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Internal medicine.

Diverticulitis-Red Meat-Link. Researchers studied 46,000 male health professionals to determine if high intake of red meat is associated with increased risk for diverticulitis. The 26-year study found that the men in the highest quintile of red meat intake (13.5 servings a week) had an almost 60 percent increased risk for diverticulitis compared to men in the lowest quintile of red meat intake (1.2 servings/week). Swapping one serving of red meat per day with fish or poultry was linked to a 20 percent lower risk for diverticulitis. (BMJ Gut, January 2017.)

Genetic Link to Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Researchers from Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany, have found the Cd14 gene provides a link to both vulnerability and prevention of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in mouse studies. IBD is characterized by chronic inflammation of some or all of the digestive tract, and includes both ulcerative colitis and Chrohn's disease. Scientists found that a Cd14 deficiency can lead to destabilization of the intestinal barrier, while increased Cd14 can be more protective, resulting in less inflammation. Findings may lead to new therapies for the condition, researchers say. (The American Journal of Pathology, May 2017.)

More Evidence of Insomnia-Heart Disease link. Insomnia, characterized by difficulty falling asleep or maintaining sleep, and non-restorative sleep, is linked to increased risk of heart disease and stroke, according to a meta-analysis published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, March 30, 2017. The research involved 15 studies and 160,867 participants, of whom 11,702 suffered adverse events. Previous studies have shown that insomnia can change metabolism and endocrine function, raise blood pressure, and elevate levels of proinflammatory and inflammatory cytokines, risk factors for heart disease and stroke.

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Title Annotation:NEWSBRIEFS
Publication:Duke Medicine Health News
Date:Jun 1, 2017
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