Implementation of toll road projects sluggish.
Toll roads are vital to help boost economic development in general. However, limited financial capacity forced the government to rely more on the private sector to build toll roads.
The government has taken a series of steps to speed up development of toll roads. However, implementation has been hampered and delayed by a number of factors such as difficulty in land procurement on ineffective regulation and bureaucracy. Implementation, therefore, does not always follow immediately after the completion of the process of tender and announcement of tender winners. Construction of many toll road projects as part of the Trans Java Toll Road project has been delayed for as long as more than 5 years.
There are still many other hurdles to be removed such as little interest shown by banks in financing toll road projects because of uncertainty in toll tariffs and the mechanism in raising toll fee. The biggest hurdle is difficulty in land clearing that could cause years of delay on weak regulation.
In a bid to cope with the problem, in mid 2011, development of toll roads was integrated in the Master Plan for Acceleration and Expansion of the Indonesian Economic Development (MP3EI) program. Under the master plan, construction of toll roads began with the sections of the Trans Java Toll Road and toll road projects in metropolitan cities. In 2012, the government will concentrate on work and land clearing for 35 toll road projects of which the process of tenders has been completed.
The government has announced step to facilitate implementation of toll road projects. The much needed law has been announced on land procurement for public interest. The law is expected to give greater certainty in land clearing. However, regulation for the implementation of the law is not yet forthcoming.
Toll road condition in Indonesia
Indonesia began development of toll roads in the 1970s with the first to come on line the Jakarta-Bogor-Ciawi (Jagorawi) toll road. New toll roads followed mainly in Java. Outside Java, toll roads have also been built such as in Bali, Medan and Makassar.
Construction of toll roads has been concentrated in Java on commercial reason. Investment in toll roads outside Java is less feasible commercially. The private sector which has dominated implementation of toll road projects would not invest in projects they considered not commercially feasible.
Until now, one of the biggest stumbling blocks hampering implementation of toll road projects in the country is the slow process and difficulty in land clearing. Land owners will put up a much higher price for their lands when they know the lands are needed for big projects. The Law No.12 issued in 2012 on Land Procurement for Public Interest is expected to cope with the difficulty.
Toll Roads Built in Indonesia
Toll roads are built in Indonesia mainly to facilitate flows of goods and public transport. There are a number of types of toll roads by functions, inter-area toll roads, city toll roads, special toll roads such as airport or seaport toll roads and inter-island toll roads.
Inter- area toll roads function to connect two or more areas such as those built in Jakarta, Bandung, Semarang, Surabaya, Bali, Medan, and Makassar. City toll roads function to facilitate city transport such as Jakarta Outer Ring Road, and Bogor ring road.
Special toll roads are built to provide access to vital places such as Prof. Sedyatmo toll road, an access road to Jakarta's Soekarno Hatta airport in Tangerang, Banten and access road to Jakarta's Tanjung Priok port.
Inter-island toll road already built is the Suramadu toll road, which is a bridge spanning the sea between eastern Java and Madura island.
The Trans Java toll road is now in the process of construction. It will provide land transport backbone between Merak in the western end of Java and Banyuwangi in the eastern part of the island. Trans Java toll road will connect some of the existing toll roads.
Description of present condition of toll roads
By 2011, Indonesia had 741.92 kilometers of toll roads in operation. They include 534.82 kilometers operated by state owned high way corporation PT. Jasa Marga and 207.1 kilometers operated by private companies.
Toll roads have been built in Java, Sumatra (Medan), Bali, and Sulawesi (Makassar). The toll roads include inter-area toll road, city toll roads seaport and airport access toll road.
Development of toll roads in Indonesia
Construction of toll roads continued to meet growing demand. The government plans to build 2,343.73 kilometers of toll roads with a total investment of Rp 228 trillion
The toll road projects include Trans Java networks, Sumatra toll road networks, South Sulawesi toll road, and six toll roads in Jakarta, Greater Jakarta toll road networks, Semarang toll road networks and non Trans Java toll roads.
