Incision site for caesarean delivery is important in infection prevention.
TACTICS FOR REDUCING THE RATE OF SURGICAL SITE INFECTION FOLLOWING CESAREAN DELIVERY ROBERT L. BARBIERI, MD (EDITORIAL; APRIL 2018)
Dr. Barbieri's editorial very nicely explained strategies to reduce the risk of post-cesarean delivery surgical site infection (SSI). However, what was not mentioned, in my opinion, is the most important preventive strategy. Selecting the site for the initial skin incision plays a great role in whether or not the patient will develop an infection postoperatively.
Pfannenstiel incisions are popular because of their obvious cosmetic benefit. In nonemergent cesarean deliveries, most ObGyns try to use this incision. However, exactly where the incision is placed plays a large role in the genesis of a postoperative wound infection. The worst place for such incisions is in the crease above the pubis and below the panniculus. Invariably, this area remains moist and macerated, especially in obese patients, thus providing a fertile breeding ground for bacteria. This problem can be avoided by incising the skin approximately 2 cm cranial to and parallel to the aforementioned crease, provided that the panniculus is not too large. The point is that the incision should be placed in an area where it has a chance to stay dry.
Sometimes patients who are hugely obese require great creativity in the placement of their transverse skin incision. I recall one patient, pregnant with triplets, whose abdomen was so large that her umbilicus was over the region of the lower uterine segment when she was supine on the operating room table. Some would have lifted up her immense panniculus and placed the incision in the usual crease site. This would be problematic for obtaining adequate exposure to deliver the babies, and the risk of developing an incisional infection would be very high. Therefore, a transverse incision was made just below her umbilicus. The panniculus was a nonissue regarding gaining adequate exposure and, when closed, the incision remained completely dry and uninfected. The patient did extremely well postoperatively and had no infectious sequelae.
David L. Zisow, MD
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|Title Annotation:||COMMENT & CONTROVERSY|
|Author:||Zisow, David L.|
|Date:||Jun 1, 2018|
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