Indonesia : Renewable energy projects in Indonesia: A learning opportunity for the World Bank Group.
Access to reliable and affordable energy is a prerequisite for economic development and poverty reduction. In addition, modern energy services contribute to social development by helping to fulfill the basic human needs of nutrition, warmth, and lighting.
In Indonesia, the demand for energy rises as the population grows. Currently, Indonesia relies heavily on fossil fuels to meet its energy demands despite the fact that fossil fuel reserves are limited. Electric power plants are powered by diesel-fueled generators that compound the cost of electricity. There is, however, a huge potential for renewable energy to dominate Indonesia s energy portfolio. For many of Indonesia s isolated islands and regions, provision of basic energy needs through off-grid renewable energy resources is an economically viable and environmentally sound option.
In Indonesia, the Cinta Mekar Micro-Hydro Power Plant Project and the Kulon Progo Improved Cook-Stove Project demonstrate the development effectiveness of renewable energy projects.
The micro-hydro project not only provides electricity to the surrounding community, but it also generates income for the Cinta Mekar village as villagers sell power to the grid. The village has used the revenue to build a health care clinic, provide scholarships for education, supply villagers with electrical access, and offer seed capital for other income-generating activities. The project is considered a tremendous success by all stakeholders as it is the first community-based MHPP that relies on a public-private partnership.
A key success factor for this project was an emphasis on community involvement in the planning, development, and implementation stages. While similar projects often view the community solely as the beneficiary, Cinta Mekar involved the community as a partial owner and project manager, allowing the villagers to develop and oversee the project.
Coconut sugar is a primary commodity of Kulon Progo and its production makes a significant contribution to the local economy. To harvest coconut sugar, the villagers have traditionally heated liquid sapped from coconut s young flowers for several hours on a traditional three-hole stove fueled by firewood. This technique produces harmful levels of indoor air pollution. Women in this region spend a majority of their time harvesting coconut sugar and often suffer from acute respiration infection due to the excess smoke produced by the firewood.
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|Date:||Jul 28, 2010|
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