Some of the projects are to be financed by the government, but the majority will be financed through cooperation with the private sector.
Trans Java toll road will serve as the land transport backbone in Java. The project includes 10 sections all totaling 475.26 kilometers. Part of the sections has been built and other part will be built to be connected with toll roads already in operation.
Two sections already in operation are the 35-kilometer Kanci--Pejagan and 34.05 kilometer Surabaya--Mojokerto toll roads. Other sections are still in the process of land clearing or under construction.
The Trans Java toll road project is to be completed in 2014. The completion target is earlier than 2020, originally planned.
By December 2011, land procurement was already more than 50% completed for four of the 10 sections of the Trans Java toll road project. Land procurement was 100% completed for the Kanci-Pejagan section, 93.58% for the Cikampek-Palimanan section, 84.21% for the Kerosene-Mojokerto section and 58.48% for the Solo-Montanan section.
The process of land procurement is slow in some projects such as for the Pemalang-Batang section where land procurement has been only 1.64% completed, and for the Batang-Semarang section where land procurement has been only 3.33% completed. Recently it was announced that Rp 3.25 trillion would be disbursed for the procurement of more lands for toll road projects.
Sumatra Toll Roads
In Sumatra, toll roads have been built and being built in and around Medan to reduce traffic jams in the provincial city and to facilitate transport to the city's new airport of Kualanamu and Belawan seaport. Toll road is also being built to connect Medan and other cities in North Sumatra.
The toll road projects include 15.8-kilometer to be built between Medan--Binjai, 60-kilometers being built connecting Medan--Kualanamu--Tebingtinggi; and 135 kilometers to be built connecting Pekanbaru--Kandis--Dumai in Riau.
Construction of the Medan--Binjai toll road is to start in 2014. The toll road is expected to reduce traffic jams between Medan and Binjai. Land clearing has been in the process for the project since 2011, and is expected to be completed in 2013 that construction could start in the next year.
The government will be responsible for land clearing, but it will cooperate with the private sector in the construction of the project. Tenders have been held several times for the project, but apparently the project is not attractive enough for investors.
The Medan-Kualanamu toll road project is now under construction as part of the 60-kilometer toll road between Medan and Tebing Tinggi via Lubuk Pakam and Kualanamu. The government will build the 17.8 kilometer section between Medan and--Lubuk Pakam-Kualanamu and the remaining 36 kilometers between Kualanamu and Tebing Tinggi will be built by the private sector.
Lands needed for the Medan-Lubuk Pakam-Kualanamu section to be built by the government will reach 206.27 hectares. The project will cost around Rp1.75 trillion. Lands needed for the section between Kualanamu and Tebing Tinggi is around 243.59 hectares and the project will cost around Rp 2.6 trillion. By early 2012, land clearing for the Medan-Kualanamu toll road already reached 95.58 hectares or 46.47% of the requirement.
The 17.8 kilometer Medan--Kualanamu toll road will consist of two sections respectively 10.75 kilometers and 7.05 kilometers long. The toll road project will use the construction of rigid pavement and flexible pavement. It is a two way road with two lanes. Construction is expected to take 900 days and to cost around Rp 1.3 trillion to be derived from state budget and a loan from the Export Import Bank of China.
The contractors to build the project are China Harbour Engineering Co. Ltd, China State Construction Engineering Co. Ltd, and PT. Hutama Karya (Persero).
Jakarta Toll Roads
The Jakarta city administration will build more toll roads to cope with notorious traffic jams in the city. The city will build six new toll roads that will link East Jakarta, North Jakarta, Central Jakarta and South Jakarta. The six toll roads include 11.38 kilometer Duri Pulo--Kampung Melayu, 9.65 kilometer Kemayoran--Kampung Melayu , 9.56 kilometer Pasar Minggu--Casablanca; 25.73 kilometer Sunter-Pulo Gebang-Tambelang; 22.92 kilometer Sunter-Rawa Buaya-Batu Ceper and 8.27 kilometer Ulujami--Tanah Abang toll roads
The six toll roads that will total 87.51 kilometers will be built in four phases. In the first phase, will be a 17.88 kilometer toll road of Semanan-Sunter to cost Rp 9.76 trillion and a 11 kilometer long corridor of Sunter-Bekasi Raya to cost Rp 7.37 trillion.
