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International conference on 'Energy Security'.

AMMAN (Star) During the "Conference on Energy Security in the Middle East and the Gulf region, Geo-politics, Security Challenges and Sustainable Supplies" held in Amman last month, a number of analysts stated that the country could benefit by shifting its resources to embrace the renewable energy sector.

Resident Representative of Konrad Adenauer Stiftung in Amman, Dr Martin Beck, said that energy problems besetting the Middle East with its wealth of oil and natural gas have long been

ignored.

The West also tended to view the Middle East through the lens of the energy supplier/energy consumer relationship and the associated problems, rather than comprehending the Gulf and its neighbors as a region with serious energy-related problems and its own energy issues.

Hazem Ramini, head of the policies and contracts division of the Petroleum and Oil Share Directorate, said that Jordan is currently licensing large areas of land with little known presence of oil shale resources and expects to award one million tons of mine-able resource once the extent of resources are determined and when interests and capabilities of companies are verified.

In her paper Ruba Asir, founder of Asir Architects-Sustainable Solutions Office, revisits the concept of cooling method by means of Wind Catcher passively utilizing the renewable energy of wind to cool spaces using the office building in Amman as a model.

Ahmad Azzam, head of the Estimation of Indicative Prices for Various Renewable Energy Sources in Jordan a project finance by the World Bank stated that the potential of Jordan's renewable energy sources including geothermal, biomass, solar and wind energy is being investigated and is expected to make massive contribution to electricity generation as their technology is improving significantly over time.

"Jordan has little indigenous energy sources; almost 97% of its energy is imported.

In 2009, expenditure on energy imports reached approximately 13% of GDP," stated Salah Azzam, member of Jordan Environment Society, warning that the levels of energy and electricity consumption will probably double in 15 years, and the electricity consumption is predicted to grow at an annual rate of 6%.

Marwan Baka'in, head of the directorate of Natural Gas at the Ministry of Energy & Mineral Resources, said that the government of Jordan has updated its energy strategy for 2007-2020.

"One of the crucial elements of this strategy is to diversify the sources of natural gas by having new sources of supply," he said.

Dr Mamdouh G.

Salameh, an international oil economist, warned that global oil market indicates that a severe oil crunch could be in the offing probably by 2015 or thereabouts; addressing the attendees Salameh said, "The US possesses approximately 250 million cars, while China with its immensely larger population possesses only 40 million.

The Chinese are laying down approximately 1,000 kilometers of four-lane highway every year, a figure indicative of how many more vehicles they expect to possess."

The paper presented by Brussels energy charter secretariat's Patrice Dreiski discussed new challenges in the energy sector and methods to strengthen the rule-of-law on energy issues.

May M.

Chen, research fellow in Taipei, presented a brief on the geopolitics of the Middle East and the logic of China's energy strategy stating that China has adjusted its Middle East policy and energy strategy towards a direction which tried to bring in various powers in the region in pursuit of a balanced policy that suits the status of its national strength.

Turkish, Arzu Celalifer Ekinci, tackled the energy infrastructure security and pipeline protection in Turkey, while Egyptian advisor to the minister of Water Resources and Irrigation, Dia El-Din El-Quosy, discussed the Nile basin crisis, raising the question "Is it water or energy or both." Mazen Khalifa, national energy coordinator at the Department of General Statistics, highlighted the energy security, statistics and challenges, while Kholoud Mahasneh, chemical engineer, presented a paper on alternatives for supplying crude oil and oil products.

Gal Luft's paper was on natural gas discoveries in the Eastern Mediterranean, implication for regional energy security, while Robin Mills' dealt with Middle East oil supplies, economic, security and political implications; Dr Aiman Salam presented a paper on piracy in light of international law.

During the 7-panel conference Dr Ahmad Shikar's, from the Emirates Center for Strategic studies & Research, presented a paper s on the salient implications of geo-strategic implications of geo-strategic policies on stabilizing the oil market in the MENA region.

The seminar was organized by the Arab Institute for Security Studies, in partnership with Konrad Adenauer Stiftung (KAS), the Energy Research Program a the Higher Council for Science & Technology and the Commercial Office of the Republic of China (Taiwan) in Amman.

KAS Resident Representative Martin Beck said that the purpose of the 2-day forum was to survey regional examined energy problems from the region's "point of view", away from Western interests and influence

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Publication:The Star (Amman, Jordan)
Article Type:Conference news
Geographic Code:70MID
Date:Aug 8, 2011
Words:812
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