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Japan NGOs urge enforcement of Kyoto pact in summit plan.


Japanese nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) appealed Tuesday night to Japan's environment minister to ensure the inclusion of a prompt realization of the Kyoto Protocol in an implementation plan of the ongoing Johannesburg summit on the environment and development.

''We, the environmental NGOs attending the (World Summit on Sustainable Development) strongly request the Japanese government support stipulating that the Kyoto Protocol be put into effect before the end of the year and that its implementation is ensured, at an official meeting,'' the NGOs said in a statement.

The NGOs -- including A SEED JAPAN, FoE Japan, the Japan Youth Ecology League, and the Citizens' Alliance for Saving the Atmosphere and the Earth (CASA) -- handed the statement to Environment Minister Hiroshi Oki near the Sandton Convention Center, where the summit is being held.

The statement follows reports that the European Union (EU) is considering removing the words of resolve for countries ''to make every effort to ensure the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol,'' from the draft of the Plan of Implementation to be adopted during the summit.

On receiving the statement, Oki expressed hope that the Kyoto Protocol on curbing global warming will be put into effect at an early stage, the NGOs said.

One of Japan's goals at the summit included actively leading a movement aimed at getting countries that have yet to ratify the 1997 Kyoto Protocol to do so in an effort to put the protocol swiftly into effect.

The pact, adopted in the ancient Japanese capital of Kyoto, will only enter into force 90 days after being ratified by 55 states representing 55% of industrialized countries' carbon dioxide emissions in 1990.

The EU was insisting on aiming to put into effect the Kyoto Protocol, which the United States has rejected, and increasing the global share of renewable energy resources to at least 15% of total primary energy supply by 2010, an idea Washington is also reluctant to endorse.

But according to negotiation sources, the EU apparently began deliberations to delete ''Kyoto Protocol'' from the implementation plan in a bid to win U.S. acceptance of the numerical target for renewable energy resources.

Japan is against setting a numerical target of 15% for renewable energy resources.

The Japanese NGOs say the EU move to write off the Kyoto pact also faces opposition from within the EU and it is unclear whether the EU will make the proposal during negotiations.

The 10-day summit through Sept. 4 covers a wide range of issues including climate change, globalization, poverty eradication, finance and trade, water, health and sanitation.
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Publication:Japan Policy & Politics
Geographic Code:9JAPA
Date:Sep 2, 2002
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