Jerusalem under attack. (Up front: news and opinion from independent minds).
A friend who witnessed the attack was still traumatized a week later. The vivid images of dead bodies scattered on the road couldn't be erased. There were seven bodies, she said, not counting the wounded.
Another suicide bomber detonated himself on a bus in a different part of town a day earlier. He killed twenty people and wounded many more. Immediately after the assault, I called friends who live close to where the bus exploded to make sure they were okay. Chilling phone calls like these have become routine in Israel. A busy line on the other end is considered good news.
Not surprisingly, the Jerusalem landscape has also changed. Police and military checkpoints have been erected not only on many of the roads leading into the metropolis but also in the city itself. Every supermarket, bank, cafe, hotel, and restaurant is now obliged to employ security guards who search customers as they enter.
Despite these and other measures, many Jerusalemites continue to feel insecure. The once bustling downtown is often empty, since residents prefer to stay home rather than risk a night out on the town. They know that no military operation can stop the suicide bombers.
While the media spends much time covering the attacks in West Jerusalem, most commentators have often blurred the difference between the personal and national dimension of the threat. The very real personal threat every Israeli feels when he or she enters a mall, takes a bus, or walks into a crowded pub shouldn't be mistaken for a national threat. The random killings of civilians in no way jeopardize Israel's existence.
Moreover, the media has consistently failed to expose what is happening on the city's occupied east side, where Palestinians live. Like West Jerusalem, the eastern sector is also under attack--not by suicide bombers, of course, but by Israeli authorities.
The Jerusalem municipality--headed by Likud mayor Ehud Olmert--together with the military and police have been exploiting the ongoing conflict in order to accelerate Israel's geographic and demographic conquest of East Jerusalem. The strategy is clear: to strangle and intimidate the Palestinian population.
Several means are being employed to accomplish this, including house demolitions, expulsions, land confiscation, curfews, and the revocation of residency and social benefits. Since the beginning of the year, the municipality has destroyed twenty-five Palestinian houses and filed demolition orders for hundreds more. Earlier this summer, several Palestinian families from the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood were expelled from their homes, where they had been living since the 1950s. Not much later, 115 dunams were confiscated from Palestinian residents of Jabal al-Mukaber in order to build 400 "luxury apartments" for Jews. On the other side of town, in Issawiya, an additional twenty-five dunams have recently been expropriated. In this case, the land was taken from the resident in order to build a military base. All of these actions have one aim: to systematically reduce the number of Palestinians in the city.
During this same period, the authorities have occasionally imposed curfews as a means of intimidating the Palestinian population. Imagine living in a city where a few hundred yards from your house thousands of people are shut in their homes for days on end simply because they are members of a different ethnic group; children cannot go to school and adults cannot get to work. And as if this collective punishment weren't enough, soldiers often walk the streets during curfew throwing stun grenades and shooting at water tankers simply to frighten the population.
The attack on East Jerusalem is, to be sure, different from the one on the western sector--particularly in terms of the methods employed. Yet it too is ruthless. The political objective is to ensure Israel's demographic dominance and to create an irreversible situation, whereby Jerusalem cannot be divided and no part of the city returned to the Palestinians.
This attack, unlike the one in the west, constitutes both a personal threat and a national one. And while it is currently less gory than the one perpetrated by suicide bombers, it is sowing dragon's teeth for the future.
Neve Gordon teaches politics at Ben-Gurion University in Israel and can be reached at email@example.com.
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|Article Type:||Brief Article|
|Date:||Sep 1, 2002|
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