The next phase will be the 11.38 kilometer Duri Pulo-Kampung Melayu toll road to cost Rp 5.96 trillion and the 9.65 kilometer Kemayoran-Kampung Melayu to cost Rp 6.95 trillion. The third phase will be the 8.27 kilometer Ulujami-Tanah Abang to cost Rp 4.25 trillion and the fourth phase is the 9.56 kilometer Pasar Minggu-Casablanca toll road to cost Rp 5.71 trillion.
The contractor for the toll road projects will be a consortium of Jakarta Toll Road Development. The consortium groups PT Jakarta Propertindo Pembangunan Jaya Group, which is owned by the city administration, PT Hutama Karya, PT Pembangunan Perumahan Tbk (PTPP), PT Wijaya Karya Tbk (WIKA), PT Adhi Karya Tbk (ADHI), and PT Citra Marga Nusaphala Persada Tbk (CMNP).
The contract is to be signed in 2012, and construction is expected to start in 2013 to be completed in 2014.
Land procurement for the projects is still being discussed. The city administration will be responsible for the land procurement.
The projects would not need large land as around 85% of them are elevated.
Greater Jakarta Toll Roads
The toll roads in Jakarta will be connected with toll roads between the city and its satellite cities including Bogor, Tangerang, and Bekasi in the Greater Jakarta area. There will be 12 sections to be built to add to 18 toll roads already in operation in the Greater Jakarta area.
The investors were already named for part of the Greater Jakarta toll road project early 2012 and the projects were in the process of preparation to sign the toll road operation agreement (PPJT). Other projects are still in the process of land procurement and detail engineering design (DED).
Semarang Toll Roads
Toll roads in Semarang serve mainly to facilitate connection with other areas. Construction of the 25 kilometer Semarang-Demak toll road project in Central Java will cost around Rp 2.96 trillion.
This project is still in the process of preparation for tender. Feasibility study is being conducted. Cities around big cities like Demak are growing and need access roads to facilitate transport of goods and services.
Non-Trans Java Toll Roads
Construction of toll roads not part of the Trans Java Toll Road is in progress in a number of areas in Java, Sumatra and Bali. Non-Trans Java toll roads in Java include the Cileunyi--Sumedang--Dawuan in West Java, Yogyakarta--Solo in Central Java, and Probolinggo--Banyuwangi in East Java.
Other non Trans Java toll road projects in Java include access toll roads to airports and seaports such as Juanda airport toll road and Tanjung Perak seaport toll road in Surabaya, East Java. In Sumatra toll roads are built mainly to facilitate transport between areas such as Palembang--Indralaya toll road.
Land clearing main hurdle
The main factor delaying implementation of toll road projects in the country is difficulty and slow process in land clearing. The problem is caused by weak regulation on the mechanism for land procurement. The definition of development for the public interest is still debated. There has been no regulation on land procurement financing that often results in delay in disbursement of fund needed for toll road projects.
So far the legal basis for land procurement is a presidential regulation No. 36 issued in 2005 later revised and replaced with presidential regulation No. 65 of 2006 on land procurement for the implementation of development for the public interest. Under the regulation, land procurement is the responsibility of a Team for Land procurement, which is an ad-hoc body.
The announcement of the Law No.12 of 2012 on land procurement for the public interest is a step forward. It is legally stronger, but the announcement of the Law is not a panacea. The law is effective only on projects signed after the law is announced. It is not retroactive. The Law is not even fully effective immediately as it still needs a year for socialization.
