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1649: Oliver Cromwell abolished the office of King and declared England a Commonwealth. 1776: British troops were forced by George Washington to evacuate Boston. 1845: Elastic bands were patented by Stephen Perry at a firm of vulcanised rubber manufacturers in England.

1921: The first birth control clinic was set up in London by Dr Marie Stopes.

1938: Rudolf Nureyev, Russian ballet dancer who defected to the West, was born.

1945: The Americans defeated the Japanese at the Battle of Iwo Jima. 1973: The Queen opened the new London Bridge. 1978: The oil tanker Amoco Cadiz ran aground on the coast of Brittany, broke in half and spilled 220,000 tons of crude oil.

1983: Michael Dickinson, 33, achieved a unique record as trainer of the first five horses home in the Cheltenham Gold Cup.

1989: Paul Channon, Transport Secretary, pushed the button which began the machine to bore the Channel Tunnel through chalk beneath the sea at Dover.

1995: The pound hit a record low against the German mark at 2.1890. ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: The Hillsborough police match commander agreed that his failure to close a tunnel was the "direct cause" of the deaths of 96 Liverpool fans.

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Publication:Daily Post (Conwy, Wales)
Date:Mar 17, 2016
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