The Chinese civil war ended fifteen years after Mao Tse-tung had led his people on the Long March, fleeing from the apparently victorious Chiang Kai-shek. Mao had won, and it was Chiang who now fled to the island of Taiwan.
In Europe the Soviets ended the Berlin blockade on May 12, 1949, in clear defeat. Two Germanies were established: the German Federal Republic (West Germany) on May 23, 1949, with its capital at Bonn; the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) on October 7, 1949, with its capital in East Berlin.
Transjordan broke away from Great Britain and eventually adopted the name of Jordan. The East Indies broke away from the Netherlands on December 27, 1949, and became the independent nation of Indonesia.
The United States and the nations of western Europe formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), pledging cooperation against the Soviet Union and its allies.
South Africa initiated a policy of apartheid (segregation of whites from other groups and the continued brutal subjection of non-whites).
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|Title Annotation:||events of 1949|
|Publication:||Asimov's Chronology of Science & Discovery, Updated ed.|
|Article Type:||Reference Source|
|Date:||Jan 1, 1994|
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