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INDEX '90: the largest nonwovens show ever.

As it has done every three years for the past two decades, the worldwide nonwovens industry will gather next month in Europe for the international INDEX Exhibition and Congress. Once again INDEX'90, sponsored by EDANA, the European Disposables and Nonwovens Association, will set exhibitor and attendance records when it opens its doors April 3-6 at the Palexpo in Geneva, Switzerland.

The international aspect of the nonwovens industry will be on display as exhibitors from Western and Eastern Europe, the U.S., South America, the Far East and almost every other nonwovens-producing region in the world have made plans to either exhibit or attend. (A complete list of exhibitors is provided later in this special section.) The INDEX'90 Congress, running concurrently with the exhibits, will highlight the latest applications, market concepts and technology breakthroughs for nonwovens. The Congress will feature 63 speakers from 13 countries speaking in 13 sessions. The Congress at INDEX 87 attracted 1660 -delegates from 45 countries.

Nonwovens applications to be highlighted include filtration and separation, geotextiles and roofing, barrier fabrics and agriculture and horticulture. There will also be Congress sessions devoted to the environment and to marketing as well as to technical developments relating to raw materials and to the manufacturing, converting and testing of nonwovens. Simultaneous translations into English, French, German and Italian will be provided. (A complete preview of the Congress is provided later in this special section.)

The following pages include a highlight of what some of the INDEX '90 participants have planned for Geneva. The previews were provided by the exhibitors. A review of INDEX '90 will appear in the May and June issues of Nonwovens Industry.

Freudenberg Presenting New Spinform Nonwovens

The Carl Freudenberg Spunweb Div., Kaiserslautern, West Germany, has developed a completely new kind of nonwoven, a composite of endless filaments and short fibers (wood pulp) produced in a one-step process that it calls 'spinforming.' The new nonwovens will be the focus of the Spunweb operation's display at INDEX'90 (stand 28.71).

During the spinforming process, powder, such as superabsorbents, can be added. Unlike laminate composites, all components in spinform nonwovens are homogeneously mixed and distributed. The new spinform nonwovens combine the properties of their individual components in an optimum manner and can be designed by varying the nature and proportion of the single components.

According to the company, even with only 3-5% endless filaments (interpenetration of network), excellent processability is guaranteed and no further reinforcement or external carrier is required. Since improvements in absorption, distribution and retention of liquids can be expected, targeted applications include baby diapers and feminine hygiene and incontinence products. Further applications include wipes, chemical absorbers and in agriculture.

New Air Intake Filters

The recently developed air intake filter from Freudenberg, also to be on display at INDEX'90, protects passengers in a vehicle against aggravating particles brought in through the ventilation system. Sufferers from hay fever, in particular, will benefit from reduced pollen in the passenger compartment during driving.

The filter is manufactured by Freudenberg from rot-proof nonwoven material and its performance is not adversely affected by temperature fluctuations and moisture. The air intake filter from Freudenberg is already installed as standard equipment in the Mercedes Benz Roadster and is now offered by Volkswagen as special equipment for all Golf and Jetta models. Starting this spring all BMW models will be equipped with Freudenberg air intake filters upon request.

INDEX '87 Award Winner Returns With Applications

At the last INDEX show in 1987, Freudenberg's microfiber spunbonded nonwoven was the winner of the INDEX Award for Innovations. In the meantime, there have proven to be a number of applications, primarily in the medical sector, where the product has shown its unique features and benefits.

Microfiber spunbondeds are used as comfort covers for ostomy bags to avoid the unpleasant skin contact with plastic: they enhance the patient's comfort because the nonwoven is very soft, air permeable, rustle-free and dermatologically safe. Due to its polyethylene base, microfibers can be welded to the plastic with little problem. A totally different field of application was found in wound care. In this case, polypropylene microfiber spunbondeds are hydrophobic backings of combined dressings. Due to their water repellency, exudate strike-through is prevented, giving extra protection against contamination. The air permeability of the nonwoven promotes healing and its softness and flexibility allow excellent adaptation to the skin.

Freudenberg is also optimistic about its newly-developed polypropylene microfiber spunbond in the fields of disposable surgical drapes and gowns. Here the fabric competes primarily with spunlaced fabrics. This new microfiber spunbond offers barrier properties said to be 25% more effective at only half the weight (35 grams sq. meter). Its softness and high permeability guarantee a high level of comfort in wearing when used in surgical gowns. The same is true for its light weight, which has additional advantages in the packaging and storage of these usually rather bulky products. The required antistatic and alcohol repellent properties are achieved in a special finishing process.

The use of microfiber spunbonded fabrics in surgical face masks as an outer layer results in a new product with some sort of "double filtration effect."

In addition to the excellent sustained bacterial filtration efficiency (BFE of at least 95% according to the U.S. military specification MIL-M-36954 C), the hydrophobic outer layer prevents a fluid strike-through in case of splashes. Another advantage of this new construction is the improved breathability, which is three times higher than that of the majority of face masks currently used.

Nordson and Meltex Combining For First Time At INDEX 90

Attendees at INDEX'90 will be the first to experience the integrated equipment capabilities of Nordson and Meltex GmbH; Nordson acquired the West German equipment supplier late last year and is still in the process of combining the worldwide capabilities of the two companies.

The INDEX '90 exhibit will highlight dynamic system demonstrations for disposable diaper and feminine care product applications. Active presentations of nonwoven diaper applications will include leg elastic attachment. elastic dyeing and bonding, laminating, end and side sealing, frontal tape attachment and superabsorbent placement. Sanitary napkin manufacturing capabilities will be shown for laminating and positioning stripe placement.

Simulating on-line diaper leg elastic attachment, the compact Meltex- CT325 hot melt coater and elastic thread unwinder will demonstrate placement using accurate elastic stretch ratios matched to production speed. The actual coloring and bonding of elastic strands will be exhibited using the Meltex 'ColorBond' and 'FlexiColor' dye applicators. In addition, the unique stranded elastic attachment capabilities of Nordson's comprehensive "Helix" system complemented by the Nordson Model 6065 applicator will highlight its patented controlled fiberization gun design. This technology produces spiral adhesive droplets and excellent edge definition.

The diaper demonstration at INDEX will also include an on-line end seal and side seal application featuring the consistent adhesive volume and pattern repeatability of the microprocessor-based Meltex MX4060 applicator and EP45 slot coating head. The image duplication precision of the Meltex CP3000 screen printer for frontal tape applications will also be represented.

