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I.I.I. OFFERS SAFETY TIPS FOR HIGH-RISE BUILDING DWELLERS

 NEW YORK, Feb. 26 /PRNewswire/ -- The explosion at the World Trade Center demonstrates the vulnerability of New Yorkers and other urban residents to fire and other disasters in high-rise offices and apartments. The Insurance Information Institute (I.I.I.) offers these tips to high-rise building dwellers:
 -- If a fire or other disaster occurs, do not panic. Staying calm will increase chances of survival.
 -- Remember that smoke rises. It also kills. Even if you can tolerate the smoke while standing, it is safer to crawl to the door.
 -- Do not open the door until you have checked to be sure there isn't fire on the other side.
 -- Brace your shoulder or foot against the door and open with extreme caution. Should you be confronted with a high concentration of super-heated air or smoke, close the door immediately.
 -- Do not use the elevator. It may stall due to heat or loss of power.
 -- If you must use an inside stairwell, check for smoke before entering the stairwell.
 -- If the stairwell is safe to enter, WALK downward, do not run. Hold onto wall or handrail to prevent falling.
 -- If you must return to your office or remain in your office because routes are blocked, open a window slightly to let smoke escape. Do not break the window because you may need to close it if there is smoke on the outside.
 -- If you must remain in the office close all vents and air ducts. Wet towels and sheets and stuff them around the doors.
 For more tips on safety for high-rise dwellers, send a self- addressed, stamped envelop to : "Be Fire Smart: Tips for High-Rise Dwellers," the Insurance Information Institute, 110 William Street, New York, N.Y. 10038.
 CIVILIAN FIRE DEATHS AND INJURIES BY PROPERTY USE, 1991
 Percent of all
 Property Percent change civilian fire Civilian fire
 use Deaths from 1990 deaths injuries
 Residential 3,575 -13.1 80.0 21,850
 One-and two-
 family
 dwellings 2,905 -13.8 65.0 15,600
 Apartments 595 -12.5 13.3 5,567
 Hotels and
 motels 40 +100.0 0.9 325
 Other res. 35 -22.2 0.8 250
 Non-residential
 structures 190 -33.3 4.3 3,125
 Highway
 vehicles 530 -17.8 11.9 2,675
 Other vehicles 75 +50.0 1.7 375
 All other fires,
 including
 nonstructural 95 -5.0 2.1 1,350
 Total 4,465 -14.1 100.0 29,375
 THE TEN LARGEST-LOSS FIRES IN U.S. HISTORY
 (In millions of dollars)
 $ when In 1991
 Date Location occurred dollars
 1) April 18, 1906 San Francisco earthquake $ 350 $ 5,070
 and fire
 2) Oct. 8, 1871 Great Chicago Fire 168 2,003
 3) Oct. 20, 1991 Oakland wildfire 1,500 1,500
 4) Nov. 9, 1872 Great Boston fire 75 895
 5) Oct. 23, 1989 Polyolefin plant, Pasadena,
 Texas 750 824
 6) Feb. 7, 1904 Baltimore conflagration 50 724
 7) Feb. 9, 1942 S.S. Normandle ocean liner 53 443
 8) April 16, 1942 S.S. Grandcamp and Monsanto
 Chemical plant, Texas City,
 Texas 67 410
 9) May 5, 1988 Petroleum refinery, Norco, La. 330 380
 10) Dec. 16, 1835 Great New York fire of 1835 26 328
 -0- 2/26/93
 /CONTACT: Loretta Worters, 212-669-9200 or 516-826-6645 (home) or Jeanne Salvatore, 212-669-9200 or 212-877-0075 (home), both for I.I.I./


CO: Insurance Information Institute ST: New York IN: INS SU:

TM-WB -- NY066 -- 1058 02/26/93 18:09 EST
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