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Iraq's modern Arabic literature in English translation: a preliminary bibliography.

The primary purpose of this bibliographical survey is to provide a guide to Iraq's modern Arabic literature in English translation. Iraqi literature written in other languages such as Kurdish and Turkmen are not included in this survey. Iraqi-Jewish writers who were noted for their literary efforts during the pre-1950 period are cited only if their translated works were published before their departure from Iraq (e.g. Ya'qub Balbul and Anwar Sha'ul). It should be pointed out that their writings are recognized, often in positive terms, as an integral part of Iraq's Arabic literature. The 1988 anthology of Iraqi Short Stories, a government-sponsored publication, refers, for example, to "the sincere earnest efforts made by writers of that period [the 1930s], namely Mahmoud Ahmed Al-Sayyid, Anwar Shaoul, Dhul-Noun Ayyoub, Abdul-Haq Fadhil, Yousif Matti, Shalmon [Shalom] Darweesh and others." (p. 10).(1)

As the various parts of the bibliography suggest, both English translations and studies have focused on the significant contribution which Iraqi poets have made, especially since the 1940s, to contemporary Arabic poetry. Hence the prominence given to the leading modernist poets who have enriched Arabic poetry in techniques and thematic orientation: Badr Shakir al-Sayyab (1926-1964), Nazik al-Mala'ika (b.1923), Abd al-Wahhab al-Bayati (b.1926), Buland al-Haydari (1926-1996) and Sa'di Yusuf (b.1934). On the other hand, Muhammad Mahdi al-Jawahiri (1900-1997), who stands out as the greatest representative of the classical tradition, is represented only by fragments of his rich legacy in English translation. There is no doubt that the current literary taste, in targeted Western languages, is not receptive to such traditional poetry. However, it is also important to keep in mind another restraining factor, i.e., the demanding task of translating al-Jawahiri's poetic form, its wealth of allusions and usages spanning more than fourteen hundred years of Arabic literature, and the rhetorical expressions which the poet uses extensively in his works.

The other genres (the drama, the novel, and the short story) are marginally represented primarily because they are, on the whole, more concerned with sociopolitical themes, current issues or revolutionary causes than with artistic requirements. The bibliography lists only a few items, mostly individual short stories, by pioneering and prolific writers such as Ayyub (19081988), Ja' far al-Khalili (1902-1985), Mahmud al-Sayyid (1893-1937), Yusuf alAni (b.1927) and others. Apart from al-Ani's play (1995), there are three other complete works of fiction by individual authors (two novels and a short story collection) available in English. Mu'alla's novel, noted for its political Ba'thist overtones, was translated and published in three parts(1979-1982) in London and Baghdad. The other two works, by two leading women writers, Daisy al-Amir (1994) and Aliyah Mamduh (1996) represent a welcome addition to the growing corpus of Arab women's writings in English translation. Mamduh's novel, Mothballs, translated by Peter Theroux, offers a unique perspective within the Iraqi, and perhaps the larger Arab, context. Narrated primarily by the heroine, the novel presents the world of a young Arab woman's struggle torn between her compassionate understanding of her ancient heritage and her disenchantment with its oppressive customs and practices. Mamduh's portrayal of a traditional life (in Baghdad and Karbala) gradually giving way to modernity is exceptionally vivid and authentic.

It is obvious that these four works give us only a very limited access to a rich literature of Iraqi fiction and drama. Among the contemporary writers who deserve greater attention because of the artistic quality of their works are Muhammad Khudayyir, Abd al-Malik Nuri (b.921), Abd al-Rahman al-Rubay'i (b.1930), and Fu'ad Takarli known also as Tikirli (b.1927). The latter's novel al-Raj' al-Ba'id (The Distant Echo), 1980, has been judged in a recent study to be "one of the best novels written in Arabic during the last fifteen years" (Walther, p. 136). Perhaps the fact that some of the translated works by Iraq's contemporary writers or poets have been included or reprinted in international anthologies serves as a measure of "the great skill" or the artistic refinement they have attained. (E.g. Khudayyir's "Clocks Like Horses" translated also under the title "Hours Swift as Horses).

The bibliography lists a few women writers including (in addition to Mamduh and al-Amir) al-Dilaymi, Hadi, al-Mana [al-Mani'], Muzaffar, and Suhayla Dawud Salman who in 1937 was the first Iraqi woman to publish an anthology of short stories. However, there are many more women writers of fiction who are unduly neglected or overlooked. It is significant to note that a bibliography published in al-Aqlam in 1989 lists forty one women writers who contributed to fiction alone between 1937 and 1988. The fact that Buthaynah al-Nasiri, an author of several works, was one of the three Arab women writers who were awarded prizes in recognition of the works at the first Arab Women's Book Fair held in Cairo last November (1995) is indicative of the need for a broader coverage of Iraqi women writings.(2) The same observation applies also to their representation as poets, notwithstanding the fact that Nazik al-Mala'ika may appear highly visible in both studies and translations. Indeed, of all leading Arab poets al-Mala'ika, known for her pioneering poetic and theoretical contributions, is yet to be represented by an anthology of her own. There is also an obvious gap in the literature as far as Lami'ah Abbas Amarah is concerned. Amarah, an accomplished poet with seven collections to her credit, is currently serving as the editor of Mandaee, San Diego, California, a newsletter dedicated to the Mandaeans of Iraq.

The bibliography itself should be considered as a preliminary attempt to survey Iraq's Arabic literature in English translation. Many of the sources consulted or utilized are published in Iraq or by Iraqi cultural institutions in the West, and are not accessible as a result of the Gulf War and the sanctions. I have relied on my personal collection of periodicals such as Iraq Today, Iraq, Baghdad, Ur, and Gilgamesh of which only pre-1990 issues are available. It is evident that gaps do exist in the sources covering both pre- and post-Gulf War periods. Needless to say, Iraq before the Gulf War was undergoing a phase of extraordinary cultural/artistic and literary renaissance and productivity. This is in spite of certain political or social shortcomings and the Iran-Iraq war of 19801988. Without access to pertinent Iraqi sources published in English, a bibliography of this nature is bound to be preliminary and tentative.

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY.

Altoma, Salih J. "Postwar Iraqi literature: Agonies of Rebirth." Books Abroad 46 (1972): 211-213.

-----. "Iraqi Literature." Encyclopedia of World Literature in the 20th Century. Vol.2. New York: Frederick Ungar, 1981: 456-458.

Badawi, M. M. "Two Novelists From Iraq: Jabra and Munif." Journal of Arabic Literature 23 (1992): 141-154. [Both lived for a long time in Iraq, but they are not included in this survey because of their national origins].

Cooke, Miriam. "Death and Desire in Iraqi War Literature." [the Iran-Iraq war] Love and Sexuality in Modern Arabic Literature. Ed. Roger Allen et al. London: Saqi Books, 1995:184-199 +248-250

Hammoudi, Bassim A. "The Iraqi Short Story: The Artistic and Social Change." Tr. Ranin Khalid Saeed. Gilgamesh (2/1986):73-81.

Ingrams, Doreen. The Awakened: Women in Iraq. London: Third World Center, 1983.

Kishtainy, Khalid. "Women in Art and Literature." See Ingrams, Doreen: 129-154.

Khulusi, Safa. "Contemporary Poetesses of Iraq." The Islamic Review (June, 1950):40-45.

-----. "Modern Arabic Literature in Iraq." The Islamic Review (February 1951):35-39; (March 1951): 23-27.

al-Mafraji, Ahmed F. "Iraqi Theatre 1921-1958." Tr. Hassan Hafldh. Gilgamesh (2/1986):65-69.

Mason, Herbert. "Impressions of An Arabic Poetry Festival." [Regarding the 8th annual Marbid Poetry Festival, Baghdad, November, 1987] Religion and Literature 20.1(Spring 1988): 157-161.

Musawi, Muhsin Jassim. "Some Social Aspects of Iraqi Short Story." Tr. Mohammed Darweesh. Gilgamesh (1/1986):64-72.

-----. "The Modernist Trend in the Iraqi Short Story: The 1950s." Gilgamesh (2/1986):59-64.

Thamir, Fadhil. "The Iraqi Story and Social Change." Tr. Salim Shamoun. Gilgamesh (1/1986):72-75.

Walther, Wiebke. "Distant Echoes of Love in the Narrative Work of Fu'ad alTikirli [al-Takarli]." Love and Sexuality in Modern Arabic Literature. Ed. Roger Allen et al. London: Saqi Books, 1995:131-139+244-243.

ABBREVIATIONS

AA A.J. Arberry. Arabic Poetry: A Primer for Students. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1965.

AGH Evelyne Accad and Rose Ghurayyib. Contemporary Arab Women Writers and Poets. Beirut: Beirut University College, Institute For Arab Women's Studies in the Arab World, 1985.

AK Mounah A. Khouri and Hamid Algar, Tr. An Anthology of Modern Arabic Poetry. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1974.

AM Arthur J. Arberry, Tr. Modern Arabic Poetry, An Anthology with English Verse Translations. London: Taylor's Foreign Press, 1950.

AP Arab Perspectives. Washington, D.C.

AW The Arab World. New York, N.Y.

AWW When the Words Burn: An Anthology of Modern Arabic Poetry 1945-1987. Tr. and Ed. John Mikhail Asfour. Dunvegan, Ontario: Cormorant Books, 1988.

BA Books Abroad. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma

BHM Ben Bennani, Tr. Bread, Hashish and Moon: Four Modern Arab Poets. Greensboro: Unicorn Press, 1982.

BI Blood into Ink: South Asian and Middle Eastern Women Write War. Eds. Miriam Cooke and Roshni Rustomji-Kerns. Boulder: Westview Press, 1994.

BM Issa J. Boullata, Tr. Modern Arab Poets: 1950-1975. Washington, D.C.: Three Continents Press, 1976.

BO Baghdad Observer. Baghdad, Iraq.

BS Battlefront Stories From Iraq. Tr. A.W. Lu'lu'a. Baghdad: Dar al-Ma'mun for Translation and Publishing, 1982. [Includes a novella by Adil Abd al-Jabbar (pp.7-90) and seven other short stories by Khudayyir Abd al-Amir, Latif Nasir Hasan, Ali Khayyun, Abd al-Sattar Nasir, Abd al-Khaliq al-Rikabi, Adnan al-Rubay'i, and Muhsin al-Thuwadi].

CE Jacques Berque. Cultural Expression in Arab Society Today. Tr. Robert Stookey. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1978.

FH Feathers and the Horizon: A Selection of Modern Poetry from Across the Arab World. Tr. Anne Fairbairn and Ghazi al-Gosaibi. Canberra: Leros Press, 1989.

FK An Anthology of Middle Eastern Literature from the Twentieth Century. Ed. George C. Fry and James R. King. Springfield, Ohio: 1974. [A 295 page mimeographed anthology, funded in part by the Department of Education and Wittenburg University. Translations cited below are by James R. King. According to King, "some are from Arabic via French, and others are directly from Arabic"].

FW Elizabeth W. Fernea, Ed. Women and the Family in the Middle East: New Voices of Change. Austin: University of Texas, 1985.

IJMES International Journal of Middle East Studies.

ISS Iraqi Short Stories: An Anthology. Ed. Yassen Taha Hafidh and Lutfiyah al-Dilaimi. Baghdad: Dar al-Ma'mun for Translation, 1988. [Includes thirty eight short stories representing different generations of pre-and post-1950s writers].

JAL Journal of Arabic Literature. Leiden, The Netherlands.

JAOS Journal of the American Oriental Society. New Haven.

JM Salma Khadra Jayyusi, Ed. Modern Arabic Poetry: An Anthology. New York: Columbia University Press, 1987.

JRAS Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, London.

KM James Kritzeck, Ed. Modern Islamic Literature. New York: Holt, Rinehart, 1970.

L Lotus (Afro-Asian Writings). Cairo, Egypt.

MA Mundus Artium. Athens, Ohio.

MAP Shafik Megalli, Tr. Arab Poetry of Resistance: An Anthology. Cairo: Al-Ahram Press, 1970.

MAS Modern Arab Stories. London: UR/Iraqi Cultural Centre, 1980. [No specific translator is cited for each story but reference is made to the fact that all stories were translated by Denys Johnson-Davies, John Fletcher, Ali M. Cassidy [sic, = Kassimi], W. McClung Frazier, Farida Abu-Haidar, and Rabah Munir Shaikh al-Ard. It includes twelve short stories seven of which are by Iraqi writers: Daisy al-Amir, Dhu al-Nun Ayyub, Saad al-Bazzaz, Muhammad al-Khudayyir, Samira al-Mana [Mani'], Abd Allah Niyazi and Abd al-Malik Nuri,].

MEF Middle East Forum. Beirut, Lebanon.

MIP Modern Iraqi Poetry. Tr. Abdul Wahid Lu'lu'a. Baghdad: Dar al-Ma'mun, 1989.

MISS Modern Iraqi Short Stories. Tr. Ali M. Cassimy [al-Qasimi] and W. McClung Frazier. Baghdad: Ministry of Information, 1971. [Includes eleven short stories by Daizy al-Amir, Dhu al-Nun Ayyub, Gha'ib Tu'mah Farman, Abd al-Majid Lutfi, Ja'far al-Khalili, Shakir Khusbak, Salah al-Din al-Nahi, Abd Allah Niyazi, Abd al-Malik Nuri, Mahmud al-Sayyid and Fu'ad Takarli].

MMAP Shafik Megally, Tr. An Anthology of Modern Arabic Poetry. Zug: Inter Documentation Co., 1974.

OB Joanna Bankier, et al. The Other Voice: Twentieth Century Women's Poetry in Translation. New York: Norton, 1976.

SICP Selection of Iraqi Contemporary Poetry. Tr. George Masri. London: Iraqi Cultural Centre, 1977.

SSP Badr Shakir al-Sayyab. Selected Poems. Tr. Nadia Bishai. London: Third World Centre; and Beirut: Arab Institute for Research and Publishing, 1986.

0UM Abdullah al-Udhari, Tr. Modern Poetry of the Arab World. Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England: Penguin Books, 1986

VM Abdullah al-Udhari, Tr. Victims of a Map. London: AL-SAQI Books, 1984.

WB Kamal Boullata, Ed. Women of the Fertile Crescent: Modern Poetry by Arab Women. Washington, D.C.: Three Continents Press, 1978.

WP Joanna Bankier and Deirdre Lashgari, eds. Women Poets of the World. New York: Macmillan, 1982.

DRAMA:

al-Ani, Yusuf. "The Key." Tr. Saiwa Jabsheh and Alan Brownjohn. Modern Arabic Drama: An Anthology. Ed. Salma Khadra Jayyusi and Roger Allen. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995: 253-288.

-----. "Three Plays of Yousif Al-Ani: Translation and Introduction." By Waleed Shamil Hussain. Ph.D. dissertation. University of California, Los Angeles, 1989. [Includes translations of Welcome Life, New Picture, and The Past Repeats Itself Anew].

Ismail, Mohieddin. "The Fall of the Black Wall." Iraq Today (16-31 December 1977):20-23.

al-Mana [al-Mani'], Samira. Only a Half. A play in two acts. Tr. Farida AbuHaidar. London: Panorama Print, 1984.

FICTION:

al-Abbadi, Ghazi. "Five Rivers of Paradise." ISS :109-125.

-----. "The Game and Rules." Tr. Adil Abd al-Jabbar. Iraq Today (Jan. I15,1978): 32.

Abd al-Amir, Khudayyir. "The Boy." Tr. Hrant Aghajan. Gilgamesh (2/1986): 47-52.

-----. "The Castle." Tr. Yania S. Atallah. Gilgamesh (2/1986): 52-58.

-----. "Clay Figures." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (Sept. l-15,1979):31-32.

-----. "Mud Structure." ISS: 85-91.

-----. "A Soldier's leave." BS: 133-149.

Abd al-Jabbar, Adil. "After All That Time." BS:7-90.

Abd al-Majid, Muhammad. "On Death and Joy." ISS: 225-234.

Abd al-Razzaq, Abd al-Ilah. "Time for Bullets." ISS: 235-240.

-----. "Voices from Near and Far." Arabic Short Stories. Tr. Denys Johnson-Davies. London: Quartet Books, 1983:11-115.

al-Ahmady, Kazim. "They Also Dream." Tr. Hashim G. Lazim. Iraq Today (16-30 June 1978):30-32.

al-Amin, Abd Allah Hamid. "The Decision." Tr. Adil Abd al-Jabbar. Iraq Today (16-31 May 1978): 30-32.

al-Amir, Daisy [Dayzi]. "An Andalusian Tale." MISS: 89-96.

-----. "The Aunt of Rafiq." Tr. Tura Campanella. Women and the Family in the Middle East: New Voices of Change. Ed. Elizabeth Warnock Fernea. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1985: 209-214.

-----. "The Cat, the Maid, and the Wife." An Arabian Mosaic: Short Stories by Arab Women Writers. Collected and Tr. Dayla Cohen-Mor. Potomac, MD: Sheba Press, 1993:115-120.

-----. "The Eyes in the Mirror." Tr. Miriam Cooke. Opening the Gates: A Century of Arab Feminist Writing. Ed. Margot Badran and Miriam Cooke. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990:115-118.

-----. "The Future." An Arabian Mosaic (cited above): 41-48.

-----. "The Future." Tr. Miriam Cooke. BI: 156-161.

-----. "The Newcomer." ISS :283-288.

-----. "Tomorrow." Tr. Farida Abu Haidar. Ur (3/1981): 54, see also MAS :26-29.

-----. The Waiting List: An Iraqi Woman's Journey toward Independence and Other Stories. Tr. Barbara Parmenter. Austin: Center for Middle Eastern Studies, University of Texas, 1994.

al-Asady, Fahd. "Soil Revolution." Tr. Hashim. G. Lazim. Iraq Today (15-30 September 1977): 30-32.

Ayyub, Dhu'l-Nun. "From Behind the Veil." Tr. John Fletcher. Ur (March-April 1979) :35-38; see also MAS: 30-39.

-----. "The Little Gods."FK: 223-225.

-----. "A Pillar of the Tower of Babel." Arab Stories: East and West. Tr. R.Y. Ebied and M.J.L. Young. Leeds: Leeds University Oriental Society, 1977: 1-11.

-----. "The Upright Tomb." MISS: 121-128.

-----. "The Will of the Saint." Tr. and abridged by Pat Harvey. Atlantic Monthly. No. 198 (October 1956): 181-185.

Balbul, Ya'qub. "Saida, the Midwife." FK:220-222.

al-Bazzaz, Saad. "Arnoun." MAS :54-69.

-----. "Arnoun." ISS: 359-372.

al-Dabbagh, Ghanim. "Fresh Water." Tr. Rosette Francis. L (October-December 1976):60-65.

-----. "That Night." ISS:75-93.

al-Dahir, Mahmud. "Orbit." ISS: 93-98.

al-Dilaymi, Lutfiyya. "Clocks." Tr. Adnan Salman. Gilgamesh (1/1986):37-43.

-----. "The Date Harvest." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today. (16-29 February 1980):28-32.

-----. "A Day in a Woman's Life." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq (1 November 1981):40-41.

-----. "Diary on Tea-Green Leaves." Iraq Today (1-15 March 1981):32-33.

-----. "He Who Came." Tr. Saleh M. al-Hafidh. Gilgamesh (1/1986): 23-32.

-----. "Picking Season." ISS: 177-192. [Another translated version of "The Date Harvest"].

Farman, Gha'ib Tu'mah. "Uncle Help Me Across." MISS:45-56.

Haddad, Yusuf Ya'qub. "The Last Step on Ending the Sufferings." Tr.

Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today.(16 June-31 July 1979):39-40.

Hadi, Maysalun. "The Fortune Teller and the Witness." ISS:403-412.

-----. "The Peep-hole." Iraq (15 November 1985):34-37.

Hafiz, Safirah Jamil." The Ice-Cream Seller." FK: 236-238.

Hasan, Latif Nasir. "The Glitter." BS: 189-203.

Hayyawi, Muhammad. "The Lady of the Shack." ISS: 413-419.

Isma'il, Muhyiedin. "Pestilence." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today.(Aug. 1631,1979): 31-32.

Jindari, Mahmud. "Fire." ISS: 193-200.

Kamil, Adil. "The Absentee." ISS: 317-322.

-----. "The Child." Tr. Hashim G. Lazim. Iraq Today (Aug. l-15, 1977): 26-28.

Khalaf, Ahmad. "Over there in the Rain." ISS: 213-224.

-----. "Helmet for a Half-Dead Man." Tr. Hashim G. Lazim. Iraq Today (March 1-15,1978):30-32.

al-Khalili, Ja'far. "After Seventy." MISS: 57-63.

-----. "A Trivial Affair." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (October 1631,1979): 30-31.

al-Khatib, Burhan. "The New Street." ISS: 273-282.

Khayyun, Ali. "Mourning Does Not Become the Martyrs." BS: 167-177.

Khidr, Muwaffaq. "The Pigeon and, the Fountain and the Summer's Dream." ISS: 99-107.

Khisbak, see Khusbak.

Kudair, see Khudayyir.

Khudayyir, Dia. "When I Found Myself." Middle East Report. SeptemberOctober 1987.27-31.

Khudayyir, Muhammad. "Autumn Vision." Tr. Yania S. Atallah. Gilgamesh (1/1986):46-47.

-----. "The Black Kingdom." Tr. Hashim G. Lazim. Iraq Today (Feb. l-15, 1978):30-31.

-----. "Clocks Like Horses." Tr. Denys Johnson-Davies. Azure 7 (1980) :2832; Arabic Short Stories. Ed. and Tr. Denys Johnson-Davies. London: Quartet Books, 1983: 27-39; rpt. in Stories from the Rest of the World. Ed. Scott Walker. St. Paul: Graywolf Press, 1989:134-147; Vital Signs: International Stories on Aging. Ed. Dorothy Sennett with Anne Czarniecki. St. Paul: Graywolf Press, 1991:89-103; Modern Literature of the Non-Western World: Where the Waters Are Born. Ed. Jayana Clerk and Ruth Siegel. New York: Harper Collins College Publishers, 1995:466-476.

-----. "Hours Swift as Horses." Tr. Eva Elias. Flights of Fantasy: Arabic Short Stories. Ed. Ceza Kassem and Malak Hashem. Cairo: Elias Modern Publishing House, 1985: 173-184. [Another translated version of "Clocks Like Horses"].

-----. "The Marsh God." Ur (2/1980): 39-43; MAS :78-87.

-----. "Soldier's Message." Tr. Hadi al-Taie. Gilgamesh (1/1986): 33-34.

-----. "The Swing." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (August 1-15, 1979):29-32.

-----. "The Window on the Yard." ISS: 201-211.

Khulusi, Natiq. "Afternoon Tea." ISS: 301-308.

Khusbak, A'id. "The Angels' Morning." Tr. Hadi al-Taie. Gilgamesh (1/1986):44-45.

-----. "The Tree." ISS: 249-260.

-----. "Young Man, You Have a Promising Future." Tr. Yania S. Atallah. Gilgamesh (1/1986):35-36.

Khusbak, Shakir. "Buddies." MISS: 65-78.

-----. "The Hyenas Invade Our Town." Tr. Nissim Rejwan. New Outlook. 10:9 (December 1967):66-70.

-----. "In the Night." FK:225-231.

Kuraydi, Musa. "The Eagle." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (16-30 September 1978): 31-32.

-----. "Midnight Corridor." ISS: 135-160.

-----. "Sindiyan." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq (Nov. 15,1981): 42-43.

al-Lami, Jum'ah. "Who Killed Hikmat al-Shami?" Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (December 1-15,1977):30-31

Lutfi, Abd al-Majid. "The Man Who Coughs." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (December 16-31,1979):27-28.

-----. "The Lion Bohrmann." MISS: 137-147.

Majid, Jihad. "The Bells." ISS: 379-390.

al-Mala'ika, Nazik. "Down Hill." AW (Oct.-Nov. 1966): 21.

Mamduh, Aliyah. Mothballs. Tr. Peter Theroux. Reading, UK: Garnet, 1996.

Mu'alla, Abd al-Amir. The Long Days. 3 vols. 1 and 2 Tr. Mohieddin Ismail. London: Ithaca Press, 1979/1980. Vol.3 Tr. Abd al-Wahid Lu'lu'a. Baghdad: Dar al-Ma'mun for Translation, 1982.

al-Mana [al-Mani'], Samira. "The Billy Goat and the Menfolk." Tr. Farida Abu Haidar. Ur (November-December 1978) :25-26; see also MAS :1625, rpt. without the translator's name in AP (January 1982):37-39.

-----. "Mrs. Collins." Tr. Farida Abu Haidar. Azure 11(1982): 24-26.

Matti, Yusuf. "A Husband." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (March 1-15, 1980):31-32.

al-Muttalibi, Abd al-Razzaq. "The Spectacles." ISS: 161-175.

Muzaffar, May. "Personal Papers." Tr. Simone Fattal. Opening the Gates: A Century of Arab Feminist Writing. Ed. Margot Badran and Miriam Cooke. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1990: 180-185.

-----. "The Umbilical Cord." ISS :309-315.

al-Nahi, Salah al-Din. "Madhi, the Magnanimous." MISS:41-44.

Nasir, Abd al-Sattar. "Chubby Old Chum." BS: 179-188.

-----. "A Plain Talk." ISS: 242-248.

al-Nasiri, Ali Khayyun. "Echoes." Iraq Today (Aug. 16-31,1980):30-32.

Niyazi, Abd Allah. "The Book." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (Oct. l-15, 1979):30-31.

-----. "One Dirham." MISS: 129-137.

-----. "When the Clouds were on the Point of Tears." Ur (Special Autumn Issue, 1979): 80-83; MAS: 98-109.

Nouri, Abdel Malik, See: Nuri, Abd al-Malik.

Nuri, Abd al-Malik. "Fatouma." Tr. Ali M. Cassidy[sic]/Cassimy and W.M. Frazier. Ur (Jan./Feb. 1979): 50-56; MISS:25-39; MAS: 110-125.

-----. "Sickness." ISS: 19-27.

-----. "Song of the Earth." Tr. Angele Boutros. L (April,1970): 98-99.

-----. "The South Wind." Tr. Denys Johnson-Davies. Modern Arabic Short Stories. London: Oxford University Press, 1967:120-129.

-----. "The Wind from the South." FK: 231-236.

al-Rawdhan, Abd Awan. "A Curse." Tr. Yania S. Atallah. Iraq (Oct. 1, 1985):32-35.

al-Rikabi, Abd al-Khaliq. "Balzac's Apple." Tr. Yania S. Atallah. Gilgamesh (2/1986): 42-46.

-----. "The Cavalier." BS: 91-116, rpt in Gilgamesh (2/1986):32-41.

-----. "al-Faddy." ISS: 289-299.

-----. "The Siren." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq (Oct. 1, 1981):42-45.

Ruznamaji, Muhammad. "An Improvised Story." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (Sept. 16-30, 1979): 31-32.

al-Rubay'i, Abd al-Rahman Majid. "The Hero and the City." ISS :127-134.

-----. "The Odour of the Land." Tr. Kadhim Sa'adedin. Azure 2(1978): 42-44.

-----. "The Martyr." Tr. Abdullah al-Udhari. TR 1(Winter 1974): 38-39.

al-Rubay'i, Adnan. "Another Cup of Coffee." BS: 151-165, see also ISS: 335-348.

-----. "The Tree and the Black Bird." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq (1 Nov. 1981):43-45.

Sabri, Idmun. "Government Bread." ISS: 41-48.

Salman, Suhayla Dawud. "Aunt Um[m] Malik Bitten by a Horse." ISS: 261-272.

Salim, Nizar. "Song of the Turnip Vendor." ISS: 29-40.

al-Salim, Warid Badr. "The Dream of the Red Anemones." ISS: 391-402.

al-Saqr, Mahdi Isa. "A Compund Figure." ISS :59-73.

-----. "The Horse." Iraq Today (March 16-31, 1978) :30-32.

-----. "Some New Blood." FK:241-243.

al-Sayyid, Mahmud. "Baddaai Alfaaiz." MISS: 79-88.

Simawe, Saadi. "Thrill." Tr. from the Arabic by the author. The Toronto South Asian Review 9(2/Winter 1991): 40-47.

Takarli, Fu'ad. "The Dying Lamp." Tr. Denys Johnson-Davies. Modern Arabic Short Stories. London: Oxford University Press 1967:51-55.

-----. "The Extinguished Lantern." FK: 271-273.

-----. "Green Eyes." Tr. Farida Abu Haidar. Ur (3/1985):46-49.

-----. "The Others." ISS: 49-57.

-----. "The Oven." Tr. Catherine Cobham. Azure 8 (1981): 29-31.

-----. "The Road Into Town." MISS: 97-120.

-----. "Silence and Thieves." Tr. Nihad Salem. L (April,1972):82-88.

Talib, Aliya. "Greening." Tr. Miriam Cooke and Rkia Cornell. BI: 192-195.

-----. "A New Wait." Tr. Miriam Cooke and Rkia Cornell. BI: 80-85.

Tawfiq, Amjad. "Death of the Young Birds Seller." ISS: 349-357.

Thuwadi, Muhsin. "Mission Delayed. to Zero Hour." BS: 117-132.

Yasin, Faraj. "The Rope." ISS: 373-378.

Yasin, Najman. "The Minaret." ISS: 323-334.

-----. "The Thieves." Tr. Farida Abu Haidar. Ur (3/1981):52-53.

POETRY:

A. Anthologies.

al-Allaq, Ali Ja'far. Poems. Selected and intro. by Hatim al-Saqr. Tr. Mohammed Darwish. Baghdad: Dar al-Ma'mun, 1988.

al-Bayati, Abd al-Wahhab. Lilies and Death. Tr. Mohammed B. Alwan. Baghdad: al-Adib Printing Press, 1972.

-----. Love, Death, and Exile. Tr. Bassam K. Frangieh. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 1990.

-----. Poet of Iraq: Abdul Wahab al-Bayati. An introductory essay with translations by Desmond Stewart. London: Gazelle, 1976.

-----. The Singer and the Moon. Tr. Abdullah al-Udhari. London: TR Press, 1976.

Faiq, Salah. Another Fire Befitting a City. Tr. Haifa Zangana and A.M. al-Abbas aided by John Digby and Pual Hammond. London: Memoth, 1979.

al-Haydari, Buland. Dialogue in Three Dimensions. Tr. Husain Haddawy. London: Pan Middle East Graphics and Publishing, 1982.

-----. Songs of the Tired Guard. Tr. Abdullah al-Udhari. London: 1977.

al-Hilli, Ali. The Candle Tears. N.p.n.d. 198?

Janabi, Hatif. Questions and Their Retinue/Selected Poems. Tr. Khaled Mattawa. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1996.

Mahdi, Sami. Poems. Selected and intro. by Hatim al-Saqr. Tr. Mohammed Darwish. Baghdad: Dar al-Ma'mun, 1988.

Modern Iraqi Poetry. Tr. Abdul Wahid Lu'lu'a. Baghdad: Dar al-Ma'mun, 1989.

Sa'id, Hamid. Poems. Selected and intro. by Majid al-Samarraie. Tr. Salman D. al-Wasiti. Baghdad: Dar al-Ma'mun, 1988.

al-Sayyab, Badr Shakir. Selected Poems. Tr. Nadia Bishai. London: Third World Center, 1986.

Selection of Contemporary Iraqi Poetry. Tr. George Masri. London: Iraqi Cultural Centre, 1977. (Poems by al-Haydari, Shafiq al-Kamali and Hamid Sa'id. See below under their respective names).

B. Individual Authors.

[General Note: Multiple poems by the same poet as well as the contents of anthologies are listed alphabetically.]

Abd al-Wahid, Abd al-Razzaq. "Dreaded Road." Tr. Diana Der Hovanessian and Lena Jayyusi. JM: 128.

-----. "A Drop of Fear." Ur (3/1981): 59.

-----. "Drop of Sadness." FH:204.

-----. "Estrangement." Ur (3/1981): 59.

-----. "Fingers of Fear." Ur (3/1981): 59.

-----. "The Fire Fountain." MIP: 53.

-----. "The Fire Fountain." Tr. A.W. Lu'lu'a. Gilgamesh (2/1986): 23.

-----. "A Fugitive from the Museum." MIP: 54-57.

-----. "A Fugitive from the Museum." Tr. A.W. Lu'lu'a. Gilgamesh (2/1986): 24-26.

-----. "Job's Patience." The Arab Review 5(1/1996):29-.

-----. "A New Year's Wish." Ur (3/1981): 59.

-----. "Reaching Forty." Tr. Diana Der Hovanessian and Lena Jayyusi. JM: 129-130.

-----. "Two Languages." Tr. Salman al-Wasiti. Gilgamesh (2/1986): 23-24.

-----. "Warning." Ur (3/1981): 59.

-----. "You Rise Among Truths." Tr. Diana Der Hovanessian and Lena Jayyusi. JM: 130-132.

al-Allaq, Ali Ja'far. "Departure." MIP: 126-127.

-----. "The Face of the Pleiades a Book." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (Jan. l-15, 1979): 30-31.

-----. "Finished Relation." MIP: 127-128.

-----. "Homeland for Water Birds." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today. (Jan. 115, 1979): 30.

-----. "Lady of Chaos." Tr. Sharif Elmusa and Thomas G. Ezzy. JM: 153.

-----. Poems. Selected and intro. by Hatim al-Saqr. Tr. Mohammed Darwish. Baghdad: Dar al-Ma'mun, 1988. [Includes: The Dreamer's Flower...the Body's Flower; Exeter; Face of Ember and Water; Family Trees; Fruit of the Past; Home for the Water Birds; The Low Cloud; The New Babylon; New Elegy to Cordova; Rain for the Hopeless Villages; Something Green; Three States; Two Lovers; and Two Women].

-----. "Poet." Tr. Sharif Elmusa and Thomas G. Ezzy. JM: 152-153.

Amarah, Lami'a Abbas. "But I." Tr. Basima Bezirgan and Elizabeth Fernea. FW : 332.

-----. "The Curse of Discrimination." Tr. Marcia K. Hermansen. Mandaee, La Mesa, California. (8/June 1992):39.

-----. "The Fortune-Teller." Tr. Basima Bezirgan and Elizabeth Fernea. FW: 331-332.

-----. "Frouzanda Mahrad." Tr. Mike Maggio. Pig Iron 15(1988): 28. [Relevant to the Iran-Iraq War: 1980-1988].

-----. "Had the Fortune-teller Told Me." MIP: 62-63.

-----. "If the Fortune Teller Had Told Me." Tr. Sara Marsden. Ur (2-3/1982): 136.

-----. "Image." FH: 20, rpt. as "His Image." in The Bulletin of the Arab American Club of Southern California, No. 1 (Nov. 1994): 13.

-----. "The Lost One." Tr. S.A. Khulusi. The Islamic Review (June 1950): 44-45.

-----. "The Path of Silence." Tr. Basima Bezirgan and Elizabeth Fernea. FW: 333.

-----. "The Seasons of the Coloured Trees." Tr. Sara Marsden. Ur (2-3/1982): 136.

-----. "Travel Game." MIP: 63-64.

-----. "Untitled Poem." Tr. Rose Ghurayyib. AGH: 90. rpt. Al-Raida (Feb., 1990): 13.

-----. "Untitled Poem." Tr. Rose Ghrayyib. AGH: 91.

-----. "Untitled Poem." [Concerning Palestine] Tr. Sara Khulusi. The Islamic Review (March 1951): 25

-----. "Where Is Thy Sting, O Death?" al-Raida, 4 (1 May 1985): 7.

al-Amil, Rushdi. "Daily Scene." MIP: 88-90.

-----. "From the Notebook." Tr. Mohammed Darweesh. BO. (July 23, 1985): 6.

-----. "Three Poems." Tr. Mohammed Darweesh. BO. (March 12, 1985): 6.

-----. "Two Poems." MIP: 87-88.

Al-Azzawi, Fadil. "Farewell." Tr. Khaled Mattawa. Al-Jadid (No.17/April 1997): 12.

-----. In Every Well a Joseph is Weeping. Tr. Khaled Mattaw. Quarterly Review of Literature. Poetry Book Series. Vol.36 (1997). [Includes: Always; The Apple; Arriving; Betrayal; The Computer's Exhortation; The Dream Walker; Escaping, I Reach a River; Explosions; Farewell; The Frog; The General's Last Night; Good Morning, God; How to Write a Magical Poem; In Captivity; In the Court of Honor; Intersections; Journey of the Banished; The King and His Donkey; Life with Rats; The Lost Son's Return Home; Magician's Hat; A Man in Memory; The Monster; Napoleon's Horse; No Matter How Far; An Old Continent; On a Distant Island; On the Evenings of Victory; On a Night in Winter; Out of Habit; Party; The Party; Questions; Questions Again; Robinson Crusoe; Silent Parade; Solitude; Song of Myself; Those Beautiful Days; Vision on a Bus; When We Reached Kafka's House].

-----. "Songs for Jerusalem, War and Revolution." Tr. Shafik Magar. L (Apr. 1970): 82-85.

Bahr al-'Uium, Muhammad Salih. "Lenin and the October Revolution." Tr. Nihad A. Salem. L (April 1970): 160.

al-Basir, Muhammad Mahdi. "Science and Us." FK:83.

al-Bayati, Abd al-Wahhab. '"Ain al-Shams: or The Metamorphoses of IbnArabi in His Translation of Desires." Tr. with notes by Desmond Stewart. Encounter 39 (Oct. 1972): 26-27.

-----. Abdul Wahab al-Bayati (a short introduction and four poems). London: Iraqi Cultural Centre, 1979. [Poems include: Eye of the Sun (Tr. Desmond Stewart) and I am Born and Burnt in Love; Lament for the June Sun; Love under the Rain (Tr. George Masri)].

-----. "Apology for a Short Speech." BM: 17. Rpt. in AP (July,1980):53.

-----. "An Apology for a Short Speech." UM: 38.

-----. "The Arab Refugee." UM: 36-37.

-----. "The Arab Refugees." Tr. Hashim Lazim. Iraq Today (Aug. 16-31, 1980): 19.

-----. "Art for Life." Tr. M.M. Badawi. JAL 6 (1975): 134.

-----. "Bab ash-Sheikh, Poem, Poet's Childhood, The Unknown Man." Tr. Adrian Salman. BO (July 7, 1985): 6.

-----. "The Birth of Aisha and Her Death." Tr. Sargon Boulus and Christopher Middleton. JM: 171-176.

-----. "The Book of Poverty and Revolution." AK: 111-115.

-----. "Broken Pitchers." Tr. M.M. Badawi. JAL 6 (1975): 133.

-----. "Broken Urns." AWW: 84-85.

-----. "The Descent of Orpheus to the Underworld." Tr. Nihad A. Salem. AfroAsian Poetry. Cairo: Atlas Press, 1971: 150-51.

-----. "The Descent of Orpheus to the Underground." L (Jan. 1972): 142-43.

-----. "Diaries of Poor Lovers." Tr. Salah Nasrawi. Iraq Today (Feb. 1-15, 1978): 32.

-----. "Elegies of Lorca." Tr. Rasheed al-Enany. Third World Quarterly 10(4/Oct., 1989):254-256.

-----. "Elegy for Aisha." Tr. Sargon Boulus and Christopher Middleton. JM: 176-179.

-----. Eye of the Sun. Copenhagen: 1978. [Includes: About Those Who Refuse to 'Play the Part of the Actor'; An Apology for a Short Speech; The Civilization of the West; Eye of the Sun; Greetings to Athens; I Was Born in the Age of Betrayals; Loneliness; A Poem to My Son All; Profile of the Lover of the Great Bear; To Ernest Hemingway; To Anna Seghers; The Wall; Words That Will Not Die].

-----. "The Face and the Mirror." FH:36.

-----. "From 'The Death and the Candelabrum'." Iraq (Dec. 1,1981): 45.

-----. "From Al-Hallaj." Tr. Khalil I. Semaan. JAL 10 (1979): 65-69. rpt. in IJMES 10 (1979): 520-523.

-----. "The Fugitive." UM: 36.

-----. "Glory to Children and the Olive Tree." APR 4 (12/Dec. 1972).

-----. "The Greek Poem." Tr. Mohammed Darweesh. BO (Nov. 27, 1985): 5.

-----. "Greetings to Athens." Tr. Abdullah al-Udhari. A Mirror for Autumn. London, 1974.

-----. "The Gypsy Symphony." Tr. A.W. Lu'lu'a. Gilgamesh (2/1986): 20-22.

-----. "The Gypsy Symphony." MIP: 48-50.

-----. "Al-Hallaj's Agony." Tr. Shafiq Megally. L (Apr. 1970): 100-101. rpt. in Afro-Asian Poetry. Cairo, 1971:147-149 and in MMAP: 1-4.

-----. "Hamlet." UM: 37-38.

-----. "I & II 'Two Poems to My Son Ali'." Tr. M.A. Khouri and H. Algar. JAL 1 (1970): 80-82. rpt. in AK: 109-111.

-----. "I am Born and Burnt in Love." Tr. G. Masri. UR (Autumn 1979): 40-45.

-----. "The Impossible." Tr. Salma Khadra Jayyusi and Christopher Middleton. JM: 170-171.

-----. "Lament for the June Sun." Tr. (with notes) by Desmond Stewart. Encounter 37 (Oct. 1971): 22-23.

