# Hybrid Solutions of (3 + 1)-Dimensional Jimbo-Miwa Equation.

1. IntroductionIn soliton theory, the study of integrability to nonlinear evolution is always a hot topic of interest, which can be regarded as a key step of their exact solvability. Many areas of integrable systems are researched, such as Painleve analysis [1], Hamiltonian structure [2-5], Lax pair [6-8], Backlund transformation (BT) [9-12], infinite conservation laws [1316], and bilinear integrability [17-20]. Based on the bilinear methods, we have got many kinds of solutions, such as lump solutions [21-24] and Pfaffian solution [25]. Recently, rogue wave solutions of lots of nonlinear evolutional equations have been gained, for example, the Boussinesq equation [26] and KP equation [27, 28]. Rogue waves, which were originally coined for vivid description of transient gigantic ocean waves of extreme amplitudes that seem to appear out of nowhere and disappear without a trace, have taken the responsibility for numerous marine disasters. In recent year, the rogue wave phenomenon has appeared in a class of social and scientific contexts, ranging from geophysics and hydrodynamics [29] to oceanography, Bose-Einstein condensation, plasma physics [30], nonlinear optics [31, 32], and financial markets [33, 34]. Mathematically, rogue waves are a kind of rational solutions which are localized in both space and time [35]. The first-order or fundamental rogue waves of the nonlinear Schrodinger equation were first obtained by Peregrine in 1983 [36], and higher-order rogue waves of the NLS equation are presented recently. In addition to the NLS equations, a mass of complex systems possesses rogue wave solutions, such as the Hirota equation [37], the Sasa-Satsuma equation [38], multicomponent Yajima-Oikawa systems [39], and AB system [40]. More interestingly, the research on rogue waves varies from rational solutions to semirational solutions in the relevant studies [41,42]. Whatever, the semirational solutions exhibit a range of more interesting and more complicated dynamic behavior, such as bright-dark rogue wave pair, rogue waves interacting with solitons [41], or breathers [42].

In this article, we focus on the (3+ 1)-dimensional Jimbo-Miwa equation

[u.sub.xxxy] + [3u.sub.y][u.sub.xx] + [3u.sub.x] [u.sub.xy] + [2u.sub.yt] - [3u.sub.xz] = 0 (1)

which is a second member in the entire Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (KP) hierarchy [43]. Although (1) is nonintegrable, many types of solutions have been given. In [44], Zhang and Chen have gained one kind of rogue waves by the interaction between positive quadratic function and hyperbolic cosine function. However, in order to boost the possible applications of the (3 + 1)-dimensional Jimbo-Miwa equation in ocean studies and other fields, it is still necessary to find analytical form of the rogue waves for this equation.

The structure of the paper is as follows: In Section 2, we present the evolution breather to (3 + 1)-dimensional Jimbo-Miwa equation by the parameter perturbation method, and their typical dynamics are analysed and illustrated. In Section 3, lump solution and line rogue wave have been gained by long wave limit which show different dynamics behaviors in each plane by choosing different parameters. In Section 4, we discuss the interaction between soliton and other localized waves, which includes the soliton and breather, the soliton and lump solution, and soliton and line rogue wave.

2. The Evolution Breather to (3 + 1)Dimensional Jimbo-Miwa Equation

Through the variable transformation

u = 2 [(ln f).sub.x], (2)

(1) will be changed into its bilinear form as

(([D.sup.3.sub.x] + 2 [D.sub.t])[D.sub.y] - 3[D.sub.x][D.sub.z])f x f = 0, (3)

where f is a real function with respect to x, y, z, and t and the operator D is the classic Hirota bilinear operator defined as

[mathematical expression not reproducible] (4)

where P is a polynomial of [D.sub.x], [D.sub.y], [D.sub.t],....

