Inventors reach hall of fame status.
These innovators' work joins 158 others in a permanent exhibit. They are:
* Robert L. Banks (1921-1989) and John Paul Hogan (1919-) -- These Phillips Petroleum Company chemists made the first crystalline polypropene, a plastic that led to products ranging from the baby bottle and milk jugs to toys and tools.
* Herbert Wayne Boyer (1936 -) and Stanley Norman Cohen (1935 -) -- The molecular scientists who developed genetic engineering, formally known as recombinant DNA technology.
* Oliver Evans (1775-1819) -- He invented a high-pressure steam engine, which advanced transportation propelling steamboats up the Mississippi and Ohio rivers. He also invented an automatic flour mill which was the first model of industrial automation in the United States.
* Thomas J. Fogarty (1934-) -- He holds 65 patents on surgical devices including the Fogarty Balloon Embolectomy Catheter, which revolutionized the way surgeons remove clots from blood vessels without major surgery.
* Elijah J. McCoy (1844-1929) - The son of fugitive slaves, he overcame prejudice and is believed to be the source of the phrase, "The real McCoy." Holder of 57 patents, he invented an automatic lubricator for machinery that became so widely used and admired, people asked for "the real McCoy" over imitations.
* Christopher Latham Sholes (1819-1890) - invented the typewriter and the keyboard with the letter arrangement known as QWERTY. The placement remains the standard layout for U.S. English keyboards, including for computers.
* Patsy O'Connell Sherman (1930-) and Samuel Smith (1927-) - While working at 3M in 1956, they invented Scotchgard, the household-name product that repels stains and dirt on household fabrics.
The National Inventors Hall of Fame, founded in 1973 by the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office and National Council of Intellectual Property Law Associations, recognizes the role of inventors and inventions. The museum opened in 1995 and has hosted more than 700,000 visitors.
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|Publication:||Resource: Engineering & Technology for a Sustainable World|
|Article Type:||Brief Article|
|Date:||Oct 1, 2001|
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