The high speed Meltex CT4035 hot melt coater will perform the sanitary napkin lamination of a poly sheet, nonwoven cover sheet and silicone release paper. The accuracy of positioning stripe placement will be displayed using the Meltex EP45 slot coating head. A Meltex MX4024 applicator will provide the controlled adhesive melting and pumping to both the EP45 and a Nordson controlled fiberization gun with a Helix system control console.

Other demonstrations will include a wide web application of pressure sensitive adhesives featuring Nordson's metering spray head for metered, controlled fiberization spray; and superabsorbent powder placement highlighting the variable speed capabilities of both the Nordson 'Flexi-Spray' and the Meltex SAP2001 superabsorbent applicator.

The combined product exhibit is the result of the October, 1989 acquisition of Meltex GmbH by Nordson, Norcross, GA. Nordson is a manufacturer of industrial equipment used to apply materials ranging from liquid and powder coatings to thermoplastic adhesives and sealants.

OMMI Opening and Blending Lines At INDEX 190

Ommi, Prato, Italy, is one of the world's leading designers, manufacturers and commissioners of blending and opening plants for nonwovens and spinning production. For 30 years it has supplied more than 200 blending plants around the world and can, according to company literature, "solve all problems regarding blending, opening, cleaning and storage of any kind of textile fibers and automatic feeding of card to other similar machines."

The complete OMMI production program includes bale openers, blending and storage bins, automatic bin emptiers, blending and cleaning machines, strap cleaners, opening willows, fine openers, oiling chamber, automatic boxes, pneumatic conveying systems and components and an automatic card silo.

At INDEX'90 (stand 22.22), OMMI will be exhibiting its fiber blending lines for nonwovens production similar to those already installed at a number of European nonwovens producers. "OMMI technology can guarantee the maximum flexibility of the systems, the maximum uniformity in quality and color requirement; all of this with a low investment that can pay back with the improvements of the final product quality and the saving in labor in a very short time," the company said in recent product literature.

Honeycomb And Its Specialties

Honeycomb Systems, Biddeford, ME, under European ownership for the first time at an iNDEx show since its purchase last year by Finnish giant Valmet Paper Machinery, will be displaying a broad range of nonwovens produced on its 'Thru-Air' systems at INDEX '90 (stand 12.13). At the show Honeycomb will also present its two specialties-*quipment for drying, curing and bonding of nonwovens and its hydroentanglement technology.

Honeycomb will show its hydroentanglement technology for both high pressure entanglement and for patterning. Honeycomb offers full systems with rotary and flatbed entanglement stations.

In addition, Honeycomb will be displaying spunlaced samples with a pattern of the company's new Valmet/Honeycomb logo as an example of the patterning that can be done on the various products.

Honeycomb officials pointed out that major manufacturers of dry laid and wet laid nonwovens, both in Europe and the U.S., have recently placed orders with the company for drying and curing systems. "Those purchase decisions are based on the value offered by Honeycomb's process technology and equipment design, which provides manufacturers the capability to manufacture nonwovens of particularly high quality," the company said. Company officials said that following an excellent 1989 there are several major projects already underway for drying, curing and thermobonding and for hydroentanglement of both dry laid and wet laid webs.

Dorries Sheet Formation Process

Being highlighted at INDEX '90 by Dorries, Duren, West Germany, (stand 11.62) will be its 'Hydroformer,' a sheet formation process for the production of nonwovens. Dorries will also display photos of complete installations for the production of wet laid nonwovens, with working widths up to 400 mm and machine speeds up to 300 meters a minute.

Production plants with the Hydroformer produce wet laid nonwovens using almost any kind of dispersible fibers and different fiber combinations such as natural, synthetic or mineral fibers. Each plant, in principle, is suitable for utilizing the entire range of available raw materials.

A model will be exhibited at INDEX'90 showing the structure and function of the Hydroformer machine. On display will be illustrations of production machines that utilize glass, synthetic and pulp fibers. Large sized nonwoven samples produced on these machines will be available.

Dorries will also call attention to the nonwovens pilot plant at its Duren facility. This plant, with a working width of 500 mm, assists in providing design criteria for those nonwovens producers considering a new machine.

Tatham: A Range of Nonwovens Machinery Available At Show

The William Tatham Group of companies, Lancashire, U.K., now incorporating the recently-purchased Haigh-Chadwick, manufactures a range of nonwovens machinery embracing many technically advanced features aimed at end uses that include lightweight interlinings, disposables, thermal bonded products, medium weight filtration fabrics, waddings, quilts, blankets, upholstery, automotive products, heavyweight liquid filters, acoustic absorbers, thermal insulation, packaging and floorcoverings.

Among its products being exhibited at INDEX '90 will be the "Microfeed" chute control system to meet the requirements of weight control. The system regulates the fiber weight entering the card. Comprising a highly sensitive weightplate fitted on the input apron of the card, it provides precise control of the weight variation in the carded end product. The unit is preset by means of a soft touch key pad with process parameters and values shown on an L.E.D. display.

Tatham's "Laymaster" is a high speed lapping machine suitable for cross lapping all carded webs. On display at INDEX '90 will be the "Microlap" control, which further enhances batt quality since it uses microprocessor technology to prevent the formation of over and under laps. In addition, it can reduce machine downtime since it eliminates the manual adjustment of carriage reversal switches.

Although not on display at INDEX '90, information on Tatham's fiber blending equipment will also be available. Tatham has a range of blending machinery that enables the most appropriate system to be matched to individual nonwovens requirements. Information will also be available on Tatham's 902 series hopper feed, which is available in widths up to 3.5 meters with a conventional scalepan system; alternatively, in widths up to 2.5 meters with the "Microweigh" electronic weigh system. The Microweigh system is comprised of a microprocessor controlled, pneumatically operated weigh pan mounted on electronic strain gauge type load cells. The precise feed control achieved with this system enhances web regularity.

The recently launched range of Haigh-Chadwick "Ambassador" SX and GT cards (information will be available on them at INDEX '90) are comprised of powerful, single cylinder, double doffer cards in various widths with the top doffer used as an additional worker for single doffer applications. The SX is available in widths up to three meters for processing synthetics and blends from 1.5 to 20 denier in staple lengths from 30 to 120 mm. The GT cards incorporate the advanced features of the SX but offer a simpler specification. Available in widths up to 2.5 meters, they are promoted as ideal for processing fibers from four to 40 denier up to 90 mm long.

Also available is the traditional Tatham Mini-Card, produced in six widths from 1.0 to 2.5 meters. It is a two part machine, which in standard form is made up of workers and strippers on the first part and stationary carding plates on the second. It has been specially developed for the high speed production of extremely regular webs.

