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International Food Regulation Handbook - Policy, Science, Law.

International Food Regulation Handbook - Policy, Science, Law.

If we are to solve the world's problems then we have to start with the food business to ensure that food can move freely about the various States. Unfortunately the whole business of trade in food is hedged about with laws, and different laws for most countries. Although massive attempts are being made to harmonize the laws amongst the European Community members, most of the advanced countries seem to have laws that run contrary to those in another advanced country. At the other end of the spectrum, Third World countries are more concerned with feeding their populations than complying with laws surrounding food materials. There has thus grown up a complex of laws that are not agreed by all countries, so the primary objective of this text is to set out the current state of affairs regarding the international approach to the control of potential toxicological problems in food supply.

This whole effort is not just confined to national organizations because supranational ones, like the World Health Organization and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, have also established principles for the control of additives in food and microbiological control and the establishment of safe water supplies. The Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development has developed its own set of guidelines to suit another group of countries. Even the Commecon States have begun drafting regulations for their use. All in all a complex problem but this text is designed to assist those for whom these regulatory differences are significant.

Some thirty contributors have been involved in creating this text, which is in two parts. The first, with the title Public policy and scientific considerations, contains eight chapters. Following an introduction, their titles are: Historical development of food regulation; An historical perspective on FDA's use of risk assessment; Criteria for testing and evaluation; Test procedures and evaluation; Principles related to the evaluation of specific groups of substances; Microbiological principles for the safety of foods; and Non governmental bodies. In the second part, which carries the title Statutory and regulatory requirements, there are a further eleven chapters. These are entitled: General principles of regulation - foods and beverages; General principles of regulation of flavours; Pesticide residues; Specifications; General principles of regulation of nutrients; Europe - Regulations governing additives in Belgium, Principles applied in France for the regulation of the use of food additives, and Food regulation in Denmark; Africa and Mideast - Statutory and regulatory requirements for food in Israel, and Statutory and regulatory requirements for food in Egypt; Food laws, regulations and standards in Thailand; Food administration in Australia; Supranational bodies - Role of international scientific bodies, and Food additives in the European Economic Community; and The future of food regulation.

By its very nature it is a 'heavy' text but nevertheless it gives a rundown on the problems ahead that need to be solved by the world's legislators. One of the troubles is that national pride keeps getting in the way and it is not necessary for logic to be applied!
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Publication:Food Trade Review
Article Type:Book Review
Date:Jan 1, 1990
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