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How the Engineer School Runs.

NOTE: Recommend that you read "The MANSCEN Construct," on page 10, before reading this article.

Overview

If you read the above noted article, you should understand that the U.S. Army Engineer School is not an autonomous entity. It falls under the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) and the Maneuver Support Center (MANS CEN) umbrellas. Thus, the Engineer School must strive to satisfy the needs of the Engineer Regiment through the funding and administrative procedures that TRADOC provides. It must also conduct its activities and produce doctrine, training, leader, organization, materiel, and soldier (DTLOMS) developmental products by relying on a combination of its internal resources and the resources available through MANSCEN.

The MANSCEN commanding general provides command and control for the Chemical, Military Police (MP), and Engineer Schools and Fort Leonard Wood. (He is dual-hatted as the Engineer School commandant.) The school commandants have direct responsibility over their branch-specific DTLOMS functions. Creating MANSCEN consolidated many functions which were previously embedded within each of the three schools. However, doctrine development, branch-specific training, and branch-specific personnel development continue to reside within the schools.

Branch personnel responsible for much of the "heavy lifting" of developing systems, developing training, and designing organizations were consolidated into MANSCEN organizations, but each of the three schools retains the responsibility for providing strategic direction and the right to approve or disapprove branch-specific actions. Before the beginning of each fiscal year, the "heavy lifters" propose a laundry list of activities they believe should be accomplished the following fiscal year. The school leadership reviews, refines, and approves the list. As the year progresses, the leadership may direct a reordering of priorities.

Inside the Engineer School

The figure on page 14 is a visual representation of the school's organization. The school's mission is to develop, train, and support the engineer force to provide maneuver engineering, force-support engineering, and geospatial engineering to Army, joint, interagency, and combined operations.

Commandant

The commandant is the engineer proponent. Proponency includes the following:

* Providing quality engineer-specific training.

* Developing leaders qualified to ensure mission achievement.

* Designing engineer organizations consistent with the Army's needs.

* Identifying and articulating engineer materiel requirements.

* Ensuring the recruitment and retention of engineer soldiers of the quality and quantity required by the Engineer Branch.

Assistant Commandant (AC)

The AC directs the operation of the school and exercises command and general supervision over all elements--listed below--assigned or attached to the school:

* Branch Staff.

* Directorate of Training (DOT).

* 1st Engineer Brigade.

* TRADOC System Manager (TSM)--Engineer Combat Systems (ECS).

* TRADOC Program Integration Office--Terrain Data (TPIO-TD).

* Directorate of Environmental Integration (DOEI).

Command Sergeant Major (CSM)

The school CSM is also the Regimental CSM. He serves as the principal enlisted assistant and advisor to the AC on all enlisted matters and manages the enlisted personnel within the school. He has direct oversight of engineer noncommissioned-officer (NCO) courses taught at the MANSCENNCO Academy.

Deputy Assistant Commandant (DAC)

The DAC serves as the senior technical adviser to the commandant on engineer concepts, force structure, and materiel. He formulates policies, plans, and recommendations for administration of the Engineer School. He assists the AC and acts in the AC's absence.

Deputy Assistant Commandants--U.S. Army Reserve (USAR) and Army National Guard (ARNG)

The DAC-USAR and the DAC-ARNG oversee total-force integration. They ensure that Reserve Component (RC) needs are addressed by the schools and MANSCEN and participate in developing policies, plans, and programs influencing RC matters. They review engineer training and doctrinal materials for RC applicability and adequacy and assist in verifying training materials with RC units. They provide liaison among the Engineer School and TRADOC, the Combined Arms Center, the Chief of Army Reserves, the Army Reserve Personnel Center, the National Guard Bureau, the U.S. Army Reserve Command, the U.S. Forces Command, and RC units. They advise active duty officers separating from service about RC programs and requirements, provide instruction on the roles and missions of the RC to classes conducted at the Engineer School, and advise Reserve students attending training.

DTLOMS Integration Board

This board provides oversight of the commandant's responsibilities as branch proponent. The board consists of the AC (chair); the DAC; the DAC-USAR; the DAC-ARNG; the Director of Training; the Commander, 1st Engineer Brigade; the TSM; the TPIO-TD; and the chief of the engineer division, Directorate of Combat Developments (DCD). The Engineer School chief of staff facilitates the board activities. The board-

* Integrates Regimental activities across DTLOMS.

