Printer Friendly


Iraqiin full Fakhr ad-Din Ibrahim `Iraqi Hamadani(b. c. 1211, Hamadan, Iran--d. November 1289, Damascus [now in Syria])

One of the outstanding poets of 13th-century Persia.

Very little is known about `Iraqi's early life. There is evidence that he abandoned a teaching career to follow a group of wandering Sufis (Muslim mystics) as far as India in search of higher mystical knowledge. After studying for 25 years with his master, Baha' ad-Din Zakariyya, in Multan, he journeyed to the Hejaz and to the city of Konya in Anatolia (now in Turkey). At Konya he wrote what is considered to be his greatest work, Kitab al-lama`at ("The Book of Light Beams"), a profound work in both poetry and prose. `Iraqi later went to Egypt and finally to Syria. A great poet of mystical love, he also is famous for his Divan ("Collected Poems") and his `Ushshaq-nameh (edited and translated by A.J. Arberry as The Song of The Lovers: `Ushshaqnama ), a mystical work written in masnawi (rhymed couplets) interspersed with ghazels (lyric poems).

COPYRIGHT 1995 Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of Literature, [c] 2002 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Published under license with Merriam-Webster, Incorporated.
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 1995 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Publication:Merriam Webster's Encyclopedia of Literature
Date:Jan 1, 1995
Previous Article:Hywel, ab Owain Gwynedd.
Next Article:Omar Khayyam.

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2019 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters