Iran Discovers Big Gas Hydrate Reservoirs in Sea of Oman.
"Based on the latest studies in the Sea of Oman region which spreads from the West of the Persian Gulf to the Eastern part of the country, we have discovered gas hydrate reservoirs equal to the country's proven oil and gas reserves," The CEO of the project for the exploration of the Sea of Oman's gas hydrate resources, Nasser Keshavarz, said at a press conference in Tehran on Monday.
He underlined profitability of using gas hydrates along with fossil fuels to manufacture energy and heat, and said, "After exploitation, every cubic meter of gas hydrates will produce heat equal to the output of 164 cubic meters of gas."
Clathrate hydrates (or gas hydrates) are crystalline water-based solids physically resembling ice, in which small non-polar molecules (typically gases) or polar molecules with large hydrophobic moieties are trapped inside 'cages' of hydrogen bonded water molecules.
In other words, clathrate hydrates are clathrate compounds in which the host molecule is water and the guest molecule is typically a gas or liquid. Without the support of the trapped molecules, the lattice structure of hydrate clathrates would collapse into conventional ice crystal structure or liquid water.
Clathrate hydrates are not chemical compounds as the sequestered molecules are never bonded to the lattice. The formation and decomposition of clathrate hydrates are first order phase transitions, not chemical reactions. Their detailed formation and decomposition mechanisms on a molecular level are still not well understood.
Clathrates have been found to occur naturally in large quantities. Around 6.4 trillion (i.e. 6.4x1012) tons of methane is trapped in deposits of methane clathrate on the deep ocean floor.
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