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Hydropower Khyber to be self reliant.

Due to persistent electricity shortages and rising demand, Khyber Government is keen to be self reliant in power generation by harnessing its untapped hydropower potential. Many prospective sites have been identified, and technical and economic parameters defined, with the help of national consultants. High, medium and low water heads can help develop hydropower projects, mainly run of the river type, with some as daily storage projects. The government has begun exploiting, developing and utilizing hydropower generation in a big way through its own resources and private investments.

A 'master plan' consisting of short, medium and long term plans has been devised to facilitate implementing the overall plan. Khyber province is rich in rivers and streams with a potential of over 20,000 MW hydro power, but remains short of electricity. The province has the country`s largest hydropower station (Tarbela 3,478 MW) and the first major hydropower station (Warsak 243 MW).

Other hydropower stations in the province are: Dargai (20 MW), Allai Khwar (121 MW), Khan Khwar (72 MW), Duber Khwar (130 MW) and Gomal Zam (17.4 MW) hydropower projects. And WAPDA is also building four more hydro power stations at: Jabban (22 MW), Golen Gol (108 MW), Keyal Khwar (128 MW) and Tarbela's fourth extension 1,410 MW.

Besides, there are plans to construct Kurram Tangi Dam in Waziristan (83.4 MW), Dasu Dam in Kohistan (4,000 MW), Thakot Dam in Shangla (2,800 MW), Munda Dam in Swat (740 MW) and Patan Dam in Kohistan (2,800 MW). Private Power and Infrastructure Board (PPIB) has signed an agreement for the Suki Kinari project of 870 MW in Mansehra district. It is to be completed by June 2020, cost $ 1.8 billion.

Other projects under construction in the private sector are 147 MW Patrind (Mansehra), 215 MW Asrit Kedam (Swat), 157 MW Madian (Swat) and 548 MW Kaigah (Kohistan). Projects being developed under public -private partnership are Lower Palas Valley (665 MW) and Lower Spat Gah (496 MW). Installed capacity (total) of hydro power developed by provincial government is 105 MW. All existing power stations are connected to national grid, and so will be under construction projects. Despite these Khyber only gets its 'share' of electricity, which is far short of its growing power needs for industry, trade and domestic sectors.

These power stations include Malakand-Ill (8.1 MW), Pehur ,Swabi (18 MW), connected to the national grid. Reshun (4.2 MW) and Shishi (1.8 MW), both in Chitral, stand alone units which provide electricity to this remote district. Plans are underway to revive industrial activities by providing electricity directly from the Pehur powerhouse to the industrial zone at Gadoon Amazai in Swabi, in the first phase.

Contractual and operational framework is being worked out under existing Nepra regulations. Khyber Energy Development Organisation (KEDO) also acts as a utility company for remote rural localities. Meanwhile, most powerhouses with capacities from 0.1 MW to 0.4 MW each have now been leased out to local entrepreneurs. Three hydropower projects of cumulative capacity of 56 MW are in advanced stages of completion, at a total cost of Rs 12 billion. They are scheduled to start commercial operations by June 2015. The medium term plan covers eight projects of total capacity of 626 MW, which are to be completed by 2018 at a total cost of Rs131 billion.

These projects, for which detailed feasibility studies have been conducted, include Matiltan (Swat) 84 MW, Lawi (Chitral) 69 MW, Sharmai (Dir) 150 MW, Shushghai - Zhendoli (Chitral) 144 MW and Shagosin (Chitral) 132 MW. Tenders for the Koto hydropower project have recently been invited.

The long term plan, spanning 10 years, covers 13 projects of 1,418 MW, costing Rs188 billion. Besides, feasibility studies are under preparation for some hydropower schemes, including Gahrit Swir Lasht (334 MW), Korang Parait (223 MW), Laspur Marigram (133 MW), Naran Dam (210 MW) and Balakot (190 MW).

Studies for 13 more projects are scheduled for completion this year. Pre-feasibility studies for another 10 projects in the range of 3-25 MW located in Dir, Chitral, Swat and Mansehra are also being undertaken. Besides, there are another 25 sites with total potential of over 50 MW.

Some 60 schemes of under 50 MW capacity, totaling 426 MW are also on the drawing boards. Despite the poor law and order situation, the provincial government has attracted private investment. Three power houses have been completed. Another 21 projects (total capacity 122 MW) are being implemented in Mardan, Havelian, Malakand, Balakot, Shangla, Kohistan, Abbottabad and Hazara. Tenders have recently been invited from for construction, operation and maintenance of various mini/ micro hydropower projects in 12 districts.

These projects will provide adequate and affordable electricity to the province.
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Publication:Pakistan Engineering Review
Geographic Code:9AFGH
Date:May 31, 2014
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