By the parameter perturbation method, the two-soliton solution to the Jimbo-Miwa equation can be written as

m = 2 [(ln f).sub.x], (5)

with

[mathematical expression not reproducible], (6)

where

[mathematical expression not reproducible]. (7)

As reported in the earlier work, the two-soliton solution will be reduced to the breather under appropriate constraints to the parameters, such as Davey-Stewartson (DS) equation and (3 + 1)-dimensional Kadomtsev-Petviashvili (KP) equation and the similar breather also existed in the Jimbo-Miwa equation by choosing

[mathematical expression not reproducible], (8)

in (5), where * indicates the conjugate operator. Without loss of generality, taking

[mathematical expression not reproducible], (9)

the corresponding function f can be written as

[mathematical expression not reproducible]. (10)

From the framework of function f, we know that the spatial variable y is different from the spatial variable x and z in essence. When x = 0 or z = 0, the solution will be changed into the breather and when y = 0, the solution will be transferred into the period line wave under a given time t. Furthermore, the period line waves will go back to the constant uniformly when t [right arrow] [+ or -][infinity]. So we can call these period line waves as line breather. The corresponding dynamics properties to solution u are depicted in Figures 1 and 2.

Furthermore, we can get the two breathers by some constraints to the four-soliton solutions. The four-soliton solutions are

[mathematical expression not reproducible]

[mathematical expression not reproducible] (11)

where

[mathematical expression not reproducible]. (12)

Similar to the skills of one breather, we can deal with the four-soliton solution by the following parameters choices:

[mathematical expression not reproducible]. (13)

Without loss of generality, these parameters can be chosen as

[mathematical expression not reproducible]; (14)

then the function f can be changed to

[mathematical expression not reproducible]. (15)

The corresponding solutions u in the (x, y) are shown in Figure 3. It can be seen that the two period line waves arise from the constant background, and when time goes on, they both return back to the constant background. In addition, with similar parameters choices, these period solitons will have different behaviors in other planes, which can be seen in Figure 4.

3. Lump Solution and Line Rogue Wave

Based on the theory of long wave limit to the function f, we can get the rogue wave to (1). Taking [p.sub.1] = [m.sub.1][epsilon], [p.sub.2] = [m.sub.2][epsilon], and [mathematical expression not reproducible], in (6) and letting [epsilon] [right arrow] 0 can get the solutions of (6) as

[mathematical expression not reproducible], (16)

where

[mathematical expression not reproducible]; (17)

then the corresponding solution u to (1) can be expressed as

[mathematical expression not reproducible]. (18)

Under some constraints to these parameters, such as [q.sub.1] = [q.sub.2], [m.sub.1] = [m.sup.*.sub.2], and [[theta].sub.0] > 0, (18) is nonsingular. There will be different dynamics behaviors in each plane by choosing different parameters. For simplicity, we only concentrate on the (x, y)-plane as an example. Set [q.sub.1] = a+bI and [m.sub.1] = c+dI, and a, b, c, d are all real constants. Then we can get the lump solution and rogue wave, respectively.

3.1. Lump Solution. It is obvious that (18) will be a constant along a trajectory defined by

[mathematical expression not reproducible]. (19)

Furthermore, at any given t and z, the solution u will tend to 0 when (x, y) tends to infinity. So this kind of solution keeps moving on the constant background. Its dynamics properties are demonstrated in Figure 5.

3.2. Rogue Wave. Due to the constraint of [[theta].sub.0], there only exists one kind of rogue wave in (x, z)-plane by choosing some special parameters. When d = 0, that is, m1 and m2 are real constants, then the solution changes into the rogue wave in the (x, z)-plane. If t [right arrow] [+ or -][infinity], it approaches 0, and as time goes on, it will have a height peak wave and then disappear, which is different from the general soliton, whose dynamics behavior is depicted in Figure 6.

