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Interdisciplinary Studies.

The Visual and Performing Arts in the Technical Communication Classroom: Reinforcing the University's Internal Community Literacy via Service-Learning. Richard Ward, Michigan Technological University

This presentation details a class that was an exploration into the value of STEAM or science, technology, engineering, arts, and mathematics within the confines of Technical Communication as it applies to the business and industry of theatre. It was an experiment in service-learning as it could be tied into the Arts via differing technai, as described by John Wild in "Plato's Theory of Texnh: A Phenomenological Interpretation," demonstrating a necessity for Arts as they pertain to STEM-centric universities. This presentation discusses a section of Technical and Professional Communication taught at Michigan Technological University that consisted of twenty-five students investigating theatre as an industry and business and applying the theory and practice of Technical Communication, specifically in the context of Kelli Cargile Cook's Layered Literacies to bridge STEM, the humanities, and the Arts. The theatre with which students collaborated worked closely with faculty and staff within various areas of that department. The students in the Technical Communication classroom were predominantly STEM majors. This offered a unique opportunity to demonstrate the potential for the Arts to cross academic disciplines at a STEM-focused university and emphasize the importance of interdisciplinarity through a better community literacy.

Applying Free Will to the Philosophy of Astrophysics and Cosmology. S. K. Malhotra, Freelance Researcher

Philosophy of science has favoured determinism over free will. For once we may try to work a philosophy worked from free will. The idea begins with granting thinking and choice making capacity to matter. This is summarised in the following two postulates:

Matter has a mind and it learns by the same process of learning as the man: the process given to us by Sir Karl Popper, i.e., the trial and error process of growth of knowledge. Applying this concept to the first creation, i.e., space and time, we say that it is Matter that has created space and time of its own willful volition, as an absolute flow of quantum gravity. The second part of the reality of the cosmology is that whenever a wave of space flow ends (though other waves are following it to form an unbreakable flow) it begins the reverse process of the formation of fundamental particles.

This one stone--freewill beginning giving us space and time as an absolute flow of quantum gravity--kills four birds: it explains the not expanding universe, explains what dark energy is, explains what dark matter is, and tells us that CMB is not radiation from the primordial past.

Developing an Enhanced Cultural Intelligence Framework for Global Human Resource Development. Christine Shook and K. Caleb Chan, Spring Arbor University

Managing across cultural barriers is a constant challenge to many multinational corporations. The authors of this conceptual paper will discuss cultural intelligence as the most important intelligence a globally minded manager needs to successfully manage her employees across cultural boundaries where cultural background of the host country and of the employees differ from herself. A case study with an ethical dilemma will be used to illustrate how an American manager could produce win-win results when appropriately applying cultural intelligence, Hofstede's cultural dimensions theory, along with a development mindset. In contrast to having a conventional management mindset, if the manager adopts a development focus, the results can be phenomenal. Rather than reacting to management crises, the American manager can take on a more development approach by establishing realistic and achievable goals that lend themselves to empowering individuals. By developing one's cultural intelligence and applying the understanding of Hofstede's cultural dimensions theory, managers can lead with confidence by focusing on human resource development while achieving financial results. The literature review will cover the major concepts discussed throughout the paper.

When Phenomenology and Rhetoric Meet: A Discussion about Documentaries and Death. Benjamin Bennett-Carpenter, Oakland University

Documentaries are understood to deal with the real rather than the imagined. And the definitive boundary or frame for the real, at least for individuals, is the life cycle events of birth and death. Having said that (in this brief discussion about documentaries and death), I assume a "critical realism" that while obviously there are non-human phenomena (events, forces, etc.) and that phenomena may operate with or without humans, at the same time humans constitute "reality" for themselves--not as a trifle but as the very arena that defines life and death and other fundamental matters for humans. The issue of how language constitutes "the real" then quickly leads to a discussion of rhetoric. The humanist tradition of rhetoric, from the classical to the present-day, provides useful resources for describing what is happening in human culture, including in documentaries. By bringing the venerable traditions of phenomenology and rhetoric together, one may avoid pitfalls of reifying reality, on the one hand, or losing touch with it, on the other. This presentation is adapted from Bennett-Carpenter's book project, Death in Documentaries: The Memento Mori Experience (Brill | Rodopi, 2018).

