The Russo-Japanese War continued to be disastrous for the Russians. By September 5, 1905, the Russians had had enough, and agreed to a peace treaty, giving up Korea and Manchuria, and the southern half of the island of Sakhalin (just north of Japan), together with Port Arthur, to the Japanese. Russia refused to pay an indemnity, however, and the Japanese felt cheated.
A strong factor in the Russian defeat were the disorders at home. On January 22, 1905, a peaceful demonstration in St. Petersburg was countered by troops who fired into the crowd, killing 70 and wounding 240. This produced strikes and demonstrations all over Russia, and there was an intensifying demand for an end to autocracy--for a constitution and for representative government. The Russian court was forced to yield and to promise liberalization.
Norway, ruled by Sweden, wanted its independence. In this case, a plebiscite was held, and Sweden let Norway go in peace. The separation was made final on October 26, 1905, and a Danish prince was chosen to rule over Norway as Haakon VII (1872-1957).
Germany responded to the entente cordiale of the previous year by expressing its displeasure at the assignment of Morocco to France. On March 31, 1905, William II declared for Moroccan independence. From this point on, Europe was divided into two armed camps: Germany and her allies, and France and her allies.
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|Title Annotation:||events of 1905|
|Publication:||Asimov's Chronology of Science & Discovery, Updated ed.|
|Article Type:||Reference Source|
|Date:||Jan 1, 1994|
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