-----. Lilies and Death. Tr. Mohammed B. Alwan. Baghdad: al-Adib Printing Press, 1972. [Includes: Absence; An Apology for a Short Speech; A Baghdad Mawal; The Child and the Dove; The City; The Civilization of the West; Consolation; Death at Noon; Death and Time; Enamored Butterfly; Fugitive; Lilies and Freedom; Loneliness; My Father in the Path of the Sun; A Poem to My Son, Ali; A Postcard to Damascus; A Prayer to the Unreturning; Rain; Rendezvous at Ma'rra; The Road of Return; The Singer and the Moon; The Sorrow of Violets; The Spring and the Children; A Starless Sky; The Village Market; The Wall; Words that Will not Die].

-----. "Lorca Elegies." Tr. S. Boulus. MA 10 (1/1977): 64-66. rpt. in AP 1 (July 1980): 54.

-----. Love, Death, and Exile. Tr. Bassam K. Frangieh. Washington, D.C. Georgetown University Press, 1990. [Includes: About Waddah of Yemen; Aisha's Mad Lover; Aisha's Orchard; Aisha's Profile; Another Paper; al-Basra; The Birth in Unborn Cities; The Birth; The Blind Singer; A Conversation of a Stone; Death and the Lamp; The Deceiver; The Earthquake; Elegy to Khalil Hawi; Elegy to the Unborn City; Eye of the Sun; The Face; False Cities; The Fire of Poetry; First Symphony of the Fifth Dimension; For Rafael Alberti; From the Papers of Aisha; The Great Wall of China; The Greek Poem; The Gypsy Symphony; I Shall Reveal My Love For You to the Winds and the Trees; I Am Born and Burn in My Love; the City, Lament for the June Sun; Labor Pains; The Lady of the Seven Moons; Light Comes From Granada; Love and Death; Love Poems at the Seven Gates of the World; Love under the Rain; The Lover; The Magus; A Man and a Woman; Metamorphoses of Netrocres in the Book of the Dead; The Nightmare of Night and Day; The Peacock; The Poem; Poems on Separation and Death; Portrait of the Lover of the Great Bear; The Princes and the Gypsy; A Profile of a City; Reading from the Book of al-Tawasin by al-Hallaj; Secret of Fire; Shiraz's Moon; A Smoke Dancer; Something About Happiness; Three Watercolors; The Unknown Man; Variations on the Suffering of Farid al-Din al-Attar; A Woman].

-----. "Love in the Rain." Tr. Mohammed Darweesh. BO (April 30, 1985): 6.

-----. "Love Poems to Astarte." MMAP:4-7.

-----. Love under the Rain. Madrid: Editorial Oriental, 1985. [Includes: Eye of the Sun (Tr. Desmond Stewart) Love under the Rain; I am Born and Burnt in Love (Tr. George Masri); Lament for the June Sun].

-----. "Luzumiyya." Tr. Khadra Salma Jayyusi and Christopher Middleton. JM: 171.

-----. "The Nightmare." Tr. Shafik Magar. Baghdad (5 July 1972): 13-15.

-----. "Nightmare." Tr. M.M. Badawi. JAL 6 (1975): 134-136.

-----. "Passages from Prokofiov's Fifth Symphony." MMAP:8-9.

-----. "Poems of Separation and Death." MIP: 46-48.

-----. "Poems of Separation and Death." Tr. A.W. Lu'lu'a. Gilgamesh (2/1986): 19-20.

-----. Poet of Iraq: Abdul Wahab al-Bayati: An Introductory Essay with Translations. Desmond Stewart. London: Gazelle Publications, 1976. [Includes: Eye of the Sun; Lament for the June Sun].

"Profile of the Lover of the Great Bear." UM: 40-41.

-----. "Profile of the Lover of the Great Bear." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (March 6-31, 1979): 29.

-----. "Reading Hallaj's Book of Tawaasin." Tr. Abdullah al-Udhari. in Jacques Berque. Arab Rebirth: Pain and Ecstasy. Tr. Quintin Hoare. London: Al Saqi Books, 1983: 84.

-----. "Reading in Kitabu et-Tawwassin [Kitab at-Tawasin] by al-Hallaj." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (Feb. 1-15, 1979): 27.

-----. "The Return." FK:253-254.

-----. "The Return to Cities of Dream." Tr. Maher Sh. Farid. L (Jan. 1974): 113.

-----. "The Road of Return; The Village Market." Iraq Today (Jan. 16-31, 1980): 25-26.

-----. The Singer and the Moon. Tr. Abdullah al-Udhari. London: TR Press, 1976. [Includes: About Those Who Refuse to 'play the Part of the Actor'; An Apology for a :Short Speech; Greetings to Athens; Profile of the Lover of the Great Bear; The Singer and the Moon; Something About Happiness; To Ann Segher; To Ernest Hemingway; Why We Are in Exile the Refugees Ask].

-----. "The Singer and the Moon." Tr. Abdullah al-Udhari. Modern Poetry in Translation (15/1973): 3.

-----. "The Sorrows of Violets." BM: 16.

-----. "Take Me Back, O God." MMAP:10.

-----. "To Anna Segher, Author of 'The Dead Stay Young'." Tr. Abdullah alUdhari. TR (Winter, 1974): 54-56.

-----. "To Abdel Nasser the Man." L (July, 1971):146.

-----. "To Ernest Hemingway." UM: 38-40.

-----. "To Rafael Alberti." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (Aug. 1-15, 1977): 26-27.

-----. "A Traveler without Luggage." AWW: 85-86.

-----. "The Village Market." BM: 15. rpt. in AP 1 (July 1980): 55.

-----. "The Wall." Tr. M. Bakir Alwan. BA 46 (1972): 249.

-----. "Why Are We in Exile the Refugees Ask." Tr. Abdullah al-Udhari. A Mirror for Autumn. London: 1974. rpt. in AP 1 (July 1980): 53.

-----. "A Woman in Love." Tr. Mohammed Darweesh. BO (Feb. 8, 1986): 6.

Boulus, Sargon. "Earth Is Neither a Mother Nor a Flower." Tr. Issa Boullata. Arrival in Where-City: Sargon Boulus. Ed. Mirene Ghossein. Washington, D,C.: Arab American Cultural Foundation, 1982:26.

-----. "Executioner." Tr. Mirene Ghossein. Arrival in Where-City. 20.

-----. "Feast of Ice." Tr. Basima Bezirgan and Elizabeth Fernea: FW. 283-284.

-----. "Kneel in the Sand." Tr. by the poet. Arrival in Where-City: Sargon Boulus. 19.

-----. "Korfu." Tr. by the poet. Arrival in Where-City: 18.

-----. "Lighter." Tr. by the poet and Alistair Elliot. JM: 183-184.

-----. "Magic." Tr. by the poet. Arrival in Where-City: Sargon Boulus: 23.

-----. "My Father's Dream." Tr. by the poet and Alistair Elliot. JM: 185-186.

-----. "No Matter Where I Am." Tr. Michael Beard and Adnan Haydar. Arrival in Where-City: 21.

-----. "Poem." Tr. by the poet and Alistair Elliot. JM: 184-185.

-----. "Poem" Tr. Admer Gouryh. Arrival in Where-City: Sargon Boulus : 22.

-----. "Poem." Tr. Mirene Ghossein. Arrival in Where-City: 27.

-----. "Siege." Tr. by the poet and Alistair Elliot. JM: 186-187.

-----. "Story." Tr. by the poet. Arrival in Where-City: Sargon Boulus: 25.

-----. "Water at My Threshold." Tr. Issa Boullata. Arrival in Where-City: 24.

-----. "Whenever I Take a Step." Tr. by the poet. Arrival in Where-City: 17.

al-Buraykan, Mahmud. "Man of the Stone City." Tr. Lena Jayyusi and Naomi Shihab Nye. JM: 191-193.

-----. "A Song of a Quiet Fear." Tr. Omar Sabry. L (January 1973): 136-137.

-----. "Tale of the Assyrian Statue." Tr. Lena Jayyusi and Naomi Shihab Nye. JM :188-191.

Dixon, Zuhur. "Dialogue of the Night of the Roses." Tr. Patricia Alanah Byrne and Salma K. Jayyusi. JM: 210-211.

-----. "Overture." Tr. Patricia Alanah Byrne and Salma K. Jayyusi. JM: 210.

-----. "Season of Beginning and End." Tr. Patricia Alanah Byrne and Salma K. Jayyusi. JM: 211-212.

-----. "Two Hands on the Water." Tr. Patricia Alanah Byrne and Salma K. Jayyusi. JM: 212-213.

Fa'iq, Salah. Another Fire Befitting a City. Tr. Haifa Zangana and A.M. al-Abbas aided by John Digby and Paul Hammond. London: Melmoth, 1979. [Includes Another Fire Befitting a City; Days; Night Compositions; and 17 Poems].

-----. "17 Poems." Azure 5 (1980): 46-47.

-----. "Poems." Tr. Patricia Alanah Byrne and Salma K. Jayyusi. JM: 218-219.

al-Hadithi, Kamal. "A Fighter's Dream." Tr. Mohammed Darweesh. BO (Sept. 16, 1985):5.

Hafiz, Yasin Taha. "About the Gun." Tr. Karam Helmy. Gilgamesh (1/1986): 17.

-----. "Baqouba." MIP: 103-106.

-----. "Before and After the Bridge." Iraq (Dec. 15,1984):42.

-----. "Breaking the Precepts." Tr. Salma Khadra Jayyusi and John HeathStubbs. JM: 241.

-----. "The Day Star." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq (Aug. 1, 1981): 42-43.

-----. "A Face in Arbil's Market." Tr. Shihab Ahmed. Gilgamesh (1/1986): 22.

-----. "The Gazelle." Tr. Sharif Elmusa and Christopher Middleton. JM: 237-238.

-----. "I Like the Mountains." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq (June 15, 1981): 42-43.

-----. "Leaves." Tr. Karam Helmy. Gilgamesh (1/1986): 20.

-----. "Sarhan." MIP: 106-107.

-----. "Two Poems." MIP: 102-103.

-----. "Visit to Apologize." Tr. Mohammed Darweesh. BO (Dec.29, 1985): 5.

-----."A Woman." Tr. Salma Khadra Jayyusi and John Heath-Stubbs. JM: 240.

-----. "Words and Truth." Tr. Sharif Elmusa and Christopher Middleton. JM: 238-240.

al-Haydari, Buland. "Accused Thou Innocent." Tr. Nihad A. Salem. L (Apr. 1972): 102-103.

-----. "Age of Rubber Seals." Tr. Patricia Alanah Byrne and Salma Khadra Jayyusi. JM: 243-244.

-----. "The Age of Rubber Stamps." Tr. Nihad A. Salem. L (July 1972): 108

-----. "The Age of Rubber Stamps." Tr. Mohammed B. Alwan. Al-Jadid (No. 17/April, 1997):8.

