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ILO labor yearbook: some international comparisons.

The 1983 edition of the International Labor Organization's Year Book of Labor Statistics includes international data on occupational injuries, industrial disputes and working days lost, and wage differentials between men and women.

According to the 64-nation survey on injury rates at work, about 9 million persons were injured in 1982 a s a result of on-the-job accidents--24,000 of these were fatal.

In the three most dangerous industries--mining and quarrying, construction, and manufacturing--fatality rates declined more than 20 percent in several of the countries. Although manufacturing had the highest number of fatal injuries (27 percent), in terms of fatality rates, mining and quarrying were mored dangerous than construction, and manufacturing was least hazardous of the three industries.

The 46-nation study on industrial relations reveals that there were 15 percent fewer strikes in 1982, but 5 percent more workers were involved in industrial disputes, resulting in more working days lost. In the 18 participating OECD countries, the number of strikes decreased by 15 percent (from 13,000 in 1981 to 11,000 in 1982), the number of strikers increased by 8 percent (from 15 million to 16.2 million), and the number of working days lost increased by 5 percent (from 37 million to 39 million). By comparison, in the 28 mainly developing countries, the number of strikes also decreased by 15 percent, strikers decreased by 9 percent (from 3.5 million to 3.2 million), but the number of working days lost increased significantly by 17 percent (from 45 million to 53 million).

Finally, the "wage gap" survey of 18 nations covered the manufacturing and nonagricultural industries for the years 1973-82 and 1977-82. In 1982, Korean women in the nonagricultural industries had the highest salary differential, earning 54.9 percent less than Korean men, while Australian women had the lowest, 8.1 percent less than their male counterparts. In the manufacturing industries, Japanese women earned 56.9 percent less than men and Swedish women, 9.7 percent less.

An ILO report on the yearbook notes that comparisons are difficult because the definitions, concepts, sources, and scope of the surveys often vary among countries.
COPYRIGHT 1985 U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
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Publication:Monthly Labor Review
Date:Feb 1, 1985
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