New Products From Sandler

With a turnover of more than 100 million DM in 1989 and 15% sales growth in the past year, West German nonwovens manufacturer Christian Heinrich Sandler, Schwarzenbach/Saale, has decided the time has come to exhibit at INDEX for the first time. The company's growth is attributed to above average capital investments in the past few years; in 1989, its plant 2B was completed and two new large production lines were added. Similar growth in turnover and a number of new investments are planned for this year.

Sandler told Nonwovens Industry it decided to attend INDEX '90 as a means of developing new ideas for its nonwoven fabrics. Its focus will be on a number of vital areas to the European nonwovens industry.

Sandler has confronted the concern the industry has over disposability and has developed nonwovens for the hygiene and medical product segments with ecologically friendly characteristics." It has developed a line of products utilizing polyolefin polymers in thermal bonded nonwovens, thus making fabrics free of binders.

A consequent market partnership with customers has resulted in the development of a new respiratory protective mask for operating rooms. These guarantee optimal filtration and, at the same time, good air permeability. In addition, the nonwovens have a high surface smoothness with extremely low pilling and abrasion properties. Wearer comfort is improved and skin irritations are avoided.

In the bed pad area, Sandler has been able to produce polypropylene nonwovens with advantages that include infinitely higher values in wet tensile strength; increased opacity and an improved covering of the absorbent layer; an improved rewet performance that leads to a dryer feel: and a softer feel.

Sandler has also recently introduced a thermally bonded nonwoven that offers "a successful compromise between air permeability and the necessary safety aspects." The nonwoven, as a result of special processing, has a high elasticity and product fit and comfort are improved.

A further point of emphasis at INDEX '90 will be Sandler's involvement in the manufacturing of disposable clothing for clinical applications. Its disposable protective clothing offers high comfort to the wearer because of its softness and air permeability. The nonwoven is physiologically neutral and non-irritating and has good tensile and tear strength and good elasticity. Polyolefin fibers provide these properties.

In the short time it has been a part of the hygiene industry, Sandler has developed nonwovens in the weight range of eight to 22 grams sq. meter for use as coverstock and inner liner for both baby diapers and sanitary products. During INDEX'90 Sandler will be introducing a special coverstock for sanitary towels that ensures wearer comfort and offers a feeling of security. Due to its binder-free bonding, this coverstock is extremely soft and non-irritating.

In the technical nonwovens area, Sandler will be focusing on nonwovens for filtration, for the cable industry, nonwovens for automotives and veneer-carrying nonwovens, as well as some other specially developed product areas. Among the newer products to be at the exhibition are a nonwoven for surface improvement of plastic parts and a nonwoven as a processing assistant for composites. In the latter area, Sandler has developed a covering nonwoven for extruded parts that simplifies the separation of extruded parts from the manufacturing tool; the one sided bedding of the nonwoven in the extruded part improves later processing.

Reemay At INDEX For First Time

U.S. nonwovens roll goods producer Reemay, Inc., Old Hickory, TN, will be focusing on its wide range of nonwoven spunbonded polyester and polypropylene fabrics during its first time exhibiting at an INDEX show.

At its manufacturing facility in Old Hickory, Reemay produces 'Reemay' (polyester) and 'Tekton' (polypropylene) fabrics for a variety of end uses, including apparel interlinings, primary carpet backing, furniture and bedding construction, fabric softener substrate, wall coverings, automotive components, filtration media, fiber reinforced plastics, geotextiles, agricultural crop covers, landscaping fabric, housewrap and flexible packaging.

In addition, Reemay fabrics are used in a number of different high technology and specialty niche markets such as aerospace, telecommunications, filtration, graphic arts and transportation.

In addition to exhibiting its diverse nonwovens product line at INDEX '90, Reemay will emphasize the importance of quality control and high technical standards in its manufacturing process. Edward Hall Presenting Cotton Vs. Synthetics

Edward Hall, Stockport, U.K., Europe's leading supplier of bleached cotton fiber, will be introducing its 'Luxicot" fiber in bale form at INDEX'90. Luxicot is produced from Edward Hall's commercial continuous bleaching process and it offers nonwovens manufacturers a number of new opportunities using the natural fiber.

On display at the exhibition will be semi-durable as well as disposable nonwovens using the Luxicot fiber, including wound dressings, coverstock and

surgical wipes. "A Luxicot nonwoven fabric gives higher absorbency and lower linting than a conventional woven cotton fiber," said Duncan Rhodes, product development manager at Edward Hall. "Not only do Luxicot nonwovens have excellent wipe dry characteristics, but they remain comfortable and become even stronger when wet."

Also on display at INDEX '90 will be samples of thermally bonded medical and institutional wipe products, 100% cotton spunlaced products and high-loft nonwovens based on Luxicot fibers.

The Edward Hall display (stand 26.82) will focus on the qualities of Luxicot when compared to synthetic materials. This will be highlighted with The INDEX Cotton Challenge,' a specially designed series of tests that will enable visitors to see for themselves why cotton exhibits the fine absorption, softness, strength and wicking/wipe dry properties.

Luxicot Gaining Recognition

Edward Hall reported that its Luxicot has achieved tremendous success following the recognition by manufacturers of its unique properties. One company that has turned to Luxicot increasingly is U.K. health care supplier Robinson Healthcare, which began using the fiber in polypropylene/cotton products 18 months ago. "Between 33-40% of British National Health Service hospital wipes are now made from poly/cotton mixtures, quite a switch when we consider that just two years ago all British National Health Service wipes were viscose. The reason is because our own tests have shown that poly/cotton mixtures have increased absorbency and are softer and kinder to the patient," explained Don Bishop, general manager of Robinson Healthcare.

Robinson also manufactures a range of coverstock used in sanitary protection and diaper covers. Such products are also using poly/cotton materials incorporating Luxicot, primarily because of the fiber's wicking properties and inherent softness. Because Luxicot is produced on a continuous process line, its openness and loft means it can easily be blended and processed on nonwovens machinery.

Diaper Machines From FCM

At INDEX '90 Fibre Converting Machinery, Sollentuna, Sweden, will be exhibiting its range of production lines for baby diapers and adult incontinence, along with its specialty waste reclaiming and bale pulp defibration systems. New developments to be highlighted at the show include:

* Waist elastic systems for diapers: Together with Exxon, Fibre Converting Machinery has developed and installed new application units for waist elastic for both baby and adult diapers. The systems make use of Exxon's "Exxtra-Flex-120" film that, in conjunction with the FCM EX400 Elastic Waist Applicator, provides a highly efficient, high productivity method of product innovation for the converter. The system can be applied to most diaper machines in commercial production and does not require major modifications in the runnability of the production line.

