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Indonesia's Active Earthquake Year.

On Sept. 28, a magnitude 7.5 earthquake struck near the city of Palu on the island of Sulawesi in Indonesia. The quake and a subsequent tsunami destroyed thousands of homes and buildings and was strong enough to cause the soil to liquefy, triggering devastating mudslides. More than 2,000 people were killed and over 10,000 injured in the disaster, and more than 5,000 were still missing when rescue teams ceased their efforts two weeks later.

To date, the Sulawesi quake was far and away the deadliest of the year worldwide. Indonesia is unfortunately no stranger to serious earthquakes, however, due to its location on the so-called "Ring of Fire." Stretching around the Pacific Ocean from Indonesia and Japan to California and the western regions of Central and South America, this area is one of the most seismically active in the world. Because Indonesia resides at the intersection of several major tectonic plates, it experiences frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions as these plates shift and collide--in fact, this activity was responsible for forming many of the islands that now make up the country. Indonesia has endured an especially active year for major tremors owing to increased activity along the subduction zone where the Australian and Sunda plates overlap. As of October 12, at least 10 different earthquakes have struck Indonesia in 2018 and resulted in injuries and fatalities.

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Title Annotation:LAST WORD
Publication:Risk Management
Article Type:Brief article
Geographic Code:9INDO
Date:Nov 1, 2018

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