The condition created by weak regulation is not consistent with the government commitment to accelerate development and completion of infrastructure including toll road projects For example, the completion of Trans Java Toll Road is set in 2014 much earlier than 2020 originally scheduled. According to plan, a presidential regulation would be issued to provide legal umbrella for the socialization.
Legal uncertainty for land procurement is caused by the absence of legal umbrella. Legal certainty is needed by the Land Clearing Team. The process of land clearing in a number of toll road projects such as the Depok--Antasari toll road project ground to a halt because of the new law. The Land Procurement Team has asked for legal certainty from local high prosecution offices to avoid possible any violation of any law regulation in the future.
Currently, the old regulation is still effective while new regulation has been announced. If investors want land procurement to be made on the new law they have to fully abide by the law that is to start from the beginning again of price negotiations with the land owners. It is a problem for investors which already are half way to completion in land clearing.
Construction of infrastructure will need a huge investment. It is estimated that Indonesia would need around Rp 1,923.8 trillion for the development and modernization of its infrastructure if it is to chalk up a 7% economic growth per year in the period of 2010-2014. The investment is around 5% of the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
The investment requirement far exceeds the government's financing capacity which is set only at Rp 559.5 trillion in the state budget including Special Allocation Fund held by regional administrations. Including funds that could be contributed by other sources--state companies, private sector and regional financing through regional budget (APBD) which are estimated to reach Rp 1,041 trillion, there is still a shortfall of Rp 323 trillion in the financing.
Funds needed for toll road projects alone are estimated at Rp 228 trillion. The projects would be financed by the private sector and state companies.
The big shortfall makes the participation of private investors important including in the development of toll road projects. However, it is not easy to persuade private investors to venture in toll road projects as apart from the big investment needed, it is a long term investment that take a long time for recovery of the investment. Private investors would agree to do invest in a project if the project is financially feasible.
The government plans to improve the feasibility of a number of toll road projects which are less attractive by offering viability gap fund (VGF). VGF is not a subsidy but a grant. Therefore, if a project partly financed by VGF it will become partly owned by the state.
A number of toll road projects are considered not feasible by investors such as Semarang--Solo and Medan-Kualanamu-Tebingtinggi toll road projects.
The Semarang--Solo toll road project is to be financed with VGF worth Rp 1.9 trillion by the government. The fund is to be set aside in the 2013 state budget. A number of such projects will also be financed partly with VGF.
VGF is not believed to be too big given the financial capacity of the government. Unspent state budget might be used partly as VGF.
Investments in infrastructure including toll roads carry a high risk including political risk such as change in commitment or plan of the government in infrastructure sector.
The government has established a state infrastructure insurance company--PT Penjaminan Infrastruktur Indonesia (Persero). The company established in 2010 will provide insurance protection for two toll road projects including the Medan--Kualanamu and the access road to Kalibaru (Priok) Terminal, Jakarta. There are 8 toll road projects seeking insurance protection by PT PII, but not all of the proposals are approved.
Insurance by PT. PII is not a grant but only a guarantee in the event of failure on the part of the government in carrying out its obligation under the Public Private Partnership (PPP) scheme. The guarantee provided by PT PII for the commitment of the contracting agency (the government) for the private investor under the cooperation scheme.
The two instruments are considered quite effective to improve the financial feasibility of toll road projects and to protect the investment by investors. The guarantee offered by PT PII is not very big as it is only a new agency not yet sufficiently growing.
In 2012, PT PII received a capital injection of Rp 1.5 trillion from the government. PT PII hopes to raise its assets to Rp 5.5 trillion by the end of 2014.
Blue print for infrastructure development
Investment in infrastructure in Indonesia is a potential business. The country needs more toll roads especially in its large islands. The government has launched a blue print for infrastructure development including toll road development with a number of projects offered to the private sector.
The potentials, however, do not necessarily mean feasible and would attract investors at present as in some areas especially outside Java, traffic is not very busy, although toll roads may be needed.
