Janssen Research Submits Application to FDA.
The filing is supported by data from the pivotal Phase 3 ATLAS ACS 2 TIMI 51 (Anti-Xa Therapy to Lower cardiovascular events in Addition to aspirin with/without thienopyridine therapy in Subjects with Acute Coronary Syndrome) trial, which was presented in November at the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions and published in the New England Journal of Medicine (10.1056/NEJMoa1112277).
ACS is a complication of coronary heart disease, which is the leading cause of death in the U.S. and also one of the most prevalent non-communicable diseases in the world. ACS occurs when a blood clot blocks a coronary artery, reducing blood supply to the heart. This disruption of blood flow can cause a heart attack, or unstable angina, a condition signifying that a heart attack may soon occur. Each year, an estimated 1.2 million patients in the U.S. are discharged from the hospital with a primary or secondary diagnosis of ACS.
About XARELTO [R] (rivaroxaban) XARELTO[R] belongs to a group of medicines called anticoagulants, and works by blocking the blood clotting Factor Xa, thereby reducing the tendency to form clots. In the U.S., XARELTO[R] is indicated for the prophylaxis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), which may lead to pulmonary embolism (PE) in people undergoing knee or hip replacement surgery, and for reducing the risk of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. There are limited data on the relative effectiveness of XARELTO[R] and warfarin in reducing the risk of stroke and systemic embolism in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation patients when warfarin therapy is well-controlled.
Additionally, XARELTO[R] is being evaluated for the prevention and treatment of a broad range of disorders in which blood clotting plays a major role. By the time of its completion, more than 75,000 patients will have participated in the rivaroxaban clinical development program. Rivaroxaban is being developed jointly by JRD and Bayer HealthCare. U.S. marketing rights for XARELTO[R] are held by Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. More information for patients and caregivers can be accessed at http://www.xarelto-us.com/.
About Janssen Research & Development, LLC
At Janssen, we are dedicated to addressing and solving some of the most important unmet medical needs of our time in oncology, immunology, neuroscience, infectious diseases and vaccines, and cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Driven by our commitment to patients, we develop innovative products, services and healthcare solutions to help people throughout the world. Janssen Research & Development, LLC and Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc., are Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies. Please visit http://www.janssenrnd.com for more information.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
WARNINGS: (A) DISCONTINUING XARELTO[R] IN PATIENTS WITH NONVALVULAR ATRIAL FIBRILLATION INCREASES RISK OF STROKE, (B) SPINAL/EPIDURAL HEMATOMA
A. DISCONTINUING XARELTO[R] IN PATIENTS WITH NONVALVULAR ATRIAL FIBRILLATION
Discontinuing XARELTO[R] places patients at an increased risk of thrombotic events. An increased rate of stroke was observed following XARELTO[R] discontinuation in clinical trials in atrial fibrillation patients. If anticoagulation with XARELTO[R] must be discontinued for a reason other than pathological bleeding, consider administering another anticoagulant.
B. SPINAL/EPIDURAL HEMATOMA Epidural or spinal hematomas have occurred in patients treated with XARELTO[R] who are receiving neuraxial anesthesia or undergoing spinal puncture. These hematomas may result in long-term or permanent paralysis. Consider these risks when scheduling patients for spinal procedures. Factors that can increase the risk of developing epidural or spinal hematomas in these patients include:
Use of indwelling epidural catheters Concomitant use of other drugs that affect hemostasis, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), platelet inhibitors, other anticoagulants, see Drug Interactions A history of traumatic or repeated epidural or spinal punctures
A history of spinal deformity or spinal surgery Monitor patients frequently for signs and symptoms of neurological impairment. If neurological compromise is noted, urgent treatment is necessary.
Consider the benefits and risks before neuraxial intervention in patients anticoagulated or to be anticoagulated for thromboprophylaxis.
CONTRAINDICATIONS Active pathological bleeding Severe hypersensitivity reaction to XARELTO[R]
WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS Increased Risk of Stroke After Discontinuation in Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation: Discontinuing XARELTO [R] , in the absence of adequate alternative anticoagulation, increases the risk of thrombotic events. An increased rate of stroke was observed during the transition from XARELTO[R] to warfarin in clinical trials in atrial fibrillation patients. If XARELTO [R] must be discontinued for a reason other than pathological bleeding, consider administering another anticoagulant.
Risk of Bleeding: XARELTO[R] increases the risk of bleeding and can cause serious or fatal bleeding. In deciding whether to prescribe XARELTO[R] to patients at increased risk of bleeding, the risk of thrombotic events should be weighed against the risk of bleeding. Promptly evaluate any signs or symptoms of blood loss. Discontinue XARELTO[R] in patients with active pathological hemorrhage.
A specific antidote for rivaroxaban is not available. Because of high plasma protein binding, rivaroxaban is not expected to be dialyzable. Protamine sulfate and vitamin K are not expected to affect the anticoagulant activity of rivaroxaban. There is no experience with antifibrinolytic agents (tranexamic acid, aminocaproic acid) in individuals receiving rivaroxaban. There is neither scientific rationale for benefit nor experience with systemic hemostatics (desmopressin and aprotinin) in individuals receiving rivaroxaban. Use of procoagulant reversal agents such as prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC), activated prothrombin complex concentrate (APCC), or recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa) may be considered, but has not been evaluated in clinical trials.
Concomitant use of drugs affecting hemostasis increases the risk of bleeding. These include aspirin, P2Y12 platelet inhibitors, other antithrombotic agents, fibrinolytic therapy, and NSAIDs. Concomitant use of drugs that are combined P-gp and CYP3A4 inhibitors (eg, ketoconazole and ritonavir) increases rivaroxaban exposure and may increase bleeding risk.
Spinal/Epidural Anesthesia or Puncture: When neuraxial anesthesia (spinal/epidural anesthesia) or spinal puncture is employed, patients treated with anticoagulant agents for prevention of thromboembolic complications are at risk of developing an epidural or spinal hematoma, which can result in long-term or permanent paralysis.
An epidural catheter should not be removed earlier than 18 hours after the last administration of XARELTO[R]. The next XARELTO[R] dose is not to be administered earlier than 6 hours after the removal of the catheter. Delay the administration of XARELTO[R] for 24 hours if traumatic puncture occurs.
Risk of Pregnancy-Related Hemorrhage: Use with caution in pregnant women and only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the mother and fetus. The anticoagulant effect of XARELTO[R] cannot be monitored with standard laboratory testing and is not readily reversed. Promptly evaluate any signs or symptoms suggesting blood loss (eg, a drop in hemoglobin and/or hematocrit, hypotension, or fetal distress). Pregnancy Category C Severe Hypersensitivity Reactions: There were postmarketing cases of anaphylaxis in patients treated with XARELTO[R] to reduce the risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Patients who have a history of a severe hypersensitivity reaction to XARELTO[R] should not receive XARELTO[R].
For more information, call 908/927-2953.
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|Date:||Jan 31, 2012|
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