Irish examine the media.
Doherty, a first-year media student, gave the opening speech of welcome at a `media under the microscope' conference, held on 20 March in the city where Northern Ireland's `Troubles' began in 1968. It was organized by three of Doherty's tutors at the North-West Institute of Further and Higher Education, and drew media figures from England, Bosnia, Poland and the USA.
`The information wars keep us busy taking sides,' asserted Doherty, who has grown up in a country where the media has at times inflamed sectarian divides. `We need to have objective standards that inform the way we report. Our tolerance for violence, moral confusion, inequality and lies is not a precedent we want to perpetuate.' She hoped that young media reporters, embracing the 21st century, would not have to report on countless tragedies.
Sarajevo journalist Senad Kamenica said that the media in the Balkans had also spoken `the language of hatred' for political ends. It had not made him proud to be a journalist. `Although we know that the atmosphere of hatred and death is not the way towards reconciliation, forgiveness and a just peace, there are still few signs in our media that we are leaving it behind.'
People in the Balkans were living in times `burdened with the by-products of the factory of evil', continued Kamenica, who is head of international affairs for Bosnia-Herzegovina television. He asserted that `the struggles that await us are so much harder than the ones we left behind: the struggle within ourselves to transform ourselves, and then to transform our institutions.'
Northern Ireland was another of Western Europe's `most challenging news areas', said John Coulter, who lectures in investigative journalism at Queen's University, Belfast. Local investigative journalists might have been at school with people now classified as terrorists, and would know their contacts on a first name basis. For them there was no fast plane out of Belfast airport, and `the lambs of accuracy and objectivity may have to be sacrificed on the altars of common sense and personal survival'. Sometimes it was necessary to obscure the identity of confidential sources, and protecting sources was a hallmark of a free press.
At what point did journalists, in possession of confidential information, `stop being responsible journalists and become responsible citizens', by passing on information to the authorities? Coulter asked. He was as firmly committed today to source protection as he was in 1991 when he was interrogated by the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) about his contacts. Above all, journalists' freedom of choice needed to be respected. He aimed to teach `a conscience-led curriculum'.
Ray Mullan, a former leader writer on the Irish News who is now the information director for Northern Ireland's Community Relations Council, called on the media to be `proactively anti-sectarian'. `How much expectation of conflict resolution is there in the media?' he asked.
Other speakers included BBC TV news anchorman Martyn Lewis and Guardian media writer Roy Greenslade. He deplored the British media's scant reporting of the murder of young people in Northern Ireland, soon after massive coverage of the killing of two English boys in Warrington by an IRA bomb.
Afterwards, one of the conference organizers, Faustina Starrett, said the aim had been to `ask Northern Ireland to look at itself as part of the bigger picture and then it would begin to understand its own motivations'. She hoped that young journalists entering the profession would be `realistic, disciplined and dedicated'.
And what did Ellen Doherty make of the day? `I realize that to be a good journalist you need courage,' she said, `and that journalism is not a career but a vocation'.
Two days later, international participants took part in a media seminar at the Newman Institute in Ballina, in the Irish Republic, held to mark the launch of the institute's new Mayo Centre for Media and Communications. The centre aims to improve relations between the media and the Catholic Church in Ireland.
The Catholic writer Mary Kenny attacked sections of the Irish media for their `deplorable, one-sided and small-minded' coverage of an address given by Archbishop Desmond O'Connell of Dublin, over his concerns about human cloning. The issue was not just about contraception but `the technological management of the production of people', said Kenny. Such developments touched profoundly on the values inherited from the Judeo-Christian tradition and needed more informed coverage.
The media did not always get it right, admitted Christy Loftus, President of the National Union of Journalists, `but they do not always get it wrong either'. He warned against the tendency to `shoot the messenger'.
William Stainsby, President of the Newman Institute, believed that the media and the church could, by working together, serve the people in their search for meaning and fulfilment. `Together, like two conjoined wings, they can help the human spirit to rise to the contemplation of what it means to be authentically human.'
Northern Ireland journalist and author Peter Hannon spoke of his vision that Ireland, north and south, could restore faith to the world, `by the way we live in our relationships'.
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|Publication:||For A Change|
|Date:||Jun 1, 1999|
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