The government, therefore, needs to come up with certain policy to make the project attractive for investors. The government could provide participation investment.
Insurance protection provided by PT PII would help encourage investors but PT PII has limited financial capability and could not offer protection proportional with the investment.
Other difficulties faced by investors include land clearing that could take years. The Law No. 12 of 2012 on land procurement for public interest is also encouraging and would make new investment in toll road projects more.
Table--1 Toll roads already operational in Indonesia, 2011 Length of toll roads Access roads Toll roads (kilometers) (kilometers) Jakarta-Bogor-Ciawi 50 9 Jakarta-Tangerang 27 6 Surabaya-Gempol 43 6 Jakarta-Cikampek 72 11 Padalarang-Cileunyi 35.63 28.77 Prof. DR. Soedyatmo 14.3 Lingkar Dalam Kota Jakarta 23.55 Belmera 33.7 9 Semarang Seksi A,B,C 24.75 Ulujami-Pondok Aren 5.55 Cirebon-Palimanan 26.3 JORR W2 Selatan 16.77 (Pondok Pinang-Veteran) South JORR E1 (Taman Mini- Hankam Raya) JORR E2 (Cikunir-Cakung) Cikampek-Padalarang I 17.5 Cikampek-Padalarang II 41 JORR E1-3, W2-S2, E3, E1-4 14.35 South JORR (Pondok Pinang- 14.25 Taman Mini) Suramadu bridge 5.4 TOTAL 465.05 69.77 SUB TOTAL A 534.82 Tangerang-Merak 73 Ir. Wiyoto Wiyono, Msc. 15.5 Surabaya-Gresik 20.7 Harbour Road 11.55 Ujung Pandang Tahap I 6.05 Serpong-Pondok Aren 7.25 SS Waru-Juanda airport 12.8 Makassar Section IV 11.6 Bogor Ring Road Section I 3.8 Kanci Pejagan 35 JORR W1 9.85 TOTAL 207.1 SUB TOTAL B 207.1 TOTAL A+B 741.92 Completion Toll roads Operator targets Jakarta-Bogor-Ciawi PT. Jasa Marga 1978 Jakarta-Tangerang PT. Jasa Marga 1983-1998 Surabaya-Gempol PT. Jasa Marga 1984 Jakarta-Cikampek PT. Jasa Marga 1985 Padalarang-Cileunyi PT. Jasa Marga 1986 Prof. DR. Soedyatmo PT. Jasa Marga 1986 Lingkar Dalam Kota Jakarta PT. Jasa Marga 1988 Belmera PT. Jasa Marga 1989 & 1996 Semarang Seksi A,B,C PT. Jasa Marga 1987, 1983 & 1998 Ulujami-Pondok Aren PT. Jasa Marga 2001 Cirebon-Palimanan PT. Jasa Marga 1998 JORR W2 Selatan PT. Jasa Marga 1991 (Pondok Pinang-Veteran) 1998 South JORR E1 (Taman Mini- 2001-2003 Hankam Raya) JORR E2 (Cikunir-Cakung) Cikampek-Padalarang I PT. Jasa Marga 2004 Cikampek-Padalarang II PT. Jasa Marga 2005 JORR E1-3, W2-S2, E3, E1-4 PT. Jasa Marga 2005 South JORR (Pondok Pinang- PT. Jasa Marga 1995-1996 Taman Mini) Suramadu bridge PT. Jasa Marga 10 June 2009 TOTAL SUB TOTAL A Tangerang-Merak PT. Marga Mandala Sakti 1987&1996 Ir. Wiyoto Wiyono, Msc. PT. Citra Marga 1990 Nusaphala Persada Surabaya-Gresik PT. Margabumi Matraraya 1993-1996 Harbour Road PT. Citra Marga 1995-1996 Nusaphala Persada Ujung Pandang Tahap I PT. Bosowa Marga 1998 Nusantara Serpong-Pondok Aren PT. Bintaro Serpong 1999 Damai SS Waru-Juanda airport PT. Citra Margatama 27 Apr 2008 Surabaya Makassar Section IV PT. Jalan Tol Seksi 26 Sep 2008 Empat Bogor Ring Road Section I PT. Marga Sarana Jabar 23 Nov 2009 Kanci Pejagan PT. Semesta