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IMMIGRATION : ASYLUM APPLICATIONS CONTINUE TO INCREASE IN EU.

The EU27 registered 332,000 asylum applicants(1) in 2012, compared with 302,000 in 2011. It is estimated that around 90% were new applicants and around 10% repeat applicants, Eurostat reported, on 22 March.

While Afghanistan (8% of the total number of applicants) remained the main country of citizenship of these applicants in 2012, Syria (7%) ranked second just ahead of Russia (7%), Pakistan (6%) and Serbia (6%).

In 2012, the highest number of applicants was registered in Germany (77,500 applicants, or 23% of the total), followed by France (60,600, or 18%), Sweden (43,900, or 13%), the United Kingdom (28,200, or 8%) and Belgium (28,100, or 8%). These five member states accounted for more than 70% of all applicants registered in the EU27 in 2012.

In some member states, a large proportion of the applicants came from a single country. The states with the highest concentrations were Malta (60% of the applicants came from Somalia), Poland (57% from Russia), Latvia (51% from Georgia), Lithuania (48% from Georgia), Estonia (45% from Georgia) and Hungary (41% from Afghanistan).

In 2012 in the EU27, 73% of first instance decisions made on asylum applications were rejections, while 14% of applicants were granted refugee status, 10% subsidiary protection and 2% authorisation to stay for humanitarian reasons. It should be noted that first instance decisions made in 2012 may refer to applications registered in previous years.

(1) Asylum applicant means a person having submitted an application for international protection or having been included in such application as a family member

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Publication:European Report
Date:Mar 25, 2013
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