* Provides leadership and guidance on--

- Master training calendars for the Engineer School.

- Engineer concepts.

- Engineer doctrinal changes.

- Priorities within the engineer 1-N list of equipment.

- Major changes in training strategies.

- Organizational changes.

- Priorities within the Concept Examination Program, warfighting-lens analysis, and other processes.

- Personnel-management policies.

Branch Staff

The chief of staff directs the actions of the branch staff and acts as executive officer for the AC. He provides taskings to entities inside and outside the school and acts as operations officer and G3 for the school. He monitors Engineer School resources and works in coordination with the Directorate of Resource Management to manage resources. His oversight includes the Operations Office, History Office, and Engineer Museum.

Operations Office. This office coordinates the school's administrative functions and advises the leadership on personnel, administrative, and policy matters. The staff serves as the school's interface with MANSCEN agencies, including the Public Affairs Office; the Directorate of Resource Management; the Directorate of Public Works; the Directorate of Information Management; and the Directorate of Plans, Training, and Mobilization. This office is the primary liaison between post protocol and the Engineer School for all visitors, foreign and domestic.

History Office. The Engineer Branch historian serves as the proponent for historical activities of the Engineer Branch and acts as the point of reference for the history of the branch. He advises the commandant on Army and TRADOC historical-program responsibilities and represents the commandant on matters relating to military history. The historian prepares periodic documented histories of the Engineer Branch dealing with significant mission-related activities. He develops and administers the historical source-document collection, including significant, unique, and rare printed and nonprinted material, as the corporate memory of the branch. He serves as a consultant and adviser for inclusion of military history into the curricula.

Engineer Museum. The director of the Engineer Museum strives to foster an appreciation for the history and tradition of the Corps of Engineers, Fort Leonard Wood, and the U.S. Army. He collects, preserves, documents, exhibits, and interprets objects of historical interest pertaining to the history of U.S. Army Engineers, from 1775 to the present. He develops and conducts historical education and training programs for initial-entry-training soldiers, students, and permanent-party military personnel. He works with the museum counsel to collect, preserve, document, exhibit, and interpret objects of historical interest pertaining to the history of Fort Leonard Wood, from 1940 to the present.

Directorate of Training

The Director of Training manages and provides overall administrative services for engineer training, training and doctrine development, countermine training, humanitarian-demining training, and the engineer portion of the Armywide Doctrinal and Training Literature Program.

Following the director's lead, the DOT staff and the engineer personnel within the MANSCEN's Directorate of Training Development (DOTD) plan the engineer training strategy, develop leader and soldier training, and pursue Army Training XXI initiatives. The director serves as the course director for engineer officer courses and also serves as liaison with the DOTs of the MP and Chemical Schools. The director provides oversight to two relatively new entities--the Countermine Training Support Center and Humanitarian Demining Training Center. He leads the development and revision of engineer doctrine. He ensures the right quantity and quality of engineer soldiers through the Engineer Personnel Proponency Office and directs evaluation of training through The Army School System Division. Finally, he monitors the progress of workload accomplishment as outlined at the beginning of each fiscal year regarding the following actions. He directs corrective action relative to these actions or recommends required adjustments to the AC.

* Engineer training development.

* Engineer doctrine development.

* Engineer personnel proponency.

* Engineer training evaluations.

* Engineer officer training.

* Countermine and humanitarian-demining initiatives.

* Environmental training and doctrine development.

1st Engineer Brigade

The 1st Engineer Brigade consists of one U.S. Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) combat engineer Battalion--the 5th Engineer Battalion (C)(M)--three TRADOC training battalions--the 35th Engineer Battalion (one-station unit training [OSUT]), the 169th Engineer Battalion (advanced individual training [AIT]), the 554th Engineer Battalion (the Engineer Officer Basic Course [EOBC], the Engineer Captain's Career Course [ECCC], and the warrant officer courses)--and one training support battalion--the 577th Engineer Battalion.

The brigade's formal mission is as follows: The 1st Engineer Brigade trains values-based and combat-ready soldiers, sailors, airmen, marines, leaders, and units for war. On order, it supports Reserve Component units, writes doctrine, and develops training concepts to support operations on all future battlefields. It is prepared to support contingencies, mobilizations, disaster plans, and to provide subject-matter experts worldwide.