Marga Raya 26 Jan 2010 JORR W1 PT. Jakarta Lingkar 22 Feb 2010 Barat I TOTAL SUB TOTAL B TOTAL A+B Sources: Toll Road Regulator (BPJT), Data Consult Table--2 Development of Trans Java Toll Road Project Length Sections (kilometers) Investor Cikampek-Palimanan 116.00 PT. Lintas Marga Sedaya Kertosono--Mojokerto 41.65 PT. Marga Hanurata Intrinsic Ngawi-Kertosono 49.51 PT. Ngawi Kertosono Jaya Pejagan--Pemalang 57.50 PT. Pejagan Pemalang Tol Road Pemalang--Batang 39.00 PT. Pemalang Batang Tol Road Semarang--Batang 75.00 PT. Marga Setiapuritama Semarang--Solo 75.70 PT. Jasa Marga Solo--Ngawi 20.90 PT Solo Ngawi Jaya Status of Sections Progress contract Cikampek-Palimanan Land procurement PPJT Kertosono--Mojokerto Land procurement PPJT Ngawi-Kertosono -- Preparation of PPJT Pejagan--Pemalang DED & Land procurement PPJT Pemalang--Batang DED & Land procurement PPJT Semarang--Batang DED & Land procurement PPJT Semarang--Solo Land procurement and PPJT construction Solo--Ngawi Land procurement and PPJT construction Sources: BPJT, Data Consult Note: DED = Detail Engineering Design PPJT = Toll road operation agreement Table--3 Construction of toll roads in Sumatra Names of Length Investment Status by toll road (kilometers) (Rp trillion) March 2011 Medan--Binjai 15.80 1.293 Preparation for Tender Medan-Kualanamu- 60.00 4.755.00 Preparation Tebing Tinggi for Tender Pekanbaru-Kandis- 135.00 8.446.13 Preparation Dumai for Tender Names of toll road Description Medan--Binjai Feasibility study with the support from the government Medan-Kualanamu- Feasibility study Tebing Tinggi with the support from the government Pekanbaru-Kandis- Proposal to be built Dumai by the government Sources: BPJT, Data Consult Table--4 Toll road projects in Jakarta Toll road projects Length Cost of land Investment (kilometers) (Rp billion) (Rp. billion) Duri Pulo--Kampung 11.38 1,364.24 4,755.00 Melayu Kemayoran--Kampung 9.65 2,202.84 6,953.56 Melayu Pasar Minggu--Casablanca 9.56 1,393.64 5,719.87 Sunter-Pulo Gebang- 25.73 7,377.98 Tambelang Sunter-Rawa Buaya-Batu 22.92 9,760.67 Ceper Ulujami--Tanah Abang 8.27 578.13 4,255.27 Toll road projects Status by March 2011 Duri Pulo--Kampung Tender preparation Melayu Kemayoran--Kampung Tender preparation Melayu Pasar Minggu--Casablanca Tender preparation Sunter-Pulo Gebang- Tender preparation Tambelang Sunter-Rawa Buaya-Batu Tender preparation Ceper Ulujami--Tanah Abang Tender preparation Sources: BPJT, Data Consult Table--5 Development of toll roads in Greater Jakarta area Name of toll Length Investment road projects (kilometers) (Rp billion) Akses Tanjung Priok 12.10 Bekasi--Cawang-- 21.04 6,185 Kp. Melayu Cengkareng-Batu 15.22 1,108.6 Ceper-Kunciran Ciawi--Sukabumi 54.00 4,923.7 Cikarang (Cibitung)-- 34.50 2,358 Tj. Priok (Cilincing) Cimanggis-Cibitung 25.39 3,131.76 Cinere--Jagorawi 14.70 Depok--Antasari 21.55 2,515.92 JORR W2 Utara 7.00 1,411 Kamal-Teluk Naga- 30.00 3,590 Batu Ceper (Banten) Kunciran--Serpong 11.19 1,847 