In the United States, North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, and Washington entered the Union, which now consisted of forty-two states. Oklahoma, which had been reserved for Indian settlement (and was thus called Indian Territory), was opened to whites on April 22, 1889. They entered in a mad race for land.
In Austria, the Archduke Rudolf (1858-1889), only son of Emperor Francis Joseph I and heir to the throne, was found dead in his hunting lodge, along with his mistress, on January 30, 1889. Francis Joseph's nephew, Francis Ferdinand (1863-1914), became heir.
In Brazil, Emperor Pedro II (1825-1891), who had been reigning for forty-nine years, was deposed. Brazil, which for sixty-seven years had been the only monarchy in Latin America, became a republic.
The Eiffel Tower, designed by the French engineer Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), was completed in Paris on May 6, 1889. It was the tallest structure in the world for nearly half a century and became the symbol of Paris. On September 27, 1889, New York completed its first skyscraper, which was thirteen stories tall.
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|Title Annotation:||events of 1889|
|Publication:||Asimov's Chronology of Science & Discovery, Updated ed.|
|Article Type:||Reference Source|
|Date:||Jan 1, 1994|
|Previous Article:||Motion pictures.|