Moreover, we can present the interaction between lump solution and line rogue wave by considering the four-soliton solutions. Still, we use the long wave limit to the function f, putting

[mathematical expression not reproducible], (20)

and setting the limit [epsilon] = 0; then the corresponding solution f can be written as

[mathematical expression not reproducible], (21)

where

[mathematical expression not reproducible]. (22)

Similarly, taking [q.sub.2] = [q.sup.*.sub.1], [q.sub.3] = [q.sup.*.sub.4], [m.sub.2] = [m.sup.*.sub.1], and [m.sub.3] = [m.sup.*.sub.4], we can obtain the lump solution and rogue wave of (1). Suppose [q.sub.1] = a + bI, [q.sub.2] = a - bI, [m.sub.1] = c + dI, [m.sub.2] = c - dI, [q.sub.3] = [a.sub.1] + [b.sub.1]I, [q.sub.3] = [a.sub.1]-[b.sub.1]I, [m.sub.3] = [c.sub.1] + [d.sub.1]I, and [m.sub.4] [c.sub.1] - [d.sub.1]I, and a, b, c, d, [a.sub.1], [b.sub.1], [c.sub.1], [d.sub.1] are all real constants. Then we can get three kinds of cases about the rogue wave and lump solution.

(i) Two Lump Solutions. When [q.sub.1], [q.sub.e], [m.sub.1], [m.sub.3] are all imaginary numbers, two lump solutions will appear and are demonstrated in Figure 7.

(ii) One Lump Solution and One Rogue Wave. Similar to the one rogue wave, if the pair of [m.sub.1], [m.sub.2] are imaginary numbers and [m.sub.3], [m.sub.4] are real numbers or the opposite, the exciting interaction between lump solution and line rogue wave will appear, which is shown in Figure 8.

(iii) Two Rogue Waves. If [m.sub.1], [m.sub.2], [m.sub.3], [m.sub.4] are all real numbers, that is, their imaginary parts are 0, the interaction between two kink line rogue waves will appear and is depicted in Figure 9.

4. The Interaction between Soliton and Other Localized Waves

In this section, we will discuss the interaction between soliton and other localized waves, which includes three cases: the first is the soliton and breather, the second is the soliton and lump solution, and the third is soliton and line rogue wave.

Firstly, we study the interaction between soliton and breather. As we all know, with some constraints to the parameters for the two-soliton solution, we can get the breather. As to the three-soliton solutions, we will obtain the soliton and breather by using the same constraints, such as the three-soliton solutions

Taking the skills described in Section 2, we still use these constraints for these parameters. For simplicity, these parameters are chosen as

[mathematical expression not reproducible], (23)

[mathematical expression not reproducible]; (24)

then the corresponding function f will be written as

[mathematical expression not reproducible]. (25)

It is obvious that the expression of (1) contains one stripe soliton and period wave, but, in different planes, the period wave will have different dynamics behaviors: one is the period line wave and the other is the normal breather. So there will be two different interactions between soliton and period wave, which are depicted in Figures 10 and 11.

What is more, based on the long wave limit, the three-soliton solutions can also be transformed into the rogue wave and one stripe soliton, lump solution, and stripe solution. Putting

[mathematical expression not reproducible], (26)

and taking the limit [epsilon] [right arrow] 0, we can get the mix soliton solutions.

(i) Lump Solution and Stripe Soliton. When the imaginary part of m1 is nonzero, this kind of solution will be the combination of stripe soliton and lump solution; it is shown in Figure 12.

(ii) Rogue Wave and Stripe. When the imaginary part of m1 is zero, this kind of solution will be changed into the rogue wave and soliton. When t [right arrow] [+ or -][infinity], there is only one stripe soliton. As time goes on, the rogue wave appears gradually and disappears soon afterwards, which affects the characteristics of rogue wave; it is shown in Figure 13.