-----. "Arrogance." Tr. Desmond Stewart in collaboration with Ali Haidar alRikabi. New Worm Writing, New York. No. 5 (1954): 285-86.

-----. "Barrenness." AK: 127-29.

-----. "Barrenness." Tr. Issa J. Boullata. MA 9 (1/1976): 73. rpt. in BM: 25-26 and in AP 1 (4 July 1980): 49.

-----. "Between Two Distances." Tr. Abdullah al-Udhari. A Mirror for Autumn. London: Menard Press, 1974.

-----. "A Bitter Land." MMAP:35-36.

-----. "A Branch, a Desert and Mothaffar." MMAP:37-38.

-----. "A Call to Sleep." Tr. Abdullah al-Udhari. TR 2 (1975): 66-69.

-----. "Conversation at the Bend in the Road." Tr. Abdullah al-Udhari. Modern Poetry in Translation (15/1973), 3. rpt. UM: 42-43.

-----. "The Dead Witness." Tr. Abdullah al-Udhari. A Mirror for Autumn. London: 1974. rpt. in HN: 68-69 and UM: 45-46.

-----. "The Dead Witness." Tr. Patricia Alanah Byrne and Salma Khadra Jayyusi. JM: 242-243.

-----. "Depths." Tr. Sargon Boulus. MA 10 (1/1977): 56-57. rpt. in AP 1 (4 July 1980): 51.

-----. Dialogue in Three Dimension. Tr. Husain Haddawy. London: Pan Middle East Graphics, 1982. rpt. partially in Jacques Berque. Arab Rebirth: Pain and Ecstasy. London: 1983: 85-86.

-----. "Dialogue." Tr. Patricia Alanah Byrne and Salma Khadra Jayyusi. JM: 245-246.

-----. "The Disappointment of Ancient Man." AWW: 82.

-----. "A Dream." MMAP:38.

-----. "Dream." Tr. Sargon Boulus. MA 10 (1/1977): 58. rpt. in AP 1 (4 July 1980): 51.

-----. "The Dream of Returning." Tr. Mohammad B. Alwan. Al-Jadid (No. 17/April, 1997):7.

-----. "A False Step." AK: 123-27.

-----. "A False Step." Iraq Today (Oct. 15-31, 1977): 27.

-----. "Genesis." Tr. Patricia Alanah Byrne and Salma Khadra Jayyusi. JM: 244-245.

-----. "Guilty Even If I Were Innocent." Tr. Abdullah al-Udhari. Modern Poetry in Translation (15/1973): 3-4. rpt. in UM: 43-44.

-----. "He Said Something to Us." Tr. M.M. Badawi. JAL 2 (1971): 98.

-----. "He Told Us Something." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (Nov. 16-30, 1978): 32-33.

-----. "I Wish You." Tr. M. Bakir Alwan. BA 46 (1972): 249.

-----. "Journey of the Yellow Letters." AWW: 81-82.

-----. "The Lost Footstep." BM: 23-24.

-----. "Mailman." Iraq Today (Oct. 15-31, 1977):27.

-----. "Mailman." AK: 121-23.

-----. "My Apologies." Tr. Abdullah al-Udhari. Modern Poetry in Translation (15/1973): 4. rpt. in UM: 46-47.

-----. "Nightfall." SICP: 13-14.

-----. "Oedipus." [Extract] MMAP: 37.

-----. "Old Age." AK: 129-31.

-----. "Old Age." SICP: 7-9.

-----. "An Old Picture." Tr. M. Bakir Alwan. The Literary Review 13 (1970): 529-30.

-----. "Old Age." "Sterility." Tr. D. Stewart. Ur (Sept.-Oct. 1978): 40-45.

-----. "The Parcel." Tr. Abdullah al-Udhari. A Mirror for Autumn. London: 1974. rpt. in HN: 69-70.

-----. "The Postman." BM: 19.

-----. "The Postman." UM :42.

-----. "Postman." MIP: 51-52.

-----. "A Premature Elegy." FH:58.

-----. "Shame." FK: 284.

-----. "Sleeping Pills." Tr. Abdullah al-Udhari. TR 3 (1976): 36-38.

-----. Songs of the Tired Guard. Tr. Abdullah al-Udhari. London: 1977.

-----. "Spring Is Gone." MMAP:36.

-----. "Steps in Strange Lands." BM: 27-28. Rpt. in AP (July 1980):49.

-----. "Sterility." Tr. M. Bakir Alwan. The Literary Review 13 (1970): 531.

-----. "Sterility." Tr. Desmond Stewart in collaboration with Ali Haidar alRikabi. New World Writing, New York. No. 5 (1954): 284-85.

-----. "Three Poems." Tr. Mohammed B. Alwan. JAL 9 (1978): 150-151.

-----. "Today I Come Back." MMAP:35.

-----. "Tomorrow Here." BM: 20.

-----. "To A Negro From Alabama." SICP: 10-11.

-----. "Twenty Thousand Killed... Old News." BM: 21-22. rpt. in AP 1 (4 July 1980): 50.

-----. "Waiting Sails." AWW: 83.

al-Hilli, Ali. "Cafe Chardagh." MIP: 73-74.

-----. "Cafe Latafa." MIP: 72-73.

-----. The Candle Tears. n.p.n.d. (1987) [Includes: A Vision After Death; A Hymn for the Coming Era; The Smashed Idol; A Story; Baghdad; Disobedience; A Sunny Dream; The Music of Silence; A Queer Master; Returned as a Child; Zanzibar and the other Sorrow; A Message to Tashkand; The Prisoner; A Trance; Rites in a Greek Temple; Beirut ... My Lady!; The Eternal Shine; Death and Staying; Who Are You?; Abstraction; A Burning; Conversation; Tender Love; The Surprise; Wounded Perfume; Lake of Dreams; Remnants of Prayer].

-----. "A Hymn for the Coming Era." Tr. M. Ismail. Iraq Today (Aug. 1-15, 1978): 29.

-----. Selected Poems Baghdad: Baghdad Observer, 1971. [Microform/Library of Congress].

-----. "The Surprise." Tr. Salah Nasrawi. Iraq Today (Aug. 1-15, 1978): 29.

Izzidin [Izz al-Din], Yusuf. "Murmurs of Memories." Tr. Thoraya Mahdi Allam. Echoes of Arabic Poetry in English Verse. Cairo: General Egyptian Book Organization, 1986: 102-103.

al-Jabiri, Muslim. "Poem [Umm Sa'd]." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (May 1-15, 1979): 31-32.

Ja'far, Hasab al-Shaykh. "The Dance and Dervish." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (March 16-31, 1978): 28-29.

-----. "Descent of Abu Nuwas." Tr. Diana Der Hovanessian and Salma K. Jayyusi. JM: 274-276.

-----. "Elegy Written in a Cafe." MIP: 93-96.

-----. "Signature." Tr. Diana Der Hovanessian and Salma K. Jayyusi. JM: 273-274.

-----. "Story of the Guest." MIP: 91-93.

Janabi, Hatif. "The Abyss." Tr. Khaled Mattawa. Indiana Review 18 (2/Fall 1995): 49.

-----. "An Initial Description." Tr. Khaled Mattawa. Indiana Review 18 (2/Fall 1995): 45.

-----. "Poems of the New Regions." Tr. Khaled Mattawa. Indiana Review 19 (2/Fall 1995): 46-48.

-----. "Questions and their Retinue." Tr. Khaled Mattawa. International Quarterly (3/1994): 128-130.

-----. Questions and Their Retinue/Selected Poems. Tr. Khaled Mattawa. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1996. [Includes The Abyss; Autumn; The Chemistry of Knowledge; The Claws of Memory; Diary of an Angel; For Hope All the Eyes in the World; Heart of the Night; In Frost; Incantation; An Initial Description; The Little Prince; Moroccan Diary; The New World; Open Form; Paradises, Soldiers, and Stags; A Party; The Pickaxe of Childhood; Playing the Skull; Poems in a Manner of Speaking; Poems of the New Regions; Poems without a Shelter; Qassidas; Questions and their Retinue; The Rule; The Sail; Savage Continents; The Search for My Grandmother; The Storm; To Where; Willis Barnstone's Masks; A Window Small as a Palm, Vast as Suffering; and The Yellow Face of Hunger].

-----. "Savage Continents." Tr. Khaled Mattaw. Artful Dodge 28-29 (1995): 8-9.

-----. "To Where." Tr. Khaled Mattawa. Artful Dodge 28-29 (1995): 10-11.

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-----. "The Yellow Face of Hunger." Tr. Khaled Mattawa. Al-Jadid (No. 17/April, 1997): 10.

Jawad, Kadhim [Kazim]. "Baghdad in 1954." FK:286.

-----. "Walladah Bint el-Mustakfi." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (March 1-15, 1979): 27-28.

al-Jawahiri, Muhammad Mahdi. "Come Down, Darkness." Tr. Christopher Tingley, Salma K. Jayyusi, and Christopher Middleton. JM: 79-80.

-----. "I Love People." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (Dec. 1-15, 1978): 30-31.

-----. "Lullaby for the Hungry." Tr. Issa Boullata and John Heath-Stubbs. JM: 80-81.

-----. "O Insomnia." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (Dec. 1-15, 1978): 31.

-----. "Oh, Sleeplessness." The Arab Review, London. 2 (2/1993):26-28.

-----. The Old Man and the Forest." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (Dec. 1-15, 1978): 30.

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-----. "A Story." FK:84-85.

-----. "Transplant of Conscience." FH :80.

-----. "Zorba." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (Dec. 1-15, 1978): 31.

al-Jizani, Zahir. "Fears of the Lady." MIP: 138-140.

al-Jubouri, Ma'd. "A Pause for the Summer." MIP: 129-130.

-----. "A Pause for My Friend Abdul-Wahab." MIP: 130-137.

al-Kamali, Shafiq. "Coda." Tr. Sargon Boulus and Christopher Middleton. JM: 287-288.

-----. "Disposition No. 1." Tr. Sargon Boulus and Christopher Middleton. JM: 286-287.

-----. "The Emigrant Moon." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (Feb. 1-16, 1977): 28-29.

-----. "The Harvest." Tr. Sargon Boulus. JM: 288.

-----. "Marwan's Cares and His Slender Sweetheart." SICP: 25-29. Rpt in Ur (2/1980): 44-47.

-----. "Sighs of the Arabian Prince." SICP: 31-36.

Karim, Fawzi. "The Metal Battalion." Halabja. London, ?: Publisher, S.N. 1989: 51.

Kasid, Abd al-Karim. "The Gravestone." Tr. Lena Jayyusi and Anthony Thwaite. JM: 289-290.

