# Immigration: by the numbers.

As noted in the article "The Debate Over Immigration: 200 Years & Counting," the number of immigrants coming to America has varied widely over the years, depending on conditions overseas and on the political climate in the U.S., which has been more welcoming to immigrants in some periods than in others.

The effect of quotas put in place to limit legal immigration beginning in the 1920s can clearly be seen in the graph. Also note the upsurge in immigration after those quotas were removed in 1965. The new law eliminated barriers against immigrants from certain areas and raised the numbers admitted.

In 2005, the latest year for which there are complete data, more than 1.1 million legal immigrants came to the U.S., the newest wave in a tide of more than 70 million immigrants who arrived between 1820 and 2005.

ANALYZE THE GRAPH

1. What is the approximate difference between the number of immigrants who arrived in the U.S. from 1861 to 1870 and the number who arrived from 1961 to 1970?

(a) 1 million (c) 600,000 (b) 1.5million (d) 500,000

2. Between 1941 and 1950, the number of immigrants fell, largely as a result of World War II (1939-45), which practically eliminated immigration. Still, the number of immigrants in that decade was approximately twice the number that arrived between 1931 and 1940 (not shown). About--immigrants came to the U.S. between 1931 and 1940.

3. Between 1901 and 1910, Italian immigrants to the United States numbered some 2 million. Roughly what percentage of total immigration did Italian immigrants account for in that decade?

(a) 15% (c) 25% (b) 35% (d) 30%

4. About how many millions of immigrants came to the United States in the two decades showing the highest numbers of immigrants?

(a) 1 (c) 18 (b) 16 (d) 20

5. Immigration from 1991 to 2000 was about what percent higher than from 1981 to 1990?

(a) 10% (c) 30% (b) 20% (d) 40%

6. Use the graph as the basis of a brief essay about immigration to the United States.

1. (a) 1 million

2. 500,000

3. (c) 25%

4. (c) 18

5. (b) 20%