5. Conclusion

In summary, line breathers in the (3 + 1)-dimensional Jimbo-Miwa equation (1) have been derived by the bilinear transformation and been demonstrated by 3D figures. By a long wave limit of breathers, localized analytical solutions in rational form for the (3 + 1)-dimensional Jimbo-Miwa equation are proposed and the explicit forms of rational and semirational solutions have been presented. More importantly, we gain line rogue waves and lumps by modifying the internal parameters from the rational solution. We have shown that the line rogue waves possess a growing and decaying line profile that arises from a constant background and disappears in the initial constant background again. Furthermore, the obtained semirational solutions composed of solitons, breathers, lump solutions, and rogue waves exhibit a range of interesting and complicated dynamic behaviors. Our results are more comprehensive as more various rogue waves and the complicated interaction between breathers, lump solutions, rogue waves, and solitons are demonstrated in this paper. The combination of rogue waves, solitons, and breathers obtained in this paper is a new kind of solutions, which reveals the potential rich dynamic behavior in rogue wave solutions and helps to promote our understanding of rogue wave phenomena. Hence, we will study the higher-order line rogue waves and more new kinds of hybrid solutions for the (3 + l)-dimensional Jimbo-Miwa equation in the future.

https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5453941

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper.

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to express their sincere thanks to Y. Chen, X. E. Zhang, and other members of their discussion group for their valuable comments. This work is supported by the SDUST Research Fund (2014TDJH102) and completed with the support of National Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 61402265) and Graduate Innovation Foundation from Shandong University of Science and Technology (no. SDKDYC170226).

References

[1] S.-Y. Lou, C.-l. Chen, and X.-Y. Tang, "(2+1)-dimensional (m+n)-component akns system: Painleve' integrability, infinitely many symmetries, similarity reductions and exact solutions," Journal of Mathematical Physics, vol. 43, no. 8, pp. 4078-4109, 2002.

[2] H.-X. Yang, J. Du, X.-X. Xu, and J.-P. Cui, "Hamiltonian and super-Hamiltonian systems of a hierarchy of soliton equations," Applied Mathematics and Computation, vol. 217, no. 4, pp. 1497-1508, 2010.

[3] L.-Y. Tang and J.-C. Fan, "A family of Liouville integrable lattice equations and its conservation laws," Applied Mathematics and Computation, vol. 217, no. 5, pp. 1907-1912, 2010.

[4] X. Wang, H. Dong, and Y. Li, "Some reductions from a Lax integrable system and their Hamiltonian structures," Applied Mathematics and Computation, vol. 218, no. 20, pp. 10032-10039, 2012.

[5] N. Zhang and T Xia, "A hierarchy of lattice soliton equations associated with a new discrete eigenvalue problem and Darboux transformations," International Journal of Nonlinear Sciences and Numerical Simulation, vol. 16, no. 7-8, pp. 301-306, 2015.

[6] X. Wang, X. Zhang, and P. Zhao, "Binary nonlinearization for akns-kn coupling system," Abstract and Applied Analysis, vol. 2014, Article ID 253102, 12 pages, 2014.

[7] H. H. Dong, B. Y. Guo, and B. S. Yin, "Generalized fractional supertrace identity for hamiltonian structure of nls-mkdv hierarchy with self-consistent sources," Analysis and Mathematical Physics, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 199-209, 2016.

[8] H. Dong, Y. Zhang, and X. Zhang, "The new integrable symplectic map and the symmetry of integrable nonlinear lattice equation," Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation, vol. 36, pp. 354-365, 2016.

[9] C. Rogers and W. F. Shadwick, Backlund Transformations and Their Applications, Academic Press, New York, NY, USA, 1982.

[10] X.-X. Xu, "A deformed reduced semi-discrete Kaup-Newell equation, the related integrable family and Darboux transformation," Applied Mathematics and Computation, vol. 251, pp. 275-283, 2015.

[11] R. M. Miura, Backlund Transformation, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 1978.

[12] Q.-L. Zhao, X.-Y. Li, and F.-S. Liu, "Two integrable lattice hierarchies and their respective Darboux transformations," Applied Mathematics and Computation, vol. 219, no. 10, pp. 5693-5705, 2013.

[13] E. Fan, "The integrability of nonisospectral and variable-coefficient KdV equation with binary Bell polynomials," Physics Letters A, vol. 375, no. 3, pp. 493-497, 2011.

[14] X.-Y. Li, Y.-X. Li, and H.-X. Yang, "Two families of Liouville integrable lattice equations," Applied Mathematics and Computation, vol. 217, no. 21, pp. 8671-8682, 2011.