* Compressed packaging for diapers: In line with new developments in the distribution and marketing of diapers, FCM is offering the ability to compress diaper stacks to meet the requirements of the major distributors and retail outlets calling for this feature.

* Waste reclaiming systems with SAP separation: The traditional FCM Fluff Reclaiming System for reprocessing scrap diapers, incontinence and sanitary protection products has provided an efficient, high purity yield of fluff with accurate metering back to the production line. Now the system offers superabsorbent separation by means of a three stage process that returns the SAP granulate in pure form back to the converter for reuse. The FCM SAP Separator has been developed to meet the needs of waste product reprocessing now that many markets have accepted the superabsorbent products.

* Bale pulp defibration: The latest FCM systems for bale pulp defibration offer the converter a chance to achieve substantial raw material cost savings while preserving the versatility of sourcing fluff pulp in either roll or bale form, or in a combination of both. The new system offers an accuracy of feed control that either equals or improves upon traditional roll feed.

* Carmody Stitched Face Mask Machine: Ultrasonic stitching is the latest development to be offered on the well-known Carmody Medical Face Mask Machine and this new feature is to be launched at INDEX'90. The demand from the medical profession for a stitched product led to the intensive developmental work that resulted in this new product.


Lenzing AG, Lenzing, Austria, with a capacity of more than 125,000 tons a year, is described as the world's largest fully-integrated viscose and Modal fiber producer. The company will be at INDEX '90 (stand 28.12) with a number of new products.

Lenzing will not, however, be displaying only its viscose and Modal fibers. It will also be featuring special fibers based on viscose and Modal, such as its flame retardant Lenzing Viscose FR and the X-ray contrast fiber Lenzing 'Viscoray.' Other products on exhibit will include polyimide materials made of its P84, which can be used in many applications in the high temperature area ranging from lightweight insulation materials for the aerospace industry to solid plastic panels and composites. New PTFE yarns and fibers for the production of filter materials, laminates and films will also be at the show.

Cellulosic Fibers

Cellulosic viscose and Modal fibers are used in tampons, panty liners, diapers and incontinence products because of their high absorbency and their friendliness to the skin. They can also be used for medical, cosmetic and household and technical textiles, particularly in the form of coating support materials. Fleecy materials for nonwovens are characterized by a high rate of purity, easy processability, textile-like feel, excellent printability and optimal light and color fastness.

Being highlighted at INDEX '90 will be Lenzing's fine titres made of viscose and Modal, Lenzing Viscose FR flame retardant viscose for protective clothing, upholstery materials and for interliners; and Lenzing Viscoray X-ray contrast fiber for swabs, compresses and surgical aids for the operating room.

Samples At INDEX '90

In addition, the Lenzing exhibit will include insulation materials made of needled felts, with a weight per unit area of between 80-1000 grams sq. meter and which can be used in the aerospace, automobile and aeronautics industries.

Structured molded parts made of Lenzing P84 subdivide into coverings (medium density area), panels (high density area) and composites. The medium density coverings have a surface similar to that of textiles despite having a high stability that is obtained without the use of adhesives or solvents. P84 coverings are pliable and adhesive and can be varnished.

The high density panels are only partially moldable and mechanically workable and are used in the automotive and aerospace industries.

Composites made of Lenzing P84 are excellent for the production of radomes since they are flame retardant, inflammable and incorporate a number of dielectric properties. In addition, P84 polyimide is characterized by a low amount of outgassing. Flue gas density is similarly very low and hardly any toxic combustion products are released.

New PTFE Yams and Fibers For Filters

PTFE yarns are produced by Lenzing for the sealings industry according to a technology patented by the company called the split-peel process.

Staple fibers for the production of needled felts are produced according to the same process. These are used principally in flue gas filtration and are available with a titre of 10 dtex and have a rectangular cross section of about 8 X 80 microns. This fiber has very good precipitation properties because of this cross section.

A new method has been developed by Lenzing and patents have been filed that allow it to produce PTFE products with a higher tenacity of up to 870 N/sq. mm that is 40 cn/tex, with a density of about 2.2 grams cubic meter. Yarns of this quality are used in the filter industry as base fabrics for the production of needle felts for fabric filters and as sewing yarns for all types of filters.

Finally, PTFE monofilaments have been developed for the production of demisters and other filtration products.

Lenzing Films Also On DIsplay

The Film Div. of Lenzing manufactures a number of laminates combined with nonwovens, such as aluminum and metalized films according to the extrusion laminating process for use in the construction industry as roof underlinings, in the packaging industry for water impermeable packaging and as protective clothing and shoe sole composites.


European diaper machinery supplier Nuova Red Italiana, Gropello Cairoli, Italy, will be exhibiting its model NR/DHE sanitary napkin and panty shield machine at INDEX '90. The machine is capable of producing 550 pieces a minute, which corresponds to 180,000 to 200,000 pieces each eight hour manufacturing shift, with no more than 5% waste.

The NR/DHE machine is basically comprised of the following parts: defibrating mill, drum forming, take-away unit, poly unwinding, nonwoven wrapping, compression unit, sealing unit, silicon release paper unwinder/applicator, final cut, triple folder, individual wrapping and sealing, stacker counter and automatic packaging.

The Nuova Red machine is completely controlled by a PLC, which assures quality control with automatic rejection of the defective products; it also is equipped with trouble shooting alarms and provides production data automatically.

This machine, according to Nuova Red, represents its new generation sanitary napkin machine. The primary innovation is the drum former, which allows the possibility of producing tridimensional diapers with no need of tissue carrier and with various shapes.

Rohm & Haas Emulsion Binders

Detailed information on the wide range of 'Primal' acrylic emulsion binders will be available from Rohm & Haas, Philadelphia, PA, at INDEX '90 (stand 16.62). Rohm & Haas, which has a U.K. subsidiary in Croydon, is a worldwide supplier of acrylic emulsions as binders for nonwovens.

In addition to providing high resistance to light and heat discoloration and degradation, nonwovens bonded with these emulsions are available in a wide selection of hands, ranging from very soft to boardy. They can be hydrophilic or hydrophobic and can be designed to meet exact requirements. End product applications include medical drapes, gowns, masks and swabs.