The brigade trains AIT and OSUT soldiers in a variety of military occupational specialties--combat engineers, heavy-construction engineer-equipment operators, crane operators, engineer tracked-vehicle crewmen, carpentry and masonry specialists, divers, technical-engineering specialists, and engineer-equipment repairers. Depending on the specialty, soldiers can learn skills such as electrical wiring, surveying, computer-aided design, landmine warfare, combat-vehicle operation, and demolitions. Similarities in specific fundamental training within the Army, Air Force, Marines, and Navy allow students from all the services to train within the brigade.

The brigade is also responsible for teaching EOBC, ECCC, the warrant officer courses, and the highly demanding Sapper Leader Course. The EOBC focuses on preparing lieutenants to be platoon leaders, and the ECCC focuses on preparing captains for company command. The 28-day Sapper Leader Course focuses on small-unit leadership for combat enginers companies.

TRADOC System Manager (TSM)--Engineer Combat Systems

The TRADOC commander assigns systems managers to high-priority research-and-development projects and stations them at the proponent schools. Our TSM has responsibility for the Grizzly, Wolverine, Hornet, Raptor, Mongoose, and Standoff Minefield Detection System. He represents the Engineer School and the engineer soldier at all levels for system development, testing, and fielding, as assigned. He is the principal TRADOC/Engineer School interface with materiel developers, ensuring integration of doctrine, training, organizational concepts, and materiel requirements (logistics, training, leader development, soldier issues, and MANPRINT) on systems as assigned. He also sustains a close working relationship between TRADOC, the Engineer School, and partners in industry.

TRADOC Program Integration Office--Terrain Data (TPIO-TD)

TPIO-TD is the Army's centralized manager for coordinating and synchronizing all Army digital terrain-data requirements and for digital force development and training, experimentation, combat developments, training, and modeling and simulation. It also integrates terrain-data and geospatial engineering requirements for live, virtual, and constructive modeling and simulation for the training, exercises, and military operations; advanced concepts and requirements; and research, development, and acquisition domains.

The Terrain Visualization Center (TVC) director is subordinate to TPIO-TD and serves as the TRADOC proponent for geospatial information and services (GI&S). He supports the TPIO-TD on GI&S issues as the TRADOC representative on the Army Topographic Engineering Coordinating Committee. He and his staff provide services to a variety of entities at MANSCEN-and-above levels.

Directorate of Environmental Integration (DEI)

Through its DEI, the Engineer School serves as the Army proponent for the development, integration, and evaluation of environmental considerations into and across the domains of doctrine, training (military and civilian), leader development (military and civilian), organizational design, materiel development requirements, and soldier/civilian support. The DOEI was recently created to address this mission. It consists of three divisions: (l)Evaluation, Standardization and Synchronization Division; (2)Doctrine, Organizational Design and Materiel Development Division; and (3) Training, Leader Development and Soldier/Civilian Support Division.

School-Related MANSCEN Organizations

A variety of school-related MANSCEN organizations perform activities that serve all three schools:

* DOTD is responsible for the horizontal integration of training-development activities.

* DCD provides horizontal integration of combat-development activities.

* The Maneuver Support Battle Lab plans and conducts warfighting experiments related to maneuver support.

* The Directorate of Common Leader Training conducts all officer core training across the three schools. (Each school provides branch-unique officer training.) Course start dates are aligned so that this department can teach all common portions.

* The NCO Academy teaches NCO professional-development courses for all three MANSCEN branches. The commandant is a command sergeant major.

Summary

The Engineer School is a team of teams that provides the engineer doctrine, training, force structure, leader development, materiel requirements, and soldiers to meet the needs of the Army and warfighting CINCs today and in the future. It is a key member of the U.S. Army Maneuver Support Center team that addresses the maneuver support requirements of the Army as it lays the groundwork for transformation to the Objective Force.

Mr. Evans is the training-development-integration officer in the Directorate of Training at the U.S. Army Engineer School. He holds a master's in counseling from Central Missouri State University in Warrensburg, Missouri, and has completed postgraduate work in training technology.
COPYRIGHT 2001 U.S. Army Maneuver Support Center
No portion of this article can be reproduced without the express written permission from the copyright holder.
Copyright 2001 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.

Article Details
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Author:Evans, Jim
Publication:Engineer: The Professional Bulletin for Army Engineers
Geographic Code:1USA
Date:Aug 1, 2001
Words:2138
Previous Article:Today's Engineer School.
Next Article:Letter To The Editor.
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