[15] Y. Wang and Y. Chen, "Binary bell polynomial manipulations on the integrability of a generalized (2+1)-dimensional kortewegde vries equation," Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, vol. 400, no. 2, pp. 624-634, 2013.

[16] Y. Li, H. Dong, and B. Yin, "A hierarchy of discrete integrable coupling system with self-consistent sources," Journal of Applied Mathematics, vol. 2014, Article ID 416472, 8 pages, 2014.

[17] R. Hirota, "Exact solution of the korteweg--de vries equation for multiple Collisions of solitons," Physical Review Letters, vol. 27, no. 18, pp. 1192-1194, 1971.

[18] R. Hirota, The Direct Method in Soliton Theory, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2004.

[19] W. Ma, "Bilinear equations, Bell polynomials and linear superposition principle," Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 411, no. 1, Article ID 012021, 2013.

[20] H. Dong, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang, and B. Yin, "Generalized bilinear differential operators, binary bell polynomials, and exact periodic wave solution of boiti-leon-manna-pempinelli equation," Abstract and Applied Analysis, vol. 2014, Article ID 738609, 6 pages, 2014.

[21] W.-X. Ma, "Lump solutions to the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation," Physics Letters A, vol. 379, no. 36, Article ID 23311, pp. 1975-1978, 2015.

[22] W. X. Ma, Z. Qin, and X. Lu, "Lump solutions to dimensionally reduced p-gkp and p-gbkp equations," Nonlinear Dynamics, vol. 84, no. 2, pp. 923-931, 2016.

[23] H.-C. Ma and A.-P. Deng, "Lump solution of (2+1)-dimensional boussinesq equation," Communications in Theoretical Physics, vol. 65, no. 5, pp. 546-552, 2016.

[24] Y. Zhang, H. Dong, X. Zhang, and H. Yang, "Rational solutions and lump solutions to the generalized (3+1)-dimensional shallow water-like equation," Computers & Mathematics with Applications. An International Journal, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 246-252, 2017.

[25] J. Chen, Y. Chen, B.-F. Feng, and H. Zhu, "Multi-component generalizations of the Hirota-Satsuma coupled KdV equation," Applied Mathematics Letters, vol. 37, pp. 15-21, 2014.

[26] J.-G. Rao, Y.-B. Liu, C. Qian, and J.-S. He, "Rogue waves and hybrid solutions of the boussinesq equation," Zeitschrift fur Naturforschung--Section A Journal of Physical Sciences, vol. 72, no. 4, pp. 307-314, 2017.

[27] X. E. Zhang, Y. Chen, and X. Y. Tang, "Rogue wave and a pair of resonance stripe solitons to a reduced generalized (3+1)-dimensional kp equation," Nonlinear Sciences, 2016.

[28] C. Qian, J.-G. Rao, Y.-B. Liu, and J.-S. He, "Rogue waves in the three-dimensional Kadomtsev--Petviashvili equation," Chinese Physics Letters, vol. 33, no. 11, Article ID 110201, 2016.

[29] A. N. Ganshin, V B. Efimov, G. V Kolmakov, L. P. Mezhov-Deglin, and P. V. E. McClintock, "Observation of an inverse energy cascade in developed acoustic turbulence in superfluid helium," Physical Review Letters, vol. 101, no. 6, Article ID 065303, 2008.

[30] H. Bailung, S. K. Sharma, and Y. Nakamura, "Observation of peregrine solitons in a multicomponent plasma with negative ions," Physical Review Letters, vol. 107, no. 25, Article ID 255005, 2011.

[31] D. R. Solli, C. Ropers, P. Koonath, and B. Jalali, "Optical rogue waves," Nature, vol. 450, no. 7172, pp. 1054-1057, 2007

[32] N. Akhmediev, J. M. Dudley, D. R. Solli, and S. K. Turitsyn, "Recent progress in investigating optical rogue waves," Journal of Optics (United Kingdom), vol. 15, no. 6, Article ID 060201, 2013.

