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In 2001, the United States spent a record $167 billion for police protection, corrections, and judicial and legal activities.

In 2001, the United States spent a record $167 billion for police protection, corrections, and judicial and legal activities, reported the Bureau of Justice Statistics. The nation's expenditure for operations and outlays for the justice system increased 366 percent from almost $36 billion in 1982 (a 165 percent increase in constant dollars).

Local governments funded nearly one-half of all direct justice system expenses. Another 35 percent of direct justice funding came from the states. Criminal and civil justice expenditures comprised approximately 7 percent of all state and local public expenditures in 2001. Compared with justice expenditures, state and local governments in the United States spent almost four times as much on education, almost twice as much on public welfare, and a roughly equal amount on hospitals and health care.

In March 2001, the nation's justice system employed nearly 2.3 million people, with a total March payroll of $8.1 billion. More than one-half of all justice employees worked at the local level (63 percent of whom worked in police protection). One-third were state employees (64 percent in corrections).

Between 1982 and 2001, per capita expenditure, including federal, state and local governments across justice functions, increased from $158 to $586, approximately 271 percent. During the same time period, corrections had the largest increase from $39 to $200 (more than 400 percent) per U.S. resident.

Also between 1982 and 2001, the federal government increased its expenditures on police protection by 494 percent, judicial and legal services by 636 percent and corrections by 861 percent. State and local governments had smaller percentage increases in all functions.
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Title Annotation:Inter Alia
Author:St. Gerard, Vanessa
Publication:Corrections Compendium
Article Type:Brief Article
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Jul 1, 2004
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