Implementation of chemical inventories and management of material safety data sheets.
The EPA has been evaluating approaches to handling this reporting. The EPA has increased the number of chemicals that are currently reportable under the TRI and have additionally required more industry segments to report on their chemical usage. The published EPA reporting options that are under review for permanent integration into the TRI include the following sections as listed in table 1. Table 1 - potential EPA reporting options
Amount of chemical produced on-site;
Amount brought on-site;
Amount processed; and
Amount otherwise used.
Amount consumed on-site;
Amount shipped off -site as product;
Ending raw material inventory; and
Amount stored on-site as product.
Occupational exposure indicators
Total number of workers at the facility;
Number of workers potentially exposed to each listed
Whether exposure assessments were performed
during the reporting year; and
Whether exposure monitoring was performed for the
Materials accounting measures
Amount of chemical waste prevented by source
Annual percentage reduction of total wastes; and
Procedures for weighted multiple chemical uses
A facilities daily operational efficiency is greatly increased through the chemical inventory management system (CIMS) by increasing accurate real time inventory information, through bar coding, on individual containers of chemicals within each facility. This continuous flow of accurate information allows for just in time ordering and total inventory minimization.
The chemical inventory management system approach is to track each chemical container, from the point of ordering (cradle) to the point of disposal (grave), on a mass balance basis. From the information generated through this system, corporate management is able to track the quantity of items being ordered, the quantity of items being utilized and the quantity of waste being generated. The system should also give you the ability to track chemicals on a virtual basis. Virtual tracking provides the ability to segment a process operation or physical location so that only one entry into the CIMS is required for a multitude of similar inputs. For example, if you are running a batch operation that consistently requires the same level of ingredients, it is not necessary to enter all of the chemical ingredients every time. Using a virtual technique, one entry would encompass all of the chemical ingredients entering the system and the system would be intelligent enough to keep track of the constituents that make up the particular batch.
The CIMS should use a relational database that is designed in a modular form that allows customization for facility specific requirements and integration into existing corporate-wide functions and follows an open database connectivity (ODBC) standard. This system should include or have the ability to integrate into existing purchasing functions. Client/server methodology should be provided allowing networking between various groups within an organization. Client/server topology provides the flexibility while maintaining architectures that are cost effective. Figure 1 shows a typical client/server architecture.
The CIMS should also have the inherent flexibility of stand-alone use for individual laboratory applications. Key features of an outstanding chemical inventory management system are:
* Open architecture based on scaleable computer hardware platforms;
* Object oriented program environment;
* graphical user interface;
* integrated client/server architecture;
* on-line chemical requisition;
* purchase approval, purchase order generation, requisition tracking;
* integrated multiple management and inventory reports with graphs. These functions, along with the ability to track container locations, allow for more accurate emergency and fire response data.
Facility-wide operational costs are also reduced by utilizing the CIMS because of on-line data base querying functions to determine real-time standing chemical inventory. By sharing chemicals between departments and/or laboratory units, actual inventory is reduced, quality control improves, and the liability and disposal costs associated with the large standing inventories are reduced.
Another requirement of an outstanding chemical inventory management system is the mass balance function which provides easy calculations of worker chemical exposures and local, state and federal environmental and inventory reports. Each transaction that occurs in the daily chemical inventory tracking should be date and time stamped, thereby allowing the CIMS to be used to perform chemical quantity and usage functions for report preparation. This generation of these reports can be facilitated by coupling the CIMS with SARA Title Ill reporting software and health and safety software. Also, by coupling the system with the MSDS management system software, facilities can accurately determine which chemicals in a standing inventory have MSDS's on file and which ones do not. The MSDS management system should allow for all MSDS's to be stored electronically based on the ANSI sixteen (16) section standard. In storing all MSDS's in this way, they can be created, edited, and ultimately distributed electronically throughout a facility, via computer monitors, giving associates accurate read-only access to on-line MSDS.
Through the integration of a chemical inventory management system, an MSDS management system, SARA Title Ill reporting software, and health and safety software, a state-of-the-art corporate-wide management tool is created that ultimately cuts the costs associated with material purchases, process and support operations, and waste disposal.
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|Title Annotation:||Tech Service|
|Author:||Bloch, Raymond E.|
|Date:||Jan 1, 1998|
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