A Study of Tuberculosis. Emily Dorn, Olivet College

This paper will analyze tuberculosis in its historical context and through mathematical data and models to lead to new insights that can aid in the treatment and ultimate eradication of the disease. Tuberculosis is a disease that does not differentiate between people; it infects most who come in contact with it. Tuberculosis infects individuals through bacteria. Because the bacteria takes eighteen to twenty-four hours to multiply, it can take months to identify in an individual. Tuberculosis is an adaptable disease because the bacteria can easily evolve into a multidrug resistant strain. Additionally, it is capable of residing in an individual's body for his or her lifetime without becoming active or contagious and without the individual's knowledge of its presence. During this time, the disease waits for a person's immune system to weaken until the bacteria is able to overpower it. These characteristics of tuberculosis, as well as others, are explored in this paper by collectively looking at the history of tuberculosis and the application of mathematics using data and models. Specifically, the mathematical applications will be examined through the use of comparison graphs to identify population characteristics associated with risk for tuberculosis epidemics and the discussion of mathematical epidemic/disease transmission models.

Art, VR Development, and Theatre Education. Kelley Gray, Gina M. Kearley, and Mike Mosher, Saginaw Valley State University

In the past two years, we have explored Virtual Reality (VR) experience as a means of exhibition, storytelling, and education. A mid-career artist-academic, long linking art and technologies, turns to a VR developer to build the massive museum he deserves. In doing so, the developer crafts a budget-conscious iterative concept/design/build process. He goes on to deliver VR instruction for varying age groups from middle school students (via Google Ignite) to retirees (in Osher Lifelong Learning Institute). This inspires VR in theatre education, from tackling stage fright before a simulated audience, to virtual lighting and set design.

A Study on the Impacts of Indoor Environmental Quality on Student Academic Performance. Na Han and Shinming Shyu, Eastern Michigan University

Building envelope defines the boundary of the built environment, which functions to protect users from adverse natural elements, house various activities, and provide comfort and security. The average Americans spend 90% of their time indoors based on a survey of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). As a result, indoor environmental quality exerts critical impacts on building users' health, productivity, and performance. Multiple research outcomes and clinical records have provided evidence that poor indoor environmental quality will negatively impact human health and result in sick building syndrome (SBS) and building-related illness (BRI). Thus, students' academic performance will potentially be compromised by the unhealthy indoor environment of classrooms. Hence, this proposed study plans to investigate the relationship between indoor environmental quality of school buildings and student academic performance. It will utilize the US EPA guidelines for school buildings and related data of student achievements as baseline, which will then be compared with current requirements for indoor environmental systems, such as C[O.sub.2] monitoring system, outside-air intake system and automatic ventilation systems, specified in building codes and related industry standards, including International Mechanical Code (IMC), International Energy Conservation Code (IECC), and the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) 62.1-Ventilation standard.

Implications of Field Research on Portuguese Baroque Study. Emily Matt, Lawrence Technological University

This field research on Portuguese Baroque Architecture addresses spatial, artistic, and urban contexts of churches built between 1600 and 1850. Firsthand experience of the Portuguese Baroque churches in Lisbon, Porto, Braga, and Lamego provided a new perspective on my existing Master's thesis research regarding the relationship between Portuguese Baroque and Brazilian Baroque architectural developments.

Insight was gained into the mindset of the Portuguese people and how that mindset translates to architectural priorities. These priorities include storytelling through art and the dramatic contrast between the exterior and interior. The priorities also led to the construction of churches that make a statement, in some cases by their strategic location within the urban fabric to establish a relationship between multiple churches or the construction of theatric paths to reach church entrances.

Making the connection between architectural features and their social implications could only be made by discussing the spaces with the Portuguese people that use the churches, as well as experiencing the spaces firsthand. By establishing new points of analysis and reinforcing previous understanding, the research serves to highlight connections between society at the time the churches were built and modern Portuguese society.

Polymaths/Renaissance Men or Women: A Proposal for Revised Criteria. Jack P. Haynes, Independent Scholar

The zenith example of the value of interdisciplinary studies is the polymath: the Renaissance Man or Woman. Such unusually accomplished individuals, who have been produced in different cultures and in different time periods including our own, are distinct from so-called geniuses. They can be described by characteristics different from other individuals of accomplishment. The presentation will explore the characteristics of polymaths, gender issues, and will present some possible developmental aspects that may foster the development of polymaths. Historical examples of polymaths as well as recent and current polymaths will be discussed. A specific definition of polymaths will be proposed that differs from the common current use of the term. Ideas regarding the advantages of polymaths to a culture and speculation how society can foster the development of the underlying characteristics of polymaths are presented.