Serpong--Cinere 10.14 1.717.5 Name of toll Status by March road projects Investors 2011 Akses Tanjung Priok Bekasi--Cawang-- PT. Kresna Kusuma Land procurement Kp. Melayu Dyandra Marga Cengkareng-Batu PT. Marga Munciran DED & Preparation for Ceper-Kunciran Cengkareng Land procurement Ciawi--Sukabumi PT. Trans Jabar Tol Preparation for Land procurement & DED Cikarang (Cibitung)-- MTD--CTP Expressways DED & Land procurement Tj. Priok (Cilincing) Cimanggis-Cibitung PT. Cimanggis Cibitung Preparation for PPJT Tollways (Consortium Plus-Bakrie Globe) Cinere--Jagorawi PT. Translingkar Kita Section II of Cinere- Jaya Jagorawi (Jl Raya Bogor-Kukusan) 5.5 kilometers Depok--Antasari PT. Citra Wassphutowa Land procurement JORR W2 Utara PT. Jasa Marga Review DED & Land procurement Kamal-Teluk Naga- Tender preparation Feasibility Study Batu Ceper (Banten) Kunciran--Serpong PT. Marga Trans Preparation for Land Nusantara procurement Serpong--Cinere PT. Cinere Serpong Preparation for PPJT Jaya (Consortium of PT. Thiess-Waskita) Sources: BPJT, Data Consult Table--6 Development of non Trans Java toll roads Length Investment Toll road projects (kilometers) Cost of land (Rp. Billion) Juanda airport-- 23 728.63 5,030 Tanjung Perak (East Java) Cilegon--Bojonegara 8.8 139 920 (Banten) Cileunyi--Sumedang-- 58.5 504.84 5,102 Dawuan Ciranjang--Padalarang 33 3,247.5 Gempol--Pandaan 13.61 Gempol--Pasuruan 33.75 Jogja--Solo 40.49 330 2,330 (Yogyakarta-Central Java) Palembang-Indralaya 22 64.06 1,052,9 Pandaan--Malang 37 293.2 2,527.59 Pasir Koja--Soreang 8.3 244.9 1,021.51 Pasuruan--Probolinggo 45.32 3,500 Probolinggo- 170.36 683.5 8,000 Banyuwangi (East Java) Serangan-- 9.1 Tanjung Benoa Tegineneng--Babatan 50 280 2,726.77 Waru (Aloha)-- 17.72 Wonokromo--Tg. Perak Toll road projects Investors Progress Juanda airport-- Tender preparation Feasibility Study Tanjung Perak (East Java) Cilegon--Bojonegara Tender preparation Feasibility Study (Banten) Cileunyi--Sumedang-- Tender preparation Feasibility study Dawuan with support from the government Ciranjang--Padalarang Tender preparation Feasibility Study Gempol--Pandaan PT Marga Bumi Adhikarya Gempol--Pasuruan Jogja--Solo Tender preparation Feasibility Study (Yogyakarta-Central Java) Palembang-Indralaya Tender preparation Feasibility study with support from the government Pandaan--Malang Tender preparation Feasibility study Pasir Koja--Soreang Tender preparation Feasibility study with support from the government Pasuruan--Probolinggo PT Trans Java Paspro Jalan Tol Probolinggo- Tender preparation Feasibility Study Banyuwangi (East Java) Serangan-- PT. Jasamarga Tanjung Benoa Bali Toll Tegineneng--Babatan Tender preparation Feasibility study with support from the government Waru (Aloha)-- Tender preparation Wonokromo--Tg. Perak Sources: BPJT, data Consult
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|Publication:||Indonesian Commercial Newsletter|
|Date:||Jan 1, 2012|
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