Printer Friendly

Integrated Semenawi and Debubawi Bahri-Buri-Irrori- Hawakil Protected Area System for Conservation of Biodiversity and Mitigation of Land Degradation.

Project details : Eritrea is a young and relatively small country (121,320km2) located at the northern part of the Horn of Africa. It has 2,234km of Red Sea coastline and an estimated 390 islands, primarily in the Dahlak Archipelago. Forests cover 53,000 ha or 0.44% of the total land area; woodlands 670,395 ha or 5.5% and grazing and browsing land 5,984,799 ha or 49.2%.

Woodlands and pasturelands represent two of the most important carbon sinks, although up to date data on flows are lacking. Critical ecosystem services sustained by forests and woodlands include: a) supporting nutrient cycling and soil formation, b) provisioning food, water, fuel-wood, forage, etc c) climate and flood regulation; and d) recreation etc. Because it lies at the intersection of a number of major biomes, Eritrea has a diverse range of ecosystems.

Parts of the country lie in two Biodiversity Hotspots, with significant global environmental values. A portion of the south-central area of the country falls into the Eastern Afromontane Hotspot, and contains remnant but degraded Juiperus-Olea forest and scrub. The east and south-east of the country falls within the Horn of Africa Hotspot, which has relatively high endemism, although the arid conditions lead to low plant diversity.

The country is also one of the centres of origin and diversity of agricultural biodiversity, primarily cereals including sorghum, wheat and barley. Some of the most significant biodiversity is found in the marine and coastal areas, with over 1248 fish species and 44 genera of hard corals being recorded. These are also the most intact of all ecosystems. Of further conservation significance are the breeding populations of sea birds (including, importantly, crab plovers, marine turtles (including the worlds largest hawksbill turtle and dugongs. There are relatively large stands of mangrove forest along the coast of Eritrea.

Project Outcomes

The project goal is to conserve a representative sample of Eritreas critical biodiversity. The objective is to establish a national system of protected areas to conserve biodiversity and mitigate land degradation pressures on habitats in key biodiversity areas, initially centred in the Semenawi- Debubawi Bahri-Buri-Irrori- Hawakil Protected Areas Cluster. This will be achieved through three components that directly address each barrier:

Outcome 1: National PA system is established in Eritrea -- National institutional framework and capacity to facilitate PA management in place: A national policy and institutional enabling environment will be built in a number of ways. First, the project will facilitate the establishment of a National Protected Area Management Unit with a legal basis and a clear mandate to coordinate the development and management of a national protected area system that, with time, increases the percentage and representativeness of protected areas to internationally agreed targets. Building on experiences from the countries in t

Project completion date : 2017-07-31 12:00:00


Address : United Nations Offices

HDAY Street

P.O. Box 5366


Country :Eritrea

Email :

Url :

Financier : United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),

Financier address : United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

One United Nations Plaza


New York, NY

United States

Website :

Telephone: +1 2129065000

Fax: +1 2129065364

[c] 2016 Al Bawaba ( Provided by SyndiGate Media Inc. ( ).
COPYRIGHT 2016 SyndiGate Media Inc.
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2016 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback
Publication:Mena Report
Geographic Code:6ERIT
Date:Feb 1, 2016
Previous Article:Pavement preservation.
Next Article:Support to cultural heritage monuments of great importance for Cyprus Phase 3.

Terms of use | Privacy policy | Copyright © 2018 Farlex, Inc. | Feedback | For webmasters