Save Women of Waitukubuli: The Integration of Psychosocial Humanitarian and Advocacy Efforts to Eradicate GBV and Sexual Crime. Philadelphia Cadette and Joel Raveloharimisy, Andrews University

The Commonwealth of Dominica (also known as Waitukubuli, Kalinago for "tall is her body") is situated in the Caribbean, and is known as the Nature Isle, since much of the island is made up of lush, green forests, and remains untouched by manmade technology and pollution. However, on September 18, 2017, Hurricane Maria, a category 5 hurricane, totally decimated the island from the tip of the south to the northern tip, with winds of over 155 mph (Al Jazeera, 2017). According to the Dominica Flash Appeal document, the entire population was affected, with 65,000 being in need of humanitarian aid immediately. One of the main concerns of any humanitarian effort is the vulnerable population and one of the cross-cutting issues is gender-based violence (James, 2008). Thus, I posit greater scrutiny upon the factor of GBV as a pre-existing issue in Dominica, exacerbated by natural disasters. Inequalities that occur in an environment will be further aggravated and compounded by emergencies (James, 2008, p. 93). Therefore, as a Dominican woman, I believe this systemic issue needs advocacy and legal reform to begin turning society around to recognise, empower, and protect the human rights of the vulnerable from GBV and sexual crimes.

How to Involve Technical Experts in Humanitarian Direct Assistance? A Case for a Holistic, Comprehensive Approach to Humanitarian Assistance. Joshua Pazvakawambwa and Joel Raveloharimisy, Andrews University

Delivering humanitarian aid is not any easy task! Much skill, engagement and strategic planning are among the mammoth tasks that humanitarian stakeholders and actors grapple with in order to respond appropriately and improve people's livelihoods. The main problem is that in an attempt to respond, certain actors and stakeholders are consulted while some are avoided for reasons such as compensation, positionality, culture and others worth pondering. This paper attempts to explain why there is a deficiency in the involvement of technical professional experts in humanitarian direct assistance. Cooperation by all actors in the humanitarian ecosystem and the greater involvement of technical professionals/experts in direct assistance fosters an all-inclusive approach to humanitarian assistance. Ideally, more involvement of technical experts can be a bridge to development aid: the sibling of humanitarian assistance henceforth bringing about enhanced coordination, collaboration and consistency to the entire humanitarian ecosystem. Such an endeavor will mitigate the current challenges that the field faces, consequently leveraging humanity's ability to save lives and alleviate suffering of people--the very essence of humanitarian aid.

Saarinen House: Synthesis and Resistance in Eliel Saarinen's Cranbrook Home. Deirdre L.C. Hennebury, Lawrence Technological University

Built from 1928 to 1930, Eliel Saarinen's design for his home and studio on the Cranbrook Educational Community campus is a rare find, tucked along a row of faculty residences. While relatively austere on the exterior with its brown brick exterior and gray tile roof, the rich interior is a visual delight. A wonderful example of gesamtkunstwerk, "a total work of art," it is notable that the home aimed to accommodate a triad of responsibilities representing Saarinen's many obligations: the social and pedagogical aspects of his academic position, the daily operations of his architectural firm, and, most fundamentally, the personal, daily life of his family. The home's interior, with textiles and furniture designed by Saarinen's wife, Loja, and children, Eero and Pipsan, offers captivating evidence of the intertwining of art and life with playful and formal details combining into a satisfying whole. While the public face dissolves into the brick of the Cranbrook milieu, the interior is a site of resistance where the individuality of the designers was made fully manifest. Reading the Saarinen House as an object of synthesis and resistance, this paper foregrounds the cultural, architectural, and personal tensions that resulted in Eliel Saarinen's compelling design.

Investigating Factors Affecting Smart Textile Technology Acceptance for Burqa and Hijab by Middle Eastern Muslim Women in the US. Preeti Arya, Eastern Michigan University

Factors affecting the acceptance of smart textile technology for aesthetically or functionally improvised burqa and hijab by Middle Eastern Muslim women in Dearborn Michigan have not been investigated. This descriptive-correlation research will investigate the factors/constructs and their relationship with, mediating, moderating and dependent variable for smart textile technology acceptance by Middle Eastern Muslim women who wear burqa and hijab. Numerous researchers have studied technology acceptance in the professional environment, however, the UTAUT2 theoretical framework has not been applied in understanding technology acceptance in personal environments to further check the acceptance of smart textile technology if incorporated in clothing items like burqa and hijab. Burqa and hijab have used traditional textiles and colours for ages and still reflect the age-old traditional style. With advancements in textile technology, these two garments can undergo a subtle or drastic revision in functionality and aesthetics by incorporating smart textile technology. This depends on the possible acceptance of smart textile technology for such outfits of conservative nature, by Middle Eastern Muslim women from Middle Eastern Countries or of origin living in Dearborn, Michigan, of the US. Therefore, a descriptive, cross-sectional, correlation study will be appropriate to explore perceptions and relationships between different variables using surveys.
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Title Annotation:arts education in technical communication, free will in astrophysics and cosmology, cultural intelligence for human resource development
Publication:Michigan Academician
Date:Sep 22, 2018
Previous Article:History.
Next Article:Language & Literature.

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