated 12 comprehensive cyber-security initiatives.

Directly linked to this discussion is the greater doctrine communities discussion surrounding cyberspace operations. Over the past several months, the Joint Staff J5 and J7 have been working closely with the JDDC to incorporate cyberspace and cyberspace operations language in joint doctrine. Thus far, both definitions appear in Joint Publication 1-02, DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. Recently, a proposal to modify the definition of cyberspace operations was staffed.

This joint J5 and J7 proposal seeks to properly align the definition with the doctrinal "ends, ways, and means" paradigm regarding effects. Currently, cyberspace operations is defined as the "employment of cyber capabilities where the primary purpose is to achieve military objectives or effects in or through cyberspace. Such operations include computer network operations and activities to operate and defend the Global Information Grid." The new proposed definition of the term is the "employment of cyber capabilities where the primary purpose is to achieve objectives in or through cyberspace. Such operations include computer network operations and activities to operate and defend the Global Information Grid."

This proposal recognizes that the November 10, 2008, definition treats "objectives" and "effects" as synonyms regarding the outcome of cyberspace operations. Doctrinally, however, objectives relates to "ends" whereas effects relates to "ways." This proposal brings the definition into alignment with broader doctrine by placing effects into proper sequence regarding objectives.

We will continue to challenge the doctrine community by ensuring that we are on the leading edge of the integration of lessons learned and identifying the best practices to be cited into joint doctrine. Doctrine development and assessment will remain the core focus areas with the implied task of identifying potential subject areas for future inclusion.

JPs Revised or Under Review

JP 1-05, Religious Support to Joint Operations

JP 2-01, Joint and National Intelligence Support to Military Operations

JP 2-01.3, Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Joint Intelligence Preparation of the Operational Environment

JP 3-0, Joint Operations

JP 3-02, Joint Doctrine for Amphibious Operations

JP 3-02.1, Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Landing Force Operations

JP 3-06, Doctrine for Joint Urban Operations

JP 3-07, Stability Operations

JP 3-07.2, Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Antiterrorism

JP 3-08, Interagency, Intergovernmental Organization, and Nongovernmental Organization Coordination during Joint Operations

JP 3-09.3, Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Close Air Support

JP 3-10, Joint Security Operations in Theater

JP 3-13, Information Operations

JP 3-13.2, Psychological Operations

JP 3-13.3, Operations Security

JP 3-13.4, Military Deception

JP 3-14, Space Operations

JP 3-17, Joint Doctrine and Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Air Mobility Operations

JP 3-22, Foreign Internal Defense

JP 3-24, Counterinsurgency

JP 3-26, Counterterrorism

JP 3-29, Foreign Humanitarian Assistance

JP 3-30, Command and Control for Joint Air Operations

JP 3-31, Command and Control for Joint Land Operations

JP 3-40, Joint Doctrine for Combating Weapons of Mass Destruction

JP 3-52, Joint Doctrine for Airspace Control in the Combat Zone

JP 3-53, Doctrine for Joint Psychological Operations

JP 3-61, Public Affairs

JP 4-01.5, Joint Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures for Transportation Terminal Operations

JP 4-03, Joint Bulk Petroleum and Water

JP 4-05, Joint Mobilization Planning

JP 4-06, Mortuary Affairs in Joint Operations

JP 4-08, Joint Doctrine for Logistic Support of Multinational Operations

JP 4-09, Joint Doctrine for Global Distribution

JP 5-0, Joint Operation Planning

JP 6-0, Doctrine for C4 Systems Support in Joint Operations

Looking for the latest in doctrine? Check out the JDEIS Web portal at
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Publication:Joint Force Quarterly
Article Type:Conference notes
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Oct 1, 2009
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