Interagency data on increase in adversely classified syndicated loans. (Announcements).
The results--reported by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation--are based on analyses that were prepared in the second quarter and reflect business and economic conditions that prevailed at that time.
Several key factors have adversely affected the quality of syndicated loans over the past several years, including bank underwriting and risk selection standards and economic factors. The seasoning of many aggressively underwritten deals, particularly those credits booked in the latter half of the 1990s, has contributed to the increase in adversely rated credits.
Deterioration has been particularly evident for credits to leveraged and speculative-grade borrowers that are facing difficulty generating sufficient cash flow to service their debts in the current environment. It is important to note that most of the deterioration in the quality of syndicated loans is already reflected in the internal credit ratings of individual banks.
In 2001, the SNC Program covered 10,146 credits totaling $2.1 trillion in loan commitments to 5,870 borrowers. Approximately one-third of the commitments, or $769 billion, was advanced and outstanding. Classified loans totaled $117 billion, or 5.7 percent of total commitments, up from 3.2 percent in 2000. At the same time, loans listed for special mention rose to 3.7 percent of total commitments, from 1.9 percent in 2000. On a combined basis, special mention and classified loans represent 9.4 percent of total commitments, up from 5.1 percent a year ago but well below the peak of 16 percent in 1991.
Of the $2.1 trillion in total SNC commitments, 51 percent is held by U.S. banks, 41 percent is held by foreign banking organizations, and nonbank firms hold the remaining 8 percent. In 2001, 5.4 percent of U.S. bank holdings were classified, compared with 4.4 percent for foreign banking organizations and 14.5 percent for nonbank firms.
The weakening economy has had a greater impact on certain industry sectors. In particular, manufacturing companies have experienced increased credit problems since the previous SNC review, especially the textile and apparel, primary and fabricated metals, and machinery and equipment subsectors. Weakness in the manufacturing sector was also driven by asbestos litigation associated with various large borrowers.
Problems in the information-technology sector (specifically the telecommunications industry) have been well documented and are evident in the substantial increase in adversely rated credits for 2001, albeit from low levels. While many established companies remain strong, a large number of start-up entities are experiencing difficulty generating sufficient cash flow for operations and debt service and may be vulnerable to further deterioration in the event of a sustained economic slowdown.
Despite deterioration in the aggregate syndicated loan market, improvement is noted in several industries; the most noteworthy of which is health care. This sector shows signs of improvement associated with realization of merger and acquisition synergies and increased revenues, although the volume of adversely rated credits within this sector remains relatively high. The low volume of adversely rated borrowers within the real estate market remained relatively unchanged from last year.
For U.S. banks, the rapid deterioration in large syndicated loans comes at a time when the majority of banks have strong capital bases and earnings. While this moderates concerns, banking organizations must remain vigilant in the current environment to ensure that they promptly identify and address any continuation in credit quality deterioration and adjust loan-loss allowance levels appropriately.
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|Publication:||Federal Reserve Bulletin|
|Article Type:||Brief Article|
|Date:||Nov 1, 2001|
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