[33] Z. Y. Yan, "Vector financial rogue waves," Physics Letters A, vol. 375, no. 48, pp. 4274-4279, 2011.

[34] Z.-Y. Yan, "Financial rogue waves," Communications in Theoretical Physics, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 947-949, 2010.

[35] N. Akhmediev, A. Ankiewicz, and M. Taki, "Waves that appear from nowhere and disappear without a trace," Physics Letters A, vol. 373, no. 6, pp. 675-678, 2009.

[36] D. H. Peregrine, "Water waves, nonlinear Schrodinger equations and their solutions," Australian Mathematical Society Journal B: Applied Mathematics, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 16-43, 1983.

[37] A. Ankiewicz, J. M. Soto-Crespo, and N. Akhmediev, "Rogue waves and rational solutions of the Hirota equation," Physical Review E: Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, vol. 81, no. 4, Article ID 046602, 8 pages, 2010.

[38] U. Bandelow and N. Akhmediev, "Sasa-Satsuma equation: Soliton on a background and its limiting cases," Physical Review E: Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, vol. 86, no. 2, Article ID 026606, 2012.

[39] J. Chen, Y. Chen, B.-F. Feng, and K.-I. Maruno, "Rational solutions to two- and one-dimensional multicomponent Yajima-Oikawa systems," Physics Letters A, vol. 379, no. 24-25, pp. 1510-1519, 2015.

[40] X. Wang, Y. Li, F Huang, and Y. Chen, "Rogue wave solutions of ab system," Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 434-442, 2015.

[41] G. Mu, Z. Qin, and R. Grimshaw, "Dynamics of rogue waves on a multi-soliton background in a vector nonlinear schrodinger equation," SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 1-20, 2015.

[42] Y. Zhang, C. Li, and J. He, "Rogue waves in a resonant erbium-doped fiber system with higher-order effects," Applied Mathematics and Computation, vol. 273, pp. 826-841, 2016.

[43] M. Jimbo and T. Miwa, "Solitons and infinite-dimensional Lie algebras," Publications of the Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 943-1001, 1983.

[44] X. Zhang and Y. Chen, "Rogue wave and a pair of resonance stripe solitons to a reduced (3+1)-dimensional Jimbo-Miwa equation," Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation, vol. 52, pp. 24-31, 2017

Yong Zhang, Shili Sun, and Huanhe Dong

College of Mathematics and Systems Science, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China

Correspondence should be addressed to Huanhe Dong; mathsdong@126.com

Received 20 July 2017; Accepted 28 September 2017; Published 28 November 2017

Academic Editor: Maria L. Gandarias

Caption: Figure 1: The evolution dynamics line period wave to (1): (a) t =-10, (b) t = -2, (c) =0, and (d) t = 10.

Caption: Figure 2: The breather to (1) in (y, z)-plane and (x, y)~plane.

Caption: Figure 3: The time evolution of two periodline solitons of the 3D Jimbo-Miwa equation in the (x,z)- plane for parameters q1 = 1+7, [q.sub.2] = 1-7, [m.sub.1] = 2, and [m.sub.2] = 2, and the time is (a) t = -5, (b) t = -1, (c) t = 0, (d) t = 1, and (e) t = 5.

Caption: Figure 4: Two breathers to 3D Jimbo-Miwa equation by choosing [p.sub.1] = I, [p.sub.2] = -I, [q.sub.1] = 1 + 7, [p.sub.2] = 1-1, [m.sub.1] = [p.sub.2] = 1, [p.sub.3] = 21, [p.sub.4] = -2I, [q.sub.3] = 2 + 1, [q.sub.4] = 2 - I, and [m.sub.3] = [m.sub.4] = 4.

Caption: Figure 5: Lump solution of the 3D Jimbo-Miwa equation by choosing [q.sub.1] = 1 + 7, [q.sub.2] = 1 - I, [m.sub.1] = 2 + I, and [m.sub.2] = 2 - I : (a) is the (x, y)-plane and (b) is the (x, z) -plane.