Nonwovens bonded with Primal emulsions are also extensively used in a variety of other applications, including carrier fabrics and high quality interlinings, where their excellent dry clean resistance and soft hand provide garment manufacturers greater flexibility in design and performance. Because of their alcohol resistance properties, they are also widely used for wet wipes; their high chemical resistance and wet tensile strength also help find applications in industrial wipes.

Primal acrylic emulsion binders are also used in the manufacture of battery separators, industrial filters and for glass and polyester fiber roofing web applications, where high consistency of performance under severe conditions is an operating necessity.

Storalene Exhibiting Range of Technical Nonwovens

Storalene AB, one of Europe's largest wet laid nonwovens producers, will be exhibiting its extensive range of thermally stable coating substrates and technical nonwovens at INDEX'90. These products have found acceptance in a number of industrial applications, including:

* Roofing, where the 85-150 grams sq. meter "Marolene" range has been successfully used for the past seven years in Scandinavia. Bituminous roofing using Marolene has, according to Storalene, "far superior qualities to rag felt and glass substrates."

* Wall coverings, where an apertured nonwoven treated with flame retardant chemicals has been widely accepted as a replacement for the traditional woven glass fiber, especially in terms of health and safety during application.

* Automotive products, which are used in the manufacture of headliners, parcel shelves and bonnet liners. Storalene's materials not only provide an adhesive surface for installation into the vehicle, but also improve efficiency during the manufacturing process.

* Wood veneer backings, which are based on cellulose fibers so that they naturally adhere and conform to the veneer to add strength and avoid delamination and splitting.

* Filtration, where Storalene has become generally acknowledged as the producer of one of the best balanced vacuum dust bag materials. The nonwoven combines strength, filtration efficiency and air permeability. Other filtration applications are currently being developed by the company, including milk filters and cooling oil filters.

In addition at INDEX'90, Storalene will be exhibiting its range of wet wipe and industrial wipe nonwovens. The company will also be talking about its ability to convert these into coreless rolls, flat folded sheets and mini reels.

With the increasing environmental concerns in mind, Storalene will also unveil a range of products developed specifically for this purpose.

New Corporate Identity Now For Courtaulds Fibers

Courtaulds Fibers, encompassing Viscose, Tencel and Performance Products, will be on hand at INDEX '90 under its new corporate identity and will offer a variety of specialty fibers for nonwovens end uses. The primary item to be shown under the Courtaulds Viscose banner will be the new family of multi-lobe, cellulosic fibers developed within its Galaxy project. The main features of the fiber are its increased absorbency and increased bulk. Some are already in commercial use in tampons and developmental work is underway for both dry and wet laid nonwovens.

Courtaulds Viscose will also be showing its very successful IAC autoclavable fiber, fibers for spunlaced applications and precision, short cut fibers for use in wet laid nonwovens and specialty papers.

Courtaulds Fibers Performance Products will be exhibiting a range of specialty fibers for various nonwovens applications, including for flame retardant applications "Teklan" modacrylic and "Inidex"), APF for reinforcement of wet laid nonwovens and specialty papers and 'Courtek M' bacteriostatic fiber.

Currently undergoing commercial evaluation in nonwoven applications, Courtaulds Tencel high performance, solvent spun fiber will also be exhibited. Fehrer Focusing On Random Card Products manufactured on the Fehrer K 21 high performance random card will be the focus of Dr. Ernst Fehrer, Linz, Austria, at INDEX '90 (stand 27.15). The primary fields of application for the totally random web nonwovens made from this process are lightweight coverstocks, medical, hospital and surgical products, wipes, interlinings and technical nonwovens.

In addition, Fehrer will be exhibiting heavier weight range products from its V 21/K 12 nonwovens equipment line. These products include geotextiles and needled webs for filtration and technical applications.

In addition to its conventional nonwovens technology, the Fehrer needlepunching program will be outlined with information concerning the Fehrer NL II/SE machine, which incorporates computer-aided carpet patterning and the new Fehrer NL 21/S-RV "Superlooper- for random velours. Samples from a virtually unlimited range of patterned carpets and wallcoverings, as well as automotive products and artificial leathers, will be at the show.

Concrete Accomplishments From Fameccanica

Fameccanica's "non-stop innovation- isn't just a motto. Six years ago at INDEX'84 it revealed a long life, pulp fiberizer Mode Mill, which was revolutionary in its design concept and still used today by many converters who have installed it on their Fameccanica sanitary napkin and baby and adult diaper machines.

Three years later, at INDEX'87, the plastic film perforation line Model FPF was in the limelight. At this year's INDEX'90 there will again be a unique new product. The last decade of the century has just started and as the industry moves towards the 21st century, packaging and plant automation systems will play an important role in the nonwovens industry for cost reduction and maximum profitability.

Fameecanica, Sambuceto, Italy, will have at INDEX '90 (stand 21.61) a "state of the art" electronic packaging machine Model ACE presented together with the Supervisor Plant Expert System (S.P.E.S.) for the entire production process supervision.. These are, however, only two of the many new products Fameccanica will be talking about at INDEX '90. Among the others:

* Special, new design for boy/girl baby diapers with two different superimposed and contoured fluff layers;

* New waist elastics, "softer than ever;"

* Stand-up lateral gathers (diaper cuffs);

* Frontal tape application system and exclusive, compact design trifolding unit;

* Fully automatic systems for compressed packaging;

* Contoured sanitary napkins and panty shields, virtually any shape, with or without panty protectors, single (pocket formed) or double (superimposed layers) absorbent core;

* The most up-to-date structure for adult incontinence products in different versions;

* Low grammage fluff pad formation systems;

* The latest version of the plastic film perforation line;

* Several custom designed superabsorbent application systems;

* Expanded computerized quality control and in-line production data collection and processing systems;

* Retrofitting kits for existing machines of any make are available.

Automatic production machines, integrated production lines with automatic packaging and dedicated packaging systems for existing production machines are available on a turn-key basis as well.

Fameccanica is able to offer all of these new products through a modern, flexible and professional organization utilizing an advanced computer designing system, the third in Italy in dimension: a continuous feedback from more than 80 users of Fameccanica equipment worldwide (more than 260 production lines delivered in the past 15 years); and from the experience of the Consumer Div. of the Angelini Group, to which it belongs. More than 40 service engineers at Fameccanica are dedicated exclusively to this area.

Mechadyne To Introduce Stretchfilm Packaging Concept

Stretch wrapping may be the "wave of the future" in packaging for the nonwovens industry, according to Mechadyne Machine, Atlanta, GA, which will be unveiling its new wrapping technique at INDEX '90. The company said the technology using stretchfilm and specially designed roll wrapping machinery saves time, labor and money in packaging nonwoven roll goods.

