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IMMIGRATION COSTS CALIFORNIA $18.2 BILLION & 914,000 UNEMPLOYED IN 1992, REPORTS NEW STUDY; LEGAL IMMIGRATION ACCOUNTS FOR NEARLY 3/4 OF COSTS

 LOS ANGELES, Nov. 4 /PRNewswire/ -- Nearly 7.4 million immigrants who have settled in California since 1970 cost state taxpayers $18.2 billion net last year in excess of taxes immigrants paid, according to a new study by economics professor Donald Huddle of Rice University, Houston.
 The just-completed study, "The Net Costs of Immigration to California" was commissioned by Carrying Capacity Network (CCN), a non- profit organization which seeks to increase understanding of the interrelated nature of environmental degradation, population growth and immigration issues.
 The study also found that:
 -- Nearly three-fourths of the total net cost, $13.1 billion in 1992, was due to legal and legalized immigrants. Illegal immigrants generated $5.12 billion of the total cost.
 -- 914,000 Californians were unemployed in 1992 due to the heavy influx of 7.4 million immigrants into the state since 1970. It cost state taxpayers $4.2 billion in public assistance for displaced workers.
 -- Education for immigrants was the biggest single cost to California taxpayers in 1992, $5.84 billion, or 25.5 percent of total direct assistance costs for immigrants. Medi-Cal costs were $4.1 billion, or 17.9 percent, while county health/social services cost $2.95 billion, or 12.9 percent. Aid to families with dependent children cost $1.7 billion, or 7.4 percent. Eighty percent of the costs of these four programs is paid from California state or local funds.
 The cost of immigration for California taxpayers will rise in the 1990s, predicts the Huddle study, based on an increase in the influx of immigrants into the state projected by the Census Bureau and other sources. Unless current law and enforcement policies are changed, more than 2.75 million new legal and 1.56 million illegal immigrants -- 4.3 million all told -- are expected to arrive in California by 2002.
 The 7.4 million settled immigrants, plus the 4.3 million projected to enter California by 2002, will cost state taxpayers $265.7 billion net over the decade, or an average of $26.5 billion per year.
 Given that the 1992 net costs of immigration for the state were $18.2 billion, the cost for each one of California's 31 million residents was $587. Thus immigration cost each family of four $2,348 in California in 1992.
 -0- 11/4/93/
 /NOTE TO EDITORS: "The Net Costs of Immigration to California" was formally released at a news conference with Huddle today.
 Huddle will be available for comment at the breakfast kickoff of the Ethics of Immigration conference, to be held at 8 a.m., Friday, Nov. 5 at the J.W. Marriott Century City Hotel in West Los Angeles.
 The California study is a follow-up to Huddle's comprehensive nationwide study, "The Costs of Immigration" issued last summer. The national study pointed out that legal and illegal immigrants in the United States since 1970 cost taxpayers $42.5 billion net in public assistance and displacement in 1992, in excess of $20.2 billion they paid in taxes. Projected net costs to taxpayers for the next decade will be $670 billion or an average of $67 billion per year unless law and enforcement policy are changed./
 /CONTACT: Jenn Correa of Carrying Capacity Network, 202-879-3044 or 800-466-4866/


CO: Carrying Capacity Network ST: California IN: SU:

KD-DT -- DC045 -- 0991 11/04/93 17:44 EST
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Date:Nov 4, 1993
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