-----. "The Suitcases." Tr. Lena Jayyusi and Anthony Thwaite. JM: 292-294.

-----. "Tales About My Father." Tr. Lena Jayyusi and Anthony Thwaite. JM: 291-292.

al-Khazraji, Atika Wahbi. "Farewell to Baghdad." Tr. Safa Khulusi. Islamic Review (1951).

-----. "Love of the Fatherland." Tr. S.A. Khulusi. JRAS 3-4 (1950): 156-157.

-----. "The Miserable Woman." [Excerpts] Tr. Safa Khulsusi. JRAS 3-4 (1950): 154-155.

-----. "O, Palestine." [Excerpts] Tr. Safa Khulusi. JRAS 3-4 (1950): 151-152.

-----. "To Yathrib." Tr. Safa Khulusi. Islamic Review (1951).

-----. "Untitled Poem." Tr. Safa Khulusi. JRAS 3-4 (1950): 153-154.

al-Khazraji, Khalid. "Beirut, My Love." AWW: 125-126. -----.

-----. "The Birds Are Dying of Thirst." AWW: 126-127.

Lutfi, Abd al-Majid. "Rejuvenation of Words." Tr. Safa Khulusi. JAL 11(1980): 65-67.

Mahdi, Sami. "Abdul Ilah." Tr. Karam Helmy. Gilgamesh (1/1986): 18.

-----. "The Accident." MIP: 99-101.

-----. "The Accident." Tr. Mohammad Darweesh. BO (Dec. 15, 1984): 6.

-----. "Beirut." UM: 120.

-----. "Cities; Lisbon; Rotterdam; Deauville." Tr. S. Marsden. Ur (2/1981): 53.

-----. "Concession." Tr. Karam Helmy. Gilgamesh (1/1986): 21.

-----. "Elegy." Tr. Karam Helmy. Gilgamesh (1/1986): 19.

-----. "Engagements." Tr. Karam Helmy. Gilgamesh (1/1986): 22.

-----. "The Killer." MIP: 98-99.

-----. "My Father Gains Wisdom." MIP: 97-98.

-----. "The Occult." Tr. Kadhim Sa'adedin. Iraq Today (May 1-15, 1977): 24-25.

-----. Poems. Selected and intro. by Hatim al-Saqr. Tr. Mohammed Darweesh. Baghdad: Dar al-Ma'mun, 1988. [Includes: The Ants; Appointments; A Clear Sky; the Column; The Exit; A Fighter's Leave; The Golden Cloud; Halt, Friends. Both, Let Us Weep; Land and Sea; The Mail of the Continents; The Man and the Dog; The Martyr Writes to His Woman; The Meeting; The Mystery; On Writing; The Sniper; A Story About the Flood; Trains; Transience; Ulysses' Happiness; A Village; What is Left for Me; What Is Left to Us; When We Learned the Names; and The Young Man and the Lady].

-----. "The Sayyid." MIP: 97.

al-Majidi, Khaz'al. "Branches." MIP: 141-144.

al-Mala'ika, Nazik. "Arrival." MMAP:44

-----. "The Bottom of the Stairs." Tr. M.M. Badawi in his A Critical Introduction to Modern Arabic Poetry. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975: 230.

-----. "The Cholera." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (Apr. 1-15, 1980): 31-32.

-----. "Elegy for a Woman of No Consequence." FH: 106.

-----. "Elegy for a Woman of No Importance." Tr. Chris Kniff and Muhammad Sadiq. OB: 153.

-----. "Elegy on the Death of a Woman of No Importance." Tr. Rose Ghurayyib. AGH: 135.

-----. "Escapists." MMAP:45.

-----. "Five Songs to Pain." BM: 11-13.

-----. "Five Songs to Suffering." [Stanzas 1, 2 and 5]. Tr. Rose Ghurayyib. AGH: 135-136.

-----. "The Ghosts' Prayer." MIP: 35-39.

-----. "I Am." WB: 22.

-----. "I Am." Tr. B.M. Bennani. MA 7 (2/1974): 61.

-----. "Insignificant Woman." WB: 18.

-----. "Jamila." WB: 22. rpt. in AP 1 (4 July 1980): 46, and in WP: 101.

-----. "Let Us Dream Together." AWW: 79-80.

-----. "Lilies for the Prophet." Tr. Matthew Sorenson and Christopher Middleton. JM: 329-333.

-----. "Love Song for Words." Tr. Matthew Sorenson and Christopher Middleton. JM: 334-336.

-----. "Moonlight." Tr. Nihad A. Salem. L (Apr. 1973): 138-39.

-----. "My Silence." WB: 19.

-----. "New Year." UM: 35.

-----. "The Prayer of the Ghost." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (Jan. 16-31, 1978): 32.

-----. "Song for the Moon." Tr. Matthew Sorenson and Christopher Middleton. JM: 336-338.

-----. "The String Tied to a Cypress Tree." MIP: 40-45.

-----. "To Wash off the Shame." FK: 251-252

-----. "To Wash Their Shame Away." Tr. Rose Ghurayyib. The Arab Cultural Scene. Ed. Cecil Hourani. London: Namara Press, 1982: 61. rpt. AGH: 135-136.

-----. "The Top of the Stairs." Tr. Nihad A. Salem. Afro-Asian Poetry. Cairo: 1971: 152-153.

-----. "Untitled Fragments." [Fragments from one of al-Mala'ika's earliest poems "The Journey"]. "Women in Art and Literature" by Khalid Kishtainy in The Awakened: Women in Iraq. Doreen Ingrams. London: Third World Centre, 1983: 149.

-----. "Untitled Fragments." [From her poems "Between the Jaws of Death" and "Yearnings and Sorrows."] Tr. Safa Khulusi. The Islamic Review (June 1950): 42-43.

-----. "The Viper." Tr. Elizabeth Fernea and Basima Bezirgan. Middle Eastern Muslim Women Speak. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1977: 245-47.

-----. "The Visitor Who Did Not Come." L (Summer 1968): 123.

-----. "The Visitor Who Did Not Come." MMAP: 43. rpt. in JAL 7 (1976): 85.

-----. "The Visitor Who Never Came." Tr. Matthew Sorenson and Christopher Middleton. JM: 333-334.

-----. "The Visitor Who Never Came." Tr. Rose Ghurayyib. AGH: 132-133.

-----. "Washing Off Disgrace." WB: 20-21. rpt. in AP 1 (4 July 1980): 45, rpt. in "Women in Art and Literature" by Khalid Kishtainy, The Awakened: Women in Iraq. Doreen Ingrams. London: Third World Centre, 1983: 149-151.

-----. "The Way Back." Tr. Rose Ghurayyib. AGH: 132.

-----. "When I Killed My Love." AWW: 78-79.

-----. "When I Killed My Love." [Stanza 4]. Tr. Rose Ghurayyib. AGH: 129.

-----. "Who Am I?" AK:, 79-81. rpt. in Middle Eastern Muslim Women Speak. Ed. Elizabeth Fernea and Basima Q. Bezirgan. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1977: 244.

al-Mala'ika, Salma. "Untitled Fragments." [From the poetry of Nazik's mother concerning Jamil Sidqi al-Zahawi and Palestine]. Tr. Safa Khulusi. Islamic Review (June 1950): 41-42.

Mardan, Husayn. "Glass." MIP: 65.

-----. "Spring and Hunger." Tr. Muhammad Darweesh. BO (24 November 1984): 6.

al-Mousawi, Sajida. "The Hero." MIP: 150.

-----. "My Road to You." MIP: 148.

-----. "The Wounded." MIP: 148-149.

al-Mu'alla, Abd al-Amir. "Arise!" MIP: 120-124

-----. "Two Nights." MIP: 119-120.

Mudhaffar, May. See Muzaffar, May.

Mushatat, Raad. "Many Dresses." Tr. Shirley Eber. Index on Censorship (2/1986): 30.

-----. "Three Iraqi Women 1979." Tr. Shirley Eber. Index on Censorship (2/1986): 31.

Mustafa, Khalid Ali. "Basra-Haifa." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today. (Nov. 1-15, 1978): 31.

-----. "Basra-Haifa." MIP: 112-118.

-----. "Exiles." Tr. Muhammad Darweesh. BO (July 7, 1985): 6.

-----. "Private Cases of a Palestinian Lover." Tr. Salim K. Hassan. Iraq Today (Apr. 1-30, 1979): 39.

-----. "The Voice of the Wounded." Tr. Nihad A. Salem. L (Apr. 1970), 149-50.

al-Muttalibi, Malik. "Multiple Fall." MIP: 124-125.

Muzaffar, May. "A Calm Moment." Tr. Pauline Kaldas. International Quarterly 1 (3/1994):156.

----. "A Man and a Woman." Tr. Pauline Kaldas. International Quarterly 1(3/1994): 157.

al-Najafi, Ahmad al-Safi. "The Flower Seller." AK: 77-79.

-----. "Garments of the Soul." FH: 114.

-----. "Immortal Liberty." Tr. M.A. Khouri and H. Algar. JAL 1 (1970): 7576. rpt. in AK: 75-77.

-----. "The Moth." Tr. Issa Boullata and John Heath-Stubbs. JM: 87-88.

-----. "The Pleasures of Darkness." Tr. Issa Boullata and Salma Khadra Jayyusi. JM: 86-87.

-----. "The Ship of Life." Tr. Salma Khadra Jayyusi and John Heath-Stubbs. JM: 87.

-----. "To a Clock." AM: 5-6. rpt. in AW 9 (July-Aug 1963): 13.

-----. "Where Is the Guard?" Tr. Sharif Elmusa and Thomas G. Ezzy. JM: 85-86.

Naji, Hilal. "Untitled Poem." FK: 253.

al-Nawwab, Muzaffer. "Jerusalem." Tr. Michael Beard and Andy Tenner. Nimrod 24 (2 Spring-Summer 1981): 134-38.

-----. "From 'Tel al-Zaatar'." Index on Censorship 10 (3 June 1981): 48.

-----. "Night-Strings." (Excerpts) Tr. Adnan Haydar and Michael Beard. Minnesota Review (26/Spring, 1986): 44-55.

-----. "Poem." (extracts from his collection Night Tunes). Index on Censorship (2/1986): 31-32.

Niyazi, Salah. "From The Thinker." UM: 115.

-----. "Hameed." Tr. Lena Jayyusi and Charles Doria. JM: 365-366.

-----. "The Return of the Veil." UM: 116. -----.

-----. "Third World." UM: 116.