New developments in stretchfilm have resulted in packaging material that is extremely puncture and tear resistant. Today's films cling on one side and slip on the other, so it will stick to itself and hold the roll neatly together but will also allow the roll to slide easily from a stack of several rolls.

The HTW Roll Packaging System, designed and built by Mechadyne and distributed worldwide by FiTech, Richmond, VA, automatically applies stretchfilm to nonwoven roll goods in a unique, spiral wound pattern to create a tight package. The film makes an attractive, neat looking package while protecting the roll from dirt, moisture and abrasion. The HTW system is promoted as less expensive than conventional wrapping methods and "offers big payoffs in ease of use, product protection and overall efficiency."

The HTW System reduces material cost by using stretchfilm, an extremely strong, puncture resistant plastic that requires less material for better protection than traditional methods. The HTW is fully adjustable for specific needs. With the help of an internal microprocessor, cycle parameters are adjusted automatically to produce a consistent package on every roll. The HTW is currently in use by a Top Five carpet producer, a Top Five carpet backing plant and by some of the world's largest textile manufacturers.

Mechadyne now offers an affordable semi-automatic HTW-100 wrapper to complement its custom designed, automatic HTW-200 series machines. Using the same operating principles as the HTW series wrapper, the new HT-100 is designed to provide the same versatility to wrap different roll diameters and lengths with whatever film coverage is desired. Ergonomic design considerations have resulted in a simple-to-use machine that consistently produces durable, cost effective packaging. Opportunities are available for agents to represent HTW Roll Packaging Systems throughout the world.

New Generation Die Cutters From Schober GmbH

The proven new generation high performance die cutting cylinders for nonwovens, combined with precision modules for manufacturing sanitary napkins and baby diapers, will be the focus of Schober GmbH, Enz, West Germany, at INDEX '90 (stand 18.34). The company will be introducing its high performance rotary cutting machine, the subject of German and foreign patents, for cutting and delivering make-up pads as well.

Other Schober exhibits at the show are used for manufacturing dentist's bibs, operating coats, gloves and shoe covers and other disposable products used in the hygienic and industrial fields and for household purposes.

For the resharpening of die cutting cylinders Schober plans to exhibit its "do-it-yourself" regrinding service station to allow the users of its rotary cutting system to resharpen their cylinders themselves. Such service stations are located in Hong Kong, France, the U.K., Italy, Spain, Taiwan and Saudi Arabia; Schober plans to add additional stations around the world shortly.

BFF Launching New Fabrics

U.K. nonwovens producer BFF Nonwovens is using INDEX'90 to introduce its new spunlaced and thermal bonded nonwoven fabrics to the trade. Having completed a multi-million dollar investment program at its Bridgwater, U.K. plant, BFF will be featuring its new 'Serenova' range of spunlaced fabrics for the medical and hygiene markets.

With the growing importance of ecological issues, BFF will also be exhibiting both spunlaced and thermal bonded fabrics incorporating viscose fibers for sanitary protection products. This complements its new range of lightweight polypropylene and polyester fabrics.

Following considerable market success, a major emphasis will also be placed on BFF's new spunlaced fabrics for coating substrates and automotive applications. Investment in wet wipe and conversion facilities combined with substantial capacity to produce chemical bonded nonwovens is enabling BFF to offer a very wide range of nonwoven fabrics to its worldwide customers.

Structured Nonwovens From Dilo

Special emphasis on the structured "Di-Loop" and "Di-Lour" technologies will be the focus of the exhibit from Oskar Dilo Maschinenfabrik, Eberbach, West Germany.

Its new high speed Di-Loop DS structuring machine will be highlighted at INDEX '90. The use of a high speed servo-hydraulic unit has resulted in a multiplication of the system's design possibilities. With the aid of an infinitely variable penetration depth, high-low effects can be produced that create highly attractive designs, especially when two layer and two color products are structured.

The servo-hydraulic unit also allows for the adaptation of the stroke of the lamella table to the material's thickness: thus a considerable increase in production at a reduced stroke is achieved. The user is guided by an industry processor or a menu display via a CRT that considerably eases operation and safety.

Major progress in development has also been made within the Di-Lour technique. This specialty machine, which was originally designed for needling lightweights and fine velours, allows, through the new high speed Di-Lour 11 S version, the use of fine fork needles that widen the range of possible weight areas. For needling low area weights from 100 to 700 grams with fibers finer than 10 dtex, the Crown needle is still preferred. For middle to heavy area weights ranging from 700 to 1800 grams using coarser fibers from 15 to 80 dtex, the fine fork needles have an advantage.

The Di-Lour technique to be discussed at INDEX '90 is used worldwide in the production of automotive interior linings. More than 75 Di-Lour machines worldwide, mostly in Japan and Western Europe, are used for this application. Dilo will show the complete range of possible uses for the Di-Lour technique, including molded automotive interiors, shoe and jacket linings, blankets and upholstery velours.

Furthermore, flat needled felts for technical felt applications will be on display. Among the technical felts, needled geotextiles are gaining in importance. Dilo offers for needling spunbonded its high speed needle looms of the "Di-Loom" S series with a stroke frequency of 2500 a minute maximum and for needling traditional staple fiber needle looms in wide working widths. Dilo reported that a major U.S. producer will start producing geotextiles on a seven meter wide Dilo needling installation later this year using this technique, which will include pre-needling, drafting for fiber reorientation and finish needling from both sides in the Dilo-Double Needle Loom Type Di-Loom OUG.

Another sector to be discussed at INDEX '90 is the needling of inorganic fibers, such as glass, ceramics and basaltic fibers for use in producing insulating materials and as a replacement for asbestos. A large number of samples of these types of materials will be available.

Short Takes

Amoco Spunbondeds

Amoco Fabrics Europe, Gronau, West Germany, one of the leading suppliers of carded thermal bonded coverstock to the West European hygiene market, will promote its new product range for industrial applications at INDEX '90. Having started a spunbonded line at the end of 1988, Amoco Fabrics has diversified into agrotextiles, geotextiles, furniture and mattress covers and many other industrial end uses. Amoco will stress its ability to develop customized nonwovens, composite fabrics and coated products for special market requirements.