Caption: Figure 6: The time evolution of kink line rogue wave of the 3D Jimbo- Miwa equation in the (x, z)-plane for parameters [q.sub.1] = 1 + I, [q.sub.2] = 1-7, [m.sub.1] = 2, and [m.sub.2] = 2, and the time is (a) t = -20, (b) t = -3, (c) t = 0, (d) t = 1.5, (e) t = 3, and (f) t = 20.

Caption: Figure 7: Two lump solution to 3D Jimbo-Miwa equation by choosing [q.sub.1] = 1 + I, [q.sub.2] = 1 - I, [m.sub.1] = 2 + I, [m.sub.2] = 2 - I, [q.sub.3] = 1 + 2I, [q.sub.4] = 1 - 2I, [m.sub.3] = 3 + I, and [q.sub.4] = 3 - I : (a) is the (x, y)-plane under t = 0 and z = 0 and (b) is the (x, z)-plane under t = 0 and y = 0.

Caption: Figure 8: The time evolution interaction of kink line rogue wave and lump solution of the 3D Jimbo-Miwa equation in the (x, z)-plane for parameters [q.sub.1] = 1 + I, [q.sub.2] = 1 - I, [m.sub.1] = 2 + I, [m.sub.2] = 2 - I, [q.sub.3] = 1 + 2I, [q.sub.4] = 1 - 2I, [m.sub.3] = 1, [m.sub.4] = 1, and the time is (a) t = 10, (b) t = -5, (c) t = 0, (d) t = 5, and (e) t = 10.

Caption: Figure 9: The time evolution interaction of two kink line rogue waves of the 3D Jimbo-Miwa equation in the (x, z)~plane for parameters [q.sub.1] = 1 + I, [q.sub.2] = 1 - I, [m.sub.1] = 2, [m.sub.2] = 2, [q.sub.3] = 1 + 2I, [q.sub.4] = 1 - 2I, [m.sub.3] = 1, [m.sub.4] = 1, and the time is (a)t = -10, (b) t = 5, (c) t = 0, (d) t = 5, and (e) t = 10.

Caption: Figure 10: The evolution period wave and one stripe soliton: the corresponding time is (a) t = -4, (b) t = -2, (c) t = 0, (d) t = 2, and (e) t = 4.

Caption: Figure 11: Lump solution of the 3D Jimbo-Miwa equation by choosing [q.sub.1] = 1 + I, [q.sub.2] = 1 - I, [m.sub.1] = 2 + I, [m.sub.2] = 2 - I, in the (x, y)-plane.

Caption: Figure 12: Lump solution of the 3D Jimbo-Miwa equation by choosing [q.sub.1] = 1 + I, [q.sub.2] = 1 - I, [m.sub.1] = 3 + I, [m.sub.2] = 3 - I, [p.sub.3] = 1, [q.sub.3] = 2, [m.sub.3] = 0.5: (a) is the (x, z)-plane and (b) is the (x, y)-plane.

Caption: Figure 13: The evolution rogue wave and stripe soliton with the parameters choices [q.sub.1] = 1 + I, [q.sub.2] = 1 - I, [m.sub.1] = 2, [m.sub.2] = 2, [p.sub.3] = 1, [q.sub.3] = 0.5, [m.sub.3] = 0.5, and the time is (a) t = -20, (b) t = -3, (c) t = 0, (d) t = 1.5, (e) t = 3, (f) t = 8, and (g) t = 20.

Printer friendly Cite/link Email Feedback | |

Title Annotation: | Research Article |
---|---|

Author: | Zhang, Yong; Sun, Shili; Dong, Huanhe |

Publication: | Mathematical Problems in Engineering |

Article Type: | Report |

Date: | Jan 1, 2017 |

Words: | 4366 |

Previous Article: | Time-Varying Identification Model for Crack Monitoring Data from Concrete Dams Based on Support Vector Regression and the Bayesian Framework. |

Next Article: | Kinematical Limit Analysis for a Slope Reinforced with One Row of Stabilizing Piles. |

Topics: |