Jay, John (1745-1829).
lawyer, public official, judge. Jay was admitted to the bar in 1768 and five years later was a royal commissioner to settle the boundary line between New York and New Jersey. His career is a list of offices: delegate to the First and Second Continental Congresses; chief justice of New York, minister to Spain, joint commissioner with Benjamin Franklin in making peace with England, secretary of foreign affairs under the Confederation, Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, and governor of New York.
As a member of the Continental Congress Jay wrote an Address to the People of Great Britain and composed appeals to Canada, Jamaica, and Ireland to rebel. He dealt with foreign affairs in five papers he contributed to <IR> THE FEDERALIST </IR> . His Correspondence and Public Papers (4 v. 1890-93) were edited by Henry P. Johnston.