Hot Melts From Ecomelt

The new product developments being presented by the Swiss hot melt specialist Ecomelt AG, Sursee, Switzerland, at INDEX '90 comprise solutions for manufacturers in the field of hygiene and medical products. In the wake of its expansion of research and development capabilities, Ecomelt will be introducing its "All-in-One" hot melt adhesive type for all diaper applications, the first that has been developed by a European-based adhesives specialist. New advanced hot melt adhesives for medical product applications form another cornerstone of Ecomelt's performance at the exhibition. The new management of Ecomelt, a company of the Swiss specialty group Ebnother, has recently reshaped its specialized staff into teams integrating research and development, technical service and marketing professionals in order to offer the customer fast response in finding individual solutions. All of this will be the focus of its INDEX'90 participation.

The New Fiberweb

With a significant expansion of its spunbonded polyester capacity set to come on-stream in mid-1990, Fiberweb AB, Norrkoping, Sweden will be promoting its new capacity and expanded capabilities. The new 7000 ton annual capacity spunbonded polyester needlepunched and resin bonded nonwovens line is designed to service primarily the European roofing suppliers. Along with U.S. partner James River Nonwovens, Greenville, SC, Fiberweb will exhibit new melt blown filtration media, spunbonded nylon fabric improvements of 'Cerex' and PBN II and significant improvements in 'Celestra" spunbonded polypropylene fabrics.

New ICI Nonwoven

A new 1.7 dtex nylon fiber from ICI Fibres, London, U.K., is expected to be unveiled at INDEX '90. The new product is said to be "ideally suited for all bonding technologies." ICI Fibres will also feature its 2.2-13 dtex range of bicomponent heterofil nylon fibers developed for high temperature thermal bonding. The 2.2 dtex fiber, a recent addition to the line, is designed for softer nonwovens; it will be shown to the trade for the first time at the exhibition. Images of the fiber as developed by the company will be exhibited as well.

Complete Hastem Apron System

Hastem Transportbander GmbH, Nordlingen, West Germany, will exhibit its complete program of slat transport aprons for the nonwovens industry, along with its various components, at INDEX '90. The slat profiles are supplied with smooth, grooved or knurled surfaces and are tapped from above onto the aramide tooth belts. When combined with tooth pulleys or special tooth rings, the aprons are driven positively and always run straight without slipping. A novelty for INDEX'90 from Hastem will be the AB 38 slat and needle slat apron, which will be presented to the general industry for the first time in Geneva.

Schaetti Novelties

New at INDEX '90 from Schaetti, Wallisellen, Switzerland, will be powders and machines for manufacturing powder bonded nonwovens. The company will be talking primarily about its "Schaettifix" 374/200 micron powder and its powder scattering and powder bonding machine.

Jackstadt Silicone Papers

Jackstadt GmbH is taking advantage of the highly specific structure of INDEX '90 to exhibit its new "Anticoll" range of silicone papers to the nonwovens industry for the first time (stand 24.61). Examples of the papers in sanitary napkins and sticking plasters will be on hand to represent the potential solutions using Anticoll silicone papers as backing papers and to separate adhesive surfaces of all types. With an area weight of 50 grams sq. meter, the silicone papers are available in roll widths from 15 mm to about 2000 mm, either unprinted or with a single color imprint on the back side. The silicone coating can be varied (with or without solvent) to yield a degree of repellency to suit the specific application.

INDEX 90 CONGRESS PROGRAM April 3-6, 1990, Geneva, Switzerland


The developing role of the European Parliament in the formulation of the EEC legislation, M. Daley, MEP, U.K.

The dynamics of the nonwovens industry-a challenge for the nineties, D. Harley, Dominion Textile, Switzerland


A superabsorbent breakthrough-the development of a superabsorbent foam, M. Bitritto, Hoechst Celanese, U.S.

Rheology of superabsorbent networks: an approach for a better understanding of diaper performance, P. Buchert, Norsolor, France Spinforming-a new product group of spunbonded nonwovens with fluff pulp-especially for hygienic applications, B. Klein, Freudenberg Spunweb, West Germany

Effect of superabsorbent-pulp interactions on the performance of absorbent structures, D. Visioli, DuPont, U.S.



The effect of morphology and electrostatic charging of man-made fibers on the filtration efficiency of modern filter media, R. Schwan, Mehler Vario System, West Germany

Performance evaluation of electrostatically charged nonwovens as filter media in air filtration, R. Lathrache, Freudenberg, West Germany Use of microfibre nonwovens in blood filtration, T. Rejda, NPBI, Netherlands

Battery separators for automotive batteries, D. McCallum, Tullis Russell & Co., U.K. Developments in nonwoven cable wrappings, R. de Boer, Lantor BV, Netherlands



Adult incontinence products in Sweden, H. Leander, Handikappinstutet, Sweden

Adult incontinence-developments within the U.K. market, G. Hay, Vernon-Carus, U.K.

The ISO pad leakage project: progress report, A. Cottenden, St. Pancras Hospital, U.K.

Recent worldwide developments in adult pads and baby diapers, F. Bouda, consultant, U.S.

Marketing disposables in a green consumer climate, C. Haddad, consultant, U.K.



The use of geotextiles for soil reinforcement, P. Jolly, Rhone Poulenc, France

The use of polypropylene geotextile impregnated with bituminous binder inflexible pavements, T. Levy, DuPont, Luxembourg

Bicomponent structures as a route to controlled properties, Ir van der Ploeg, Akzo, Netherlands Long term behavior of polyester substrates in roofing felts, K.-Ch. Zerfass, Hoechst, West Germany

Construction condensation problems-solutions offered by using special nonwovens, H. Boich, Corovin, West Germany

Insituform-an unusual nonwoven application, P. Smith, Insituform Technical Services, U.K.


The present and future of the nonwovens industry in China, Y. Wang, STRI, China Business development in Eastern Europe, M. Schriber, DuPont, Switzerland

Uncovering and marketing innovative nonwovens, J. Gelula, Maran Marketing, U.S. Intellectual property rights in the marketing of nonwovens, F. Bouda, consultant, U.S.

Total quality management at a nonwoven producer, A. Middleton, Dexter, U.K.


Polyimide fibers in nonwoven structures, K. Weinrotter, Lenzing, Austria Solvent spun cellulosic fibre in nonwovens-update 1987-1990, D. Cole, Courtaulds Research, U.K.

Improved tenacity of nonwovens using fusible fibers, K. Genschow, Ems Chemie, Switzerland A new superabsorbent fiber for nonwovens, M. Sone, Japan Exlan, Japan

New composites using superabsorbent fibers, D. Bouman, Arco Chemical, U.K.


