In this maiden edition. there is a range of interesting articles from disciplines in the social sciences and humanities. They explore issues which verge on colonial history. demography. literature and the bourgeoning field of the Nigerian film industry otherwise known as Nollywood. E.O. Ibiloye's paper, "Diplomacy and Emirate Formation" interrogates a tetchy and controversial historical issue about the evolutionary process in the integration of the Igbomina ethnic group into the formation of the Ilorin Emirate in pre-colonial Nigeria. Ibiloye concludes that in spite of the avalanche of accounts on the integration process. there is enough reason to argue that more than anything else. diplomacy accounted in the main for the success of the integration. On his part, Oluwatoyin Oduntan's paper challenges the widely held view about hierarchy. exclusionism and absolute performance of power in pre-colonial Egba society. In driving home his point. the author demonstrates how the flexibility of power structure encouraged the emergence of various elite power structures which challenged and complemented one another. So much so. that the rendition of the transition from a precolonial power structure to a modern one can only be understood as a model in gradualism and not a sudden and total displacement of the traditional by the modern.
In a manner that links the past directly with the present. knowing that the present often obtains from the past, Tunde Decker's "Social Welfare Strategy in Colonial Lagos" provides vistas into how the advent of colonialism in Lagos brought with it a recrudescence of poverty. Conversely. much as the colonial government adopted measures to stem the poverty rate emanating from this colonial administration. the strategies adopted proved to be ineffective. thus resulting in an aggravation of poverty. In similar vein, Simeon Maravanyika's and Frans Huijzenveld's paper examines the failure of imperial Britain in colonial Zimbabwe or Southern Rhodesia to establish an adequate and productive white settler population through her exclusionary measure of endorsing the migration of only "good quality" settlers. On account of this. the exclusionary measure resulted in the creation of a flawed labour demography and ultimately made the exclusionary measure adopted between 1890 and 1948 counter-productive. In looking at the economic history of the Nile Valley region. Michael
Ogbeidi centrally locates countries like Egypt. Ethiopia. Eritrea Sudan and Somalia. tracing the developments from the distant past to present times. concluding that much as the transformation in the economies of these states is evident, there is still "room for accelerated advancement".
Mariusz Krasniewski's paper which underlines the role of literature as historical record is an exploration of the concept of border crossings via the vehicle of literature. His study of Hausa prose fiction is remarkable in its tracing and reconstruction of cultural borders as melting pots of diverse social and life practices. Agatha Ukata joins issue with Nollywood, Nigeria's fast growing cinematic industry. interrogating its representation and portrayal of women in its manifold forms. Meanwhile. Rotimi Fasan's paper follows in both diachronic and synchronic terms the contours of Nigerian Literature as a disciplinary practice. highlighting both the thematic and aesthetic features of the literature from the period predating literacy to contemporary times with its mainstreaming of female writings and concerns.
We therefore. invite prospective readers into the world of African Nebula with this inaugural edition.
Executive Editor. African Nebula. Osun State University. Osogbo. Nigeria.