-----. "Um Hakeem." Tr. Lena Jayyusi and Charles Doria. JM: 366-367.

al-Rusafi, Ma'ruf. "The Abyss of Death." Tr. Issa Boullata and Christopher Middleton. JM: 96.

-----. "At a Game of Football." Tr. John A. Haywood. Modern Arabic Literature 1802-1970. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1972: 113-14.

-----. "Fairest." AM: 4-5.

-----. "The Negative Truth about Me." Tr. John A. Haywood. Modern Arabic Literature 1802-1970. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1972: 112-13.

-----. "The Past and Us." FK: 245.

-----. "Poem to al-Raihani." Tr. Issa Boullata and Christopher Middleton. JM: 95-96.

-----. "Sleepers, Wake!" AM: 3-4. rpt. in KM: 158.

-----. "To the Fairest." Tr. Najib Ullah. Islamic Literature. New York: Washington square Press, 1963: 191.

-----. "Untitled Poem." [urging the Arabs to rise]. AA: 164-68.

Sabti, Kamal. "Poems from Jungles." Tr. Lena Jayyusi and Naomi S. Nye. JM: 394-397.

Sa'id, Amjad Muhammad. "Every Day." MIP: 134-135.

Sa'id, Hamid. "Captain Jalal." MIP: 108-111.

-----. "Daily Delights." Tr. Lena Jayyusi and Naomi Shihab Nye. JM: 399-401.

-----. "Daily Pleasures." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq Today (Nov. 16-30, 1977): 32.

-----. "Dying at the Edge of Death." Tr. Diana Der Hovanessian and Lena Jayyusi. JM: 398-399.

-----. "Emanations." Tr. Lena jayyusi and Naomi Shihab Nye. JM: 401-405.

-----. "The Fires of al-Hudur." Tr. G. Masri. Ur (4/1980): 40-43.

-----. "The First Path Shortened." SICP: 69-73.

-----. "The Great Mulberry." Tr. Karam Helmy. Gilgamesh. (1/1986):21.

-----. "Love and Death." Tr. Mohammed Darweesh. BO. (January 15, 1985): 6.

-----. "Luminosities." Tr. K. Saadedin. Iraq Today 2 (43/July 15-30, 1977): 30-31.

-----. "Mansour." Iraq. (Dec. 15, 1984): 42.

-----. "Mansour." MIP, 108.

-----. "Marisa." SICP: 55-59.

-----. Poems. Selected and intro. by Majid al-Samarraie. Tr. Salman D. al-Wasiti. Baghdad: Dar al-Ma'mun, 1988. [Includes An Attempt to Repaint the Guernica; Anticipations Regarding the Future of the Defeated Towns; Daily Pleasures; Death of the Singer; Exile and Steel Flowers; From the Sketches of Hannna the Drunkard on the Walls of Memory; Hilla; Ice; The Mu'allaqa of Basra; Muhammad the Grocer; A Return to the Harbour of the First Start; A Room, and A Vision of the Martyr's Monument].

-----. "The Question." Tr. Mohammed Darweesh. BO. (July 29, 1984): 6.

-----. "A Suggested Form for the Gypsy Epic." SICP:59-68.

-----. "Tariq Bin Ziyad." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq (Nov. 1,1981):42.

-----. "The White Bird." Tr. Karam Helmy. Gilgamesh. (1/1986): 16.

-----. "Wounded Distances." Tr. Mohammed Darweesh. BO. (January 15, 1985), 6.

Salloum, Farouq. "Cafe in Time of War." MIP, 137.

-----. "Details of the Day." MIP: 136.

-----. "Testament." MIP: 136-137.

Sayigh, Sadiq. "Fields of Question Marks." Halabja. London: Publisher, S.N., 1989: 56.

al-Sayigh, Yusuf. "Ants." Tr. Diana Der Hovanessian and Salma Khadra Jayyusi. JM: 409-410.

-----. "Hair." Tr. Diana Der Hovanessian and Salma Khadra Jayyusi. JM: 410.

-----. "Is This All That Remains from Love?" Tr. Diana Der Hovanessian and Salma Khadra Jayyusi. JM: 407-408.

-----. "Lady of the Marches." Tr. Mohammed Darweesh. BO (March 27, 1985): 6.

-----. "Memoirs of a Very Ordinary Hero." Tr. Salman al-Wasiti. Gilgamesh (2/1986): 28-31.

-----. "Memoirs of a Very Ordinary Hero." MIP: 82-86.

-----. "Odour of Rains." Tr. Husain Haddawi. Ur (1/1984): 48-49.

-----. "Reflections of a Very Ordinary Hero." Iraq (Dec. 15, 1984): 42.

-----. "Reincarnation." Tr. A.W. Lu'lu'a. Gilgamesh (2/1986): 27.

-----. "The Slain Date-Palm." Tr. Salman al-Wasiti. Gilgamesh (2/1986): 28.

-----. "Sound." FH: 166.

-----. "A Story." Tr. Diana Der Hovanessian and Salma Khadra Jayyusi. JM: 408.

-----. "Wet." Tr. Diana Der Hovanessian and Salma Khadra Jayyusi. JM: 409.

-----. "Why." Tr. Diana Der Hovanessian and Salma Khadra Jayyusi. JM: 408-409.

al-Sayyab, Badr Shakir. "An Ancient Song." Tr. Adel Salama. JAL 3 (1972): 118-119.

-----. "Before the Gate of God." Tr. M.A. Khouri and H. Algar. JAL 1 (1970): 119-121. rpt. in AK: 83-87.

-----. "The Book of Job." Tr. Desmond O'Grady. Ten Modern Arab Poets: Selected Versions. Dublin: The Dedalus Press, 1992:57-58.

-----. "Burning." Tr. M.A. Khouri and H. Algar. JAL 1 (1970): 122. rpt. in AK: 87-89; HN 86 and AP 1 (4 July 1980): 41.

-----. "Burning." FH: 168.

-----. "The Call of Death." SSP: 43-44.

-----. "The Caravan of the Refugees." APR 4 (12 Dec. 1972): 50-52.

-----. "Christ After Crucifixion." Tr. Basima Bezirgan and Elizabeth Fernea. Ur (Jan.-Feb., 1979): 41-43.

-----. "Christ After Crucifixion." AWW: 140-142.

-----. "City of Sinbad." BHM: 17-21.

-----. "City of Sindbad." Tr. M.A. Khouri and H. Algar. JAL 1 (1970): 124-28. rpt. in AK: 93-103.

-----. "A City Without Rain." BM: 3-5.

-----. "The Cry of the Mallard." Tr. Robert Bringhurst Gazelle Review 7 (1980): 3.

-----. "Death and the River." SSP: 29-31.

-----. "Death and the River." Tr. Lena Jayyusi and Christopher Middleton. JM: 435-436.

-----. "Eram [Iram] of the Pillars." Tr. Kadhim Saadedin. Iraq (June 1, 1981): 42-43.

-----. "For I Am a Stranger." Tr. M.A. Khouri and H. Algar. JAL 1 (1970): 121-22. rpt. in AK: 89-91; HN: 85-86; and AP 1 (4 July 1980): 41.

-----. "The Fox of Death." SSP: 36-37.

-----. "From Return to Jaikour." Tr. Jabra I. Jabra. Middle East Forum 43 (1967): 25-26. rpt. in Critical Perspectives on Modern Arabic Literature. Ed. Issa J. Boullata. Washington, D.C.: 1980, 197-98.

-----. "From 'The Book of Job'." AWW: 144-145.

-----. "Garcia Lorca." SSP: 35.

-----. "Garcia Lorca." Tr. Ben M. Bennani. International Poetry Review 3(1/1977): 10. See also BHM: 22.

-----. "Garcia Lorca". Tr. Rasheed al-Enany. Third World Quarterly 10 (4/Oct. 1989): 252.

-----. "Hymn of the Rain." Tr. T. Deyoung. JAL (1993):59-61.

-----. "Hymn to Rain." Tr. Adel Salama. JAL 3 (1972): 119-22.

-----. "In the Arab Maghreb." Tr. Lena Jayyusi and Christopher Middleton. JM: 437-442.

-----. "In the Arab West." [Excerpts] Tr. Pieter Smoor. Centennial Hauntings: Pope, Byron and Eliot in the Year 88. Ed. C.C. Barefoot and Theo D'haen. Amsterdam; Atlanta, GA: Rodopi, 1990: 348.

NOTES

1. For a discussion of the place of Iraqi-Jewish writers in modern Arabic literature see: Nancy E. Berg. Exile from Exile: Israeli Writers from Iraq. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 1996. See esp. pp. 2939+ 166-170; Emile Marmorstein's two studies: "Two Iraqi Jewish Short Story Writers: A Suggestion for Social Research." [Includes summaries of short stories by Mir Basri and Anwar Sha'ul.] The Jewish Journal of Sociology, 1(1959):187-200, and "An Iraqi Jewish Writer in the Holy Land." [Includes a translation of a short story by Shalom Darwish written after he left Iraq.] The Jewish Journal of Sociology 6(1964):92-100; Shmuel Moreh. Short Stories by Jewish Writers From Iraq: 1924-1978. (In Arabic). Jerusalem: The Magnes Press, Hebrew University, 1981; Miklif Hamad Mudhi. "The Origin and Development of the Iraqi-Jewish Short Story from 1922-1974." Ph.D. Diss. University of Exeter, UK, 1988; Reuven Snir. "'We Were Like Those Who Dream': Iraqi-Jewish Writers in Israel in the 1950s." Prooftexts 11(1991):153173; Sasson Somekh. "Lost Voices: Jewish Authors in Modern Arabic Literature." Jews Among Arabs: Contacts and Boundaries. Ed. Mark R.Cohen and A. L. Udovitch. Princeton: Darwin Press, 1989:9-20.

2. According to Fernea, al-Nasiri's "short stories are gritty tales about urban life in Baghdad and Cairo, described as 'precise, economic, close to the bone'." See Elizabeth Fernea." A Woman's Book Fair in Cairo!" The Review (Association for Middle East Women's Studies) 11 (1/March 1996):2. For more details regarding al-Nasiri, Mamduh and other women writers, see Nazik al-A'raji's highly informative essay, "Qissat al-Katibah al-Iraqiyyah." al-Adaab, Beirut. 42 (11/12 Nov.-Dec. 1994): 74-85.

Salih J. Altoma is Professor Emeritus of Near Eastern Languages and Culture, African Studies and Comparative Literature at Indiana University.
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Title Annotation:Modern Iraqi Literature in English Translation
Author:Altoma, Salih J.
Publication:Arab Studies Quarterly (ASQ)
Article Type:Bibliography
Date:Sep 22, 1997
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