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In utero exposure and lazy eye.

The Question: Does in utero exposure to maternal tobacco use and consumption of alcohol, coffee, or tea increase the chance a baby will develop lazy eye (strabismus)?

The Study: In this retrospective study, the records of nearly 97,000 Danish children born between 1996 and 2003 were reviewed and 1,321 had strabismus. The maternal use of tobacco, alcohol, caffeine and tea were evaluated.

The Results: Maternal smoking was definitely associated with an increased risk of strabismus in the children--and the more the mother smoked, the greater the risk of lazy eye. Interestingly, the use of nicotine replacement didn't affect the risk. There was no associated risk found with coffee or tea consumption. Light alcohol use actually lessened the risk.

Comment: This study is another reason for pregnant women not to smoke. It doesn't seem the nicotine is the villain here, but some other toxin in the tobacco.

Read More: American Journal of Epidemiology, 04/10

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Title Annotation:In the Literature
Publication:Pediatrics for Parents
Article Type:Brief article
Geographic Code:4EUDE
Date:Mar 1, 2010
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