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Iran: UN Must Adopt Unconditional Approach towards Illegal Arms Trade.

Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Iran's Deputy Ambassador to the United Nations Eshaq Ale-Habib called on the 2nd Review Conference of the UN Program of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons to adopt a non-discriminatory approach on illegal arms trade.

The Iranian envoy urged the conference to ensure the "non-discriminatory and unconditional" transfer of technology to the developing countries so that the UN Action Program to stop illegal trade of small arms and light weapons could be effectively implemented, a press tv report said.

He called for international cooperation to stop the illegal trade of small arms and light weapons.

He also emphasized the need for the adoption of "a comprehensive and non-discriminatory approach" toward the issue.

Given the large scale of illegal trade of light and small arms and considering the problems stemming from it, no country can counter this issue alone and therefore international cooperation is a key factor in this regard, Ale-Habib said at the Second Review Conference of the UN Program of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons on Tuesday.

He pointed to the close links between terrorism, organized crime and drugs and arms trafficking and underlined the need for due and simultaneous attention to the supply and demand aspects of small arms trade.

He said that Iran is determined and committed to fighting illegal arms trade and drug trafficking and added the Islamic Republic has suffered heavy losses in this regard.

The UN Program of Action, adopted by countries in 2001, contains concrete recommendations for improving national legislation and controls over illicit small arms, fostering regional cooperation and promoting international assistance and cooperation on the issue.

Earlier this year, the Iranian delegation attending the United Nations Conference on Arms Trade Treaty was elected as the vice-chairman of the meeting being held in New York.

The main goal of the conference was compiling a treaty to legalize the trade of all conventional weapons.

The proposed Arms Trade Treaty, in the works for six years, requires 65 nations to ratify it before it is legally binding on those countries.

It would cover all conventional weapons, from small arms to tanks, warships and missile systems. It would require ratifying countries to regulate imports, exports and weapons passing through their territories. Countries would have to publish their sales yearly and register arms brokers, according to the draft treaty.

The treaty asks countries to decide on sales, based on certain criteria. Arms deals contributing to human-rights violations, including terrorism, genocide or other war crimes, should not be authorized.

Other criteria include whether arms would undermine peace or prolong a conflict, be diverted to the black market, hurt the economy of the purchasing nation or if the sale involved corruption.

The United States is the world's biggest arms exporter, followed by Britain, China, France, Germany, and Russia.

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Publication:FARS News Agency
Geographic Code:7IRAN
Date:Aug 29, 2012
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