Disposal and biodegradation of nonwoven products, C. Woodings, Courtaulds Research, U.K. The greening of America-green peace or green fleece?, J. Hanson, Marketing Technology, U.S. Diapers and solid waste-a research program, M. Francke, Procter & Gamble, West Germany EEC environmental directives 1992, R. Sidhall, DuPont, Belgium

Waste management in the United Kingdom, J. Ferguson, London Waste Regulation Authority, U.K.

Recycling versus nonwovens waste, H. Bacher, EREMA, Austria


Nonwoven binder developments to help the manufacturer design safer nonwoven fabrics, J. Ulyatt, Vinamul Limited, U.K. Binder influence on polyester mat performance, B. Schultz, Rohm & Haas, U.S.

Nonwoven structures and laminates formed using powder bonding technology, F. Harris, HDK Industries, U.S.

Efficiency of textile dispersions on basis of vinyl-acetate ethylene copolymers, K. Fischer, Hoechst, West Germany

New insights in spin finishes for PP fibers to be processed into thermobonded nonwovens for hygienic end uses, R. Mathis, Henkel, West Germany


Composite fabrics for protective garments, Z. Mate, Veratec, U.S.

Reduction of fabric related airborne particles during surgery, P. Lutolf, DuPont, Switzerland Rating of nonwoven cleanroom garments by means of performance testing, P. Ehrler, Institut fur Textil-und Verfahrenstechnik, West Germany

Wetstick pressure sensitive adhesive for disposable operation drapes, A. Van Hooijdonk, Avery Specialty Tape Division, Belgium

Nonwoven protective equipment, Arthur Schwope, Arthur D. Little, U.S.


Carded nonwovens with 3D-fiber orientation, D. Muller, Spinnbau, West Germany High performance random cards, H. Jakob, Dr. Ernst Fehrer, Austria

New products by combining spunbond and melt-blown systems, M. Whemann, Reifenhauser, West Germany

First results of a new generation of spunbonded nonwovens, J. Janfeld, Sodoca, France

Tentative model of thermal transfer between a field of infra-red transmitters and a moving body. Applications for nonwovens, B. Baudoin, Ecole Nationale Superieure des Mines de Douai, France


Forty years in agriculture/horticulture 195011990, D. Manson, Lows of Dundee, U.K.

Superabsorbents ... possibilities with nonwovens, B. Kerres, Stockhausen, West Germany

Diversification of nonwoven applications in vegetable cultivation, J. Thicoipe, S.E.R.A.I.L./C.T.I.F.L., J. Gerst, S.E.N.E./C.T.I.F.L.., France

Can nonwovens meet the developing expectations of market gardeners?; L. Sytsma, UNCAA, France

Use of nonwovens on field crops in the United Kingdom, D. Antill, ADAS, U.K.


Some new methods and instruments for the measurement of mechanical and thermal properties of nonwovens, L. Hes, College of Mechanical and Textile Engineering, Czechoslovakia

Surface dryness measurements of baby diapers and other absorbing materials with an optical device, H. Lask, Hoechst, West Germany

Composite elastic nonwovens, H. Classen, Claassen Management, West Germany

The technical and economic factors associated with nonwoven elastication system selection, W. Russell, Fulflex, U.S.

Adhesives-a glimpse into the future, C. Stokes, National Starch & Chemical, U.K.

Screen-to-screen technology for double-sided finishing, coating and printing, F. Goossens, Stork Brabant, Netherlands
Acumeter Laboratories
Allied Colloids
Amoco Fabrics
Ancilla B.V.
AOE Plastic
Arco Chemical Europe
Autefa Maschinenfabrik
Aztec Machinery
Beklon Fibers
J.C. Binzer
Bonar Carelle
Bonded Fibre Fabric
Bosmat Hafetz Hayim
Brueckner Trockentechnik
Bst Servo Technik
F Calemard
P. Campen
Robert Casaretto
F.lli Ceccato
A. Celli
La Cellulose
Haigh Chadwick
Chicopee Europe
Codi International
Comerio Ercole
Courtaulds Advanced Matls
Courtaulds Viscose Europe
CPH Chemie Essen
Deutsche Atochem Werke
Deutscher Fachverlag
Dexter International
DHJ Industries
Oskar Dilo
Dimico Pac
Dittberner E.
Doerries Scharmann
Don & Low
Dow Chemical
F. Drake
ETF Maschinefabrik
Exxon Chemical
Fag Kugelfischer
Fama Jersey
Faserwerk Bottrop
Dr. Ernst Fehrer
HJR Fiberweb
Fibre Converting Machinery
Fibres South
Filati Laxtex Elastofibre
Flow Systems
4P Folie
Foster Needle
Carl Freudenberg
H.B. Fuller
Gelman Sciences
Robert Giebeler
Grossman & Co.
Jakob Hardi
Edward Hall
Hauser Elektronik
Hergeth Hollingsworth
ICI Fibres
Imbalpaper Di Perini Pierluigi
International Textil-Service
Institut Textile De France
Jacob White
JPS Elastomerics
Franz Kalff
Kamas Industri
Kawamoto Bandage Material
Kemira Oy
Kleber TExtile
Konus Chemical
Eduard Kusters
Lohjan Paperi Oy
Christian Maier
Mansell Bonded Fabrics
Marketing Technology
Martel Catala
Werner Mathis
Melland & Coward
Karl Menzel
Mercier Freres
Andre Moreau
G. Mouzon
National Starch & Chemic
Neue Bruderhaus
Nikki Machinery
Nonwovens Engineering
Nonwovens Industry
Noworoll Oy
Nuova F.N.T.
Nuova Red Italiana
Nuove Techniche
Paper Converting
Planatolwerk Willy Hesselman
Ramisch Kleinewefers
Robinson Healthcare
Rohm & Haas
Christian Heinrich Sandler
Oy Scanwoven
Schur Plastic
Scott Paper
Karl Sengewald
Smith & Nephew
Soft S.P.A.
Stora Cell
Stork Brabant
S.T.P. Impianti
J.W. Suominen
Svenska Rayon
Taco Plastics
Tekma S.R. L.
Tekma Prato
Texstil Ljubljana
Exclusivas Te-Pa
Tharreau Industrie
A. Thibeau
Tonen Sekiyu
Toyo Co.
Toyo Engineering
Toyo Paper Manufacturing
3M Disposable Products
3M Health Care Specialties
A&E Ungricht
United Paper Mills
Vateks Vatka Tela Teksil
Viola Giorgio
Wellman International
Wetzel Spinnerets
Winkler & Dunnebier
Firmenaruppe Wirths
Johannes Zimmer
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Publication:Nonwovens Industry
Date:Mar 1, 1990
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